- 土地制度史学会(現 政治経済学・経済史学会)
- 土地制度史学 (ISSN:04933567)
- vol.40, no.2, pp.32-48, 1998-01-20 (Released:2017-12-30)
The purpose of this paper is to show the process of forming capitalistic order of production in Japanese oil industry, by researching the process of formation and development of the Nippon Oil Company. Then, this paper shows how Japanese company became to compete with the foreign company in the oil market, where the latter was strong. The past research overemphasized the one department of the industry, for example, mining or transporting. But I think that to solve the problem I presented in the beginning, it is necessary to prove the overall process of the oil industry, that is, mining, refining, transporting, and bargening. This paper observes the Nippon Oil Company to understand this overall process. The Nippon Oil Company, which gathered men of property, succeeded in mining by means of machine. And therefore, it was necessary to improve the refining department in quantity and quality in the middle of 1890s. In the late of 1890s, the transportation system was constructed, and the oil products produced in Niigata prefecture began to enter into the Tokyo market. But the rising and falling of the price of the oil products from 1899 to 1900 cleared the inferior products produced by the small-sized refining makers. By this process, the products produced by the Nippon Oil company, which improved the refining department and the bargening department, standed out in the domestic products. Then, the Nippon Oil Company established its own trademark Bat-Mark in the Tokyo market. This situation shows that the domestic products gained the competitive ability in the market. The conclusion is that the modern oil industry in Japan, that is, the capitalistic order of production in Japanese oil industry, was formed by the formation of overall production process in the Nippon Oil Company.