著者
木谷 正夫
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.1, pp.9-22, 1965-06-25 (Released:2010-02-26)
著者
天井 勝海
出版者
The Geographic Education Society of Japan
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.3, pp.21-30, 1967

(1) 東京大都市圏における人口変動の型の構成は, 明瞭な同心円的圏構造として捉えることができ, H型-C型-H型と展開されている。<br>(2) C型地域の拡大は, 東京 (23区), 東京周辺の都市の郊外化人口の結果である。<br>(3) C型地域の拡大は, もとH型地域をくみいれたものであり, その前線はまさに大都市地域化の進行しつつある地域として位置づけることができる。<br>(4) C型地域の拡大に伴い, 都心部においては人口の空洞化現象がみられ, H型地域の副都心方向への拡大傾向にある。<br>(5) H型からC型へ, C型からH型への変移地帯にA型, B型の分布が認められ, H型, またはC型への移行する前段階と考えられる。<br>(6) 人口流動から得た都市圏度の値は核心都市との結び付きを示す尺度として有効であるが, C型地域のほとんどは都市圏度500以上の地域であり, 東京 (23区) との関係を維持しながら人口の郊外化を起し, 大都市圏の拡大を行っていることを示すものである。<br>(7) このようにして捉えられた東京大都市圏は, 東海道線方向→東北, 高崎線方向に拡大化が進み, 現在では東武伊勢崎線, 常磐線方向への拡大が顕著である。<br>地形的には台地の都市化→沖積低地の都市化の傾向がみられる。
著者
伊藤 文夫
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.1, pp.29-40, 1987-06-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
22

The author intend to consider the characteristics of the local culture in Suwa area from the viewpoints of analyzing Minka (the residences of farmers), traditional events and vegetables in the cold highland.The results of this study are summarized as follows;(1) The climatic characteristics of Suwa area are severe coldness and strong wind in winter because it locates in the cold highland. For these reasons, there are many ideas such as Yukigaki (taxaceous tree fences for windbreak) and Nurume (a ditch for paddy rice fields to warm up irrigational water) to prevent its coldness everywhere in this area. On the other hand, there many localized industries such as producing Kanten (agar-agar) and Kori-tofu and -mochi (frozen and dried tofu and glutinous rice cake) which exploit severe coldness. These industries are developed in the settlements of the upland and of the eastern foot of the mountain slopes where the sun sets very early in the evening.(2) There are some more landscapes peculiar to cold climate like this Suwa area. The structures such as Tategurumi (the way of building Minka: the storehouse is built in the main building), Teppei-seki yane (tiles of the roofs are made of plates of (two-pyroxene-andesite) and Ohnoki-zukuri (the building with long eaves) are rational ways of building the Minka under the climate like Suwa area. Traditional vegetables such as Ueno-daikon (a kind of radish) and Suwa-benikabu (a kind of turnip) have been cropped for making pickles with cold resistance to cross over winter. Traditional festivals and events associated with Suwa-Shinko (the faith in the Suwa Shrine) penetrate into the people's life of this area.(3) It is recognized that are four types of settlements which preserve traditional cultures very well in this area. The first type of the settlements are located in the foot of high mountains; Sasahara and Kami-Tsukinoki, Chino City and Ueno, Suwa City. The second type are located far from the main road; Kami-Futta and Ohsawa, Chino City and Sendatsu, Fujimi Town. The third ones have common forest owned by Zaisan-ku or Buraku-ku (small terrestrial groups); Toyoda, Konan and Shiga, Suwa City, Higashi-Yamada, Shimo-Suwa Town, Oikawa and Misawa, Okaya City, Miyagawa and Tamagawa, Chino City and Okkoto, Fujimi Town. The fourth type of the settlements have the priginal hot spring; Kowata, Suwa City. Peoples in the settlements of last two types have strong solidarity of a rural community to take over their cultures because the groups have comonm properties.The Suwa Culture tends to flow into the Kami-Ina area, where belongs the same drainage of Suwa Lake and Tenryu River. Hewever, it is hard to flow into Yamanashi Prefecture.

2 0 0 0 OA 会長講演

著者
山口 幸男
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.3, pp.56-64, 2004-12-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
8
著者
西野 公晴
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.2, pp.51-67, 1983-09-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
2 1 1
著者
加賀美 雅弘
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.4, pp.13-27, 1995-03-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
27

Nach der Wiedervereinigung Deutschlands sind deutliche regionale Disparitäten zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland in den Vordergrund getreten, und die Migration zwischen den beiden Gebieten hat stark zugenommen. In diesem Artikel wird der regionale Aspekt der Zuwanderung von Ost nach West, insbesondere des Pendelwesens, diskutiert.In Westdeutschland, besonders im ehemaligen Zonenrandgebiet, das durch eine schwache Wirtschaftsstruktur charakterisiert ist, hat zur Zeit der Grenzöffnung sehr viele Zuwanderer und Pendler aus Ostdeutschland aufgenommen. Doch war dies ein kurzfristiges Phänomen, denn neuerdings orientieren sich die Zuwanderer bis zu vom Grenzgebiet weiter entfernten Großstädten. Daraus ergibt sich, daß die vor der Wende typische Tendenz, d. h. die Entwicklung der urbanen Zonen einerseits und die Stagnation der Peripherräume andererseits, sich weiter fortsetzt und die regionalen Zentrum-Peripherie-Disparitäten werden immer deutlicher hervortreten.Nach der enthusiastischen Zeit der Grenzöffnung und Wiedervereinigung erscheint die Enttäuschung und Unzufriedenheit umso größer. Für Westdeutsche sind die ökonomischen und materiellen Belastungen zugunsten des Wiederaufbaus Ostdeutschlands bedeutend, andererseits ist für Ostdeutsche der einseitige Verlauf der Vereinigung ohne Berücksichtigung der alten politischen, ökonomischen, sozialen sowie kulturellen Systeme Ostdeutschlands ebenso bedrückend. Es geht in diesem Aufsatz somit sowohl um die ökonomischen wie sozialen und psychologischen Wandel soll zwischen den beiden deutschen Gebieten, und ihr mittel- und langfristiger Disparitäten diskutiert werden.
著者
中牧 崇
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.20-34, 1997-09-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
12

This research aims to clarify the inhabitants' response after discontinuance of the local bus line service in Sakamoto, Hosono and Tsukumo districts of Matsuida-ma-chi, Gunma Prefecture. The results are summarized as follows;As to the use of the local bus line service directly before the discontinuance in 1980's, it can be said that the number of users was not so many, since frequency of per-capita use was generally low.As the local bus line service was discontinued, many inhabitants came to depend on private car sharing. But not only persons getting a ride but also persons giving a ride are reluctant to use this system. Persons getting a ride have difficulties to adjust to persons giving a ride, feeling ill at ease in many cases.As soon as the local bus line service was discontinued, the local authority introduced the taxi ticket system, with upper limits, for the mobility handicapped, especially the elder. But this system is hardly to function well, because 1) it is only applied to taxi companies within Matsuida-machi, 2) some settlements are far from the town center, where taxi companies are located, requiring higher fares, and 3) the subsidies for this system are limited.Especially the elder are reluctant to receive both private car sharing and taxi ticket systems. As a result, activity opportunities and spheres of the elder have been reduced.The inhabitants of settlements need the local bus line service more as distance grows since the distant settlements tend to have a higher rate of unlicensed inhabitants, mostly elder, the main users of the local bus line service. Many of them now feel nagative influence on their daily life affected by discontinuance of the local bus line service. The anxiety also includes uneasiness of the future mobility handicapped.Most inhabitants recognize the need of public transportation. But they tend to rely on the local authority. The author thinks that all inhabitants must consider this matter as their own problem since everyone is or will be involved in this current issue.
著者
佐藤 甚次郎
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.1, pp.25-38, 1963-06-25 (Released:2010-02-26)
著者
篠原 重則
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.4, pp.20-33, 1992

The purpose of this study is to make clear what the mechanism is which form the likes-and-dislikes tendency toward studies of geography in elementary school and junior high school. The basic data of this research are: a questionnaire to junior high school, high school and university students; interviewal investigation to university students; the reminiscences of university students. As a result of analyzing the data following points are turned out.<br>The extent of disliking studies of geography in elementary school pupils is extremely strong. Its most reason is, &ldquo;The content of studies does not rouse their interests&rdquo;. When it comes to junior high school students, the extent of dislikes fairly decrease. But still there are many students who maintain their dilikes tendency. &ldquo;Too much study items and necessity of memorizing&rdquo; mainly accounts for the reasons of this fact. However it is also turned out that the concern and interest in geography of elementary school and junior high school is not small so much. Especially students not only in junior high school but also in elementary school have a great interest in foreign countries. Consequently it becomes clear that being carried out the studies of geography which does not correspond with the level of students' intelligence; inappropriate study guidance of teachers themselves, these two facts are attributed to the dislikes tendency in elementary school and junior high school.<br>In order to convert studies of geography to more attractive one, two points below should be attached importance. The first point is to revise the curriculum of geography in elementary school and junior high school and adapt it to the interest of students. Especially it is necessary for fifth and sixth year elementary school pupils who have rich desire to learn, to restore the studies of World Geography. The second point is to train teachers who have enough ground of geography and teachingship for promoting interesting classes. The later point should be resolved with the consideration of the system of elective subject for geography in high school and what a training for teachers in university should be.
著者
浅井 得一
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.2, pp.27-30, 1988-09-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
13
著者
池 俊介 有賀 さつき
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, no.2, pp.1-22, 1999-09-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
1

In recent years, coastal regions in Japan have been used as not only sea bathing resorts, but also as spaces for marine sports. This study clarifies processes and factors that lead to the formation of the tourist resort in the settlement of Osezaki in Numazu-shi, Shizuoka prefecture, as a typical case of the tourist resort for divers that located around the metropolitan area. The results are as follows.1. Scuba diving was introduced into Japan in 1947, and has become widespread rapidly after 1980's. With the increase of divers, 178 diving spots have been opened until now. They can be classified into two types; the first type locates near the metropolitan area and the second type locates on islands in low latitudes. Osezaki as a diving spot is the typical case of the first type.2. The inhabitants on Enashi-ku have depended upon coastal fishery, farming and production of firewood until 1950's. But with the rapid development of orange farming in 1960's, most of inhabitants became more dependant upon farming which utilized on terraced fields and made a comfortable income. For that reason, most of inhabitants were not interested in the operation of recreational industry on Osezaki in 1960's.3. With the improvement of traffic means and the decline of orange farming that was caused by the sudden fall of the price of oranges, some inhabitants of Enashi-ku started to operate the minsyuku (cheap lodging house in tourist resorts) as a principal occupation after 1970's. Enashi-ku as the community also started to operate the car park for tourists, using their common land.4. After the opening of diving spot of Osezaki in 1985, the number of divers has rapidly increased. And now, divers who visit to Osezaki amount to 85000 a year. As a results most of minshuku come to put diving service shops in their buildings and the settlement of Osezaki as the minshuku region changed to the tourist resort for divers.5. The superiority as a diving area (shortness of the time distance from Tokyo, beautiful landscape under the sea etc.) is important as fundamental conditions of the formation of the tourist resort for divers. On the other hand, managers of minshuku have positively offered special services for divers, because of maintaining their stability of operation. Divers who visit to Osezaki throughout the year were attractive for managers of minshuku as customers.6. The fishermen's cooperative of Uchiura has levied the charge (330yen per day) on each of divers since 1985, and about 50 percent of their income have distributed to Enashi-ku. Enashi-ku also has gained some income by the operation of the car park. These profits have been distributed to inhabitants of Enashi-ku directly or indirectly. But one of divers entered a lawsuit against the fishermen's cooperative of Uchiura on the grounds that levying of the charge by the fishermen's cooperative was unfair (it is pending in court now.) Local inhabitants are apprehensive that it may be a menace to the base of the enormous income. The desirable relationship between local inhabitants and divers is groped now.
著者
室谷 茂
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.4, pp.1-18, 2007-03-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
51
著者
沈 正輔
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.1-19, 2003-09-25 (Released:2010-04-30)
参考文献数
38

The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the similarities and differences between “The Observation of Local Community” and “The Observation of Environment”, which were established by the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Japan and the Chosen Governor Seat (CGS) in Occupied Korea respectively in geography education in national schools at the fourth grade level during the Pacific War (1941-1945).The results of the research can be summarized as follows:The purpose of geography education at national schools established in 1941 by the MOE and the CGS was the same. However, there were three differences between them. First, the content of geography education differed in different grade levels. Second, geography education at the fourth grade level was called “The Observation of Local Community” in Japan and “The Observation of Environment” in Occupied Korea. Finally, the contents of the teachers' guide were also different. This is because the CGS accepted the educational system and contents of the MOE, but modified them, taking colonial Chosen's situation into consideration.The MOE and the CGS organized geography curriculum based on the “expanding horizon” theory, by taking children's psychological development into account, and they did not publish textbooks for children in order to avoid standardized geography education. This was a positive aspect in the history of geography education in Japan and Korea. However, there was a limitation to the geography education of the Local Community during the Pacific War, because the MOE and the CGS associated “The Observation of Local Community” and “The Observation of Environment” with the upbringing of a narrow-minded, territory-loving spirit, in order to realize the mission of “the consciousness of the empire”, the ultimate purpose of geography education during the Pacific War.
著者
天井 勝海
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.4, pp.51-61, 1973

「修学旅行否定論」にみられるように, 遠足, 林間学校, 修学旅行などの校外学習に対する批判の声は依然として強く残されている。 これは, 校外学習の教育的効果が, 期待したほど上らず, 教育的計画になればなるほど生徒はなじまなくなるといった傾向がみられるためでもある。<br>本校 (東京都立羽田高等学校) では, このような校外学習に対して, 校外学習の意義を, 再確認して, 活発化されたホームルーム活動を通して, 現地で学習する校外学習を計画した。 現地での学習は, いわゆるフィールドワークであり, 授業の中で実施されているフィールドワークとは, 違った地域 (今回は, 山口県萩市と長野県白馬村塩島) でのものであり生徒の関心も高かった。<br>この計画では, 多くの問題を残しつつも, とくに, 事前の準備に相当の時間をかけて実施されるように計画した。 そのため, 生徒一人一人は現地の理解には, 大いに役立ったし, 地理の教科からこの計画を評価すれば, 地理的見方, 考え方を伸ばすのに, 大いに効果があった。<br>また, 班活動, ホームルーム活動を通しての事前の準備-実施-事後の処理にあたったため, 各ホームルームでの協力体制や友情を深めるとか, 集団で調査や行動してみる経験などを得ることができ, ホームルーム経営といった面からの評価も見のがせない。
著者
淡野 明彦
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.4, pp.29-53, 1978-03-25 (Released:2010-02-26)
参考文献数
27

In Japan, recently activities of sightseeing have been growing rapidly and so geographical studies on sightseeing and tourism are increasing in number. It is reported that big private railway companies exert their capital powers on development and growth in sightseeing places. We can see some such cases in Nikko-Kinugawa area (in Tochigi pref.), Izu-Hakone area (in Shizuoka pref.), Ise-Shima area (in Mie pref.) and so on.The author is interested in regional changes caused by the march of capital. So this paper is aimed at the investigation of the march of big private railway companies into famous sightseeing places. The results of this study can be found in the following passage.Big private railway companies keep many local transport facilities (buses, ropeways, cablecars and boats) in famous sightseeing places under their subjection. Their markets are extended from Hokkaido to Kyusyu. it is a remarkable fact that they have their markets not only in Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka and Fukuoka, where their main offices and railway and bus lines are located, but also other domestic areas, where middle or small-scale transport companies have been managing before. (Fig 1. 2. 3. 4. Table 2) Particularly 3 out of 14 big private railway companies-Tokyu, Meitetsu and Kintetsu-are positively extending their markets to local areas as largely as possible.Hereafter this tendency will be remarkable more and more.
著者
奥井 正俊
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.3, pp.30-38, 1988
被引用文献数
1

The present paper attempts to clarify the diffusion process of automobiles which had appeared on the Japanese road traffic as modern transport facility, during the <i>Taisho</i> and the pre-war <i>Showa</i> periods (1912-1937). Main findings are summarized as follows:<br>In Japan there were only 535 automobiles in 1912. The number of automobiles had gradually increased since then (Fig. 1). Particularly since automobiles showed great convenience at the reconstruction works just after the severe earthquake hitting the Kanto district in 1923, the number of automobiles had increased remarkably and counted 128, 735 at its maximum in 1937. Throughout the study period, most of automobiles were used for business, that is for both the bus enterprise and the trucking. Because prices of automobiles and their related costs exceeded the Japanese living standard in those days, private automobiles were very few. Also throughout the period, most of automobiles were imported articles from the Western countries, especialiy from the United States.<br>The number of automobiles per ten thousand population was calculated for each prefecture for the year's 1915, 1920, 1925, 1930 and 1935. Subsequently distribution maps were drawn (Fig. 3). On the whole automobiles spread from the most urbanized areas containing large cities, i. e. Tokyo, Kanagawa, Kyoto, Osaka and Hyogo prefectures to the urbanized areas and then to the rural areas. The propagation of automobiles on the nation-wide scale arrived latest at some of the Tohoku district and Hokkaido, where the propagation began over ten years later than Tokyo, the most advanced area. By using correlation analyses between such time lag variable and the selected explanatory variables, the author founds that areal variation of the time lag resulted from various industrial structures, road conditions and income level of areas and so on. Thus the author could be concluded that the automotive diffusion in those days described some parts in Japanese modernization process spatially and temporally.
著者
鶴藤 鹿忠
出版者
The Geographic Education Society of Japan
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.4, pp.294-300, 1961

As the objccts of present study the writer has selected Bittschu area, lying the west of Okayama Prefecture and having the Takahashi River in its central part. He has studied its rural houses from the point of materials for thatching, roof forms, the arrangement of rooms and the difussion of techniques in thatching.<br>1) Materials for thatching roofs<br>This area can be classified into miscanthus thatching, miscanthus and straw thatching and straw thatching areas. Miscanthusthatched houses are found in the Chugoku Mountains and in the northern part of the Kibi Tableland, where miscanthus can be most easily obtained. Miscanthus grows in the tracts commonly owned by the people. They make it practice to co-operate in thatching their houses. In most of the Kibi Tableland where a straw is grown better than a miscanthus and a miscanthus alone is not sufficient for thatching, miscanthus and straw thatching can be seen, while in the plains of the south where there is no miscanthus but plentiful straw, straw thatching is generally practiced.<br>We can find a close connection between the geographical features …………… the Chugoku mountains, the Kibi Tableland and the plains in the south ………… and the materials for thatching roofs.<br>2) The roof forms<br>There are three classes of roof forms ……… <i>irimoya</i> roof, <i>yosemune</i> roof and gable roof. In Okayama Prefecture, many <i>irimoya</i> roofs mixed fewer <i>yosemune</i> roofs, and here and there tiled gables, but hardly straw-thatched ones are seen. <i>Irimoya</i> roofs are chiefly found in the Chugo kuMountains and the Kibi Tableland, while in the middle and southern section of the Kibi Table-land <i>irimoya</i> roofs are mixed with <i>yosemune</i>. The further toward the south wego down, the smaller gables become, and in the Kojima Peninsula, the extreme south, only <i>yosemune</i> roofs are found. In regard to the roof ornaments, they are simple in the Chugoku Mountains, complex in the Kibi Tableland and simple again in the plains of the south. The most striking ornaments of gables are openworks of a letter "water" or of a family crest found in the Chugoku Mountains and the north-west section of the Kibi Tableland.<br>3) The arrangement of rooms<br>Ordinarily four rooms are common, but here and there irregular ones are also found. In the north there is a hearth. In the central part also, once there must have been a hearth. That is testified by the presence of a wooden floor. Formerly a barn was established within a house. But later, it was built independently outside the house, leaving a large earth floor behind. A wooden floor was fixed where the earth floor had been. Thus the hearth, which had been in the middle room, was moved to a newlymade woden floor.<br>In Okayama Prefecture cattle have been kept in a main house except in the central and southern parts of West Bittschu.<br>As for pillars in a house, chestnuts are chiefly used as materials in miscanthus and straw thatching area as well as in miscanthus area, while Japan ceders or pine trees are used in straw thatching area. Pine trees are generally used for the upper part of a house. An old style buildig, in which pillars are directly erected on the foundation, still remains along the coast of the Inland Sea.<br>4) Diffusion of the technique in thatching roofs<br>It seems that they thatched their roofs in co-operation. Since Meiji Era so-called Geishu Roofers, ……… most of them were natives of Hiro village ……… have been working all over Okayama Prefecture away from their home. Some of them have settled down and been training their apprentices. Carpenters also diffused all over the prefecture. Many of the shrines were built by Shiaku carpenters, who, the writer supposes, have had some effect upon rural house type. However, only small number of them have penetrated deep into the north, so