著者
木村 豊
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.125-144, 2012-09-08 (Released:2018-12-10)

The purpose of this article is to examine the internal migration of a person burnt out by an urban air raid. With the expansion of air raids on Japan's urban centers during the war, a large number of civilians were burnt out of their homes. Therefore, the government pushed forward a plan to have such people emigrate to farm villages. However, such people have so far not been studied in historical research. We carried out an interview investigation in a farm village in Hokkaido to which such people migrated. Therefore, in this report, we want to consider the local emigration of a person burnt out by an urban air raid based on interview data.
著者
滝口 良
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.57-76, 2014-09-06

Since the collapse of the socialist state, it has been common for Mongolians to engage in commercial activity. In the socialist era, however, commercial activity was thought to be immoral, and people who engaged in business were condemned as "resellers." A drastic change in morality regarding commercial activity has occurred, and this poses certain questions, for example: has the socialist-era conception of morality regarding commerce disappeared completely? How has the introduction of the free market economy influenced the understanding of commerce in Mongolia? By analyzing the life story of one trader, I illustrate the state of commerce in the socialist period and the transfiguration of ethical discourse that has occurred in contemporary Mongolia. My findings show that the moral justification for contemporary commerce takes the form of historical interpretations that reconfigure traders' reputed notoriety, and that furthermore, there is a discourse of cursing traders engendered by envy.
著者
鈴木 隆雄
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
no.6, pp.67-77, 2010-09-12

Recently, there are active discussions on "Tojisha" studies in Japan. "Tojisha" means "the person concerned." In this paper, I considered the development possibility of minority studies on "the person concerned" or "Tojisha" ethnographers among the minority. I surveyed some advantages and difficulties of being "Tojisha" ethnographers in the field. First, one of the advantages of the "Tojisha" ethnographers is that the "Tojisha" person belongs to the same culture and community, so he/she does not have to study the culture and community. Next, one of the difficulties of the "Tojisha" ethnographers in the field would be that they would be confused as fellow ethnographers. By just being in the same culture and community, they may empathize too much with each other. They empathize but may lack the objectivity, since they can see from the point of view of the same culture and community. These advantages and difficulties could be the cause of problems, because these two things tend to be advantages and difficulties that are likely to be inextricably linked by fact. Therefore, I will introduce "Autoethnography" as a writing method of the "Tojisha" ethnographers.
著者
鈴木 明美
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.154-164, 2006

This paper has a purpose to analyze a collaborative work of Etsu Inagaki Sugimoto. Sugimoto wrote a book called A Daughter of the Samurai in English in 1925. The book received wide recognition both in America and Europe. Although A Daughter of the Samurai classified as an autobiography, we could clarify the book as a work of fiction. I would like to show a collaborator of this book, an American woman called Florence Mills Wilson. Sugimoto and Wilson were life long friends, worked together with their united hearts and minds. Their cross-cultural experiences led to a collaborative work of a life story of a daughter of the samurai, contained full of sympathy.
著者
竹峰 誠一郎
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
no.5, pp.153-175, 2009-09-12

This article discusses the U.S. nuclear testing issues in the Marshall Islands, focusing on the Ailuk people who are "overlooked victims," developing the idea not only with the testimonies of 48 Ailuk people but also using the U.S. official documents. It is clear that the effects of the U.S. nuclear test have also extended to the Ailuk atoll located 525km away from the hypocenter, though the U.S. government has not officially admitted the fact yet. The finding suggests that the U.S. has underestimated the nuclear test effects on the local people in the Marshall Islands. This article is also unique in terms of the oral history methodology, in which a pile of the declassified U.S. official documents are compared with the testimonies of survivors that were exhaustively gathered through fieldworks.
著者
小倉 康嗣
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
no.7, pp.137-155, 2011-09-10

What kind of wisdom does the life story studies provide? And what kind of effects is made on human being and society by the life story studies? Further, what is the problem in practicing that? In this paper, I shall discuss these problems by considering actual case practices in my research production and the reader's reaction. First of all, the essential substance of the life story approach to holistic life is made clear. The second point is that the life story approach to the holistic life provides the ability to generate, which is developed between interviewee, interviewer/writer and reader. This is the "what" which the life story studies provide. The third point is that the social/sociological meaning of this ability to duplicate is to deepen and expand democracy, which constructs a new historical and social reality. In conclusion, I would argue that research expression is required in order to connect the "how" with the "what".
著者
中原 逸郎
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.94-106, 2013-09-11

The purpose of this paper is to clarify the conditions for the succession of a traditional Japanese art. For this purpose, I have selected Kamishichiken, one of the five geisha communities of Kyoto that have fostered a culture of hospitality. I analyzed the aspects of succession by participant observation and by collecting the conversations of hosts and guests. In comparison with the Gion-kobu geisha community, I found Kamishichiken is small in scale and self-enclosed but focused on the quality of arts. Furthermore, it has a close relationship with Nishijin textile merchants. And I found that "patrons," called danna, have three features: financial patron, educator of geisha, and individual developing in relation to Kamishichiken. From the viewpoint of the customer, we can see the synergism of social change in the distinctive geisha community by interlacing micro and macro perspectives. Although changes are inevitable, by looking at the change and continuity from various perspectives it is possible to understand the geisha community within the context of broader social changes.
著者
門野 里栄子
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.124-137, 2013-09-11

The ghost is omitted from academic researches of the Battle of Okinawa. However, people have told ghost stories after the war. The purpose of this paper is to explore the possibility that ghosts can be another voice narrating the Battle of Okinawa through relationships between ghosts and people who tell about the battle. Some people can "see" ghosts, in other words, imagine them with reality. Such people live in a middle area that is neither near nor far from death. They have no intense experiences of war, but know about traces of it. On the other hand, ghosts are invisible to those of the younger generation who do not know about war and to the people who faced death during the war. This is because ghosts exist in the border area between the world of life and the world of death. Ghosts of Okinawa not only perform individual acts but also convert private experience into public memory by their fearfulness.
著者
清水 美里
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.203-225, 2009

This study examines the formation of the narrative of 'Hatta Yoichi' in the post WWII period. Hatta Yoichi, a Japanese engineer who undertook the development project of Kanantaishu and built the biggest dam in Asia during the Japanese Colonial period of Taiwan, has been introduced as "Japanese who loved Taiwan" and as a symbol of Japan-Taiwan friendship. In this study I analyze the transcripts of the interviews I conducted with the Chia-Nan Irrigation Association, Hatta Gishi Fusai wo Shitai-Taiwan to Yuko no Kai (the Association of honoring Mr. and Mrs Hatta and having friendship with Taiwan) and presidents of Taiwan, Ma Ying-jiu, Chen Shui-bian and Lee Teng-hui from 2007 to 2009. I reveal that the discourse of 'Hatta Yoichi' has been formed and transformed under the impact of the politics of Japan-Taiwan relationship.
著者
佐藤 健二
出版者
日本オーラル・ヒストリー学会
雑誌
日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究 (ISSN:18823033)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.3-18, 2008-10-11 (Released:2018-12-10)

In this essay, I have summarized and systematized my own points of view that had been discussed in my previous papers on sociological methods of life history. Firstly, the orality should be considered as a construct of plural characteristics, specifically "contexts of the present," "indigenous subjectivities," and "socio-historical characteristics of the field." The second point is the positive point of view in regarding "the individual as a field." This viewpoint organizes the grounds for the practice of fieldworks and monographic approaches. The third point is the positioning of the appropriate character of the sociological research, construct as compared with the criminal investigation by a police detective or the counseling by a social worker. The objective maintenance of "an appropriate distance" between the interviewer and the interviewee is essential for the achievement of calm and realistic understandings. In conclusion, I have proposed the new idea of "society as a relational-database," which corroborates the viewpoint of "the individual as a field."