- 法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
- vol.52, no.4, pp.1045-1086, 2001-12
Chichibu-jiken is the uprising of the farmers in debt, which happened at Chichibu District (Saitama Prefecture), the year of 1884. Almost three thousand of these farmers demanded putting off their debt of lenders, reducing taxes and three years' school closing against both local and central government. They formed an army-like organization, destroyed the houses of lenders who had taken high interests from the farmers, and then fought with the army of Meiji government. The studies for Chichibu-jiken, so far, have centered on the points related to the side of participants of the uprising. Therefore, at the present, studies for another side of Chichibu-jiken are required. In this paper, to cover the lacking, I intend to examine the acts to protect communities from the 'revolt' in Chichibu, and explain the meaning and the logic of the acts.