著者
内井 惣七
出版者
京都大學文學部
雑誌
京都大學文學部研究紀要 (ISSN:04529774)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.43-103, 1993-03-31

この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。
著者
内井 惣七
出版者
日本科学哲学会
雑誌
科学哲学 (ISSN:02893428)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.2, pp.1-15, 2006-12-25 (Released:2009-12-07)
参考文献数
27

Einstein began the relativistic cosmology by his 1917 paper. But what is his most important contribution to the cosmology? I will argue that the answer is that he changed the notion of gravity so as to imply both the attractive and the repulsive force. Beginning with the elements of the general relativity, I will briefly review de Sitter's objection against Einstein's spherical universe, Lemaitre's and Eddington's works, the classic version of the expanding universe, the big-bang cosmology, and the inflationary cosmology. The seminal ideas emerged from the Einstein-de Sitter controversy culminated in the fruitful results of the inflationary cosmology, and the key idea was the gravity as a repulsive force.
著者
内井 惣七
出版者
日本科学哲学会
雑誌
科学哲学 (ISSN:02893428)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.1-10, 2001-11-10 (Released:2009-05-29)
参考文献数
9

As is well known, Tooby and Cosmides argued that the evolutionary point of view is indispensable in the social sciences; they criticized the standard social science modes (SSSM), and proposed instead the integrated causal model (ICM) based on the evolutionary psychology. Since their proposal adopts the adaptationism, I wish to analyze the structore of the adaptationism, examining some of heir key words: adaptation, function, and module. Since the adaptationism was severely criticized by Gould and Lewontin, I wish also to examine how well it can overcome such criticisms. This review will serve as an introduction to the philosophicalc onsideration on the relevance of the evolutionary theory to the theories of mind and society.
著者
内井 惣七
出版者
日本科学哲学会
雑誌
科学哲学 (ISSN:02893428)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.17-29, 1995-11-15 (Released:2009-05-29)
参考文献数
16

The philosophical implications of "chaos" cannot be grasped without clear understanding of such concepts as "determinism", "non-linearity", and "predictability". Beginning with Laplace's classical statement of determinism and predictability, I will sketch Maxwell's and Poincaré's modifications of the statement and their awareness of the significance of nonlinearity. Then I will briefly touch upon what may be suggested by the study of chaos for clarification of the notion of complexity; and, finally, contend that the computation for the study of chaos can be regarded as a kind of inductive basis, which provides the affinity of mathematics and natural sciences, on the one hand, and the continuity of traditional sciences and studies on chaotic systems, on the other.
著者
内井惣七著
出版者
ミネルヴァ書房
巻号頁・発行日
1988
著者
内井 惣七
出版者
一般社団法人日本物理学会
雑誌
大学の物理教育 (ISSN:1340993X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.98, no.3, pp.4-8, 1998-11-15
著者
田中 泉吏 内井 惣七
出版者
日本基礎心理学会
雑誌
基礎心理学研究 (ISSN:02877651)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.213-217, 2005

How should we approach to the origins of morality? How should we analyse the moral emotions? Recent researches in animal psychology seem to throw some light on these questions. According to Brosnan & de Waal, the brown capuchin monkey (Cebus apella) has a 'sense of fairness.' As Darwin thought, morality is supported by social emotions, which not only humans but also other primates should have. Then, in order to answer the preceding questions, we have to pay enough attention to the emotional responses of nonhuman primates in social contexts as well as those of humans. In addition, we should not neglect the conceptual analysis of morality and moral emotions, because morality consists of various components. In this regard, J.S. Mill's analysis of 'justice' in Utilitarianism may be regarded as a good example. We will state a brief prospect of the "evolutionary ethics."