著者
八木 尚太朗 伊山 潤 福島 佳浩 吉敷 祥一 石田 孝徳 清家 剛 山田 哲
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会構造系論文集 (ISSN:13404202)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.788, pp.1400-1411, 2021-10-30 (Released:2021-10-30)
参考文献数
19

From a viewpoint of continuous use of buildings after an earthquake, it is important to understand the behavior and damage progress of non-structural elements such as dry partition wall under a large deformation owing to earthquake, and to establish a method to monitor the condition of non-structural element in a qualitative manner as well as in a quantitative manner. In this paper, first the past studies on loading experiments for dry partition wall were summarized, showing that enough studies considering the effect of opening and the behavior of walls located away from beam location have not been done. Based on the review of past studies, a full-scale static loading test of steel moment frame with dry partition walls was performed. The specimen has two frames; one frame has a flat wall without opening and the other frame has a wall with a door opening and a corner in the frame. In the latter frame, some part of the wall is placed not directly under the beam. Static cyclic loading was applied, increasing the peak story drift up to as large as 1/33. In the experiment, visual observation was performed at each loading step. Rotation angle and vibration of the walls was also measured using MEMS acceleration sensors. The flat wall had relatively few board cracks and other damage. However, the boards on upper layer in the center part of the wall began to rock at the loading step of a 1/100 story drift. Then at 1/50, the boards showed out-of-plane deformation and when unloading after reaching 1/33, boards fell off. On the other hand, on the wall with the opening, a gap opening between the boards, and a crack on the L-shaped boards at the corner of the opening were observed at a relatively small story drift angle of 1/400. Regarding the wall located away from the beam, damage was concentrated on the wall which was orthogonal to the frame and not under the beam. The wall rotated around the vertical axis, and this was thought to be due to the difference of trackability to the structure between walls. Due to this behavior, a crack at the corner of the wall was seen at the story drift angle of 1/400, and at 1/75 the upper track opened, and studs were seen to come off. The rotation angle and the vibration of the walls were measured by MEMS acceleration sensors. The measurement result corresponded well with the damage observation. It was found from the measurement results that there were signs before damage and behavior of walls could be visually confirmed. Moreover, it was found that the vibration frequency of the damaged wall decreased (period became longer) as the loading progressed. This change may be representing the damage development in the wall. From these observations, it was confirmed that the MEMS acceleration sensor can capture small movement implying damage in partition wall in a quantitative manner, but more study should be necessary about the relationship between the measured deformation and the degree of damage and performance degradation, to utilize accelerometers for structural health monitoring of partition walls.
著者
八木 尚太朗 清家 剛 山田 哲 石田 孝徳 吉敷 祥一 上瀧 敬太 テンデラン ランディ
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.64, pp.869-874, 2020-10-20 (Released:2020-10-20)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

Full scale loading test up to large story drift on Exterior Wall of ALC panel with window and door attached to steel moment frame was conducted. No damage was observed on the surface without openings except for the bottom of the panel. On the surface with openings, many damages such as cracks in the panel and breaks in the welding of the substrate were observed especially at large story drift angle of 1/50 or more. In addition, degrading of the openablility of the window and door according to residual story drift angle were examined.
著者
八木 尚太朗 藤村 悠平 清家 剛 金 容善 磯部 孝行
出版者
一般社団法人 日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.62, pp.49-54, 2020-02-20 (Released:2020-02-20)
参考文献数
14

The number of maintenance work increases as the life span of buildings become longer. This study focuses on calculating the environmental load given by maintenance work of LCCM demonstration house mainly using Life Cycle Assessment(LCA) method for buildings, to compare with the environmental load given by the construction work, and to consider effective measures to reduce the environmental load given by the maintenance work in the future. The environmental load was calculated as 550 kg-CO2, which is 1.4% of the environmental load given by the construction work. 50% of the CO2 emission was given by the manufacture of materials and disposal of waste, and 45% was given by the transportation of workers and materials, so it is considered effective to lessen the CO2 emission by the manufacture, disposal, and transportation to reduce the total environmental load given by the maintenance work.
著者
清家 剛 三牧 浩也 森田 祥子
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.713, pp.1625-1633, 2015 (Released:2015-08-18)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
3 6

This study mentions the possibility of the application of “mobile spatial statistics”, which frequently comprehend the actual population based on the operation data of the mobile phone including the heat of the day. The first part indicates the analysis model of the districts combined with another questionnaire survey of city center of Kashiwa city, Chiba prefecture. The second part examines the three models which compare the base stations in Chiba prefecture and analyze only by using mobile spatial statistics. This study indicates that mobile spatial statistics makes it easy to comprehend the distribution of population.
著者
清家 剛 三牧 浩也 原 裕介 小田原 亨 永田 智大 寺田 雅之
出版者
公益社団法人 日本都市計画学会
雑誌
都市計画論文集 = Papers on city planning (ISSN:1348284X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.3, pp.451-456, 2011-10-25
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
7

急速な人口減少や高齢化に直面し、我が国では詳細な人口変動分析に基づく都市の再構築が必要になっている。しかし、国勢調査などの既存の基幹統計では、都市内部における人口変動を十分に捉えることができない。NTTドコモのモバイル空間統計は、携帯電話サービスを提供するために必要な運用データから時間毎に変化する人口の地理的分布を推計した統計情報であり、都市解析の新たな手段となることが期待される。本稿では、千葉県柏市におけるケーススタディを通じて、モバイル空間統計の信頼性の検証並びに、まちづくりにおける活用可能性の検討を行った。