著者
KATSU ISHIGAKI HIROYUKI NAMBA NOBORU TAKAMURA HIROKAZU SAIWAI VLADIMIR PARSHIN TOSHINORI OHASHI TAKASHI KANEMATSU SHUNICHI YAMASHITA
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.5, pp.591-595, 2001 (Released:2006-11-25)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
17 17

We evaluated the incidence of childhood thyroid diseases and urinary iodine levels in Nagasaki, Japan and in Gomel, Belarus, which was greatly radio-contaminated by the Chernobyl accident, in order to obtain the comparative data of thyroid diseases between iodine-rich (Japan) and -deficient (Belarus) areas. In Nagasaki, the median level of urinary iodine, measured by ammonium persulfate digestion in microplate method, was 362.9μg/L. In order to evaluate the geographical differences in Japan, other samples were collected in Hamamatsu and in South Kayabe, Hokkaido, where the median levels were 208.4μg/L and 1015.5μg/L, respectively. Furthermore, thyroid screening by ultrasound (US) in Nagasaki revealed only four cases that showed goiter (1.6%) and two cases (0.8%) that had cystic degeneration and single thyroid cyst. There was no evidence of thyroid nodule detected by US examination. In contrast, the median of urinary iodine level was 41.3μg/L in Gomel. The incidences of goiter (13.6%) and echogenic abnormality (1.74%) in Gomel were much higher than in Nagasaki, suggesting the critical involvement of iodine deficiency in increased childhood thyroid abnormality around Chernobyl. Radioactive iodine released just after the Chernobyl accident may have influenced predominantly children residing in iodine-deficient areas. Our results suggest that management of thyroid screening for schoolchildren at ordinary times may be beneficial for monitoring the adverse effects of radioactive iodine from the standpoint of future prospective study.
著者
YUTAKA SHIRAHIGE MASAHIRO ITO KIYOTO ASHIZAWA TOMOKO MOTOMURA NAOKATA YOKOYAMA HIROYUKI NAMBA SHUJI FUKATA TAMOTSU YOKOZAWA NAOFUMI ISHIKAWA TAKASHI MIMURA SHUNICHI YAMASHITA ICHIRO SEKINE KANJI KUMA KUNIHIKO ITO SHIGENOBU NAGATAKI
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.203-209, 1998 (Released:2006-11-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
7 12

The high incidence of childhood thyroid cancer in Belarus is suspected to be due to radiation exposure after the Chernobyl reactor accident. To clarify the clinical and histological characteristics of childhood thyroid cancer in Belarus, we therefore compared these patients to a radiation non-exposed control series in Japan. In Belarus, 26 thyroid cancers in subjects aged 15 or younger were diagnosed among 25, 000 screened between 1991 and 1995 by Chernobyl-Sasakawa Health and Medical Cooperation Project. The clinical and morphologic features of these 26 cases were compared to 37 childhood thyroid cancers in Japan diagnosed between 1962 and 1995. The age distribution at operation in Belarus showed a peak at 10 years old, with a subsequent fall in numbers. In contrast, the age distribution at operation in Japan showed a smooth increase between the ages of 8 and 14. The mean tumor diameter was smaller in Belarus than that in Japan (1.4±0.7 vs. 4.1±1.7cm, P<0.001). The sex ratio, regional lymph node metastasis, extension to surrounding tissues or lung metastasis did not differ significantly. Histologically, all cases in Belarus were papillary and in Japan 33 cases were papillary and 4 cases were follicular carcinomas. Among papillary carcinomas, the frequency of a solid growth pattern, a criteria for classifying a tumor as poorly differentiated, was higher in Belarus than that in Japan (61.5 vs.18.2%, P<0.001). The difference between the features of childhood thyroid cancer in Japan and Belarus may be due to the difference in the process of carcinogenesis, but more direct evidence and further analysis by molecular epidemiology are needed in Belarussian cases.
著者
Akira Sakai Tetsuya Ohira Mitsuaki Hosoya Akira Ohtsuru Hiroaki Satoh Yukihiko Kawasaki Hitoshi Suzuki Atsushi Takahashi Gen Kobashi Kotaro Ozasa Seiji Yasumura Shunichi Yamashita Kenji Kamiya Masafumi Abe
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20140092, (Released:2014-10-11)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
3 5

Background: Lymphocytes are susceptible to damage from radiation, and the white blood cell (WBC) count, including counts of neutrophils and lymphocytes, is a useful method of dosimetry. According to the basic survey of the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS), among 13 localities where evacuation was recommended, Iitate and Namie had more individuals with external radiation exposure of more than 5 mSv than the other evacuation areas. We analyzed whether or not WBC, neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts decreased after the disaster.Methods: The subjects of this study were 45 278 men and women aged 20 to 99 years (18 953 men and 26 325 women; mean age 56 years) in the evacuation zone who participated in the Comprehensive Health Check (CHC) from June 2011 to the end of March 2012.Results: Significant differences were detected in the mean values of WBC, neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts, and for the proportion of individuals under the minimum standard for WBC and neutrophil counts, among the 13 localities. However, the distribution of individuals at each 200-cell/µL increment in lymphocyte count were similar in these areas, and the WBC, neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts did not decrease in Iitate or Namie specifically.Conclusions: No marked effects of radiation exposure on the distribution of WBC counts, including neutrophil and lymphocyte counts were detected within one year after the disaster in the evacuation zone.
著者
Seiji Yasumura Mitsuaki Hosoya Shunichi Yamashita Kenji Kamiya Masafumi Abe Makoto Akashi Kazunori Kodama Kotaro Ozasa
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.5, pp.375-383, 2012-09-05 (Released:2012-09-05)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
92 157 32

Background: The accidents that occurred at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011 have resulted in long-term, ongoing anxiety among the residents of Fukushima, Japan. Soon after the disaster, Fukushima Prefecture launched the Fukushima Health Management Survey to investigate long-term low-dose radiation exposure caused by the accident. Fukushima Medical University took the lead in planning and implementing this survey. The primary purposes of this survey are to monitor the long-term health of residents, promote their future well-being, and confirm whether long-term low-dose radiation exposure has health effects. This report describes the rationale and implementation of the Fukushima Health Management Survey.Methods: This cohort study enrolled all people living in Fukushima Prefecture after the earthquake and comprises a basic survey and 4 detailed surveys. The basic survey is to estimate levels of external radiation exposure among all 2.05 million residents. It should be noted that internal radiation levels were estimated by Fukushima Prefecture using whole-body counters. The detailed surveys comprise a thyroid ultrasound examination for all Fukushima children aged 18 years or younger, a comprehensive health check for all residents from the evacuation zones, an assessment of mental health and lifestyles of all residents from the evacuation zones, and recording of all pregnancies and births among all women in the prefecture who were pregnant on 11 March. All data have been entered into a database and will be used to support the residents and analyze the health effects of radiation.Conclusions: The low response rate (<30%) to the basic survey complicates the estimation of health effects. There have been no cases of malignancy to date among 38 114 children who received thyroid ultrasound examinations. The importance of mental health care was revealed by the mental health and lifestyle survey and the pregnancy and birth survey. This long-term large-scale epidemiologic study is expected to provide valuable data in the investigation of the health effects of low-dose radiation and disaster-related stress.
著者
Satoru Suzuki Sanae Midorikawa Toshihiko Fukushima Hiroki Shimura Tetsuya Ohira Akira Ohtsuru Masafumi Abe Yoshisada Shibata Shunichi Yamashita Shinichi Suzuki
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ14-0478, (Released:2015-01-15)
被引用文献数
3 10

Although several reports have defined normal thyroid volume depending on either age or body surface, there are no sequential reference values on childhood thyroid volume evaluated by using ultrasonography and epidemiological analysis in Japan. The aim of the present study was to establish updated reference values for thyroid volume by ultrasound examination and epidemiological analysis in 0-19 year-old Japanese children. It is based on a cross-sectional study conducted from October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012. The subjects were 38,063 children who were examined by ultrasonography as the initial preliminary survey of the Fukushima Health Management Survey in October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012. The width, thickness, and height of each lobe were measured and the volume of each lobe was calculated by the mean of the elliptical shape volume formula. The values of thyroid volume at the 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles of age and body surface area for each gender group were obtained from 0-19 year-old children. Positive correlation was observed between thyroid volume and either age or body surface. The right lobe was significantly larger than the left lobe. The thyroid volume in females was larger than that in males after adjusting body surface area. The reference values of childhood thyroid for each age or body surface area were obtained by this extensive survey using ultrasound. These reference values may be used to define the normal size of thyroid gland by echosonography in Japanese children, although thyroid volume may be affected by dimorphic factors such as sex hormones.
著者
HIROKI SHIMURA SHINICHI SUZUKI TOSHIHIKO FUKUSHIMA SANAE MIDORIKAWA SATORU SUZUKI NAOMI HAYASHIDA MISA IMAIZUMI NORIYUKI OKUBO YASUSHI ASARI TAKESHI NIGAWARA FUMIHIKO FURUYA KAZUHIKO KOTANI SHIGEYUKI NAKAJI AKIRA OTSURU TAKASHI AKAMIZU MASAFUMI KITAOKA NOBORU TAKAMURA MASAFUMI ABE HITOSHI OHTO NOBUYUKI TANIGUCHI SHUNICHI YAMASHITA
出版者
福島医学会
雑誌
FUKUSHIMA JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE (ISSN:00162590)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2014-28, (Released:2014-12-20)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
1

Contents1. Introduction2. Thyroid ultrasound examination in Fukushima3. Thyroid ultrasound findings in children in three Japanese prefectures4. Prevalence of thyroid nodular lesions in children and adolescents 4.1 Thyroid cyst 4.2 Thyroid nodule 4.3 Thyroid cancer5. SummaryConflict of interestReference
著者
Naomi HAYASHIDA Yui SEKITANI Alexander KOZLOVSKY Ruslan RAFALSKY Alexander GUTEVICH Valery DANILIUK Shunichi YAMASHITA Noboru TAKAMURA
出版者
Journal of Radiation Research 編集委員会
雑誌
Journal of Radiation Research (ISSN:04493060)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.5, pp.629-633, 2011 (Released:2011-09-27)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
8 4

During the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (CNPP) accident on 26 April 1986, large amounts of radionuclides were released and spread to vast areas. Inhabitants residing around CNPP have been exposed to external and internal irradiation due to the long half-life of 137Cs (30 years). In this study, we screened for internal whole-body 137Cs concentration using a whole-body counter in the Zhitomir state of Ukraine. The total number of participants was 144,972 (96,149 females and 48,823 males). The median body burden of 137Cs per body weight decreased from 1996 to 2008. In particular, after 2003, more than half of subjects had internal exposure doses below the detectable level. A weak seasonal effect was found in measurement data from 1997 to 1999, but no such effects were observed in later years. We also calculated annual dose for each year and confirmed that doses have been decreasing gradually. In particular, after 2003, the annual effective dose decreased to 0.1 mSv y–1 for 95% of the participants. Only two persons were found to have received more than 5 mSv y–1 since 2007. Although the health effects of 137Cs body burden due to the Chernobyl accident remain uncertain, further screening is needed to monitor the health status and to allay the anxiety of inhabitants in the contaminated areas around CNPP.
著者
Shinichi Suzuki Shunichi Yamashita Toshihiko Fukushima Keiichi Nakano Sanae Midorikawa Akira Ohtsuru Seiji Yasumura Mitsunori Hosoya Kenji Kamiya Hiroki Shimura Satoru Suzuki Izumi Nakamura Masafumi Abe
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ15-0726, (Released:2016-02-27)
被引用文献数
3 14

After the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident on March 11, 2011, the public of Japan became particularly concerned about the possibility of an increased risk of childhood thyroid cancer, similar to what was observed after the Chernobyl’s accident. Due to serious public health perception, there was an urgency to evaluate the baseline levels of childhood thyroid status in Fukushima prefecture. Therefore we have commenced a thyroid ultrasound examination (TUE) survey of the approximately 360,000 pediatric inhabitants (0 to 18 years of age) who lived in Fukushima at the time of the accident in October 2011. The subjects were divided into three categories according to the standardized diagnostic criteria of ultrasound findings. Category A contained the subjects whose TUE findings were intact or benign. Category B were recommended a confirmatory TUE. Category C was recommended an immediate confirmatory TUE. Results: The survey of 40,302 subjects in the first year was completed in March, 2013. There were 40,097 (99.5%), 205 (0.50%) and 0 subjects in categories A, B and C, respectively. Of the 82 category B subjects who underwent FNAC, 12 were diagnosed with a malignant tumor or were suspected to have malignancy. The 12 subjects received thyroid surgery and 11 thyroid cancers and one benign nodule were confirmed histologically after surgery. This is the first large-scaled TUE survey to employ sophisticated ultrasound screening and aim to evaluate the baseline frequency of childhood thyroid nodules and cysts. The results will become the golden standard of future comparative TUE in Fukushima, Japan.
著者
Tetiana I. Bogdanova Vladimir A. Saenko Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masahiro Ito Liudmyla Yu. Zurnadzhy Toshitetsu Hayashi Tatiana I. Rogounovitch Akira Miyauchi Mykola D. Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.10, pp.977-993, 2017 (Released:2017-10-28)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1 1

This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series. On multivariate comparison, the Japanese pediatric PTC was characterized by a higher sex ratio (p=1.504E-4), and a higher frequency of microcarcinoma (p=0.039), papillary dominant growth pattern (p=0.024), focal oxyphilic cell metaplasia (p=7.644E-6), intrathyroid spread (p=0.010), lymphatic/vascular invasion (p=0.01) and regional lymph node metastases (p=3.540E-6). In the Ukrainian group, multifocal (p=0.004) and non-encapsulated tumors with the solid-trabecular growth pattern (p=0.05) were more frequent. Childhood Japanese PTCs differed from Ukrainian PTCs by more pronounced invasive properties such as lymphatic/vascular invasion and nodal disease, but did not differ by the dominant growth pattern. In adolescents, the differences were detected not only for lymph node metastases, but also for a higher frequency of the papillary dominant pattern in Japanese PTC. Overall, significantly higher frequencies of oxyphilic cell metaplasia and more pronounced invasive features observed in the Japanese PTC in both age-matched series represent the major differences between the tumors from two geographical areas.
著者
Hiroaki Satoh Tetsuya Ohira Masato Nagai Mitsuaki Hosoya Akira Sakai Tsuyoshi Watanabe Akira Ohtsuru Yukihiko Kawasaki Hitoshi Suzuki Atsushi Takahashi Gen Kobashi Kotaro Ozasa Seiji Yasumura Shunichi Yamashita Kenji Kamiya Masafumi Abe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.18, pp.2563-2569, 2016-09-15 (Released:2016-09-15)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
5

Objective We conducted the present study to evaluate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and CKD complications among evacuees and non-evacuees after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Methods Twenty-seven thousand and eighty-eight subjects who were living near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Fukushima Prefecture in Japan, aged ≥40 years by the Heath Care Insures, were included in the analyses. Metabolic factors were compared between the evacuees and non-evacuees stratified by the eGFR and proteinuria grades. Results The prevalence of CKD with a low eGFR (<60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and proteinuria were 21.59% and 1.85%, respectively. The risk of CKD complications was classified into four grades according to the eGFR and proteinuria grades. The prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were significantly higher in the very high risk group than in the low risk group. The prevalence of diabetes and dyslipidemia were significantly higher in evacuees than in non-evacuees in only the low risk group. However, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that evacuation was not significantly associated with the risk of a low eGFR or proteinuria. Conclusion This study did not reach the definitive conclusion that evacuation elevated the risk of CKD complication, although evacuation might lead to increased CKD complications in the future. We believe that this information is important for follow-up and lifestyle change recommendations for evacuees.
著者
YUKIHIKO KAWASAKI MITSUAKI HOSOYA SEIJI YASUMURA TETSUYA OHIRA HIROAKI SATOH HITOSHI SUZUKI AKIRA SAKAI AKIRA OHTSURU ATSUSHI TAKAHASHI KOTARO OZASA GEN KOBASHI KENJI KAMIYA SHUNICHI YAMASHITA MASAFUMI ABE THE FUKUSHIMA HEALTH MANAGEMENT SURVEY GROUP
出版者
福島医学会
雑誌
FUKUSHIMA JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE (ISSN:00162590)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.2, pp.159-169, 2014 (Released:2015-02-26)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
3 7

Aim: To assist in the long-term health management of residents and evaluate health impacts after the Tokyo Electric Power Company’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in Fukushima Prefecture, the Fukushima prefectural government decided to conduct the Fukushima Health Management Survey. This report describes the results for residents aged 16 years or older who received the health check examinations and evaluates the data obtained from 2011 and 2012.Methods: The target group consisted of residents aged 16 years or older who had lived in the evacuation zone. The health check examinations were performed on receipt of an application for a health check examination from any of the residents. The examinations, including measurements of height, weight, abdominal circumference/body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, biochemical laboratory findings, and peripheral blood findings, were performed as required.Results: 1) A total of 56,399 (30.9%) and 47,009 (25.4%) residents aged 16 years or older received health checks in 2011 and 2012, respectively. 2) In both years, a number of male and female residents in the 16-39 year age group were found to suffer obesity, hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia, or liver dysfunction, and the prevalence of obesity and hyperlipidemia among residents increased with age. Furthermore, the proportion of residents with hypertension, glucose metabolic abnormalities or renal dysfunction was higher in those aged 40 years or older. 3) The frequencies of obesity, hypertension and hyperlipidemia among residents in 2012 were lower than those in 2011. However, the prevalence of liver dysfunction, hyperuricemia, glucose metabolic abnormalities and renal dysfunction among residents was higher in 2012 than in 2011.Conclusions: These results suggested the number of residents who had lived in the evacuation zone with obesity, hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia, liver dysfunction, hypertension, glucose metabolic abnormalities, or renal dysfunction increased with age in all age groups. Therefore, we think that it is necessary to continue with health check examinations for these residents in order to ameliorate lifestyle-related disease.
著者
NOBORU TAKAMURA SHUNICHI YAMASHITA
出版者
福島医学会
雑誌
FUKUSHIMA JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE (ISSN:00162590)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.2, pp.81-85, 2012 (Released:2012-02-22)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
4 5

The Chernobyl disaster on April 26th, 1986, led to the emission of radioactive substances such as iodine-131 and radioactive cesium. As the Soviet Union did not control food distribution and intake, residents were exposed to high levels of internal radiation, leading to the internal radiation exposure of the thyroid gland by iodine 131. As a result, the number of people who had thyroid cancer increased drastically among those who had been under 15 years old at the time of the accident. The age predilection is about to move to 25 or older. However, there has been no scientific evidence of impacts for solid tumor other than thyroid cancer, leukemia, benign diseases, or inheritance including unborn babies. On the other hand, the accident was thought to have caused social unrest and mental damage which had far more impact than that caused by radiation exposure.In this paper, we would like to summarize the impacts on the health of the people in Chernobyl compared to those caused by the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
著者
HIROKI SHIMURA SHINICHI SUZUKI TOSHIHIKO FUKUSHIMA SANAE MIDORIKAWA SATORU SUZUKI NAOMI HAYASHIDA MISA IMAIZUMI NORIYUKI OKUBO YASUSHI ASARI TAKESHI NIGAWARA FUMIHIKO FURUYA KAZUHIKO KOTANI SHIGEYUKI NAKAJI AKIRA OTSURU TAKASHI AKAMIZU MASAFUMI KITAOKA NOBORU TAKAMURA MASAFUMI ABE HITOSHI OHTO NOBUYUKI TANIGUCHI SHUNICHI YAMASHITA
出版者
THE FUKUSHIMA SOCIETY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
雑誌
FUKUSHIMA JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE (ISSN:00162590)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.2, pp.196-202, 2014 (Released:2015-02-26)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
1

Contents1. Introduction2. Thyroid ultrasound examination in Fukushima3. Thyroid ultrasound findings in children in three Japanese prefectures4. Prevalence of thyroid nodular lesions in children and adolescents 4.1 Thyroid cyst 4.2 Thyroid nodule 4.3 Thyroid cancer5. SummaryConflict of interestReference
著者
Masahiro Ito Tetiana Bogdanova Liudmyla Zurnadzhy Vladimir Saenko Tatiana Rogounovitch Norisato Mitsutake Hisayoshi Kondo Shigeto Maeda Masahiro Nakashima Mykola Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.12, pp.1221-1228, 2014 (Released:2014-12-25)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
3

Geographic differences have been reported to affect the morphological and molecular features of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). The area around Chernobyl is well-known to be iodine-deficient in contrast to Japan, an iodine-rich country. We reviewed histological differences in adult PTC between Ukraine and Japan. In total, 112 PTCs from age- and sex-matched adults (Ukraine 56, Japan 56) were evaluated histologically for several factors including tumor size, capsulation, tumor components (papillary, follicular, solid, trabecular), lymph node metastasis, extrathyroid invasion, lymphocytic infiltration, oxyphilic metaplasia, and MIB-1 index. We demonstrated that tumors were smaller (1.56 vs. 2.13 cm, p<0.05) and more solid and that lymph node metastasis was less frequent (14.3% vs. 48.2%, p<0.001) in Ukrainian cases. PTC subtype distribution was significantly different between the two groups. Solid variant (8.9% vs. 1.8%) and mixed subtypes with solid components were more frequent in Ukrainian patients. In contrast, classical papillary carcinomas were more frequent in Japanese cases (10.7% vs. 50.0%, p<0.001). Marked oxyphilic metaplasia was more common in Ukrainian cases (33.9 % vs. 8.9 %, p<0.001). MIB-1 index was significantly higher in Ukrainian cases (2.9% vs. 1.8%, p<0.001). However, the frequencies of tumor capsule formation and background lymphoid follicle formation around the tumor were similar between groups. Morphological differences in adult PTCs were similar to those in pediatric PTCs as reported previously, suggesting that morphogenesis of PTC is influenced by environmental factors, especially dietary iodine, as well as genetic factors.
著者
Satoru Suzuki Sanae Midorikawa Toshihiko Fukushima Hiroki Shimura Tetsuya Ohira Akira Ohtsuru Masafumi Abe Yoshisada Shibata Shunichi Yamashita Shinichi Suzuki
出版者
The Japan Endocrine Society
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.3, pp.261-268, 2015 (Released:2015-03-30)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
7 10

Although several reports have defined normal thyroid volume depending on either age or body surface, there are no sequential reference values on childhood thyroid volume evaluated by using ultrasonography and epidemiological analysis in Japan. The aim of the present study was to establish updated reference values for thyroid volume by ultrasound examination and epidemiological analysis in 0-19 year-old Japanese children. It is based on a cross-sectional study conducted from October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012. The subjects were 38,063 children who were examined by ultrasonography as the initial preliminary survey of the Fukushima Health Management Survey in October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012. The width, thickness, and height of each lobe were measured and the volume of each lobe was calculated by the mean of the elliptical shape volume formula. The values of thyroid volume at the 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles of age and body surface area for each gender group were obtained from 0-19 year-old children. Positive correlation was observed between thyroid volume and either age or body surface. The right lobe was significantly larger than the left lobe. The thyroid volume in females was larger than that in males after adjusting body surface area. The reference values of childhood thyroid for each age or body surface area were obtained by this extensive survey using ultrasound. These reference values may be used to define the normal size of thyroid gland by echosonography in Japanese children, although thyroid volume may be affected by dimorphic factors such as sex hormones.
著者
Tetiana I. Bogdanova Vladimir A. Saenko Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa Masahiro Ito Liudmyla Yu. Zurnadzhy Toshitetsu Hayashi Tatiana I. Rogounovitch Akira Miyauchi Mykola D. Tronko Shunichi Yamashita
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.EJ17-0134, (Released:2017-08-10)
被引用文献数
1

This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series. On multivariate comparison, the Japanese pediatric PTC was characterized by a higher sex ratio (p=1.504E-4), and a higher frequency of microcarcinoma (p=0.039), papillary dominant growth pattern (p=0.024), focal oxyphilic cell metaplasia (p=7.644E-6), intrathyroid spread (p=0.010), lymphatic/vascular invasion (p=0.01) and regional lymph node metastases (p=3.540E-6). In the Ukrainian group, multifocal (p=0.004) and non-encapsulated tumors with the solid-trabecular growth pattern (p=0.05) were more frequent. Childhood Japanese PTCs differed from Ukrainian PTCs by more pronounced invasive properties such as lymphatic/vascular invasion and nodal disease, but did not differ by the dominant growth pattern. In adolescents, the differences were detected not only for lymph node metastases, but also for a higher frequency of the papillary dominant pattern in Japanese PTC. Overall, significantly higher frequencies of oxyphilic cell metaplasia and more pronounced invasive features observed in the Japanese PTC in both age-matched series represent the major differences between the tumors from two geographical areas.
著者
Shinichi Suzuki Shunichi Yamashita Toshihiko Fukushima Keiichi Nakano Sanae Midorikawa Akira Ohtsuru Seiji Yasumura Mitsunori Hosoya Kenji Kamiya Hiroki Shimura Satoru Suzuki Izumi Nakamura Masafumi Abe
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.3, pp.315-321, 2016 (Released:2016-03-31)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
3 14

After the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident on March 11, 2011, the public of Japan became particularly concerned about the possibility of an increased risk of childhood thyroid cancer, similar to what was observed after the Chernobyl’s accident. Due to serious public health perception, there was an urgency to evaluate the baseline levels of childhood thyroid status in Fukushima prefecture. Therefore we have commenced a thyroid ultrasound examination (TUE) survey of the approximately 360,000 pediatric inhabitants (0 to 18 years of age) who lived in Fukushima at the time of the accident in October 2011. The subjects were divided into three categories according to the standardized diagnostic criteria of ultrasound findings. Category A contained the subjects whose TUE findings were intact or benign. Category B were recommended a confirmatory TUE. Category C was recommended an immediate confirmatory TUE. Results: The survey of 40,302 subjects in the first year was completed in March, 2013. There were 40,097 (99.5%), 205 (0.50%) and 0 subjects in categories A, B and C, respectively. Of the 82 category B subjects who underwent fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), 12 were diagnosed with a malignant tumor or were suspected to have malignancy. The 12 subjects received thyroid surgery and 11 thyroid cancers and one benign nodule were confirmed histologically after surgery. This is the first large-scaled TUE survey to employ sophisticated ultrasound screening and aim to evaluate the baseline frequency of childhood thyroid nodules and cysts. The results will become the golden standard of future comparative TUE in Fukushima, Japan.
著者
Shigeatsu Hashimoto Masato Nagai Shingo Fukuma Tetsuya Ohira Mitsuaki Hosoya Seiji Yasumura Hiroaki Satoh Hitoshi Suzuki Akira Sakai Akira Ohtsuru Yukihiko Kawasaki Atsushi Takahashi Kotaro Ozasa Gen Kobashi Kenji Kamiya Shunichi Yamashita Shun-ichi Fukuhara Hitoshi Ohto Masafumi Abe the Fukushima Health Management Survey Group
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.35824, (Released:2016-09-13)
参考文献数
50
被引用文献数
4

Aim: After the Great East Japan Earthquake, over 160,000 residents near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were forced to evacuate due to a nuclear accident. Health problems in these evacuees have since become major issues. We examined the association between evacuation and incidence of metabolic syndrome (METS) among residents in Fukushima.Methods: We conducted a cohort study among residents aged 40-74 years without METS at the time of the disaster in Fukushima. Among 20,269 residents who met the inclusion criteria before the disaster, 8,547 residents (3,697 men and 4,850 women; follow-up proportion: 42.2%) remained available for follow-up examinations after the disaster by the end of March 2013. The main outcome was incidence of METS, defined by guidelines from the Japanese committee, using data from the Comprehensive Health Check before and after the disaster. We divided participants by evacuation status and compared outcomes between groups. Using a logistic regression model, we estimated the odds ratio for incidence of METS, adjusting for potential confounders, age, gender, waist circumference, exercise habit, and alcohol consumption.Results: Incidence of METS was higher in evacuees (men 19.2%, women 6.6%) than in non-evacuees (men 11.0%, women 4.6%). Evacuees had higher body mass index, waist circumference, triglycerides, and fasting plasma glucose after the disaster than non-evacuees. We found a significant association between evacuation and incidence of METS (adjusted odds ratio 1.72, 95% confidence interval; 1.46-2.02).Conclusion: This is the first study to demonstrate that evacuation after a disaster is associated with increased incidence of METS.
著者
Hiroaki Satoh Tetsuya Ohira Masato Nagai Mitsuaki Hosoya Akira Sakai Tsuyoshi Watanabe Akira Ohtsuru Yukihiko Kawasaki Hitoshi Suzuki Atsushi Takahashi Gen Kobashi Kotaro Ozasa Seiji Yasumura Shunichi Yamashita Kenji Kamiya Masafumi Abe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.15, pp.1967-1976, 2016-08-01 (Released:2016-08-01)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
2 8

Objective The Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster forced the evacuation of residents and led to many changes in the lifestyle of the evacuees. A comprehensive health check was implemented to support the prevention of lifestyle-related disease, and we analyzed changes in lipid metabolism before and after these disasters. Methods Subjects included Japanese men and women living near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima Prefecture. Annual health checkups, focusing on metabolic syndromes, were conducted for persons ≥40 years of age by the Heath Care Insures. Results A total of 27,486 subjects underwent a follow-up examination after the disaster, with a mean follow-up of 1.6 years. Following the disaster, the prevalence of hypo-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterolemia increased significantly from 6.0% to 7.2%. In the hypo-HDL cholesterolemia group, the body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and LDL-C level increased significantly in men after the disaster. On the other hand, in the normal HDL-C level group, the BMI, blood pressure, glucose and lipid metabolism, and liver function were adversely affected. The decrease in HDL-C was significantly greater in evacuees than non-evacuees in the normal HDL-C level group. Furthermore, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the evacuation was significantly associated with the incidence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia. Conclusion This is the first study to evaluate how the evacuation affected the incidence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia and led to an increase in cardiovascular disease. This information may be important in the follow-up and lifestyle change recommendations for evacuees.
著者
Atsushi KUMAGAI Christoph REINERS Valentina DROZD Shunichi YAMASHITA
出版者
(社)日本内分泌学会
雑誌
Endocrine Journal (ISSN:09188959)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.6, pp.839-847, 2007 (Released:2008-02-20)
参考文献数
70
被引用文献数
11 11

One of the lessons from Chernobyl's legacy on health impact beyond 20 years is not only how to detect and treat the patients with radiation-associated thyroid cancers but how to follow up those who received radioactive iodine treatment repetitively after surgery in order to monitor any recurrence/worsening and also how to predict the risk of secondary primary cancers for their lifetime period. To evaluate the possibility of second primary tumors after radioactive iodine treatment, we reviewed the reports on risks from both external and internal radiation exposure, especially at high doses during childhood through an internet service of the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, PubMed by the end of June, 2007, together with our own experience of Chernobyl childhood thyroid cancers. Children who were internally exposed after Chernobyl accident have a long-term risk of well differentiated thyroid cancers. Once they have disease, ironically radioactive iodine ablation is one of the useful therapies after surgical treatment. Elevated risks of solid cancers and leukemia have been found in radioiodine-treated patients, however, so far precious few reports from Chernobyl thyroid cancer patient were published. To reduce the adverse effects of radioactive iodine therapy on non-target tissues, recombinant human TSH has been applied and proved effective. Period of latency of second primary cancers may be very long. Therefore patients treated with high activities of radioactive iodine, especially children cases, should be carefully followed up during their whole lifespan.