著者
出水 力 デミズ ツトム Tsutomu DEMIZU
雑誌
大阪産業大学経営論集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.1, pp.1-31, 2010-10

Few people knows the fact that the first home-manufactured motorcycle with gasoline engine was produced by Narazo Shimazu in 1909. On the first part of this paper, I explain how N. Shimazu developed his gasoline engine from the technical point of view. The procedure of producing motorcycles, cyclecars, airplanes is discussed, introducing several episodes how he sometimes failed as a pioneer. I discuss N. Shimazu as a pioneer and as an owner of an automobile school and factory of motorcycles. After he became an engineer in a company, he began the study of combustion chamber. The first home-manufactured motorcycle was produced a century ago. Then a lot of small companies began to produce motorcycles. They were too small scale companies to call them industry. On the second part of this paper, motorcycle industry after the world war II is discussed. The innovation of motorcycle technology occurred from 1950's to 1960's. Then the motorcycle industry in Japan became the strongest in the world. I discussed case studies of Honda motor and Ymaha motor in Japan.
著者
出水 力
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経営論集 (ISSN:13451456)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.2, pp.229-268, 2010-02

The production philosophy of Soichiro Honda who is the founder of HONDA has been succeeded to today's HONDA manufacturing system. It is HONDA Engineering that has been most strongly influenced by the Soichiro Honda's manufacturing know-how. Soichiro Honda's production philosophy is based on his experience of repairing cars and working experience at his piston ring factory during prewar days, and his various devices to the process of the motorcycle production after the war. In this paper, how the production philosophy has been succeeded and the difference between Honda and Toyota manufacturing system is discussed.
著者
出水 力
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経営論集 (ISSN:13451456)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.3, pp.337-375, 2010-06

Japanese manufacturers started exporting the motorcycles to American market in the early 1960's and won the market from small motorcycles of Europe in the middle of 1960's. Then Japanese manufacturers developed the large-scale motorcycles and dominated the market in the beginning of the 1970's. Motorcycle production became the strongest industry of which Japan boasted. In this paper the processes of technological development of the large-scale motorcycles produced by Honda and Kawasaki are discussed. Technical domination of Japan at the motorcycle market had been steady for twenty years, but Harley, the USA manufacturer regained lost market in the after 1990's, and has been dominating the large-scale market motorcycle not only in the United States but also in Japan. The success of Harley depends on the lifestyle marketing. They sell motorcycles matched well with lifestyle and culture. However, Japanese manufacturers such as HONDA hold a dominant position in the world for their high-quality mass production system and high technology.
著者
出水 力 渡邉 輝幸 遠原 智文 石坂 秀幸 義永 忠一 平塚 彰 向 渝 海上 泰生 出水 純子
出版者
国立民族学博物館
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2011-04-28 (Released:2011-08-05)

日本企業の海外生産に伴う技術移転問題を、現場・現物・現実の視点に沿い多面的に調査した。アセアンと中国の8カ国で、約100社の個別企業の技術移転の達成度、それを支えた日本のマザー工場の役割を中心に調べた。海外生産は円高と人件費の高騰により、1990年代以降に急拡大した。その多くは大企業の海外展開に隋伴する中堅企業や中小企業であった。海外生産と国内生産を相互に補完することで、個別企業として利益の還流で所得収支を伸ばし、黒字という企業が多い。海外生産の利益が日本経済を支えており、今や生産のみならず開発の一部も海外に進みつつあるのが、現実である。