著者
古賀 敬太 コガ ケイタ Keita Koga
出版者
大阪国際大学
雑誌
国際研究論叢 = OIU journal of international studies : 大阪国際大学・大阪国際大学短期大学部紀要 (ISSN:09153586)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.77-96, 2015-01

Tadao Yanaihara(1893-1961) was a pious Christian, a follower of Kannzo Uchimura. On the basis of his Christian faith, he fought against the imperialistic war and the exclusive hyper-nationalism which oppressed freedom of thought and conscience from 1932 to the end of the war. This article attempts to make clear the character of his conception of pacifism, nationalism, and the Emperor system. He regarded himself as a prophet for Japan and felt a responsibility and mission to warn against the militaristic government and nationalistic people, as Isaiah and Jeremaiah did in the Old Testament.
著者
古賀 敬太
出版者
政治思想学会
雑誌
政治思想研究 (ISSN:1346924X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.1-28, 2003-05-10 (Released:2012-11-20)
被引用文献数
1
著者
古賀 敬太
出版者
大阪国際大学
雑誌
国際研究論叢 = OIU journal of international studies : 大阪国際大学・大阪国際大学短期大学部紀要 (ISSN:09153586)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.2, pp.85-100, 2020-01

This article intends to analyze how Satoru Kuroda, a distinguished constitutional scholar, interpreted Carl Schmitt's constitutional theory (Verfassungslehre) and adopted it to the diagnosis of the Meiji Constitution and Japanese Constitution. Especially in Carl Schmitt's constitutional theory, we pay attention to Carl Schmit's superlegal constituent power and constitutional emergency power. From the late 1930's, he began to lecture constitutional theory at Kyoto Imperial University. He at first attempted to limit the enormous and unlimited legal power of Emperor. But in the process of wartime system and total mobilization, which was seen in the National Mobilization Act(1938)and the movement of Great Politics Party(1940), he regarded Japan's critical condition as the normalization of exception and legitimatized the interference in the liberty and rights of subjects. Moreover he criticized the liberal and constitutional thought as old-fashioned ideology and attempted to absorb the rights of subjects into the integration of state. But after the world warⅡ, he accepted and legitimatized the radical transformation from imperial sovereignty to the sovereignty of people by appealing to the theory of Schmitts constituent power. He emphasized the legitimacy of constituent power and insisted that constituent power itself is not factual will, but is restrained by the legitimacy or the concrete order.
著者
古賀 敬太 コガ ケイタ Koga Keita
出版者
大阪国際大学
雑誌
国際研究論叢 = OIU journal of international studies : 大阪国際大学・大阪国際大学短期大学部紀要 (ISSN:09153586)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.3, pp.35-54, 2016-03

This article attempts to analyze the conception of democracy and absolute pacifism in Yanaihara's political thought. For Yanaihara democracy didn't mean majority rule or due process ,but meant creation of political subject who bearsresponsibility for his nation. As to his pacifism he refused the role of balance of power in international relations and went too far into the negation of the right of self defense. Since he was skeptical of the conception "justice" in politicalarena, he clearly denied to distinguish just war and unjust war. Yanaihara insisted that democracy and absolute pacifism can be fully realized, when nations experience the religious reformation in their souls. In this sense,democracy and absolute pacifism go hand in hand with spiritual revolutionoccurred by Christianity. It is true that such an approach met with severecriticism, but it's a really interesesting attempt to consider the public role ofreligion, if, we don't confine religion in the private affair.
著者
古賀 敬太 コガ ケイタ Keita Koga
雑誌
国際研究論叢 : 大阪国際大学紀要 = OIU journal of international studies
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.77-96, 2015-01-31

Tadao Yanaihara(1893-1961) was a pious Christian, a follower of Kannzo Uchimura. On the basis of his Christian faith, he fought against the imperialistic war and the exclusive hyper-nationalism which oppressed freedom of thought and conscience from 1932 to the end of the war. This article attempts to make clear the character of his conception of pacifism, nationalism, and the Emperor system. He regarded himself as a prophet for Japan and felt a responsibility and mission to warn against the militaristic government and nationalistic people, as Isaiah and Jeremaiah did in the Old Testament.
著者
岡本 仁宏 荒木 勝 菊池 理夫 木部 尚志 古賀 敬太 杉田 敦 千葉 眞 寺島 俊穂 富沢 克 的射場 敬一 丸山 正次 山崎 望 山田 竜作 大澤 真幸 岡部 一明 遠藤 比呂通 ありむら 潜 大竹 弘二 立岩 真也 石井 良規 天野 晴華
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2008

冷戦後の世界において、多くの人びとは我々の政治理論・社会理論が動揺する世界秩序を把握する言葉や構想を持ちえていないことを感じているという現状認識のもとに、近代政治理論における政治主体の基本用語の可能性と限界を追求した。「人間、国民、市民」(ヒューマニティ、ナショナリティ、シティズンシップ)という基幹的主体用語を中心に、「市民社会、ナショナリズム、グローバリズム」という三つの政治思想との関連において、その妥当性を検証し、既存概念の限界を指摘すると同時に、それらに代わる政治主体の可能性を検討した。
著者
古賀 敬太
出版者
大阪国際大学・大阪国際大学短期大学部
雑誌
国際研究論叢 : 大阪国際大学紀要 = OIU Journal of International Studies (ISSN:09153586)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.139-157, 2020-03-31

This article intends to analyze how Yoshio Onishi (1909-1975), interpreted Carl Schmitt's constitutional theory (Verfassungslehre) and adapted it to the analysis of both the Meiji Constitution and the postwar constitution. Especially we pay attention to Onishi's theory of constituent power and constitutional emergency power. He regarded constituent power as not unlimited, but limited by concrete order, especially it's idea and practical norm. And Onishi attempted to limit the enormous and unlimited legal power of Emperor by consulting Schmitt's views on constitutional emergency power in the Weimar Republic. But in the process of wartime system and total mobilization, which was seen in the National Mobilization Act (1938) and the movement of Great Politics Party(1940),he regarded Japan's critical condition as the normalization of exception and departed from his former position. After the world war Ⅱ, he returned to his original position and appealed to the importance of constitutional emergency power, which is not stipulated in the postwar Japanese Constitution. He also tried to legitimatize the radical transformation from imperial sovereignty to the sovereignty of people by appealing to the theory of Schmitt's constituent power. Especially he emphasized the legitimacy of constituent power and insisted that constituent power of people itself is not actual will, but is constrained by the legitimacy of the concrete order.
著者
古賀 敬太 Keita Koga
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.2, pp.35-54, 2019-01-31

Firstly this article deals with the history of sanatoriums for leprosy patients especially from the standpoint of famous leaders like Souichi Iwashita, Kensuke Mitsuda, who was called the father of leprosy patients, and Fumio Hayashi, who was a faithful disciple of Mitsuda. Secondly it analyzes the attitude of Tadao Yanaihara toward leprosy patients.He did not regard leprosy as a heavenly punishment, but as a heavenly grace and insisted on the hope of the resurrection of the body. He also esteemed the dignity of the patients and their right to live. He visited several sanatoriums likeTama Zenshoen Sanatorium, the National Leprosarium( 多摩全生園), Nagashima Aiseien( 愛生園), and Hoshizuka Keiaien( 敬愛園) and held lecture meetings for patients in each sanatorium. Thirdly this article evaluates the problems of the compulsory segregation policy and the movement of" no leprosy patients in each prefecture." How did Yanaihara respond to such compulsory segregation? Although he did not resistthe segregation policy, at least before the antibiotic Promin was invented in 1943, he did not think that leprosy was a shameful disease or that the purity of the nation should be maintained. He preferred the dignity of patients to thepurification movement. He wanted to build communities of mutual love and assistance in sanatoriums. Moreover, he even asked leprosy patients to pray for world peace.