著者
酒井 恵子 西岡 美和 向山 泰代 小松 孝至
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.163-166, 2015-11-20 (Released:2015-12-05)
参考文献数
3
被引用文献数
1

The Gitaigo Personality Scale (GPS; Komatsu et al., 2012) consists of 60 mimetic words comprising six subscales, and is used for measuring self and others' personality. In this study we developed a short form of the GPS, the GPSsf which consists of 30 words, by selecting the five words that exhibited the highest loadings for each of the GPS six factors. A factor analysis showed that the GPSsf consisted of six factors consistent with the six subscales of the GPS. The GPSsf had relatively high test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and sufficient validity. Because of the reduced number of items, the GPSsf is now more accessible for use in assessment situations.
著者
小松 孝至 向山 泰代 西岡 美和 酒井 恵子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.6, pp.589-595, 2016
被引用文献数
2

Based on the recently developed <i>Gitaigo</i> personality scale (Komatsu, Sakai, Nishioka, & Mukoyama, 2012), we investigated the relationship between perceived personality and leading/following roles in close friend dyads. Primary participants rated their own and one of their close friend's personality with <i>Gitaigo</i> personality scale. They also described who takes the role of leader in the relationship with the friend they rated. When one in the pair is reported as leader, the other is considered as follower. Subsidiary participants who were cited as close friends rated their own personality. Our analysis of the 215 pairs showed that the participants taking the role of follower were rated higher in the traits of Cowardliness and Mildness by the primary participants. Regarding Mildness, this tendency was also clear in subsidiary participants' self-ratings. Primary participants rated the Preciseness and Candidness of their friends lower if their friend was considered a follower. <i>Gitaigo</i> personality scale describes the perceived personality well, at least for several traits.
著者
小松 孝至 酒井 恵子 西岡 美和 向山 泰代
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.2, pp.82-90, 2012
被引用文献数
2

Gitaigo is a subtype of mimetic words (onomatopoeia) in the Japanese language, which can be regarded as words that imitate actions or states. This study develops a personality scale, with six subscales, using 60 gitaigo words as items for rating the personality of the self and others. We asked 1 054 participants to rate their own personality and 905 participants to rate a close friend's personality, using 158 gitaigo words as items to describe personality. We found that a six-factor model, found in our previous study, was also applicable to the present study of ratings of participants' own personality. We also found six groups of words in the ratings of close friends' personality, although the factor structure is slightly different from the self-rating factors. We selected ten words that exhibited high loadings for each of the six factors to develop a personality scale with six subscales showing high reliability. We named those factors: Cowardliness, Slowness, Preciseness, Irritableness, Candidness, and Frivolousness. The average scores for self-ratings were significantly lower for two subscales (Preciseness and Candidness) and higher for other four subscales compared to the rating of others.