著者
Aiko IGUCHI Takehisa SOMA Hiroshi SUZUKI Xuenan XUAN
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.15-0480, (Released:2015-11-09)
被引用文献数
2

In 72 gDNA samples from Babesia gibsoni-infected dogs, the M121I variant population was measured by using allele-specific real-time PCR. Although the mechanism of atovaquone against B. gibsoni has not been clearly identified, it is reported that the mitochondria cytochrome b gene of the atovaquone-resistant B. gibsoni had a single-nucleotide substitution at nt363 (G to T), which resulted in the substitution of methionine with isoleucine (M121I). In this study, 3/73 samples showed over 5% M121I variant population. Although the M121I variant population is a low percentage, it runs the risk of spreading drug-resistant parasites. It is important to prevent the spread of drug-resistance, so we need to gather information about this at regular intervals.
著者
Tenjin Nishikura Shinji Koba Yuya Yokota Tsutomu Hirano Fumiyoshi Tsunoda Makoto Shoji Yuji Hamazaki Hiroshi Suzuki Yasuki Itoh Takashi Katagiri Youichi Kobayashi
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.8, pp.755-767, 2014-08-26 (Released:2014-08-26)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
9 33

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate how small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) compared with LDL-C affect the long-term prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: sdLDL-C measured by heparin magnesium precipitation and LDL particle size measured by non-denatured gradient-gel electrophoresis were compared in 190 consecutive CAD patients who underwent coronary arteriography between 2003 and 2004 who did or did not develop cardiovascular events during a seven-year follow-up period. Cardiovascular events were death caused by cardiovascular diseases(CVDs), onset of acute coronary syndrome, need for coronary and peripheral arterial revascularization, hospitalization for heart failure, surgical procedure for any CVDs, and/or hospitalization for stroke. Results: First-time cardiovascular events were observed in 72 patients. Those who experienced cardiovascular events were older and had higher prevalence rates of hypertension and diabetes; significantly higher Gensini coronary atherosclerotic scores; significantly higher levels of sdLDL-C, sdLDL-C/LDL-C, and LDL-C/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratios; and greater glycated hemoglobin(Hb)A1c and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. They also had significantly smaller LDL particle sizes, HDL-C, apolipoprotein A-1, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) compared with patients without cardiovascular events. Conversely, LDL-C, non-HDL-C, apolipoprotein B, remnantlike particle cholesterol, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were similar between the two groups. A Kaplan-Meyer event-free survival curve demonstrated that patients with sdLDL-C≥35 mg/dL (median level) had significantly poorer prognosis compared with those with lower sdLDL-C levels, while patients with LDL-C ≥100 mg/dL had a non-significantly lower survival rate. Conclusion: These results confirm that sdLDL-C is a very promising biomarker to predict future cardiovascular events in the secondary prevention of stable CAD.
著者
Yoshihide Yamanashi Tappei Takada Ryoya Kurauchi Yusuke Tanaka Toko Komine Hiroshi Suzuki
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.RV16007, (Released:2017-01-17)
参考文献数
78
被引用文献数
16

Humans cannot synthesize fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin E and vitamin K. For this reason, they must be obtained from the diet via intestinal absorption. As the deficiency or excess of these vitamins has been reported to cause several types of diseases and disorders in humans, the intestinal absorption of these nutrients must be properly regulated to ensure good health. However, the mechanism of their intestinal absorption remains poorly understood. Recent studies on cholesterol using genome-edited mice, genome-wide association approaches, gene mutation analyses, and the development of cholesterol absorption inhibitors have revealed that several membrane proteins play crucial roles in the intestinal absorption of cholesterol. Surprisingly, detailed analyses of these cholesterol transporters have revealed that they can also transport vitamin E and vitamin K, providing clues to uncover the molecular mechanisms underlying the intestinal absorption of these fat-soluble vitamins. In this review, we focus on the membrane proteins (Niemann-Pick C1 like 1, scavenger receptor class B type I, cluster of differentiation 36, and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1) that are (potentially) involved in the intestinal absorption of cholesterol, vitamin E, and vitamin K and discuss their physiological and pharmacological importance. We also discuss the related uncertainties that need to be explored in future studies.
著者
Kodai Murasawa Masato Takamura Masayoshi Kumagai Yoshimasa Ikeda Hiroshi Suzuki Yoshie Otake Takayuki Hama Shinsuke Suzuki
出版者
The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
雑誌
MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS (ISSN:13459678)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.M2017380, (Released:2018-06-01)
参考文献数
22

Neutron diffraction profile analysis using the whole profile fitting method is useful for obtaining microscopic information on metallic materials. To determine an appropriate fitting approach for obtaining reasonable and non-arbitrary results, we applied diffraction line profile analyses using the Convolutional Multiple Whole Profile (CMWP) method to diffraction patterns obtained using the Engineering Materials Diffractometer (TAKUMI, BL19) at the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The tensile specimens of 780 MPa grade bainitic steel were uniaxially stretched until the plastic strain reached a value of 0.05. We performed CMWP analyses on the obtained diffraction patterns during tensile test with various initial parameters of dislocation density and crystallite size. These parameters were optimized in the fitting procedures to minimize the weighted sums of squared residuals (WSSRs). Following this approach, we found that unsuitable initial parameter values resulted in unreasonable convergence. Therefore, initial fitting parameters should be chosen to ensure that the initial profiles are as broad as possible. Reasonable results were obtained following this suggestive approach even when the strain anisotropy parameter is set to arbitrary values.
著者
島田 一雄 若林 良二 鈴木 弘 武藤 憲司 田中 健二 浅井 紀久夫 結城 皖曠 近藤 喜美夫 シマダ カズオ ワカバヤシ リョウジ スズキ ヒロシ ムトウ ケンジ タナカ ケンジ アサイ キクオ ユウキ キヨヒロ コンドウ キミオ Kazuo Shimada Ryoji Wakabayashi Hiroshi Suzuki Kenji Muto Kenji Tanaka Kikuo Asai Kiyohiro Yuki Kimio Kondo
雑誌
メディア教育研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.29-42, 1999

現在、国内の高等教育機関が利用している2つのディジタル衛星通信システム、SCSとUnSATを接続して、1997年に都立航空高専で開催された2つのイベントを全国の大学・高専に配信する実験を行った結果について述べる。最初にSCSとUnSATの概要を述べ、続いて、「高等技術教育フォーラム'97」の内容を紹介する。次に、このフォーラム配信実験システムと実験方法を示し、予備実験とフォーラム当日の本実験について述べる。さらに、予備実験に対する航空高専学生と本実験に対する受信各局の参加者へのアンケート調査で得られた主観評価結果を示す。続いて、「第5回衛星設計コンテスト」の内容とその配信実験の概要を述べ、受信各局の参加者へのアンケート調査で得られた主観評価結果を示し、両実験の主観評価結果の比較を行う。最後に考察を行い、衛星通信の教育利用に対する問題点の分析と解決の指針、知見を述べ、異なる2衛星通信システム接続による教育・研究交流ネットワーク構築への手がかりが得られたことを示す。Experiments on a new distribution system formed by joining two digital satellite communication systems, SCS and UnSAT, were successfully carried out. The "Advanced Technological Education Forum '97"and the "Fifth Satellite Design Contest" were distributed experimentally from Tokyo Metropolitan College of Aeronautical Engineering to universities and national colleges in 1997. The present study showed that the satellite communication network constructed by joining SCS and UnSAT can be applied practically for the educational and research activites. After a brief introduction of SCS and UnSAT, we describe our method of constructing the system and present the results of a questionnaire investigation.
著者
Tetsuo Minamino Shuichiro Higo Ryo Araki Shungo Hikoso Daisaku Nakatani Hiroshi Suzuki Takahisa Yamada Masaaki Okutsu Kouji Yamamoto Yasushi Fujio Yoshio Ishida Takuya Ozawa Kiminori Kato Ken Toba Yoshifusa Aizawa Issei Komuro EPO-AMI-II Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-0889, (Released:2018-02-02)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
4

Background:Erythropoietin (EPO) has antiapoptotic and tissue-protective effects, but previous clinical studies using high-dose EPO have not shown cardioprotective effects, probably because of platelet activation and a lack of knowledge regarding the optimal dose. In contrast, a small pilot study using low-dose EPO has shown improvement in left ventricular function without adverse cardiovascular events.Methods and Results:We performed a multicenter (25 hospitals), prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding study to clarify the efficacy and safety of low-dose EPO in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) under the Evaluation System of Investigational Medical Care of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. In total, 198 STEMI patients with low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF <50%) were randomly assigned to receive intravenous administration of EPO (6,000 or 12,000 IU) or placebo within 6 h of successful percutaneous coronary intervention. At 6 months, there was no significant dose-response relationship in LVEF improvement among the 3 groups tested (EPO 12,000 IU: 5.4±9.3%, EPO 6,000 IU: 7.3±7.7%, Placebo: 8.1±8.3%, P=0.862). Low-dose EPO also did not improve cardiac function, as evaluated by 99 mTc-MIBI SPECT or NT-proBNP at 6 months and did not increase adverse events.Conclusions:Administration of low-dose EPO did not improve LVEF at 6 months in STEMI patients (UMIN000005721).
著者
Yoshihide Yamanashi Tappei Takada Ryoya Kurauchi Yusuke Tanaka Toko Komine Hiroshi Suzuki
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.4, pp.347-359, 2017-04-01 (Released:2017-04-03)
参考文献数
78
被引用文献数
16

Humans cannot synthesize fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin E and vitamin K. For this reason, they must be obtained from the diet via intestinal absorption. As the deficiency or excess of these vitamins has been reported to cause several types of diseases and disorders in humans, the intestinal absorption of these nutrients must be properly regulated to ensure good health. However, the mechanism of their intestinal absorption remains poorly understood. Recent studies on cholesterol using genome-edited mice, genome-wide association approaches, gene mutation analyses, and the development of cholesterol absorption inhibitors have revealed that several membrane proteins play crucial roles in the intestinal absorption of cholesterol. Surprisingly, detailed analyses of these cholesterol transporters have revealed that they can also transport vitamin E and vitamin K, providing clues to uncover the molecular mechanisms underlying the intestinal absorption of these fat-soluble vitamins. In this review, we focus on the membrane proteins (Niemann-Pick C1 like 1, scavenger receptor class B type I, cluster of differentiation 36, and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1) that are (potentially) involved in the intestinal absorption of cholesterol, vitamin E, and vitamin K and discuss their physiological and pharmacological importance. We also discuss the related uncertainties that need to be explored in future studies.
著者
鈴木 浩 スズキ ヒロシ Hiroshi Suzuki
雑誌
ルター研究 = Luther Studies
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.135-150, 2004-10-31
著者
Mo ZHOU Shinuo CAO Ferda SEVINC Mutlu SEVINC Onur CEYLAN Mingming LIU Guanbo WANG Paul Franck ADJOU MOUMOUNI Charoonluk JIRAPATTHARASATE Hiroshi SUZUKI Yoshifumi NISHIKAWA Xuenan XUAN
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.16-0234, (Released:2016-08-15)
被引用文献数
3

Considering the scarce information on occurrences of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in domestic animals from Turkey, the aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of these parasite infections in cattle, horses, sheep, goats and dogs in Turkey. The specific antibodies against T. gondii and N. caninum were detected by iELISAs based on the recombinant TgSAG2 or NcSAG1 in a total of 2,039 serum samples from eleven provinces. The seroprevalence of T. gondii infections was 46.3%, 4.0%, 20.0%, 12.9% and 19.8%, that of N. caninum infections was 0.3%, 7.4%, 2.1%, 3.2% and 16.6% in the horses, cattle, sheep, goats and dogs, respectively. These results indicated that T. gondii and N. caninum infections are prevalent in Turkish domestic animals.
著者
Mingming LIU Shinuo CAO Patrick VUDRIKO Hiroshi SUZUKI Takehisa SOMA Xuenan XUAN
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.15-0483, (Released:2016-01-22)

Babesia gibsoni is a tick-borne apicomplexan parasite of dogs that often causes fever and hemolytic anemia with highly variable clinical outcome. In this study, we sequenced the 254bp Internal Transcribed Spacer 1 region (ITS1) of 54 B. gibsoni isolates from 14 different geographical regions of Japan. The 54 isolates shared high sequence identity with each other and with B. gibsoni isolates reported in GenBank database (97.2–100%). Consistent with previous reports, phylogenetic analysis showed that B. gibsoni isolates from Japan formed the same clade with those from USA, Australia, India and Taiwan. Our finding indicates that B. gibsoni ITS1 region is highly conserved among isolates from dogs in Japan, making it a useful genetic marker for molecular epidemiology of the parasite.
著者
Noriyuki Tsuchida Taiji Kawahata Eiichiro Ishimaru Akihiko Takahashi Hiroshi Suzuki Takahisa Shobu
出版者
一般社団法人 日本鉄鋼協会
雑誌
ISIJ International (ISSN:09151559)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.7, pp.1260-1267, 2013 (Released:2013-08-20)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
3 10

To investigate the tensile deformation behavior of a lean duplex stainless steel (S32101) from the viewpoints of plastic deformability among phases or grains, we performed static tensile tests, in situ neutron diffraction, and white x-ray diffraction experiments at room temperature. In the static tensile tests, the S32101 steel displayed a larger uniform elongation and a better tensile strength–uniform elongation balance than a commercial SUS329J4L duplex stainless steel. A larger uniform elongation of S32101 is associated with the macroscopic work hardening behavior that a work hardening rate higher than the flow stress can maintain up until high true strains. From the experimental results of synchrotron radiation white x-ray diffraction experiments, the hard phase of S32101 was changed from the ferrite (α) phase to austenite (γ) one during tensile deformation. This led to a larger stress partitioning between the phases at the latter stage of deformation. From the experimental results of in situ neutron diffraction, it was found that the stress partitioning of the γ phase in the S32101 was the largest among the present results. Therefore, the larger work hardening rate of S32101 can be explained by the large stress partitioning of the γ phase, that between γ and α phases and γ volume fraction.
著者
Masao Yoshinaga Yoshiaki Kato Yuichi Nomura Daisuke Hazeki Toshiaki Yasuda Kazuhiro Takahashi Takashi Higaki Yuji Tanaka Akihiro Wada Hitoshi Horigome Hideto Takahashi Kentaro Ueno Hiroshi Suzuki Masami Nagashima
出版者
日本不整脈学会
雑誌
Journal of Arrhythmia (ISSN:18804276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.3, pp.193-201, 2011-07-25 (Released:2011-08-26)
参考文献数
27

Background: Electrocardiographic and molecular studies have clarified an association between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and long QT syndrome (LQTS), and few data are available for the QT interval in infancy from birth to 1 year of age. Appropriate time of electrocardiographic screening is not clarified. Medical examinations during infancy are mandatory in Japan.Methods and Results: The study population included 1,058 infants. Electrocardiograms were collected with information of infants at birth and at examination. The QT intervals of three consecutive beats were measured in lead V5. Statistical analysis revealed that the following formula was appropriate to minimize the effect of heart rate for infants: corrected QT interval; QTc = QT interval/RR interval0.43. Subjects were divided into four groups as follows: 0–2, 3–6, 6–11, and 12–52 weeks of age. Tukey’s multiple comparison showed that the QTc intervals were longest (p<0.0001) in subjects who were 6–11 weeks of age.Conclusions: The QTc interval showed the highest peak at 6–11 weeks of age in infancy. The peak period of occurrence of SIDS is at approximately 2 months of age. An appropriate time of electrocardiographic screening for QT prolongation will be one month of age, and follow-up studies are needed.