著者
近藤 正一 早瀬 幸彦 麓 和善 若山 滋
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.488, pp.203-210, 1996
参考文献数
11

We surveyed "Shinsenju", "Shinsansui", "Ginpa", and the other remained buildings of Nakamura Yukaku, in order to analyze the characteristics of city planning and modern architecture in the age of Taisho to Early Showa which germinate modern urban thought. The urban planning is modernistic although follow basic urban structure of historic Yukaku, in consideration of anti-disaster, hygiene, etc. The floor plan of almost all buildings is typed 3 patterns according to functional matters on urban planning. "Shinsenju" and "Shinsansui" which are Japanese style have adopted western style everywhere, while "Ginpa" which is western style have been sukiya style at the interior.
著者
若山 滋 今枝 菜穂 夏目 欣昇
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.626, pp.875-881, 2008-04-30 (Released:2008-08-20)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
1

This paper discusses architectural space in the movies of German expressionism. German expressionism was a trend of art that existed in German during the early 20th century. This art movement did not have clear order of artistic activities like the Italian Futurism, but was mainly involved with the expression of the inner mind of artists. This trend of art can be seen in the movies of that period. The architecture that appears in those movies reflects form expression by the architects of that time.In this research, we clarified the mode of space expression in the movies by analyzing the form and characteristics of architectural space that appear in the post first world war movies.Our results showed that large space, architectural forms and daily commodities were used in space expression.This mode of space expression played the role of emphasizing the anxiety and the opposition that people had for the society at that time.
著者
三輪 祐仁 夏目 欣昇 若山 滋
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.593, pp.73-78, 2005
被引用文献数
1

This research aims to clarify the expression of architectural space in relation to the daily lifestyle in the Netherlands by studying the themes and elements that appeared in the paintings from the 17th century. It is because the pictures of this time, which can be referred to as having built the foundations genre paintings and be known and described "golden age" the foundations of paintings expression of architectural space, are realistic. We choose four painters (Jan Steen, Pieter de Hooch, Jan Vermeer, Rembrandt van Raijin) and analyze 125 paintings.
著者
夏目 欣昇 澤 秀俊 酒井 康弘 若山 滋
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.617, pp.207-214, 2007
被引用文献数
1 1

In this study, we aim to clarify the spatial characterization of film, which is influenced from not only film set but also casting role and a story. In this paper as the first step of the study, we focus on famous sixteen Charles Chaplin's films. To consider the locales of the films, we extract it and set criteria of background locale. Next we analyze the ratio of and the temporal transition of locale description, more over considered the attribute of the casting role. At the result, the character of the street symbolically expressed the feature of the background locales; Slum, Country, City-outside, City-inside and Special. We broke the temporal transition down into three patterns; Stay-type, Wandering-type and Pass-type, and clarified the contrast between main locales of each film by analysis of the locale organization.
著者
大柳 聡 若山 滋 夏目 欣昇
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.627, pp.1119-1124, 2008-05-30 (Released:2009-02-25)
参考文献数
24

The aim of this study is to clear the aspects of spacial images by studying the relation between visual axis, emotional states of hero and spacial images that are affected by them in Kobo ABE's works. We selected the works on the subject of visual axis from his works this time. In our investigation of the relations between visual axis, emotional states of hero and spacial images, we found that spacial image of the hero were affected not only by visual axis and emotional states of hero but also by character which are gainsaid by the position of day-to-dayness in his story. Furthermore, Kobo ABE expresses suspicions to day-to-dayness and the aspiration for character which are gainsaid by the position of day-to-dayness in his story.
著者
若山 滋 藤原 隆
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108017)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.405, pp.141-147, 1989
被引用文献数
6

We find out the Japanese emotion in mediaeval times with one's architectural space, as the result of analizing and considering the architectural terms in KOKINSYU and SHINKOKINSYU. In KOKINSHU,in the terms represent house, YADO is superior to other terms. And it find out the pessimism is related life from poet that include SUMAU. In SHINKOKINSHU, YADO is ordinary used, and IHO is appeared. These mean that the aesthetic of temporary and WABI residence are developed in emotion of this age. And we find out that emotion of architectural space grew variety from the terms represent part increased.
著者
ODERO James 夏目 欣昇 若山 滋
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.638, pp.993-1001, 2009

This study aims to analyze and clarify the urban and architectural spatial elements of the slums as depicted in the Kenyan urban literature by a renowned Kenyan writer, Meja Mwangi, where the slum areas in Nairobi play the role of stage. We first extracted all the urban and architectural terms from the texts and divided them into ten major categories for analysis. This we did in order to obtain the general urban and architectural space context of the slums. Next, we extracted the various stages used by the author to expound the plot of a story and grouped them into eight different categories for analysis. This we did by counting the total number of words that we used to denote the length of time the author dwelt on that stage to explain a scene. Lastly we re-extracted the urban and architectural terms as they appeared on the stage categories obtained above. From the observations on stage analysis, we were able to identify the major spatial spheres of the slums and their composition.<br> Our study showed that lifestyle in slums is very simple and temporary. Next, we established that streets, bar and restaurants and the homes are the major spatial spheres in the slums. These are cheap, simple and temporary in form and are composed in coexistence within a rowdy atmosphere. This lifestyle is similar the traditional African lifestyle in the villages prior to colonial rule, showing that lifestyle in the slums could be an extension of the rural lifestyle into the city. Understanding this is will be helpful in making future decisions to solve this problem.
著者
若山 滋 北川 啓介 夏目 欣昇 伊藤 裕子
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.592, pp.85-91, 2005
被引用文献数
5

In this study, we aim at the characterization of "Space/Image" of film, which changes dramatically with the passage of the scene in two-dimensional images in particular. As well as we investigate how the historical architects or urbanists have treated the climate, the religion, the politics, the society, the current of the times in architecture and city and how film directors or cameramen design space in movie with various resources and compositions. There are many components of movies that create the images in the films. The components include natural materials, artificial materials, inside and outside settings of living creatures as well as other creatures, colors, and Depth on Images. In this paper, we emphasize the field of Depth that is the main factor of the difference between actual three-dimensional space and two-dimensional images from an architectural point of view. The subjects of this paper are two films, "Summer Time" and "Death in Venice."
著者
岡島 達雄 若山 滋 野田 勝久 小西 啓之
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会構造系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108025)
巻号頁・発行日
no.369, pp.p9-15, 1986-11
被引用文献数
1

In a woody space, we feel at ease and calm. On visual effect, patterns of the grain of wood is often used to interior walls, ceilings and so on. The objects of this study are the following ; (1) Considering of the grain of wood as geometrical stripe patterns and making clear its visual characteristics. (2) Generating a system of stripe patterns of the grain of wood, that are able to vary continuously with every change of parameters.
著者
岡島 達雄 若山 滋 野田 勝久 小西 啓之
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会構造系論文報告集 (ISSN:09108025)
巻号頁・発行日
no.377, pp.p1-7, 1987-07
被引用文献数
1

The woody image consists of various elements such as the grain pattern, the color tone, the gloss, the structure of wood. Among them, only the stripe patterns of the grain were investigated and discussed. The object of the present study is to examine what kind of patterns make us feel woody, and to make clear visual characteristics of the grain patterns. Thirty-nine grain patterns generated from the computer after the svstem are evaluated by questionaire with eighteen adjective rating scales. The conclusion is the following ; (1) The grain patterns appearing to be woody rimind us a good image-affective, natural, familiar, at ease etc. (2) The grain patterns have moderate fluctuation of stripes. The coefficient of variation is considered to be good for the index of the fluctuation.