- 日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
- no.9, pp.94-106, 2013-09-11
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the conditions for the succession of a traditional Japanese art. For this purpose, I have selected Kamishichiken, one of the five geisha communities of Kyoto that have fostered a culture of hospitality. I analyzed the aspects of succession by participant observation and by collecting the conversations of hosts and guests. In comparison with the Gion-kobu geisha community, I found Kamishichiken is small in scale and self-enclosed but focused on the quality of arts. Furthermore, it has a close relationship with Nishijin textile merchants. And I found that "patrons," called danna, have three features: financial patron, educator of geisha, and individual developing in relation to Kamishichiken. From the viewpoint of the customer, we can see the synergism of social change in the distinctive geisha community by interlacing micro and macro perspectives. Although changes are inevitable, by looking at the change and continuity from various perspectives it is possible to understand the geisha community within the context of broader social changes.