著者
辻 絵理子
出版者
美学会
雑誌
美学 (ISSN:05200962)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.2, pp.25-36, 2016 (Released:2018-01-01)

The Tokalı Kilise has a rare architectural plan, which is the reason for its local nickname, ‘the Church of the Buckle’. This paper enquired closely into the programme of the northern small apse, that is, the Prothesis of the New Church. The Prothesis was used for the preparation of the Eucharist in the liturgy, often decorated by iconography related to the Communion. The Hospitality of Abraham and the Communion of Mary of Egypt under the conch emphasize the Eucharistic meaning of the place. In this article, it is focused on the themes with irregular direction and with a different layout. Christ is duplicated in the Marriage Feast at Cana spanning between the north frieze and the half spandrel of the eastern arcade. In the half spandrel, there are the servant filling the jar, the steward tasting wine, and Christ’s right hand alone blessing the water. Above her son’s hand, Mary keeps the water of ordeal in the Trial by Water. Her gesture of accepting the cup from the priest resembles closely those of Apostles taking wine from Christ in the Communion of Apostles. These themes stressing the relation to the Communion are located in the place adjacent to the Prothesis.
著者
TORU KINO HIROSHI HATANAKA SUSUMU MIYATA NORIAKI INAMURA MICHIHISA NISHIYAMA TOSHIMI YAJIMA TOSHIO GOTO MASAKUNI OKUHARA MASANOBU KOHSAKA HATSUO AOKI TAKENORI OCHIAI
出版者
JAPAN ANTIBIOTICS RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
雑誌
The Journal of Antibiotics (ISSN:00218820)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.9, pp.1256-1265, 1987-09-25 (Released:2006-04-19)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
241 or 0

The immuno-pharmacological profile of a novel immunosuppressive agent, FK-506 produced by a streptomycete, is presented here. We proceeded to test the effect of the agent on various in vitro immune systems. It showed that mixed lymphocyte reaction, cytotoxic T cell generation, the production of T cell-derived soluble mediators such as interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 3 and gamma-interferon and the expression of the IL-2 receptor were suppressed by this agent. The IC50 values of FK-506 and ciclosporin (CS) in all tests were approximately 0.1nM and 10nM, respectively. Therefore, the novel agent, FK-506 suppressed in vitro immune systems at about hundred times lower concentration than CS.

12 12 0 0 OA 解体新書 4巻

著者
キュルムス 著
出版者
須原屋市兵衛
巻号頁・発行日
vol.[5], 1774
著者
竹石 洋介 Yousuke Takeishi 九州情報大学 経営情報学部 経営情報学科
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, pp.75-84,

本研究は、日本の「伝統」を教えるための「相撲の教材研究」のひとつの試みである。江戸時代後半から衰退し始め、近代日本においてその存続を危ぶまれた相撲は、「国内に向けたナショナリズム」と「国外に向けての倫理主義」を前面に押し出すことで、近代日本の「国技」として存続し発展してきた。その際、近代相撲にはじめて現れた「天覧試合」「国技館」「品位・礼節」などは、「創られた伝統」として「内に向けたナショナリズム」と「外に向けての倫理主義」を象徴するものだったのである。つまり、相撲における「品位・礼節」は、近代になって発明された「伝統」に過ぎず、それを教える意義は、少なくとも、「伝統」の教育としてではない。では、学校体育で教えるべき相撲の「伝統」とは如何なるものか。「身体」に焦点化しながら考察する。
著者
永田 雅輝 宮内 信文 田中 俊一郎 比嘉 照夫 萬田 正治 金澤 晋二郎
巻号頁・発行日
1999 (Released:2001-10-23)

本研究の目的は,環境,一次産業,二次産業および医療分野でも普及しつつあるEM技術について,農業工学,土壌環境学,畜産学,園芸学および食品化学などの多方面の研究者が縦横に組織を組んで,客観的な調査を行い,今後の学術共同研究の方向性を創出することにある.調査の結果,これまでの事例から以下のように要約される.1)EMを構成する微生物は当初とは異なり,10種類程度でも土壌菌と共生的に効果を出すことが判明した.効果の発現は,環境中のEMの密度が高まって生態的に多勢となった場合に著効が認められ二次産業等における効果はEMが生成する多様な抗酸化物質によるものと判断される。2)水稲に対しては,EMと有機物の施用が適正であれば,数年で有機農業などへ転換可能であって,品質・収量ともに慣行法より向上し,また水田の除草時間も大幅に低減することを認めている.3)EM栽培したミニトマトの呼吸速度は対照区に比べて貯蔵初期で50%も低く,日持ちの良さを示唆している.4)EMの土壌改良材としての効果は顕著であることを認めている.5)畜産分野におけるEMは悪臭防除と病気予防に効果があることを認めている.6)EMの食品化学的有効性は,厳密な意味での確認できる例とデータは存在せず,その解明には多くの困難があり,時間が必要であると判断される.以上,EMの効果は現象的には,一部を除いて良好な事例もあることから,今後は (1)土壌菌と共生的に効果を出すメカニズム, (2)抗酸化物質の特定, (3)土壌改良の機作, (4)生態系改善の仕組み, (5)農産物の品質・貯蔵性向上の機構, (6)微生物群相遷移発達過程の実証, (7)EMの家畜腸内細菌に及ぼす影響, (8)食品化学的に厳密なEM効果の検証, など科学的・技術的な裏付けを行うことによって,環境保全型農業の推進に多大に寄与する研究分野であるといえる.
著者
山田 奨治
出版者
国際日本文化研究センター
雑誌
日本研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, pp.103-128, 2009-11-30

六十四種類の「百鬼夜行絵巻」を対象に、その図像の編集過程の復元を試みた。描かれた「鬼」の図像配列の相違に着目し、情報学の編集距離を使って絵巻の系統樹を作成した。その結果、真珠庵本系統の「百鬼夜行絵巻」の祖本に最も近い図像配列を持つのは、日文研B本であるとの推定結果が得られた。また合本系の「百鬼夜行絵巻」についても図像配列を比較し、それらの編集過程の全体像を推定した。

12 11 0 0 OA 辞林

著者
金沢庄三郎 編
出版者
三省堂
巻号頁・発行日
1911
著者
Tomoko M. NAKANISHI
出版者
The Japan Academy
雑誌
Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B (ISSN:03862208)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.94, no.1, pp.20-34, 2018-01-11 (Released:2018-01-11)
参考文献数
42

Immediately after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, a team of 40–50 researchers at the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences at the University of Tokyo began to analyze the behavior of radioactive materials in the fallout regions. The fallout has remained in situ and become strongly adsorbed within the soil over time. 137Cs was found to bind strongly to the fine clay, weathered biotite, and organic matter in the soil; therefore, it has not mobilized from mountainous regions, even after heavy rainfall. In farmland, the quantity of 137Cs in the soil absorbed by crop plants was small. The downward migration of 137Cs in soil is now estimated at 1–2 mm/year. The intake of 137Cs by trees occurred through the bark and not from the roots. This report summarizes the findings of research across a wide variety of agricultural specialties.
著者
内藤 敦之
出版者
経済理論学会
雑誌
季刊経済理論 (ISSN:18825184)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.1, pp.66-76, 2007-04-20 (Released:2017-04-25)

Post Keynesian endogenous money supply theory appeared as one of the modern theory of credit money some twenty years ago. In recent years, while it keeping close relationship with French and Italian monetary circuit theory, the domain of the theory has expanded gradually. With regard to the role of government or state, the theory of endogenous money pays attention to the central bank which offers the means of settlement between commercial banks and plays the role of lender of last resort, but actually the state establishes money, and practices the control of money. In this respect Chartalism or state theory of money revive in the context of Post Keynesian in recent years. The relationship between the theory of endogenous money and Chartalism comes into question, because in the theory of endogenous money money supply is endogenous, while in Chartalism at a first glance exogenous money supply by the state is assumed. The two theories have not only a background of Post Keynesian, but also both theories have complementarities. That is, the theory of endogenous money deals the money of private level, and Chartalism argues the money of state level. However, both theories share nominalism especially in the theory of nature of money. In Chartalism the nature of money is regarded as establishment of money by the state, and Chartalistic money is a nominal one which has basically no relation to the real value, in the theory of endogenous money bank money also does not presuppose the relation to the real value of money. In this way, both theories share common ground, but there are differences. First, in the theory of nature of money the definition of money and various points are different. Second, both theories diverge in the role of the state. In the theory of endogenous money although the role of the state is generally assumed in relation to the function of central bank, the relationship between money and state, and the problem of Chartalism is not thoroughly examined. The placement of the state in Chartalism is unique and different from the theory of endogenous money. In this paper, aiming at clarifying what relationship both theories have, two points are examined. First, we compare both theories in the theory of nature of money, and we consider in what significance money in the real world is Chartalistic. Second, we investigate the role of the state, especially the function of the central bank respectively. The conclusions are three-fold. First, the theory of endogenous money and Chartalism share nominalism in the theory of nature of money. Nominalism is important in that it is a basis of the view against commodity theory of money. Second, two theories are different except nominalism of money in the theory of nature of money. In the theory of endogenous money the state plays important role in that it designate money as means of final settlement, this is the significance of Chartalism in the theory of endogenous money. Third, the role of the state in the theory of endogenous money moreover emerges as a function of central bank. The function of lender of last resort which is emphasized especially in Post Keynesian theory plays important role which maintains monetary and financial system, while in Chartalism central bank plays the role of bank of government, and does not conflict with central bank in the theory of endogenous money, but it has complementary function. Particularly both theories adopt the operation of short term interest rate as a measure of policy, which plays important role in the control of money.
著者
金子 和雄 大山 陽介
出版者
四日市大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2010-04-01 (Released:2010-08-23)

(a)2次元退化ガルニエ系および(b)4次元パンルヴェ型方程式における超越的特殊解の研究(a)G(9/2),G(5)及びG(14),G(23)に対し、対称解の存在を示し、線型モノドロミを計算した結果につき学会報告した(2010慶応大、名古屋大、2011-3早稲田大)。(b)藤、鈴木系の特異点における有理型解の分類及び線型モノドロミの計算、笹野系の特異点における有理型解の分類による藤、鈴木系との違い、藤、鈴木系および行列型パンルヴェの退化系NY{A4},IV{Mat}およびII{Mat}につき学会報告した(2011-9信州大,2012-3東京理科大,2012-9九州大,2013-9愛媛大)。
著者
新村出 校
出版者
開成館
巻号頁・発行日
1911
著者
ラッセル ジョン・G John G. Russell 千葉県立衛生短期大学:ハーバード大学文化人類学 Chiba College of Health Science
雑誌
千葉県立衛生短期大学紀要 = Bulletin of Chiba College of Health Science (ISSN:02885034)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.2, pp.43-53, 1990

This paper examines the issue of discrimination in Japanese firms. As part of the Japanese social structure, Japanese firms share the value system of Japanese society at large. Japanese firms, whether located domestically or abroad, frequently and systematically discriminate against Blacks in hiring and housing on the basis of racial stereotypes prevalent in Japanese mass culture. The study reveals the type of social prejudices Blacks encounter in Japan through the case study of a six-year African American Tokyo resident.
著者
野中 朋美 中野 冠
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集C編 (ISSN:18848354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.783, pp.4024-4033, 2011 (Released:2011-11-25)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
4 or 0

The paper proposes a carbon taxation scheme using life cycle assessment (LCA) for clean energy vehicles (CEVs). This taxation scheme can enable to be discussed tax amount, tax revenue and total CO2 emissions by changing the scenarios and parameters, such as: technology development, energy price and total driving distance. The authors figure out the tax rate 28.05[JPY/kg-CO2], which makes the hybrid electric vehicle's life cycle cost (LCC) less than that of conventional gasoline vehicles. The simulation results show that LCC after taxation of electric vehicles (EVs) have lowest total cost when battery cost is 0.14 times the 2007 cost and have lower total cost than that of GVs when driven more than 221,600 km. In addition, EVs have lowest emissions when driven more than 63,000 km considered CO2 emissions in the manufacturing phase, and it is expected that elders who drive shorter distances are best suited for hybrid electric vehicles and gasoline vehicles not electric vehicles considering LCCO2. The proposed tax system can provide consumers with an incentive to choose vehicles with lower CO2 emissions.
著者
久保田 和男
出版者
長野工業高等専門学校
雑誌
長野工業高等専門学校紀要 = Memoirs of Nagano National College of Technology (ISSN:18829155)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, 2016-06-30

This paper described the history of Kaifengfu and Jew people. North Sung(北宋) age,Jews arrived at China from the west and lived at Kaifengfu(開封府). Up to now for about about 1000 years, they keep living in eastern area of this city. They were the city people who made the commerce a bread-and-butter job. In Ming era(明代), Kaifengfu prospered as a local city in particular. A Jewish community also prospered during the time. In 1644, a deluge of the Yellow River has destroyed their synagogue.it was possible to make it revive by the power of the community. Economy of Kaifengfu was depression in the modern times(afrer 1842). Jewish community also declined at the same time, and religious consciousness was being also lost.
著者
大城 直雅 國吉 和昌 中村 章弘 新城 安哲 玉那覇 康二 稲福 恭雄
出版者
公益社団法人 日本食品衛生学会
雑誌
食品衛生学雑誌 (ISSN:00156426)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.5, pp.376-379, 2008-10-01 (Released:2008-11-25)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
10 or 0

家庭菜園で栽培したナスの入ったスパゲティーミートソースを摂食した夫婦が,ふらつき,ろれつがまわらない,意識混濁などの症状を呈し,相次いで救急診療を受診した.このナスはチョウセンアサガオに接木したもので,食品残品と患者血清からスコポラミンとアトロピンが検出された.本事例は沖縄県初のチョウセンアサガオ関連食中毒事例であり,接木による食中毒事例は本邦初の報告と思われる.