著者
樋浦 郷子
出版者
教育史学会
雑誌
日本の教育史学 : 教育史学会紀要 (ISSN:03868982)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, pp.84-96, 2014-10-01

To date, there is only a limited amount of scholarship on the study of Imperial Portraits in Imperial Japan's colonies. In addition, extant research on the subject is predominantly based on the assumption that Imperial Portraits were distributed throughout colonial schools as they were in Japan proper due to 'assimilation' policy. As a result, their conclusions at times fall short of the realities of colonial school life. In other words, it is important to abstain from such an assumption when considering the realities of colonial school life. First, this paper reveals that the distribution of Imperial Portraits to Korean schools was first planned by Governor General Minami Jiro. This project was actually related more to the introduction of the 1938 Korean Voluntary Military Service Law than the third revision of the Korean Education Law of the same year. Second, this paper carefully examines how Imperial Portraits were actually distributed as well as how principals, teachers' associations and schools responded to them. Third, this paper shows that it was almost impossible for Chosun Government General to distribute the portraits to elementary schools for Japanese residents in Korea, let alone to all Korean elementary schools because of the distrust of Korean-Japanese mutual antagonism, and the excessive anxiety held by the Japanese residing in Korean local communities. In conclusion, this paper hypothesizes why Governor General Minami persisted in the unprecedented distribution of Imperial Portraits to Korean schools.
著者
樋浦 郷子
出版者
教育史学会
雑誌
日本の教育史学 (ISSN:03868982)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, pp.110-122, 2006-10-01 (Released:2017-06-01)

During the prewar era, many Japanese shrines were built in Japan's colonies, such as Korea and Taiwan. This paper examines the problem of forcing the local residents to go and pay homage to the shrines and to worship the Japanese imperial deities that were supposedly housed therein. The focus of this paper is how Chosen Jingu, built in 1925 and established as a highly-ranked shrine in the Japanese shrines hierarchy, and schools collaborated together to compel elementary school students to visit the shrine. In order to analyze this issue, this paper will examine the case of Kangakusai, one of Chosen Jingu's rituals. In Kangakusai, Chosen Jingu distributed moral training textbooks (Shushin) for first graders in almost all elementary schools in Keijo district, where Chosen Jingu was located. All of the students who received a textbook from the shrine had to go there in order to thank the imperial deities. This shows how shrine rituals like Kangakusai played an important role in the compulsion of students' worship at Chosen Jingu. Behind the enforcement of Kangakusai, one finds the leadership of the chief priests of Chosen Jingu, such as Takamatsu Shiro. In explaining what Takamatsu and other priests did, this paper demonstrates the active role played by shrine priests. They did not merely follow Japanese Government General directives but took a leading role at times in the enforcing the "Japanization" of Koreans. In addition, the mutual reinforcing relationship between shrines and schools enabled primary school students to be the most influenced sector of Korean society. In Japan, much research on colonial shrines focus on the compulsion of shrine worship from the late 1930s to 1945. However, this issue did not begin in the 1930s. This paper seeks to shed additional light on colonial shrine worship prior to the 1930s through an analysis of Kangakusai.
著者
樋浦 郷子
出版者
京都大学
巻号頁・発行日
2011-11-24

新制・課程博士
著者
樋浦 郷子
出版者
教育史学会
雑誌
日本の教育史学 : 教育史学会紀要 (ISSN:03868982)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, pp.110-122, 2006-10-01

During the prewar era, many Japanese shrines were built in Japan's colonies, such as Korea and Taiwan. This paper examines the problem of forcing the local residents to go and pay homage to the shrines and to worship the Japanese imperial deities that were supposedly housed therein. The focus of this paper is how Chosen Jingu, built in 1925 and established as a highly-ranked shrine in the Japanese shrines hierarchy, and schools collaborated together to compel elementary school students to visit the shrine. In order to analyze this issue, this paper will examine the case of Kangakusai, one of Chosen Jingu's rituals. In Kangakusai, Chosen Jingu distributed moral training textbooks (Shushin) for first graders in almost all elementary schools in Keijo district, where Chosen Jingu was located. All of the students who received a textbook from the shrine had to go there in order to thank the imperial deities. This shows how shrine rituals like Kangakusai played an important role in the compulsion of students' worship at Chosen Jingu. Behind the enforcement of Kangakusai, one finds the leadership of the chief priests of Chosen Jingu, such as Takamatsu Shiro. In explaining what Takamatsu and other priests did, this paper demonstrates the active role played by shrine priests. They did not merely follow Japanese Government General directives but took a leading role at times in the enforcing the "Japanization" of Koreans. In addition, the mutual reinforcing relationship between shrines and schools enabled primary school students to be the most influenced sector of Korean society. In Japan, much research on colonial shrines focus on the compulsion of shrine worship from the late 1930s to 1945. However, this issue did not begin in the 1930s. This paper seeks to shed additional light on colonial shrine worship prior to the 1930s through an analysis of Kangakusai.
著者
北村 嘉恵 樋浦 郷子 山本 和行
出版者
北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
雑誌
北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 (ISSN:18821669)
巻号頁・発行日
no.126, pp.298-190, 2016

本稿は、中華民国台南県の市立新化国民小学および国立新化高級工業職業学校が所蔵する植民地関係史料の中から学校沿革誌を翻刻し、台湾地域史および帝国日本教育史の基礎史料として集積と共有化をはかるものである。近年台湾では学校史料への関心が高まりを見せ、学校所蔵史料の調査・整理とともに、これらを利用した学校史研究が一定の蓄積をみつつある。日本でも、アーカイブズ学的な関心から、各都道府県に現存する史料の俯瞰的な調査が進みつつある。ただし、悉皆的な調査や比較検討の重要性が指摘されながらも、個別の学校や自治体に視野が限定されがちな傾向は否みがたい。こうした状況をふまえ筆者らは、帝国日本の全域に視野を開きつつ教育史資料の所在調査・整理を段階的・体系的に進めるとともに、地域社会に視点を据えて東アジアの植民地化・脱植民地化の道筋を解明していくことをめざしている。本稿は、その初段階における報告である。This volume is reprinting of historical school documents selected from historical archives of two schools, Municipal Hsinhua elementary school and National Hsinhua industrial vocational school,both located in the present-day in Hsinhua district, Tainan city, Taiwan. In Taiwan, interests in school official documents are rising in recent years. With investigation and arrangement of these documents, studies are being deepened to some extent. In Japan, too, comprehensive investigation on historical documents in each prefecture is being developed fromarchivist standpoints. We hope that publishing these documents will contribute to allowing the histories of Taiwan and the Japanese Empire to be studied in conjunction with the historic and bird-eye view of oneanother. We are currently surveying documents from throughout the Japanese Empire related to the educational history, with the goal of elucidating the processes of colonization and decolonization in East Asia in ways that are rooted in local communities. This volume is the preliminary publication of our larger project. As said above, both schools in this volume were now located in Hsinhua district, Tainan. Hsinhua is in about fifteen kilometers to the northeast from Tainan city area. By seventeenth century, there was a village of indigenous Siraya people, and Tavokan-sha (the community of Siraya people) had also been formed in the present-day Hsinhua district. With increase of Han Chinese immigrants later on, Siraya people was obliged to leave there and emigrate to the foot of mountains. These school archives enable us to understand the multilateral meanings of the elementary and post-elementary education for Hsinhua area.
著者
北村 嘉恵 山本 和行 樋浦 郷子
出版者
北海道大学
雑誌
挑戦的萌芽研究
巻号頁・発行日
2016-04-01 (Released:2016-04-21)

本研究は、近代日本の国民創出・統合のプロセスにおいて教化装置としての学校、神社、教会が担った機能および相互の協同・競合関係を、地域の人々の動向を視野に入れて実証的に解明することを目的としている。このため本研究期間中には、19 世紀末から20 世紀初頭に帝国日本に組み込まれた台湾・朝鮮を対象として基礎史料の体系的な調査・整理・解読を進め、領域・地域横断的なデータベースの構築をめざしている。初年度にあたる2016年度は、「研究実施計画」に即して、以下のとおり進めた。1.研究代表者・分担者が経常的に情報・データの共有と意見交換を行うためのプラットフォームを構築するとともに、課題の共有化および調査研究の具体化のため東京で研究会を開催した(5月初頭)。2.国内外の地域教育史に関する文献を渉猟し、とくに学校資料の所蔵・整理・研究状況をサーベイした。また、日本植民地期に開設された初等教育機関をリストアップしたうえで、関係資料の所在状況調査を悉皆的に進めた。以上をふまえて本研究期間中の調査対象地域の検討を行った。3.台湾南部(台南、高雄)において、国民小学や高等職業学校(公立実業講習所を前身とする)、台湾基督長老教会、台湾糖業公司等の諸機関や個人の所蔵する文書・写真等の調査・整理を進めた(8月、3月)。このうち許可の得られた資料についてはデジタルカメラにて撮影を行うとともに、悉皆的な目録の作成を進めた。4.これらの成果の一部はすでにとりまとめて公刊しており、調査地域に還元するとともに、電子媒体としてオンライン公開し共有化を進めている。また、アジア・プラットフォーム研究会(8月)にて個別研究として発表するとともに、引き続き主要資料の翻刻データに解題を付して公刊を準備中である。