著者
吉澤 京助
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
雑誌
人間文化創成科学論叢
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.175-182, 2015

The purpose of this paper is to show how the term "Gender Identity Disorder (GID)" has functioned\in Japan since the term spreading to common. Until around the year 2000, when GID has come to be\generally recognized in Japan, transgender were often confused with homosexual. It is the achievement\of the term GID that separating transgender from homosexual with spreading the term gender identity\and sexual orientation. Distinction of these concepts is especially important for transgenders, because\they enable transgender to explain their specific difficulties.\On the other hand, the term GID is causing the following problems. First, the term had been divided\transgenders into two groups: people who are diagnosed with GID and otherwise. Since GID is Medical\disease, the diagnosis by a physician is regarded more important than claim of " patient". Second, in\order to clarify the difference between "fake GID" and "genuine GID", Some people detach GID from\fluidity of gender identity or talk about GID as "correct human" in heteronormativity.\Above two problems are strategies for transgender, placed in the periphery in heteronormative\society, to live better. However, it is necessary to care about non-typical transgender (e.g., gender\queer) who are made further invisible.
著者
宇野 和
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
雑誌
人間文化創成科学論叢
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.29-37, 2018-03-31

This paper analyzes the suffix "mi" connected with nouns often used on Twitter, by comparing the difference between "kodomomi," "kodomopposa," and "kodomorashisa."Results reveal the unique function of "atarashii mikei" that is not observed in other formats. Moreover, it presents the following two points.First, using "atarashii mikei," a long noun phrase can be taken as its word base.Second, using "atarashii mikei," connections can be found and impressions described despite a weak relationship between the word base and object.
著者
山口 紀子
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
雑誌
人間文化創成科学論叢
巻号頁・発行日
no.21, pp.115-124, 2019-03-31

The Kyrgyz Republic is regarded as "the Isolated Learning Japanese Circumstance" since it has few chance of human and economic interaction with Japan. In that situation, it is challenging to get the pragmatic opportunities to study or work using Japanese for most of Japanese learners. Also, it seems difficult to continue to learn and hesitate from having education of Japanese language in Kyrgyz. This survey investigated motives for learning Japanese and elements affected to sustainable motivation of life-long learners. The results of factor analysis suggested that (a) they have five types of motives for learning such as 〈desires for living in abroad〉〈interests in Japanese language and culture〉〈self-esteem and selfimprovement 〉〈development personal relationship and challenges to new domain〉and〈hobby and entertainment〉, (b) the lack of pragmatic opportunities and difficulties to study the language may affect to motivation low. On the other hand, the results of covariance structure analysis shows that (c) not only pragmatic motives such as〈desires for life abroad〉 but also non-pragmatic motives such as 〈development personal relationship and challenges to new domain〉affects to sustainable motivation high. It suggests how teachers can support learners' sustainable motivation in" Isolated Circumstances".
著者
カキン オクサナ
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
雑誌
人間文化創成科学論叢
巻号頁・発行日
no.21, pp.223-230, 2019-03-31

Admiring of" immaturity" is a unique aspect of fan culture that can be observed in Japan. Since long ago Japanese people found enjoyment in observing the process of learning, growing, and maturing by performers of traditional Japanese arts. Currently, a similar process can be observed in contemporary Japanese idols fan culture, with the training system of Jonny's Jr. as one of the examples. However, very little work has been undertaken on this phenomenon.The purpose of this paper is to examine the cultural aspect of idols training observed in the behavior of core fans of Japanese idols. Semi-structured interview survey was conducted among 13 informants in the period from May to September 2017. The informants were recruited among female Japanese core fans of young male idols under talent agency Johnny & Associates.The survey uncovered several findings. First, fans are active and creative participants of the idol training who see idols "immaturity" as an object to admire and polish. Second, I found that the process has several stages: measuring, evaluating, approving, polishing and admiring. Finally, the process ends with fans moving on to the next young and" immature" idols as their previous idols grew mature.
著者
水越 美和
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
雑誌
人間文化創成科学論叢 (ISSN:13448013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.143-151, 2012

The purpose of this study is to consider the involvement of the singer, Pauline Viardot-García in the arrangement of Gluck's Opera, Orfeo ed Euridice by Hector Berlioz. She played the role of Orfée at the premiere of this version in 1859 and involved in making up it with Berlioz. In this study the Orfée's aria," Amour, viens rendre à mon âme" and its cadenza in the 1st Act are discussed in the respects of some materials of this pieces (biography, letters, treatises and so on) and the background in the process of arranging. Conclusion: 1. Pauline Viardot was deeply involved in arranging and producing the version and it is clarified that the aria and its cadenza were re-composed by Berlioz, Saint-Saëns and Pauline Viardot. 2. The vocal line of this aria is reinforced by the wind instruments and the cadenza has two different characters: the citation from the music of previous scene, and the virtuosity of vocal technique. And then it may be concluded that the involvement of Pauline Viardot fixed the role of Orfée for female voice and gave this role two attributes, a traditional vocal technique and a modern dramatic style of singing expression.
著者
後藤 敦子
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
雑誌
人間文化創成科学論叢
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, pp.37-45, 2016

This paper analyses the function of the khuṭba (sermon), which was addressed with the Sultan's name on the minbar (pulpit) in mosques during Friday prayers in the Seljuq period (1038‒1194). The khuṭba has been studied as a sovereign's privileged symbol. Here, I enumerate the political aspects of \the khuṭba and chronologically investigate them through the following three stages: ⑴ from Ṭughril Bek's conquest of Central Asia and Eastern Iran to enter Baghdad, the capital of the Abbāsid dynasty \(1055), ⑵ from 1055 to the death of Sulṭan Malik Shāh (1092), ⑶ from 1092 to the collapse of the Great Seljūqid dynasty (1157). \The conditions concerning the khuṭba changed over the course of time, including aspects related to who had the right to announce one's name in the khuṭba and who permitted whom to mention one's name in it. The relations between the Abbāsid Caliph and the Seljūqid Sultan also underwent a transformation. During the early period, the khuṭba with the names of the Abbāsid Caliph and Seljūqid Sultan authorised the Sultan's legitimacy in the Islamic world. However, later, when several Sultans fought each other for succession, the khuṭba in the Sultan of Baghdad's name was used as an important political instrument to demonstrate who the current Sultan was.
著者
西阪 多恵子
出版者
お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
雑誌
人間文化創成科学論叢
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.261-268, 2018-03-31

The outbreak of the First World War caused difficulties for people in Britain in many ways. The Music in War Time Committee (MWTC) was the principal organization that made charitable efforts to alleviate both economic hardships for professional musicians and fatigue of the soldiers by employing the former to give the concerts for the latter. MWTC originally started for the purpose of saving music from the paralysis the war would bring. Soon after its beginning, the first purpose sank under the more urgent one of helping musicians. Then entertaining soldiers with music appeared as a third purpose as much needed as the second one. The first one seemed to have been lost. Meanwhile, concerts at hospitals and camps offered chances for musicians and soldiers to encounter and interact with each other. MWTC organizers, musicians and soldiers tried to find ways to enjoy music together. Their musical world widened. Far from being paralyzed, music was active. It proved that the first purpose never had been lost. It could be said it was achieved through the harmony of the other two purposes.