- 京都大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13452142)
- vol.54, pp.24-38, 2008-03-31
Owing to the political confusion after the formation of the People's Republic of China, the number of local universities, managed by local governments, had increased and decreased intensively. Since the 1980's, local universities managed by local governments had increased rapidly. Moreover, the central government managed universities were transferred to the local districts as well. Presently, more than 90 percent of the universities in China are local universities, which are managed by local governments. Several changes and reformations such as, reconsidering the managing system, recruiting system and educational activities (obtaining two degrees in four years by taking both major and minor courses) were established by the local universities in order to possess its specific characteristics. Also many local universities had no specific goals or characteristics. This article aims to display the lack of specific characteristics and purposes that local universities in China posses. Shenzhen University, located in the special economic district area - Shenzhen city, had established its own win- win system. The system which focused not only on its education but also its academic research is an excellent example of a local university which has successfully coped with the local demands.