著者
澤村 淳 早川 峰司 下嶋 秀和 久保田 信彦 上垣 慎二 丸藤 哲 黒田 敏
出版者
一般社団法人 日本救急医学会
雑誌
日本救急医学会雑誌 (ISSN:0915924X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.7, pp.358-364, 2010-07-15 (Released:2010-09-20)
参考文献数
13

クモ膜下出血は突然死の主要原因の一つである。我々は院外心肺機能停止で発症したクモ膜下出血症例で神経学的予後良好例を報告する。症例は52歳男性。交通事故が発生し,心肺停止が目撃された。すぐにbystandar心肺蘇生法が施行された。ドクターカーを含めた救急隊が要請され,救急医は当院到着まで気管挿管を含めたadvanced cardiopulmonary life supportを施行した。心肺停止発症から23分後に心拍再開し,直後に初療室へ搬入となった。意識レベルはE1VTM5であった。心電図はV1からV5誘導でST上昇を認め,心筋虚血が示唆された。頭部CTの結果,右半球に優位な瀰漫性のくも膜下出血を認めた。脳血管撮影では右中大脳動脈分岐部に嚢状動脈瘤を認めた。World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies分類ではGrade IV,Fisher CT分類ではIII群と診断した。しかし,眼球偏視が消失,対光反射が出現し,上肢の運動も活発に認められたことから,脳動脈瘤頸部クリッピング術を目的に開頭手術を施行した。患者は第18病日に神経脱落症状なく独歩で退院した。Bystandarによる発症直後からの心肺蘇生法や集中治療は院外心肺停止で発症したクモ膜下出血症例の生存率や機能的予後を改善する可能性がある。
著者
JACOB C. DUNN
出版者
The Anthropological Society of Nippon
雑誌
Anthropological Science (ISSN:09187960)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2018-04-03)

One noteworthy, but unexplained, aspect of the evolution of human speech is the loss of laryngeal air sacs during hominin evolution. Very little is known about the adaptive significance of this curious trait, or the selection pressures that may have driven the evolution of air sacs among primates, and their later loss in Homo. Here, I review the literature on the loss of laryngeal air sacs during the evolution of speech, and argue that sexual selection may have been a key factor. Although air sacs do not fossilize, the presence or absence of air sacs appears to be correlated with the anatomy of the hyoid bone, and fossil hyoid evidence suggests that air sacs were lost in hominins between 3.3 million and 530000 years ago. Air sacs are hypothesized to have an acoustic function, and some authors have argued that hominins may have lost their air sacs because they would make speech less clear. In other primates, such as gorillas and howler monkeys, air sacs appear to play a role in acoustic size exaggeration and may be linked to reproductive competition. I explore the hypothesis that changes in social organization and mating system towards reduced male–male competition may have relaxed the selection pressure maintaining loud, low-frequency calls in hominins, making air sacs obsolete. While much of the above will remain hypothetical until more concrete data are gathered, we can speculate by saying that air sacs may not have been necessary for the type of quiet vocal interaction that typifies human communication. Perhaps more recent Homo species, with lower levels of sexual dimorphism and increased social tolerance and complexity, began to communicate in a more complex way, eventually leading to spoken language.
著者
Lingyan Fan Jianjun Luo Hailuan Liu Xuan Geng
出版者
The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers
雑誌
IEICE Electronics Express (ISSN:13492543)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.13, pp.20140535-20140535, 2014 (Released:2014-07-10)
参考文献数
6

AES has been one of the most popular encryption and decryption algorithms for data security applications. At the same time, data randomization (or “homogeneous”) technology was applied to reduce the bit error rate (BER) of MLC and TLC flash memory. Here, AES algorithm was found efficient to replace the orthogonal polynomials which normally carry out homogeneous function by scrambling data. This paper put forward a novel hardware architecture providing both homogeneous and data encryption/decryption functions concurrently by an embedded AES hardware engine while getting rid of randomization engine with Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR). It made a flash controller simple and reduced the die size because the independent homogeneous hard engine is no longer necessary for a flash memory system, in which AES security algorithm embedded. Finally a SSD controller designed in this architecture was silicon proven.
著者
本間 祐子 角野 猛 真鍋 久
出版者
日本食生活学会
雑誌
日本食生活学会誌 (ISSN:13469770)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.106-113, 2011-09-30 (Released:2011-10-27)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
1 or 0

“Malt mizuame (millet jelly)” is a traditional food that has long been produced in the Minamiaizu region of Fukushima Prefecture. In the present study, we investigated the characteristics of the method used in this region for making malt mizuame and the sweet components. Following are our findings:  In the Minamiaizu region, the unique customs of ameyobi or ameyobare are associated with malt mizuame;these customs were thought to have developed due to the mild sweetness and functionality of mizuame.  During the saccharification process in the making of malt mizuame,steps are taken to maximize the saccharifiability of malt to starch.We identify these processes as an important way to reduce the amount of time required for saccharification.

16 16 16 0 OA 動乱の世界

著者
萩原新生 著
出版者
牧書房
巻号頁・発行日
1941

16 16 0 0 OA 官報

著者
大蔵省印刷局 [編]
出版者
日本マイクロ写真
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1912年02月07日, 1912-02-07
著者
一階 千絵
出版者
Japan Society of Sport Anthropology
雑誌
スポーツ人類學研究 (ISSN:13454358)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2002, no.4, pp.17-40, 2003-03-31 (Released:2011-08-16)
参考文献数
84

Women's Sumo wrestling was performed as a show from the middle of the 17th century (the middle of the Edo period) to 1950's in Japan. These women's Sumo show have been regarded as an obscene show.The purpose of this study is considering the cultural characters of the women's Sumo show of the Edo period by examining literature of those days.The factors that materialize women's Sumo wrestling as show are as follows. 1. Sumo wrestling has appeals as show. These are the outstanding physical strength and techniques which wrestlers have.2. Female wrestlers might be extraordinary beings by wearing the symbol of the gender of the opposite sex (Sumo wrestling) on her body.3. That female wrestlers expose her naked body and wrestle with a blind man attracted a spectator's sexual interest. The obscenity appears also in “Shiko-Na”.4. Since there was a sense of values that likes an active woman in Edo, it is thought that female wrestler's Sumo wrestling might exist as a show.So, the women's Sumo show of the Edo period was not a mere obscene or “erotic and grotesque” show.
著者
東島 雅昌
出版者
日本選挙学会
雑誌
選挙研究 (ISSN:09123512)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.2, pp.62-76, 2015 (Released:2018-04-06)
参考文献数
35

本稿では,中央アジアのカザフスタン,キルギス,タジキスタンの選挙制度改革を概観し,選挙権威主義体制下の選挙制度がどのように変更され,選挙制度選択にはいかなる要因が寄与しているのか検討する。野党が脆弱な選挙権威主義体制下では,小選挙区制は与党に有利な議席バイアスをもたらすかわりに,統治エリートの凝集性を弱め,結果的に体制運営に支障をきたす可能性をはらむ。こうした選挙制度設計のジレンマのもと,高い支持動員能力をもつ権威主義体制の指導者は,小選挙区制下の議席プレミアムがなくても選挙に圧勝できるため,統治エリートの自律性をより効果的に抑制できる比例代表制の選択が可能になる。中央アジアの3カ国の事例は,政治指導者の支持動員力が低いときに小選挙区制に依存し,その動員力が増したときに比例代表制へと選挙制度を変更する傾向にあることを示唆している。
著者
横田 恵子
出版者
神戸女学院大学
雑誌
女性学評論 (ISSN:09136630)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.21-39, 2006-03-31

From the early 90's, we have been increasing our efforts to incorporate 'comprehensive sexual education' mainly in our secondary education. However, at the same time, strong reactions have been happening against the education. The Conservatives have led many campaigns against liberal educational efforts in order to persuade public opinion. In this paper, I provide an overview of the current processes of Comprehensive Sexual Education-Bashing in Japan. The Conservatives and some communion members are conspiring with mass media against any practices based on Comprehensive Sexual Education, and even some of them are affiliate with by the governmental organizations. They are also scheming against the liberals to introduce the concept of Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Education that spread among many Americans. I also describe a case of political intervention. The conservatives forced liberal educational groups to make changes in their HIV prevention programs for teenagers which was based on the Comprehensive Sexual Education perspective.
著者
大野 盛雄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本オリエント学会
雑誌
オリエント (ISSN:00305219)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.1, pp.97-109, 1992-09-30 (Released:2010-03-12)
参考文献数
3
被引用文献数
1 or 0