- 愛知教育大学研究報告. 芸術・保健体育・家政・技術科学・創作編 (ISSN:18845150)
- vol.60, pp.35-46, 2011-03-01
The causes of drowning must dictate especially what we teach, content, and to a lesser degree, how we teach. Therefore, an project was conducted among Japanese university students in order to explore the relationship between swimming competency, students estimates of their competency, and their perception of the risk of drowning. Sixty five males and 48 females university physical education students enrolled at three institutions were the subjects of the study. The questionnaire consisted of a) perception of their ability, b) perception of their ability to perform these in open water and c) their perception of risk in five specific scenarios. Practical tests consist of seven aquatic skills. No significant differences were found in actual swimming-related abilities between male and female students, although more females than males did not complete the tests of: dive entry into pool (female 23%; male 11%), surface dive to 2m (female 33%; male 19%), and 100m swim on back (female 28%; male 9%). Similarly, no differences were found in self-estimated swimming abilities by gender. More females than males estimated higher risk of drowning for each of the 5 drowning scenarios that students were asked to estimate the personal degree of risk. This study found that male students tend to underestimate the potential dangers in the risk of drowning.