著者
Naoyuki AIHARA Junichi SUGIYAMA Hiroshi BABA Junichi KAMIIE
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-0295, (Released:2019-09-12)

A male dog developed multiple cutaneous masses at 15 different sites between the ages of 11.5 and 13-years. The masses were surgically removed and histopathologically examined. In gross appearance, the cut surfaces of the masses were white with partially red areas. Microscopy revealed that the tumors were located at the dermis and were composed of spindle cells and pleomorphic cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, accompanying giant cells. These cells were occasionally arranged in bundles with minimal stromal collagen. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the neoplastic cells were strongly positive for vimentin, partially positive for smooth muscle actin and desmin, and negative for cytokeratin. Based on these pathological findings, the tumor was diagnosed as multiple cutaneous pleomorphic leiomyosarcoma.
著者
Soon-Seek YOON Jae-Won BYUN Min-Jeong KIM You-Chan BAE Yeun-Kyung SHIN Sorah YOON Garam LEE Jae-Young SONG
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.2, pp.275-277, 2011 (Released:2011-03-03)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
1 3

Clinical grape poisoning in two dogs (a 1.6-year-old male Shih Tzu and a 5-year-old female Yorkshire Terrier) was described in the present study. Clinical signs included decreased urine output in the Shih Tzu and ataxia in the Yorkshire Terrier after grape ingestion. The Shih Tzu died 5 days post-grape ingestion, while the Yorkshire Terrier died 3 days post-grape ingestion. Erythematous serosae and mucosae, multifocal red small intestinal foci, and blood and grape seeds were identified in the intestinal lumen. Brownish-yellow crystals were bilaterally identified in the renal pelvis. The primary histological findings were acute tubular necrosis of the proximal convoluted tubules, severe necrosis, and mineralization in the renal cortical tubules. Blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and alanine aminotransferase were increased in the dogs. Many Korean veterinary clinicians have suspected clinical grape poisoning. However, to our knowledge, grape poisoning has not been identified by pathologic and clinicopathologic basis until this writing in Korea. Education and knowledge about the risks of grape poisoning is necessary for the prevention of accidental exposures.
著者
Jin-Young CHOI Jung-Hyun KIM Hyun-Jung HAN
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-0225, (Released:2019-08-12)

A 10-year-old male castrated Maltese was referred with clinical signs of hematuria, stranguria, and pollakiuria. The dog was diagnosed with sterile hemorrhagic cystitis with urethroliths and cystoliths. To remove the uroliths, the dog underwent retrograde urohydropropulsion followed by a cystotomy. The following day, persistent bleeding in the urinary bladder was identified with large hematoma, hematuria and anemia. In order to reduce bleeding, the dog received 10 mg/kg of tranexamic acid (TXA) intravenously. Immediately after TXA administration, the dog developed anaphylactic shock manifested by hypotension, hypothermia, tachycardia and a dull mentation. Thus, an emergency treatment including bolus injection of crystalloid, administration of dexamethasone and diphenhydramine, and oxygen supplementation was given, after which the dog quickly recovered within a few minutes.
著者
Rina NABETA Ami KANAYA Namiko IKEDA Yuki NAKAGAWA Shiori CHIBA Hou XIANTAO Tetsuya FURUYA Miori KISHIMOTO Ryuji FUKUSHIMA Tsuyoshi UCHIDE
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-0110, (Released:2019-06-28)

A 15-year-old neutered male Persian cat was presented with recurrent hematemesis and melena. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a mass in the proximal descending duodenal wall. Endoscopic examination revealed hemorrhage on the luminal side of the mass. Fine-needle aspiration of the mass was performed. Microscopic analysis revealed a cluster of cells with oval nuclei and indistinct cell borders, suggesting a neoplastic disease of neuroendocrine origin. The mass located near the major duodenal papilla was partially resected, and the bleeding was stopped by cauterization. However, the surgical procedures could not control the hemorrhage from the tumor mass, and the cat died of severe anemia. Immunohistopathological analysis revealed that the tumor was a duodenal carcinoid.
著者
丸山 総一 平賀 慎也 横山 栄二 直井 昌之 鶴岡 祐二 小倉 吉洋 田村 勝利 灘波 信一 亀山 やすひこ 中村 悟 勝部 泰次
出版者
社団法人日本獣医学会
雑誌
The journal of veterinary medical science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.9, pp.997-1000, 1998-09
被引用文献数
11 28

1994年5月から1995年6月にかけて, 神奈川県および埼玉県の7ヵ所の動物病院より採取した総計471検体の飼育猫の血清について, B.henselaeとT.gondiiの感染状況を調査した.さらに, これらの中の無作為に抽出した67頭の猫について, 猫免疫不全ウイルス(FIV)抗体ならびに猫白血病ウイルス(FeLV)抗原の検索を行った.B.henselae抗体価は間接蛍光抗体法で, T.gondii, FIV抗体ならびにFeLV抗原は市販のキットを用いて測定した.調査した猫のうち, 43頭(9.1%)がB.henselaeに対し, 41頭(8.7%)がT.gondiiに対する抗体を保有していた.B.henselaeに対する雄猫の抗体陽性率は12.9%と雌猫の5.2%に比べ有意に高い値を示した(p<0.01).一方、T.gondii抗体陽性率は雄猫の9.1%, 雌猫の8.7%で有意な差は見られなかった.各病院ごとの猫のB.henselae抗体陽性率は0〜19.5%, T.gondii抗体陽性率は4.0〜18.8%であった.B.henselaeおよびT.gondii抗体陽性の猫は1歳以下〜14歳まで見られ, T.gondii抗体陽性率は年齢とともに上昇する傾向が見られた.無作為抽出した67頭の猫血清のうち, 16頭(23.8%)がFIV抗体を6頭(8.9%)がFeLV抗原をそれぞれ保有していたが, これらとB.henselaeの陽性率との間に関連性は認められなかった.
著者
Reeko SATO Naohiro UCHIDA Yuka KAWANA Minako TOZUKA Saori KOBAYASHI Nana HANYU Yoshinobu KONNO Aiko IGUCHI Yayoi YAMASAKI Konomi KURAMOCHI Masahiro YAMASAKI
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0309, (Released:2019-06-03)
被引用文献数
1

Feline polycystic kidney disease (PKD), an inherited autosomal dominant disease, has been reported to occur mostly in Persian or Persian related cats, and to be associated with a mutation from C to A at position 10063 in exon 29 of the feline PKD1 gene (PKD1 mutation). Many clinical cases have been recognized in Japan, but the mutation rate in cats has not been reported. The objective of this study was to determine epidemiological characteristics and clinical features in cats with the PKD1 mutation. Referring veterinarians sent blood samples of 377 cats for the PKD1 gene evaluation. The blood samples were from 159 cats with renal cysts confirmed by ultrasonography, 60 cats without renal cysts, and 158 cats that did not undergo ultrasonography. In total, 150 cats carried the PKD1 mutation and the signalment, site and number of renal cysts, and results of blood test were evaluated in cats with the PKD1 mutation. The breeds with the highest rate of the PKD1 mutation were Persian (46%), Scottish Fold (54%) and American Shorthair cats (47%). However, mixed breed cats also showed high rates of the PKD1 mutation. Of cats with the mutation, the incidence of high plasma creatinine (≥1.6 mg/dl) was greater in cats ≥3 years old, although a few cats ≥9 years of age had low plasma creatinine (<1.6 mg/dl). The coincidence of renal and hepatic cysts was 12.6%, with the high prevalence in Persian cats (31%).
著者
Oscar Rodrigo SIERRA MATIZ Rafaela Bortolotti VIERA Paulo Cesar JARK Denner SANTOS DOS ANJOS Julio Edward Hough MONTEIRO Andresa MATSUI Rosemeri de Oliveira VASCONCELOS Felipe Ruiz SUEIRO Sabryna Gouveia CALAZANS Mirela TINUCCI-COSTA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0594, (Released:2019-06-04)

A 10-year-old American Pit Bull dog was diagnosed with a metastatic undifferentiated carcinoma in scapula. Immunohistochemistry was positive for cytokeratins (AE1/AE3, 34BE12, CK7) and Vimentine confirming a squamous cell carcinoma. After a complete physical examination and imaging techniques no evidence of nodules were identified. A carcinoma of unknown primary was diagnosed. Amputation and adjuvant chemotherapy using doxorubicin and piroxicam were performed and after 737 days of diagnosis, patient died because of respiratory failure. Necropsy confirmed undifferentiated carcinoma infiltrating lungs and kidneys, showing same immunoexpression than tumor in scapula. Amputation associated with chemotherapy extended the overall survival time in this case.
著者
猪熊 壽 大野 耕一 山本 静雄
出版者
社団法人日本獣医学会
雑誌
The journal of veterinary medical science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.10, pp.1153-1155, s・vi, 1999-10
被引用文献数
3 33

山口大学家畜病院に来院した犬430頭を対象にEhrlichia canisおよびHepatozoon canis抗体保有状況を調査するとともに,感染に関連する要因(年齢,性,品種,屋外室内飼育,住所)を解析した.E.canisおよびH.canis抗体陽性率はそれぞれ4.7と4.2%であった.両抗体とも性および年齢別の陽性率には差が認められなかったが,高い陽性率を示す市町が存在した.また屋外飼育の犬は室内飼育のものに比べて陽性率が高かった.さらにE.canisではビーグル,ゴールデン・レトリバー,ポインター,またH.canisについては秋田,柴,ビーグル,ポインター,雑種といった品種で陽性率が高い傾向がみられた.
著者
TAJIMA Yuko MAEDA Kaori YAMADA Tadasu K.
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
2014
被引用文献数
4

One hundred and twenty stranding events of Stejneger's beaked whales were reported in Japan between 1999 and 2011. The purpose of this study was to introduce pathological data and to discuss probable causes of death for 44 Stejneger's beaked whales among the reported cases. The significant pathological findings were the pulmonary edema, parasitic granulomatous nephritis, emaciation, amyloidosis, suppurative bronchopneumonia and so on. The probable causes of death were categorized as noninfectious in 43 of the cases, which included drowning, starvation and secondary amyloidosis. One individual was diagnosed with septicemia, which was the only example of an infectious disease. Because we could not always perform advanced analyses, such as microbiology tests, biotoxin examinations or contaminant analyses, the finality of our findings may be impaired. However, the present study has broad implications on the causes of death of Stejneger's beaked whales of the seas around Japan, which are valuable for the future studies and for the detection of emerging diseases.
著者
Yuya NAKAMOTO Takashi UEMURA Hiroki HASEGAWA Miwa NAKAMOTO Tsuyoshi OZAWA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0447, (Released:2019-04-30)

Many of the reports summarizing neurological disorders in cats considered only a limited disease group(s). There is only one large-scale survey on neurological disorders in cats based on the histopathological viewpoint. We described the localizations and frequencies of neurological diseases in a large population of cats that were referred to the Kyoto Animal Referral Medical Center between 2009 and 2016. We attempted to determine the localization of lesions at the time of the examination in each case and to classify the disease etiologies of these 276 cats with neurological disorders retrospectively. There were 174 cases with lesions in the brain region, 14 cases with lesions in the cervical cord region, 34 cases with lesions in the thoracolumbar cord region, and 54 cases with lesions in the peripheral neuromuscular region. High morbidity rates were observed in cases of idiopathic epilepsy and intracranial tumor in the brain region, spinal cord infarction in the cervical cord region, spinal cord infarction and spinal cord tumor in the thoracolumbar cord region, and peripheral vestibular dysfunction arising from otitis media/interna in the peripheral neuromuscular region. It was suggested that there is a higher number of brain diseases than spinal cord and peripheral neuromuscular diseases in cats. Idiopathic and neoplastic diseases were common in the brain region, vascular diseases were common in the spinal cord region, and infectious diseases were common in the peripheral neuromuscular region.
著者
Yohei MOCHIZUKI Ryohei SUZUKI Yuyo YASUMURA Takahiro SAITO Takahiro TESHIMA Hirotaka MATSUMOTO Hidekazu KOYAMA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0718, (Released:2019-04-02)

Beta-blockers are used to treat cats with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). However, there are various hemodynamic responses to beta-blockers. This retrospective study aimed to explore the relationship between the response to carvedilol and the presence of geometric abnormalities. Medical records were reviewed for 16 cats diagnosed with HOCM. Cats were divided into two groups based on the velocity of the left-ventricular outflow-tract after carvedilol treatment (responder: eight cats, non-responder: eight cats). Baseline intergroup comparison revealed that anterior mitral valve leaflet length and diastolic left-ventricular posterior-wall thickness were significantly greater in the non-responder group. Longer anterior mitral valve leaflet and thicker left-ventricular posterior-wall may cause poor response to carvedilol. Thus, these properties may predict a lack of response to carvedilol therapy.
著者
Seoung-Woo LEE Hoon JI Su-Min BAEK A-Rang LEE Min-Ji KIM Sang-Joon PARK Seong-Kyoon CHOI Sungho YUN Tae-Hwan KIM Kyu-Shik JEONG Jin-Kyu PARK
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.2, pp.269-273, 2019 (Released:2019-02-28)
参考文献数
15

A 2-year-old castrated male mongrel dog presented with a well-demarcated fluctuant dermal mass, located on the back of the neck. Grossly along with cystic structures filled with a black greasy fluid, when cut open. Microscopically, the mass was multi-lobulated. The lobules consisted of neoplastic basaloid cells and showed central degeneration, forming multiple central cystic structures filled with dark melanin-pigmented materials. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells were strongly positive for CK14 and partially positive for CK19, but negative for CK7, CK8/18, CD34, S-100, Melan-A and α-SMA. Based on the findings, the present case was diagnosed as a feline-type basal cell tumor characterized by cystic structures filled with abundant black fluid.
著者
Hajime ASADA Osamu ICHII Hirotaka TOMIYASU Kazuyuki UCHIDA James K. CHAMBERS Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Koichi OHNO Yasuhiro KON Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.3, pp.353-356, 2019 (Released:2019-03-14)
参考文献数
8

The mutations of TP53 gene are frequently observed in canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS). The objective of this study was to examine the distribution of tumor cells with TP53 gene mutations. Tumor tissues were divided into three or four regions and TP53 gene mutations were examined. TP53 gene mutations were detected only in parts of the HS tissues from six of the eight dogs, and the frequency of the mutant allele varied (0–65%) among the tumor regions. This study suggests that canine HS can exhibit intratumor heterogeneity. Further studies are needed to examine the clinical significance of the intratumor heterogeneity of TP53 gene mutations.
著者
Hidetaka NISHIDA Midori YAMAZAKI Hiroki SAKAI Sadatoshi MAEDA Hiroaki KAMISHINA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.3, pp.365-368, 2019 (Released:2019-03-14)
参考文献数
25

A 4-year-old male Toy Poodle was presented with a history of status epilepticus. On presentation, neurological examination revealed a delay in postural reactions in the right pelvic limb. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a fluid-containing cystic lesion that compressed the mesencephalon, hippocampus, and amygdala. The cyst was surgically removed via left rostrotentorial craniotomy. The final diagnosis was an intracranial ectopic choroid plexus cyst. The patient has remained free of seizures for 18 months after surgery. This is the first case report of an intracranial ectopic choroid plexus cyst that was surgically removed in a dog.
著者
Ken OKABAYASHI Takanori NARITA Saki TAKASHIRO Sawako NADAOKA Shuichiro KANAI Daisuke ITO Masato KITAGAWA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.3, pp.369-372, 2019 (Released:2019-03-14)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
2

This study was undertaken to establish a method for measuring mRNA expression by using real-time RT-PCR in the diagnosis of canine meningiomas. When performing real-time RT-PCR, it is essential to include appropriate control tissues and to select appropriate housekeeping genes as an internal standard. Based on the results of our study, RPS18 constitutes a suitable internal standard for the comparison of mRNA expression between normal meninges and meningiomas. The results showed increased mRNA expression of VEGFA and EGFR; however, mRNA expression of KDR was reduced. Measuring mRNA expression by using real-time RT-PCR with appropriate control tissues and internal standards can provide useful information to understanding the pathogenesis of canine meningiomas, which corresponds with immunohistochemical findings.
著者
Shiori GAMO Teruaki TOZAKI Hironaga KAKOI Kei-ichi HIROTA Kotono NAKAMURA Noriko NISHII Julio ALUMUNIA Masaki TAKASU
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.1, pp.91-94, 2019 (Released:2019-01-08)
参考文献数
15

A routine parentage test as part of a conservation program for Kiso horses identified a possible sex chromosome anomaly in a 7 months-old filly because of an aberrant result using LEX3, an X-linked marker. We then analyzed X-linked markers (LEX26, TKY38, and TKY270), Y-linked markers (Eca.YH12, Eca.YM2, Eca.YA16, and the sex-determining region Y gene), and an X/Y marker (Amelogenin gene). This analysis demonstrated that the filly had not inherited an X chromosome from her sire. A karyotyping analysis confirmed that the filly was 63,XO. As it was suspected that the horse would be sterile, we avoided using the horse as a broodmare; the information should also serve to prevent unnecessary conflict between owners transferring and receiving the horse.
著者
Yuto SANO Mai MIYAZAKI Rina YAEGASHI Minoru OKAMOTO Arisa MASUKO Seiya MAEHARA Kazuya MATSUDA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.1, pp.30-34, 2019 (Released:2019-01-08)
参考文献数
26

An 8-year-old castrated Toy poodle presented with swelling and proptosis of the right third eyelid caused by an exophytic mass on the bulbar surface. Histologically, the mass was composed of stratified neoplastic basaloid cells, arranged in nests and interconnecting islands, which were mixed with tubular structures. Immunohistochemically, the basaloid cells were positive for p63 and cytokeratin (CK) 14, and the inner epithelial cells of the tubular structures were positive for CK7, CK8, and CK19. According to these findings, the mass was diagnosed as a basal cell adenocarcinoma. Although basal cell adenocarcinoma is rare in animals, it should be included in the list of differential diagnoses for superficial tumors of bulbar conjunctiva of third eyelid in dogs.
著者
Masatoshi KAMATA Shotaro NAGAHAMA Kei KAKISHIMA Nobuo SASAKI Ryohei NISHIMURA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.2, pp.231-234, 2012 (Released:2012-03-02)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
7 9

Behavioral effects induced by intravenous administration of morphine at 0.3, 0.6, 1.2, and 2.4 μg/kg and fentanyl at 5, 10, 20, and 40 μg/kg were evaluated in dogs and cats. In dogs, fentanyl and morphine depressed activity and level of consciousness in a dose- dependant manner. In cats, higher doses of fentanyl stimulated activity temporarily, but excitement, so-called "opioid mania," was not observed. Morphine induced distinctive behavioral changes characterized by sitting with fixed staring, and "opioid mania" was not observed in cats.
著者
Yui KOBATAKE Hiroki SAKAI Hidetaka NISHIDA Yosuke UEMATSU Sadatoshi MAEDA Hiroaki KAMISHINA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.8, pp.1277-1280, 2018 (Released:2018-08-22)
参考文献数
14

An 8-year-old castrated male cat presented with acute ataxia and paresis in all four limbs. The cat also exhibited signs of autonomic nervous system impairment. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed swelling of the brachial plexuses bilaterally. Despite treatment, the cat died after 10 days of treatment. A postmortem examination revealed swollen radial nerves and cervical nerve roots in which infiltration of inflammatory cells was histologically confirmed. Additionally, lymphocytic infiltration was found around the blood vessels of the sciatic nerve bundle and the vagus nerve. Histological features were comparable to previously reported brachial plexus hypertrophic neuritis in a cat. Our case was unique in that the autonomic nerves were also involved in addition to the somatic nerves in all four limbs.
著者
Fumitaka TAKAHASHI Shigenori KOUNO Shinya YAMAGUCHI Yasushi HARA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-0553, (Released:2018-12-24)

This study investigated cerebral ventricle size and concurrent craniocervical junction abnormality in relation to atlantooccipital overlapping (AOO) in dogs with atlantoaxial instability (AAI). A total of 61 dogs were treated with atlantoaxial ventral fixation. Medical records of each dog, including magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) images, were retrospectively reviewed. CT images were assessed for the presence of AOO and the dogs were then assigned to either an AOO group or a non-AOO group accordingly. CT images were also evaluated to determine the foramen magnum (FM) index. Syringomyelia, cerebellar compression, dorsal compression, and the degree of enlargement of each cerebral ventricle were evaluated using MR images. Of the 61 dogs, 23 had AOO and 38 did not. Furthermore, the ventricle/brain height ratio, the fourth ventricle height/cerebellum length ratio, and the fourth ventricle width/cerebellum length ratio were significantly higher in the AOO group than in the non-AOO group. However, the FM index, third ventricle/brain height ratio, and incidence of syringomyelia did not differ significantly between the two groups. Dogs with concurrent AOO exhibited significantly more dilatation of the lateral and fourth ventricles.