著者
Masamitsu Tsukamoto Hiroshi Kikugawa Souichiro Nagayama Taketo Suganuma Tatsuya Okita Hidenori Miyamoto
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.2, pp.152-159, 2021-05-20 (Released:2021-05-25)
参考文献数
21

Tolpyralate, a new selective postemergence herbicide developed for the weed control in corn, possesses a unique chemical structure with a 1-alkoxyethyl methyl carbonate group on the N-ethyl pyrazole moiety. This compound shows high herbicidal activity against many weed species, including glyphosate-resistant Amaranthus tuberculatus. Tolpyralate targets 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (4-HPPD), which is involved in the tyrosine degradation pathway. Inhibition of the enzyme destroys the chlorophyll, thereby killing the susceptible weeds. Details of tolpyralate discovery, structure optimization, and biological activities are described.
著者
Shunsuke Yamamoto Yoshitaka Tanetani Chihiro Uchiyama Atsushi Nagamatsu Masami Kobayashi Mitsumasa Ikeda Kiyoshi Kawai
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.3, pp.249-257, 2021-08-20 (Released:2021-08-31)
参考文献数
18

Fenquinotrione is a novel herbicide that can control a wide range of broadleaf and sedge weeds with excellent rice selectivity. We revealed that fenquinotrione potently inhibited the 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) activity in Arabidopsis thaliana with an IC50 of 44.7 nM. The docking study suggested that the 1,3-diketone moiety of fenquinotrione formed a bidentate interaction with Fe(II) at the active site. Furthermore, π–π stacking interactions occurred between the oxoquinoxaline ring and the conserved Phe409 and Phe452 rings, indicating that fenquinotrione competes with the substrate, similar to existing HPPD inhibitors. A more than 16-fold difference in the herbicidal activity of fenquinotrione in rice and the sedge, Schoenoplectus juncoides, was observed. However, fenquinotrione showed high inhibitory activity against rice HPPD. Comparative metabolism study suggested that the potent demethylating metabolism followed by glucose conjugation in rice was responsible for the selectivity of fenquinotrione.
著者
Atsushi Okazawa Hiroaki Samejima Shigeru Kitani Yukihiro Sugimoto Daisaku Ohta
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.D21-014, (Released:2021-05-20)
参考文献数
45

Damage caused by Orobanchaceae root parasitic weeds is a substantial agricultural problem for global food security. Many studies have been conducted to establish practical methods of control, but efforts are still required for successful management. Seed germination of root parasitic weeds requires host-derived germination stimulants including strigolactones (SLs). Studies on SLs have revealed that a butenolide ring is the essential moiety for SL activity as a germination stimulant. Interestingly, recent studies have revealed that butenolide hormones regulate the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites and mediate communication in actinomycete bacteria. Because of the structural similarity between SLs and the bacterial butenolides, we evaluated the germination stimulatory activity of butenolides isolated from Streptomyces albus J1074 on root parasitic weeds. These butenolides were found to specifically induce seed germination of Orobanche minor. Our findings contribute to understanding the molecular mechanisms of germination stimulant perception and to the development of a method for their biological control.
著者
Naoki Okamoto Naoki Yamanaka
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.23-28, 2021-02-20 (Released:2021-02-26)
参考文献数
54

Ecdysteroids are a class of steroid hormones in arthropods that control molting and metamorphosis through interaction with intracellular nuclear receptors. In contrast to the extensive literature describing their biosynthetic pathways and signaling components, little has been known about how these hormones are traveling into and out of the cells through lipid bilayers of the cell membranes. Recently, a series of studies conducted in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster revealed that membrane transporters have critical functions in trafficking ecdysteroids across cell membranes, challenging the classical simple diffusion model of steroid hormone transport. Here we summarize recent advances in our understanding of membrane transporters involved in ecdysteroid signaling in Drosophila, with particular focus on Ecdysone Importer (EcI) that is involved in ecdysteroid uptake in peripheral tissues. We then discuss the potential advantage of EcI blockers as a novel pest management tool as compared to classical insect growth regulators.
著者
Noriharu Umetsu Yuichi Shirai
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.54-74, 2020-05-20 (Released:2020-05-20)
参考文献数
114
被引用文献数
8 31

General trends and strategies for novel pesticides are summarized. Global pesticide sales and pesticide discovery research are also briefly reviewed. At least 105 chemical pesticides have been launched during the past decade or are under development: 43 fungicides, 34 insecticides/acaricides, 6 nematicides, 21 herbicides, and 1 herbicide safener. Most of them are safe to humans and environmentally friendly. The most developed fungicides are SDHI (succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors), DMI (demethylation inhibitors), QoI (quinone outside inhibitors), and QiI (quinone inside inhibitors). Due to the development of resistance to fungicides with existing modes of action, many fungicides possessing various novel modes of action have been launched or are under development. The trend of insecticide development is changing from organophosphorus, carbamate, and synthetic pyrethroids to nicotinic and diamide insecticides. During the past decade, compounds possessing a variety of novel modes of action have also been launched or are under development. Flupyradifurone and flupyrimin, exhibiting extremely low honeybee toxicity, have been developed and subjected to practical use. Herbicides possessing varied modes of action, such as acetolactate synthase, p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase, protoporphyrinogen oxidase, and very-long-chain fatty acid elongase inhibition, have been developed, but no herbicides possessing a novel mode action have commercialized in nearly 30 years. It is of interest that cyclopyrimorate, which was recently launched, and tetflupyrolimet, which is under development, have novel modes action: homogentisate solanesyltransferase (HST) and dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) inhibition, respectively. The development of useful acaricides and nematicides is also progressing. Some natural product origin pesticides are getting attention.
著者
Daisuke Hagiwara
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.D20-017, (Released:2020-05-21)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
8

Increasing numbers of azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus (ARAf) in the environment have become a global public health issue. We surveyed tulip bulbs that were imported from the Netherlands and found that 6.3–15.8% of bulbs were contaminated by ARAf with a tandem-repeat mutation in the promoter region of the cyp51A gene. We also showed that fungicide treatment of the tulip bulbs by benomyl or prochloraz effectively reduced the rate of isolation. This is the first report demonstrating a method of eliminating human fungal pathogens from plant bulbs.
著者
Atsushi Ishihara Kana Ando Anna Yoshioka Koichi Murata Yu Kokubo Noriko Morimoto Naoki Ube Yukinori Yabuta Makoto Ueno Shin-ichi Tebayashi Kotomi Ueno Kumiko Osaki-Oka
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.2, pp.89-96, 2019-05-20 (Released:2019-05-20)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
4

We investigated the effect of treatment with hot water extracts from the spent mushroom substrates (SMSs) of Lentinula edodes and Hypsizygus marmoreus on the resistance of rice leaves to Pyricularia oryzae infection. The spraying of the SMS extracts clearly suppressed the development of lesions caused by Py. oryzae infection. The accumulation of phytoalexins momilactones A and B, oryzalexin A, and sakuranetin was markedly induced by the spraying of extracts. The enhanced expression of defense related genes PR1b and PBZ was also found in leaves sprayed with the extracts. Treatments with the extracts also affected phytohormone levels. The levels of N6-(Δ2-isopentenyl)adenine and trans-zeatin markedly increased in response to treatment, whereas the levels of salicylic and jasmonic acids were largely unchanged.
著者
志野 真実子 濱田 崇宏 重松 由夫 平瀬 寒月 番場 伸一
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.4, pp.233-239, 2018-11-20 (Released:2018-11-20)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
17

新規水稲用除草剤シクロピリモレートの作用機構を解析した.シロイヌナズナをシクロピリモレートで処理すると白化症状が見られ,プラストキノンの減少に伴ってホモゲンチジン酸が顕著に蓄積した.また,植物中で代謝物のデスモルフォリノカルボニルシクロピリモレート(DMC)が検出された.このことから,シクロピリモレートまたはDMCが,プラストキノン生合成経路で4-ヒドロキシフェニルピルビン酸ジオキシゲナーゼの下流で働くホモゲンチジン酸ソラネシルトランスフェラーゼ(HST)活性を阻害すると予想された.そこで,シロイヌナズナのHSTを用いてin vitro試験を行ったところ,シクロピリモレートは弱いHST阻害活性を,DMCは強いHST阻害活性を有していることが明らかとなった.さらに,DMC類縁体のHST阻害活性と白化活性には正の相関が認められた.以上の結果は,シクロピリモレートおよびDMCの作用点はHSTであり,本剤は商用利用される除草剤における新規作用機作をもつことを示している.
著者
Kazuharu Arakawa Masaru Tomita
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.3, pp.282-288, 2006 (Released:2006-08-24)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
14 25

The advent of high-throughput measurement technologies has resulted in the rapid accumulation of “omics” information including genome, transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome data. This increase in data acquisition has lead to a demand for an efficient computational platform for in silico analysis. The G-language software suite provides a comprehensive workbench for large-scale omics research and systems biology. The suite includes a bioinformatics research framework G-language Genome Analysis Environment, which contains a Gene Prediction Accuracy Classification benchmarking tool for the quantification of the sensitivity of genome informatics analysis methods to genome annotation completeness. Omics data processed in this environment can be visualized with KEGG-based pathway mapping web service, and Genome-based Modeling System enables automatic prototyping of metabolic pathway models from the genome. The software suite covers various domains of omics, with the goal of integrating all of these data for research into systems biology.
著者
Koji Ueda Takashi Nagai
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.3, pp.267-273, 2021-08-20 (Released:2021-08-31)
参考文献数
28

We investigated the relative sensitivity of duckweed Lemna minor and six species of algae to seven herbicides, using an efficient high-throughput microplate-based toxicity assay. First, we assessed the sensitivity of L. minor to the seven herbicides, and then we compared its sensitivity to that of previously published data for six algal species based on EC50 values. For five herbicides, the most sensitive species differed: L. minor was most sensitive to cyclosulfamuron: Raphidocelis subcapitata was most sensitive to pretilachlor and esprocarb: Desmodesmus subspicatus was most sensitive to pyraclonil; and Navicula pelliculosa was most sensitive to pyrazoxyfen. Simetryn was evenly toxic to all species, whereas 2,4-D was evenly less toxic, with only small differences in species sensitivity. These results suggested that a single algal species cannot represent the sensitivity of the primary producer assemblage to a given herbicide. Therefore, to assess the ecological effects of herbicides, aquatic plant and multispecies algal toxicity data sets are essential.
著者
Kotaro Koiwai Kana Morohashi Kazue Inaba Kana Ebihara Hirotatsu Kojima Takayoshi Okabe Ryunosuke Yoshino Takatsugu Hirokawa Taiki Nampo Yuuta Fujikawa Hideshi Inoue Fumiaki Yumoto Toshiya Senda Ryusuke Niwa
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.75-87, 2021-02-20 (Released:2021-02-26)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
1

Insect growth regulators (IGRs) can be developed by elucidating the molecular mechanisms of insect-specific biological events. Because insect molting, and metamorphosis are controlled by ecdysteroids, their biosynthetic pathways can serve as targets for IGR development. The glutathione S-transferase Noppera-bo (Nobo), which is conserved in dipteran and lepidopteran species, plays an essential role in ecdysteroid biosynthesis. Our previous study using 17β-estradiol as a molecular probe revealed that Asp113 of Drosophila melanogaster Nobo (DmNobo) is essential for its biological function. However, to develop IGRs with a greater Nobo inhibitory activity than 17β-estradiol, further structural information is warranted. Here, we report five novel non-steroidal DmNobo inhibitors. Analysis of crystal structures of complexes revealed that DmNobo binds these inhibitors in an Asp113-independent manner. Among amino acid residues at the substrate-recognition site, conformation of conserved Phe39 was dynamically altered upon inhibitor binding. Therefore, these inhibitors can serve as seed compounds for IGR development.
著者
Xusheng Shao Zewen Liu Xiaoyong Xu Zhong Li Xuhong Qian
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.1, pp.1-9, 2013-02-20 (Released:2013-02-20)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
9 52

Neonicotinoids ushered in a new era of crop protection, and several molecules headed up a billion-dollar industry. As one of the largest agricultural and most populous countries, China plays an essential role in the development of neonicotinoids. This review delves into the production, application and innovation of neonicotinoids throughout China.
著者
Marie-Ève Picard Michel Cusson Stephanie E. Sen Rong Shi
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.7-15, 2021-02-20 (Released:2021-02-26)
参考文献数
61

Reducing the use of broad-spectrum insecticides is one of the many challenges currently faced by insect pest management practitioners. For this reason, efforts are being made to develop environmentally benign pest-control products through bio-rational approaches that aim at disrupting physiological processes unique to specific groups of pests. Perturbation of hormonal regulation of insect development and reproduction is one such strategy. It has long been hypothesized that some enzymes in the juvenile hormone biosynthetic pathway of moths, butterflies and caterpillars (order Lepidoptera) display unique structural features that could be targeted for the development of Lepidoptera-specific insecticides, a promising avenue given the numerous agricultural and forest pests belonging to this order. Farnesyl diphosphate synthase, FPPS, is one such enzyme, with recent work suggesting that it has structural characteristics that may enable its selective inhibition. This review synthesizes current knowledge on FPPS and summarizes recent advances in its use as a target for insecticide development.
著者
Toshiyuki Katagi Takuo Fujisawa
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.D21-028, (Released:2021-09-08)
参考文献数
160

The median lethal dose of pesticide in acute oral toxicity, used as a conservative index in avian risk assessment, varies by the species with differences of less than one order of magnitude, depending on body size, feeding habit, and metabolic enzyme activity. The profiles of pesticide metabolism in birds with characteristic conjugations are basically common to those in mammals, but less information is available on their relevant enzymes. The higher toxicity of some pesticides in birds than in mammals is due to the lower activity of avian metabolic enzymes. The bioaccumulation in birds is limited for very hydrophobic pesticides resistant to metabolic degradation. Several in silico approaches using the descriptors of a pesticide molecule have recently been employed to estimate the profiles of acute oral toxicity and bioaccumulation.
著者
Kotaro Mori Hideya Tokuoka Hisashi Miyagawa Yoshiaki Nakagawa
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.120-123, 2021-02-20 (Released:2021-02-26)
参考文献数
22

Benzoylphenylureas (BPUs) were discovered as novel type insecticides about a half century ago; many analogs have been launched as insecticides and acaricides. BPUs are known to inhibit chitin synthesis in insects and other arthropods, but they have no effect against microorganisms such as fungi. We designed new chitin synthesis inhibitors based on the hypothesis that biomolecules that play important roles in cellulose and chitin biosynthesis are similar. In the full automatic modeling system (FAMS), the cellulose synthase was selected as a template three-dimensional structure. Thus, we focused on the structure of cellulose synthase inhibitor, isoxaben, to develop new chemistry. The 1,1-diethylethyl [-C(CH3)(CH2CH3)2] group of isoxaben was changed to a 4-substituted phenyl group bearing Cl, Et, or Ph. These compounds significantly inhibited chitin synthesis in the cultured integument of the rice stem borer Chilo suppressalis. The activity of the 4-ethylphenyl analog was enhanced 30-fold by adding piperonyl butoxide to the culture medium.
著者
Christopher Browning Alastair G. McEwen Kotaro Mori Taiyo Yokoi Dino Moras Yoshiaki Nakagawa Isabelle M. L. Billas
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.88-100, 2021-02-20 (Released:2021-02-26)
参考文献数
58
被引用文献数
1

The ecdysone receptor (EcR) possesses the remarkable capacity to adapt structurally to different types of ligands. EcR binds ecdysteroids, including 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), as well as nonsteroidal synthetic agonists such as insecticidal dibenzoylhydrazines (DBHs). Here, we report the crystal structures of the ligand-binding domains of Heliothis virescens EcR/USP bound to the DBH agonist BYI09181 and to the imidazole-type compound BYI08346. The region delineated by helices H7 and H10 opens up to tightly fit a phenyl ring of the ligands to an extent that depends on the bulkiness of ring substituent. In the structure of 20E-bound EcR, this part of the ligand-binding pocket (LBP) contains a channel filled by water molecules that form an intricate hydrogen bond network between 20E and LBP. The water channel present in the nuclear receptor bound to its natural hormone acts as a critical molecular adaptation spring used to accommodate synthetic agonists inside its binding cavity.
著者
Jingbo Li Heping Han Lianyang Bai Qin Yu
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.109-113, 2020-05-20 (Released:2020-05-20)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
1 3

Glyphosate is often tank-mixed with auxinic herbicide 2,4-D for grass and broadleaf weed control. Here we examined the possible interaction of 2,4-D and glyphosate in barnyard grass, Echinochloa colona (L.) Link. The results showed that 2,4-D antagonizes glyphosate remarkably in glyphosate-resistant populations but only marginally in susceptible populations. This antagonism is related to reduced glyphosate uptake and (to a lesser extent) translocation. As 2,4-D has multiple, unpredictable effects on other herbicides, care must be taken when tank-mixing herbicides with 2,4-D.
著者
吉田 忠晴
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.4, pp.497-502, 2011-11-25 (Released:2012-11-10)
参考文献数
30
著者
Changmann Yoon Shin-Ho Kang Jeong-Oh Yang Doo-Jin Noh Pandiyan Indiragandhi Gil-Hah Kim
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.77-88, 2009-05-25 (Released:2009-06-01)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
22 25

The repellent efficacy of 17 essential oils against the German cockroach, Blattella germanica was examined using a T-tube olfactometer. Five oils repelled B. germanica with good efficacy, ranging from 70.0 to 96.7%. Four of these oils, grapefruit, lemon, lime, and orange, were from the citrus family Rutaceae. These citrus essential oils showed similar repellent activity against two more cockroach species, such as Periplaneta americana and P. fuliginosa. Gas chromatography (GC) and GC-mass spectrometry analyses revealed that the major components responsible for the repellent activity of the citrus oils were limonene, β-pinene and γ-terpinene. Limonene appears to be the main component responsible for the repellent activity rather than β-pinene and γ-terpinene. The repellent efficacy of these components varied with different doses and the cockroach species tested. It is likely that minor components of the oils also contributed to the overall repellent activity of citrus essential oils, except orange oil. The activity of orange oil is almost solely attributed to the activity of limonene. Also, the repellent activity of citrus oil and that of each of the terpenoids makes little difference to the efficacy of a repellant against the three species of cockroaches.
著者
Eikoh Satoh Ryota Kasahara Kosuke Fukatsu Takao Aoki Hiroto Harayama Tetsuya Murata
出版者
Pesticide Science Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Pesticide Science (ISSN:1348589X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.109-114, 2021-02-20 (Released:2021-02-26)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
2

Benzpyrimoxan (5-(1,3-dioxan-2-yl)-4-{[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methoxy}pyrimidine, NNI-1501) was discovered as a novel insecticide structurally characterized by a pyrimidine derivative substituted with 1,3-dioxanyl and 4-trifluoromethylbenzyloxy groups. The compound showed remarkable activity against nymphs of rice planthoppers, including strains resistant to existing insecticides. Furthermore, benzpyrimoxan had low adverse effects on pollinators and beneficial arthropods. Because of these features, benzpyrimoxan is expected to be a suitable part of an integrated pest management strategy. In this report, the history of the discovery to reach benzpyrimoxan and details of the structure–activity relationships are described.