- 年報政治学 (ISSN:05494192)
- vol.60, no.2, pp.2_11-2_30, 2009 (Released:2013-02-07)
The burden of this article is twofold. First, it is aimed to elucidate the explosion of violence observable in various regions of the world during the post-Cold War era. In this connection the author has attested the diversification of the types of violence. Violence can be correctly divided into several types today. They are, for instance, (1) structural violence emanating from the capitalist globalization, (2) genocide stemming from the intensive conflicts among ethnic groups within a country, and (3) international terrorism and counter-terrorist wars. Second, the article has wrestled with the fatal conflict between the two conceptions of politics, that is, political violence vs. nonviolent politics. The author has taken up the case of Thomas Hobbes and his political notion of “fear” and Hannah Arendt's ideas on politics as the mode of nonviolent solution for conflicts by means of speech and action. The author has elaborated on the difference between “fear” and “terror” or “terrorism.” He also has reflected on the tension, difference, and contrast between violent politics and nonviolent politics. Finally, the author has suggested that a precious and noble mission of the theory and praxis of politics today consists in the rehabilitation of transformative politics and in the long, patient and untiring undertakings for conflict resolution and peace-building as well. The author hopes that these steady efforts shall serve to put an end to the on-going conflicts and explosion of violence.