著者
黒田 展之
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.2, pp.339-387, 2002-06
著者
高島 千代
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.4, pp.1045-1086, 2001-12

Chichibu-jiken is the uprising of the farmers in debt, which happened at Chichibu District (Saitama Prefecture), the year of 1884. Almost three thousand of these farmers demanded putting off their debt of lenders, reducing taxes and three years' school closing against both local and central government. They formed an army-like organization, destroyed the houses of lenders who had taken high interests from the farmers, and then fought with the army of Meiji government. The studies for Chichibu-jiken, so far, have centered on the points related to the side of participants of the uprising. Therefore, at the present, studies for another side of Chichibu-jiken are required. In this paper, to cover the lacking, I intend to examine the acts to protect communities from the 'revolt' in Chichibu, and explain the meaning and the logic of the acts.
著者
橋本 信之
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.4, pp.801-848, 1990-12-20

1 Introduction 2 Niskanen Model 3 Assumption of Budget-Maximizing Behavior 4 Assumption of Bureaucrat's Complete Dominance and High-Demand Committee 5 Concluding Remarks
著者
北山 俊哉 Toshiya Kitayama
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.1, pp.59-89, 2015-05-30
著者
吉川 仁
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, no.1, pp.287-320, 1996-03

In Mabo v. Queensland of 3 June 1992,the High Court of Australia handed down a decision of great import to the future of Aboriginal land rights in Australia. In a six to one majority, the Court held that the Meriam people of the Murray Islands retained a native title to their land which was not extinguished by the annexation of the Islands to the colony of Queensland in 1879,nor by subsequent legislation. In reaching this decision the High Court rejected the concept of terra nullius (land belonging to no one) that has been long-established and accepted in cases before the Mabo decision. It is my opinion that Mabo decision has significant relevance to the issue of the land rights of the Ainu people in Japan. So, in this article I summarize the Mabo decision and make comments concerning especially the doctrine of terra nullius, the extinguishment of native title and the need for compensation based on wrongful extinguishment of the title in the decision.
著者
岡 俊孝
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.4, pp.841-885, 1989-12-20

Few studies have been made of the foreign policy of the Japanese Empire toward Italy and Ethiopia during the Italo-Ethiopian conflict which moved Benito Mussolini to the fateful conquest of Ethiopia in October 1935. This study is a reexamination of Japan's diplomacy toward Italy and Ethiopia as well as the latters' reactions thereto prior to the beginning of the Italo-Ethiopian war. The author's paper consists of following sections : I. Introduction. II. Italian-Japanese Relations before the Italo-Ethiopian Conflict. III. Ethiopia and Japan. IV. Ambassador Sugimura's Remarks and their Repercussions. V. The Mediterranean Crisis and Italo-Japanese Relations. VI. Conclusion.
著者
村西 義一
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.2, pp.217-235, 1982-10-30

The main purpose of this paper is to make a juristic approach to the relations between "the symbolic position of the Emperor and his acts in matters of state" prescribed by the Constitution of Japan. To do this, I will clarify, first of all, the concept of "symbol." And I will divide it into two aspects, natural and normative, and consider each aspect in connection with the ideas of expression, representative, deputy and organ. Then, based on these understandings, I will elucidate about the symbolism of the Emperor the relations between "the symbol of the State" and "the symbol of the unity of the people." Lastly, I will investigate into the relations between the factors constituting the symbol-the position, functions and powers of the Emperor-and his acts in matters of state.
著者
森脇 俊雅
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.1, pp.344-321, 2007-04

The purpose of this paper is to explore the power relationship between mayor and local assembly in pre-war Japan. It is often said that mayor is more powerful than local assembly in contemporary Japan. However, it had been said that local assembly was more powerful than mayor in pre-war Japan. Why local assembly was so dominant in pre-war Japan? This paper attempts to explain the relationship by studying the selection process, term and background of mayor. 1 The Purpose of This Paper 2 Local Government System of Pre-war Japan 3 Selection of Mayor 4 Governors and Mayors of 6 Prefectures in Kinki Area 5 National Trends 6 The Cases of Conflict between Mayor and Local Assembly 7 Conclusion
著者
ウド ヤンソン 平松 毅
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.2, pp.461-472, 1999-06-30