著者
早川 由紀夫 由井 将雄
出版者
Japan Association for Quaternary Research
雑誌
第四紀研究 (ISSN:04182642)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.1-17, 1989-05-31 (Released:2009-08-21)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
22 10

The eruptive history of the Kusatsu Shirane volcano is well described by means of 14 beds of key tephra and intercalating loess soil. Three eruptive stages are recognized. During early or middle Pleistocene the Matsuozawa volcano was formed; this is the first stage. The second stage was initiated by effusion of the Horaguchi lava, which was followed by eruptions of the Oshi pyroclastic flow, older lava flows, 3P pumice fall, and Yazawahara pyroclastic flow. Brown loess soil about 10m thick covering these deposits indicates that a dormant period of more than 100, 000 years followed this stage. The summit area upheaved about 400m or more against the foot of the volcano during this period, as is suggested by the extraordinarily steep (6.1°-3.0°) surface of the Oshi ignimbrite plateau. The third stage, which started about 14, 000 years ago, is the formation of three pyroclastic cones on the summit and contemporaneous effusion of the younger lava flows, e. g. the Kagusa lava of 7, 000 years ago and the Sessyo lava of 3, 000 years ago. In historic times, phreatic explosions have frequently occurred on the summit crater, Yugama. This means that the present belongs to the third stage. It is unlikely that eruptions of the third stage are caused by cooling of the magma chamber which was active in the second stage. The activity of the third stage seems to denote arrival of a new magma chamber at shallow depth.
著者
松田 時彦 由井 将雄 松島 義章 今永 勇 平田 大二 東郷 正美 鹿島 薫 松原 彰子 中井 信之 中村 俊夫 松岡 数充
出版者
東京大学地震研究所
雑誌
東京大学地震研究所彙報 (ISSN:00408972)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.2, pp.145-182, 1988-11-11

伊勢原断層の両側で試錐調査を行い,試料中の火山灰,14C年代,貝・有孔虫・珪藻・渦鞭毛藻などを調査した.調査地域は,約6000年前頃,内湾性の海域から低湿な陸域に変わった.その海成層の上限の高さ(当時の海抜0m)は,現在標高およそO~-2mにあるが,断層の東側の方が1.6±0.6m高い.この高度差は伊勢原断層の変位によると考えられる.この変位が生じた年代は,地層の厚さの比較から,延暦・貞観年間のテフラ層堆積以後で,宝永スコリア堆積以前である.この"伊勢原地震"の規模は,その変位量などから考えて,M7.0~7.5程度である.また,約6000年前の海成層の上下変位量と約1100年前までのテフラ層の標高差との間に有意の差がないことから,伊勢原地震の再来間隔は約5000年以上である.このような伊勢原地震に最もよく適合する歴史地震は,元慶2年(878年)の相模・武蔵の地震(理科年表M7.4)である.
著者
早川 由紀夫 由井 将雄
出版者
Japan Association for Quaternary Research
雑誌
第四紀研究 (ISSN:04182642)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.1-17, 1989
被引用文献数
5 10

The eruptive history of the Kusatsu Shirane volcano is well described by means of 14 beds of key tephra and intercalating loess soil. Three eruptive stages are recognized. During early or middle Pleistocene the Matsuozawa volcano was formed; this is the first stage. The second stage was initiated by effusion of the Horaguchi lava, which was followed by eruptions of the Oshi pyroclastic flow, older lava flows, 3P pumice fall, and Yazawahara pyroclastic flow. Brown loess soil about 10m thick covering these deposits indicates that a dormant period of more than 100, 000 years followed this stage. The summit area upheaved about 400m or more against the foot of the volcano during this period, as is suggested by the extraordinarily steep (6.1°-3.0°) surface of the Oshi ignimbrite plateau. The third stage, which started about 14, 000 years ago, is the formation of three pyroclastic cones on the summit and contemporaneous effusion of the younger lava flows, <i>e. g.</i> the Kagusa lava of 7, 000 years ago and the Sessyo lava of 3, 000 years ago. In historic times, phreatic explosions have frequently occurred on the summit crater, Yugama. This means that the present belongs to the third stage. It is unlikely that eruptions of the third stage are caused by cooling of the magma chamber which was active in the second stage. The activity of the third stage seems to denote arrival of a new magma chamber at shallow depth.