著者
稲垣 佑典
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.2, pp.92-102, 2009

Yamagishi (1998) predicted that the level of general trust in urban areas would be higher than in rural areas based on the emancipation theory of trust. According to this theory, communities in urban areas, in which both social uncertainty and opportunity cost are high should foster highlevel general trust. However, there is no difference in the level of general trust between urban areas and rural areas according to recent surveys conducted in Japan. These results contradict Yamagishi's prediction. This study examines whether and why there is a difference between urban and rural areas in the generating process of general trust. I conducted a mail survey in an urban area (Itabashi Ward in Tokyo) and a rural area (the former Tochio area of Niigata Prefecture) in order to examine the cause of this phenomenon. As a result, some of the analyses suggest that the emancipation theory of trust is likely to be applicable in urban areas; on the other hand, different trust-generating processes are more likely in rural areas.
著者
朴 堯星 稲垣 佑典 土屋 隆裕
出版者
日本行動計量学会
雑誌
行動計量学 (ISSN:03855481)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.1, pp.95-107, 2017 (Released:2017-12-01)
参考文献数
42

A decline of the voting rate becomes conspicuous in Japan in recent years. There is a movement which tries to improve the governance and increase of political participation through participation to community activity according to Putnam (1993). This paper clarifies empirically the impact of the attitudes and behavior of community residents on the voting behavior. We conducted questionnaire survey toTama-Area Residents in order to examine the effect of the impact of the local political environment on the attitudes and behavior of community residents. Furthermore, we compared the voting behavior with four group's significant difference based on Age groups, on attitudes about local governance. The causal structure is identified by using the multiple group Structural Equation Modeling between four groups.