著者
水野 伸宏
出版者
公共選択学会
雑誌
公共選択の研究 (ISSN:02869624)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2011, no.56, pp.48-52, 2011-07-15 (Released:2014-07-13)
参考文献数
10

101 13 2 0 OA 海上保安の現況

出版者
海上保安庁
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和34年, 0000

18 13 0 0 OA 四番茶

著者
下村海南 著
出版者
博文館
巻号頁・発行日
1927
著者
稲葉 奈々子
出版者
日本社会学会
雑誌
社会学評論 (ISSN:00215414)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.2, pp.238-252, 2016 (Released:2017-09-30)
参考文献数
44
著者
原田 伸一朗
出版者
日本社会情報学会
巻号頁・発行日
pp.71-76, 2011 (Released:2012-03-20)

This paper attempts to examine the morality of Self-regulation especially in the area of expression. In modern society, increasing amounts of self-regulations take over the role and the realm of legal regulations. Self-regulation might be considered as "Soft Law" because it virtually practices legal enforcements. However it would be doubted that such self-regulations are completely autonomic and spontaneous. It is the problem that this paper critically reviews.
著者
中村 博一
出版者
文教大学大学院言語文化研究科付属言語文化研究所
雑誌
言語と文化 = Language and Culture (ISSN:09147977)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.256-271, 2011-03-01

Ninja is said to be the ancient warrior originated in Japan. Nowadays its transnational emerging has been seen globally, even in Sokoto, northern Nigeria where I have conducted field research for Nollywood kungfu film since 2001. In this article, I trace some transnational process of ninja representation outside Japan and consider ways to transform global image into a localized ninja/ninjoji of Sokoto.
著者
Yoshito Kamijo Michiko Takai Yuji Fujita Kiyotaka Usui
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.15, pp.2141-2146, 2018-08-01 (Released:2018-08-01)
参考文献数
30

Objective We conducted a retrospective study on the epidemiological and clinical features of patients with acute caffeine poisoning in Japan. Methods Letters requesting participation were sent to 264 emergency departments of hospitals, and questionnaires were mailed to those that agreed to participate. Patients Participants were patients transported to emergency departments of hospitals between April 2011 and March 2016 after consuming large or massive amounts of caffeinated supplements and/or energy drinks (caffeine dose ≥1.0 g). Results We surveyed 101 patients from 38 emergency departments. Since April 2013, the number of patients has markedly increased. Of these young patients (median age, 25 years), 53 were men, and 97 had consumed caffeine in tablet form. Estimated caffeine doses (n=93) ranged from 1.2 to 82.6 g (median, 7.2 g). Serum caffeine levels on admission (n=17) ranged from 2.0 to 530.0 μg/mL (median level, 106.0 μg/mL). Common abnormal vital signs and laboratory data on admission included tachypnea, tachycardia, depressed consciousness, hypercreatinekinasemia, hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, and hyperlactatemia. Common signs and symptoms in the clinical course included nausea, vomiting, excitement/agitation, and sinus tachycardia. Seven patients (6.9%) who had consumed ≥6.0 g of caffeine, or whose serum caffeine levels on admission were ≥200 μg/mL, developed cardiac arrest. Ninety-seven patients (96.0%) recovered completely, but 3 patients (3.0%) died. Conclusion The present analysis of data from more than 100 emergency patients revealed clinical features of moderate to fatal caffeine poisoning. We recommend highlighting the toxicity risks associated with ingesting highly caffeinated tablets.