著者
三神 憲一 溝畑 潤 道上 静香
出版者
滋賀大学経済学部
雑誌
滋賀大学経済学部研究年報 (ISSN:13411608)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, pp.17-32, 2010

Just around 40 years ago, Jim Greenwood, who were a professor of Loughborough University and successively served as a captain for the National Scottish Rugby Team, was invited by Tsukuba University toteach as a visiting professor. In his report titled "Japanese Rugby in the Flesh," he harshly criticizes the training methods of Japanese university rugby teams as well as their lack of training equipment and facilities whencompared to world-class rugby teams. His stark criticism was also due to the major culture shock he experienced concerning the Japanese concept of group mentality, in which group interests must always come beforethe individual. Roughly 20 years later, Michael Patton was invited to serve as a special coach for the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Nagasaki Rugby Team. Back in the nineties, Patton was active on the internationalstage, as both a top professional rugby player and coach. Compared to Greenwood's work, which mostly involved examining university rugby teams based in the Kanto area (central Japan), Patton's analysisis primarily based on his experiences with high school rugby teams located in the regional area of Nagasaki in Kyushu (western Japan). Patton stresses the urgency of creating distinctive coaching manuals for eachgrade level. He keenly observes that the traditional sport of rugby has been ineffectively remade in Japan as can be seen in its: (1) training methods, which are based on group mentality, (2) lack of matches played bythe team and (3) lack of equal opportunities afforded to each player. As this Japanese version of rugby continuesto prevail, Patton urges both coaches and players to return to the basics and reconsider the quintessenceof team sports (including rugby), which should ultimately be fun, enjoyable and interesting for everyone involved.
著者
山下 悠 田口 了麻
出版者
滋賀大学経済学部
雑誌
滋賀大学経済学部研究年報 (ISSN:13411608)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.41-57, 2013

The objective of this paper is to look at how commercial facilities including franchise chainsand shopping centers turn into a fast-food-like landscape, a concept proposed by Atsushi Miura, and to examine whether it applies to tourist cities that attach great importance to landscape. First, franchise chains, shopping centers and fast-food-like landscape will be discussed in detail, followed by Miura's argument. Then, our findings will be compared to the current situation of Kyoto City. In this paper, two new aspects of a fast-food-like landscape that have not been examined in the academic world will be presented. One is its process and adverse consequences on commercial facilities such as franchise chains and shopping centers. The other is a possibility that land use, commercial facilities and their external appearance as a means of outdoor advertising may lose their functional diversity and change into a fast-food-like landscape from a legal perspective. Furthermore, we chose Kyoto City as a model of a tourist city and analyzed its ordinances.The analysis revealed that the city has been working effectively to prevent the creation of a fast-food-like landscape and the resulting destruction of the city's historic ambience. Italso found that commercial facilities in tourist cities will unlikely turn into a fast-food-likelandscape and that outdoor advertising on those buildings will hardly ever result in a fastfood-like landscape as long as proper regulations are adopted, even though we cannot keep the functions of tourist cities from becoming similar and alike because in essence they are just like any other city.
著者
二宮 健史郎
出版者
滋賀大学経済学部
雑誌
滋賀大学経済学部Working Paper
巻号頁・発行日
no.No. 82, pp.1-16, 2005-01 (Released:2010-05-14)
著者
伊藤 博之
出版者
滋賀大学経済学部
雑誌
滋賀大学経済学部研究年報 (ISSN:13411608)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, pp.55-74, 2012

This paper describes a genealogy of corporate governance, following the philosophy of Michel Foucault. Genealogy is a way of thinking which delve into a domain of power relations struggling to construct a social reality. Corporate governance, which has emerged as an independent discipline around the 1990s, is interpreted as such a domain. The paper discusses the following four points. Firstly, it analyzes how the discourse of shareholder sovereignty has established its hegemony by referring to historical events as non-discursive constitute and the agency theory as discursive constitute of a knowledge/power relation. Secondly, it attempts to explain the reason why the corporate governance has not been established as an independent discipline until around the 1990s. Especially, the discourse of "managerialism" is focused on. Thirdly, discourses of corporate control focusing on the separation between ownership andcontrol are analyzed to reframe what corporate governance is all about. It suggests that the justification to be governed is the key to corporate governance. Finally, as a result of the genealogy, it argues for the importance of searching for excellent governance in practice. Practices of corporate governance tend to be dominated by a specific power relation, which strangle prudence and freedom of human beings. The genealogy teaches us that the way to escape the oppression is only in the practices seeking for excellentgovernance.
著者
鈴木 正信
出版者
滋賀大学経済学部
雑誌
滋賀大学経済学部研究年報 (ISSN:13411608)
巻号頁・発行日
no.18, pp.110(1)-87(24), 2011-11 (Released:2011-12-26)

In this article,at first,I compared the ancestor of "Ki-no-Atai" clan. The ancestor of "Ki-no-Atai" clan is, " ① Kami-musuhi" , " ② Ame-no-michine" , "③ Nagusa-hiko" , "④ Uji-hiko" , "⑤Arakawa-tobe" , "⑥ Chinaso" , "⑦ Kimi-tsumi" , "⑧ Waka-hiko". Of these, as a result of having analyzed ①~④,in order of "Uji-hiko" , "Nagusa-hiko" , "Ame-no-michine" , "Kami-musuhi",their names become abstract from a concrete. These appear by this order. And, in this order,the number of same families increases. Furthermore,those distribution area spreads out,too. Therefore, it is thought that the ancestor of "Ki-no-Atai" clan was made in this order. Then, I considered it's process.In the first half of the fifth century, "Kii-no-Minato" was adiplomatic foothold of "The Yamato Dynasty". It's center was a "Uji-area". Therefore the ancestor of "Ki-no-Atai" clan was named "Uji-hiko". The sixth century middle,The power of "Ki-no-Atai" clan spread through "Nagusa-area". Therefore the ancestor of "Ki-no-Atai" clan was named " Nagusa-hiko". From around seven end of century eight century first half, "Nichizen-gu" that "Ki-no-Atai" clan enshrined was worshiped. Therefore the ancestor of "Kino-Atai" clan was named " Ame-no-michine ". And, from eight century latter halves the ninth century beginning, the number of clans who make "Kami-musuhi" an ancestor has increased. Therefore the ancestor of "Ki-no-Atai" clan was named "Kami-musuhi".The genealogy of "Kino-Atai" clan was formed in this way.
著者
福浦 厚子
出版者
滋賀大学経済学部
雑誌
滋賀大学経済学部研究年報 (ISSN:13411608)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, pp.75-91, 2012

The armed forces is one of the institutional organizations, but on the other side it is nothedged off from the outer world and local ociety. Goffman pointed out that the armed force is an example of a "total institution", a place for work and life where a large number of individuals with a similar status, live together for an extended period of time, isolated from wider society and forced to live a common, formal and guided life. This paper examines the relationship between the armed force and the society.
著者
御崎 加代子
出版者
滋賀大学経済学部
雑誌
滋賀大学経済学部研究年報 (ISSN:13411608)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.27-35, 2015

This paper aims to clarify Walras's ideas of entrepreneurship and the State by focusingparticular attention on his criticism of Marx in chapter 5 'Theory of property' in Studies inSocial Economic(1896). Based on the idea of the zero-profit entrepreneur presented in his pure economic model(the general equilibrium theory), Walras developed his views on collectivism in his socialand applied economics, and defined it as a system where the State takes over the role ofthe entrepreneur. He classified Marx's scheme also as collectivism, and tried to clarify itspractical difficulties and impossibilities. Contrary to the textbook interpretation, Walras didnot regard the difference in their theories of value as a crucial point to criticize Marx. Walras concluded that Marx gave priority to justice, that is to say, the prevention of anyexploitation by the private capitalist entrepreneur, by sacrificing economic advantage. Walrasbelieved he could realize his own style of collectivism where justice and economic advantagecould be achieved together. If we ignore Walras's thinking in areas other than pure economics, and if we hold to thetextbook interpretation about the antagonism between the Marxian and Walrasian schools,we then lose sight of the real implications and significance of Walras's pure economic theory.
著者
水谷 剛
出版者
滋賀大学経済学部
雑誌
滋賀大学経済学部研究年報 (ISSN:13411608)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.23-40, 2013

In discussing the issue of intergenerational equity, use of what is known as generationalaccounting, which aims to quantify the state of such equity, is expected to play a role. Forgenerational accounting to convey information on intergenerational equity in an accurate, easy-to-understand manner, one must not only pay attention to the figures but also share an understanding of the methodology, including the meaning of estimate outcomes as well as the merits and limitations of generational accounting. In this thesis, we will take an overview of the criticisms of generational accounting introduced by Laurence Kotlikoff, and look at the methodological developments in recent studies made in response to such criticisms. As for Kotlikoff's generational accounting, several criticisms have been made, including 1)past benefits and burdens for current generations are not factored in and comparison can be made only between the generation aged zero today and future generations; 2)asymmetric assumptions are made in that" only future generations will bear the burden of resolving the outstanding deficits; and 3)the net burden for future generations is shown only as an average figure for the entire future generations. Recent studies have responded to such criticisms in three lines of approaches: 1)expanding the scope to include past benefits and burdens; 2)employing the so-called sustainability gap, which looks at the present value of long-run fiscal deficits; and 3)expanding the discussion by breaking down the future generations. In addition to such methodological sophistications, researchers have made various other efforts to respond to criticisms, such as improving on the assumptions on interest rates and growth rates. As we have seen so far, a number of criticisms have been leveled at Kotlikoff's generational accounting as to his methods and assumptions, but recent studies have made various methodological advances in response to such criticisms. I believe that we can ensure the effectiveness of generational accounting in conveying information regarding intergenerational equity in an accurate, easy-to-understand manner by understanding the methods andassumptions involved in generational accounting and by appropriately selecting such methods and assumptions.