- 新潟国際情報大学情報文化学部紀要 (ISSN:1343490X)
- vol.7, pp.227-256, 2004-03-22
The purpose of this study was to obtain the characteristics of physique, physical fitness, and motor ability in students of Niigata University of International and Information Studies. A total of 1891 male (18.3±0.8 yr; 18-28 yr) and 944 female (18.2±0.5 yr; 18-24 yr) students in the ten- year period from 1994 to 2003 were measured the anthropometric dimensions, physical fitness, motor ability, and 1RM lifts in the squat, bench press, and dead lift. The ratio of arm span, head length, and crotch to standing height were 1.012±0.023, 0.137±0.008, and 0.457±0.013 in males, and 1.005±0.021, 0.138±0.008, and 0.454±0.013 in females, respectively. The BMI (body mass index) and WHR (waist hip ratio) of males and females were 21.4±3.2 kg/m^2 and 0.804±0.055 in males, and 20.9±2.5 kg/m^2 and 0.717±0.037 in female, the former fell in with normal values of Japanese males and females aged 18 years. However, the skinfolds of those students showed a significantly higher than normal value (p<0.001), and the percentages of body fat (calculated by using skinfolds) were higher, too. In the physical fitness test (side step, vertical jump, back strength, grip strength, trunk extension, standing trunk flexion) and the motor ability test (50m dash, long jump, standing long jump endurance run), mean values of males and females showed significantly lower in almost all the tests than normal values (p<0.001). The values of the squat, bench press, and dead lift were 83.1±17.2 kg, 51.5±10.8 kg, and 116.5±18.7 kg in males, and 43.2±9.7 kg, 23.8±4.3 kg, and 70.0±11.7 kg in females, respectively. These results suggest that male and female students in this university possessed higher relative body fat and were inferior in physical fitness and motor ability to normal Japanese young people.