著者
Aya Umeno Yasukazu Yoshida
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.1, pp.59-64, 2019 (Released:2019-07-01)
参考文献数
25

We have previously reported that the risk of type 2 diabetes, early impaired glucose tolerance, and insulin resistance can be predicted using fasting levels of adiponectin, leptin, and insulin. Here, we aimed to evaluate the utility of hemoglobin A1c in detecting the risk of type 2 diabetes compared with other well-known biomarkers. We randomly enrolled 207 volunteers with no history of diseases, who underwent 75-g oral glucose tolerance tests and were stratified into normal, borderline, abnormal, or diabetic groups. Eighty-one participants with normal baseline levels of hemoglobin A1c (<6.0%) were included in the normal groups of both glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Hemoglobin A1c was significantly correlated with the plasma glucose and insulin resistance index. Leptin, adiponectin, glycoalbumin, and body mass index also were correlated well with plasma glucose levels and insulin resistance index. Normal hemoglobin A1c levels with abnormal glucose tolerance and insulin resistance were noted in 85 and 67 participants, respectively. Hemoglobin A1c did not strengthen the prediction algorithm of diabetes, determined by our proposed biomarkers, leptin, adiponectin, and insulin. In conclusion, hemoglobin A1c is a surrogate biomarker for risk of diabetes, with inadequate predictive value, and should be used in combination with other biomarkers.
著者
Tomohisa Takagi Yuji Naito Ryo Inoue Saori Kashiwagi Kazuhiko Uchiyama Katsura Mizushima Saeko Tsuchiya Tetsuya Okayama Osamu Dohi Naohisa Yoshida Kazuhiro Kamada Takeshi Ishikawa Osamu Handa Hideyuki Konishi Kayo Okuda Yoshimasa Tsujimoto Hiromu Ohnogi Yoshito Itoh
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.100-105, 2018 (Released:2018-01-01)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
26

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used to treat gastro-esophageal reflux and prevent gastric ulcers, and have been considered as low risk. However, recent studies have identified possible associations between PPI use and gut microbiota, suggesting that PPIs use increases the risk of enteric infections, including Clostridium difficile infection. To investigate gut microbiota in Japanese PPIs users, we conducted 16S metagenomics analysis of fecal samples collected from PPI users and healthy adults. In total, 36 PPI users and 36 PPI non-users (as control subjects) matched by age and sex were recruited and fecal samples were obtained to analyze the gut microbiome using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. There were significant differences in the microbial structure between PPI non-users and PPI users. In contrast, the analysis of α-diversity revealed no significant differences between PPI non-users and PPI users. When comparing in genus level between these two groups, the genera Streptococcus was significantly abundant and the genera Faecalibacterium was significantly decreased in PPI users. Our findings indicate a probable association between PPI use and the alternation of microbiota. These alterations might provide a mechanism by which PPIs predispose enteric infection such as Clostridium difficile infection.
著者
Akira Andoh Atsushi Nishida Kenichiro Takahashi Osamu Inatomi Hirotsugu Imaeda Shigeki Bamba Katsuyuki Kito Mitsushige Sugimoto Toshio Kobayashi
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.65-70, 2016 (Released:2016-07-01)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
1 40

Altered gut microbial ecology contributes to the development of metabolic diseases including obesity. In this study, we performed 16S rRNA sequence analysis of the gut microbiota profiles of obese and lean Japanese populations. The V3–V4 hypervariable regions of 16S rRNA of fecal samples from 10 obese and 10 lean volunteers were sequenced using the Illumina MiSeqTMII system. The average body mass index of the obese and lean group were 38.1 and 16.6 kg/m2, respectively (p<0.01). The Shannon diversity index was significantly higher in the lean group than in the obese group (p<0.01). The phyla Firmicutes and Fusobacteria were significantly more abundant in obese people than in lean people. The abundance of the phylum Bacteroidetes and the Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes ratio were not different between the obese and lean groups. The genera Alistipes, Anaerococcus, Corpococcus, Fusobacterium and Parvimonas increased significantly in obese people, and the genera Bacteroides, Desulfovibrio, Faecalibacterium, Lachnoanaerobaculum and Olsenella increased significantly in lean people. Bacteria species possessing anti-inflammatory properties, such as Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, increased significantly in lean people, but bacteria species possessing pro-inflammatory properties increased in obese people. Obesity-associated gut microbiota in the Japanese population was different from that in Western people.
著者
Kumi Tominaga Nobuko Hongo Mayuko Fujishita Yu Takahashi Yuki Adachi
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.33-39, 2017 (Released:2017-07-01)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
13

Astaxanthin is a carotenoid with potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of astaxanthin on skin deterioration, we confirmed its role in epidermal-dermal interactions in vitro. Astaxanthin treatment suppressed ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced inflammatory cytokine secretion in keratinocytes, and matrix metalloproteinase-1 secretion by fibroblasts cultured in UVB-irradiated keratinocyte medium. To verify these findings, we conducted a 16-week clinical study with 65 healthy female participants. Participants were orally administered either a 6 mg or 12 mg dose of astaxanthin or a placebo. Wrinkle parameters and skin moisture content significantly worsened in the placebo group after 16 weeks. However, significant changes did not occur in the astaxanthin groups. Interleukin-1α levels in the stratum corneum significantly increased in the placebo and low-dose groups but not in the high-dose group between weeks 0 and 16. This study was performed in Japan from August to December, when changing environmental factors, such as UV and dryness, exacerbate skin deterioration. In conclusion, our study suggests that long-term prophylactic astaxanthin supplementation may inhibit age-related skin deterioration and maintain skin conditions associated with environmentally induced damage via its anti-inflammatory effect. (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ID: UMIN000018550)
著者
Ping Dai Yoshinori Harada Tetsuro Takamatsu
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.3, pp.166-170, 2015 (Released:2015-05-01)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
4 21

Direct conversion of mammalian fibroblasts into induced neuronal (iN) cells has been attained by forced expression of pro-neural transcriptional factors, or by combining defined factors with either microRNAs or small molecules. Here, we show that neuronal cells can be converted from postnatal human fibroblasts into cell populations with neuronal purities of up to >80% using a combination of six chemical compounds. The chemical compound-induced neuronal cells (CiNCs) express neuron-specific proteins and functional neuron markers. The efficiency of CiNCs is unaffected by either the donor’s age or cellular senescence (passage number). We propose this chemical direct converting strategy as a potential approach for highly efficient generation of neuronal cells from human fibroblasts for such uses as in neural disease modeling and regenerative medicine.
著者
Atsunori Nakao Yoshiya Toyoda Prachi Sharma Malkanthi Evans Najla Guthrie
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.2, pp.140-149, 2010 (Released:2010-02-27)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
101 117

Metabolic syndrome is characterized by cardiometabolic risk factors that include obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Oxidative stress is known to play a major role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of hydrogen rich water (1.5–2 L/day) in an open label, 8-week study on 20 subjects with potential metabolic syndrome. Hydrogen rich water was produced, by placing a metallic magnesium stick into drinking water (hydrogen concentration; 0.55–0.65 mM), by the following chemical reaction; Mg + 2H2O → Mg (OH)2 + H2. The consumption of hydrogen rich water for 8 weeks resulted in a 39% increase (p<0.05) in antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) and a 43% decrease (p<0.05) in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in urine. Further, subjects demonstrated an 8% increase in high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and a 13% decrease in total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol from baseline to week 4. There was no change in fasting glucose levels during the 8 week study. In conclusion, drinking hydrogen rich water represents a potentially novel therapeutic and preventive strategy for metabolic syndrome. The portable magnesium stick was a safe, easy and effective method of delivering hydrogen rich water for daily consumption by participants in the study.
著者
Tatsuhiro Matsuo Ken Izumori
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.202-206, 2009 (Released:2009-08-28)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
27 34

This article was withdrawn by the Editorial Committee on April 22, 2014, because it was constituted a breach of journal’s ethical policy.
著者
Takeshi Otsuki Kazuhiro Shimizu Asako Zempo-Miyaki Seiji Maeda
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.45-48, 2016 (Released:2016-07-01)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
2

Decreases in saliva secretion compromise food mastication and swallowing, reduce mucosal immune function, and increase the risk for oral diseases like dental caries. Chlorella is a green alga that contains a variety of nutrients including amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. In our previous study, Chlorella-derived multicomponent supplementation did not affect salivary flow rates in healthy young individuals, but Chlorella-derived supplementation attenuated a decrease in saliva secretion that was observed during a kendo training camp. Hence, we hypothesized that Chlorella-derived supplementation increases saliva secretion in individuals with lower rates of saliva flow. Sixty-four subjects took Chlorella-derived tablets for four weeks. Before and after supplementation, saliva samples were collected by chewing cotton. In the complete study group, there was no difference in saliva production before and after supplementation (1.91 ± 0.11 ml/min before vs 2.01 ± 0.12 ml/min after). Analysis of subgroups based on saliva production before supplementation found an increase in saliva secretion in the lower saliva flow group (1.18 ± 0.06 vs 1.38 ± 0.08 ml/min), but no change in the higher saliva flow group (2.63 ± 0.11 vs 2.64 ± 0.15 ml/min). These results suggest that Chlorella-derived multicomponent supplementation increases saliva production in individuals with lower levels of saliva secretion.
著者
Saeko Imai Michiaki Fukui Shizuo Kajiyama
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.1, pp.7-11, 2014 (Released:2013-12-27)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
2 20

The aim of this review was to evaluate whether eating vegetables before carbohydrates could reduce the postprandial glucose, insulin, and improve long-term glycemic control in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. We studied the effect of eating vegetables before carbohydrates on postprandial plasma glucose, insulin, and glycemic control for 2.5 y in patients with type 2 diabetes. The postprandial glucose and insulin levels decreased significantly when the patients ate vegetables before carbohydrates compared to the reverse regimen, and the improvement of glycemic control was observed for 2.5 y. We also compared the postprandial glucose and glucose fluctuations assessed by continuous glucose monitoring system for 72-h in patients with type 2 diabetes and subjects with normal glucose tolerance when subjects ate vegetables before carbohydrates and carbohydrates before vegetables in a randomized crossover design. The glycemic excursions and incremental glucose peak were significantly lower when the subjects ate vegetables before carbohydrates compared to the reverse regimen. This evidence supports the effectiveness of eating vegetables before carbohydrates on glucose excursions in the short-term and glycemic control in the long-term in patients with type 2 diabetes.
著者
Linlin Ji Weina Gao Jingyu Wei Jianquan Wu Jijun Yang Bin Meng Changjiang Guo
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.3, pp.198-203, 2014 (Released:2014-05-01)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
2 3

Vegetables vary greatly in antioxidant capacity in vitro. This study was to investigate the actions of three vegetables different remarkably in antioxidant capacity in vitro on antioxidant function in aged rats. Sixty female aged Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the control, lotus root, rape and cucumber (high, moderate and low in antioxidant capacity, respectively) treated groups. After 6 weeks of feeding, there were no significant differences in plasma FRAP value and contents of vitamin C, vitamin E, uric acid and total phenolics among different groups, whereas the content of reduced glutathione was significantly higher in the rape and cucumber groups. Plasma superoxide dismutase activity also was significantly increased in the rape and cucumber groups. Plasma contents of malondialdehyde, carbonyls and hemolysis were decreased significantly in 3 vegetable-treated groups. Meanwhile, urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine excretion was lower significantly in the rape group and the ratio of comet tail length to total length of blood mononuclear cells was decreased significantly in 3 vegetables treated groups. These results suggest that 3 vegetables tested are effective in improving antioxidant function to some extent in aged rats and no correlation is found between antioxidant capacity in vitro and improvements of antioxidant function. The benefits observed in this study may come from additive or synergistic combinations of antioxidants contained in vegetables.
著者
Maki Takami Wataru Aoi Hitomi Terajima Yuko Tanimura Sayori Wada Akane Higashi
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.1, pp.79-85, 2019 (Released:2019-01-01)
参考文献数
39

Although supplementation with several antioxidants has been suggested to improve aerobic metabolism during exercise, whether dietary foods containing such antioxidants can exert the metabolic modulation is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of intake of the specific antioxidant-rich foods coupled with exercise training on energy metabolism. Twenty young healthy, untrained men were assigned to antioxidant and control groups: participants in the antioxidant group were encouraged to consume foods containing catechin, astaxanthin, quercetin, glutathione, and anthocyanin. All participants performed cycle training at 60% maximum oxygen consumption for 30 min, 3 days per week for 4 weeks. Maximum work load was significantly increased by training in both groups, while oxygen consumption during exercise was significantly increased in the antioxidant group only. There were positive correlations between maximum work load and fat/carbohydrate oxidations in the antioxidant group. Carbohydrate oxidation during rest was significantly higher in the post-training than that in the pre-training only in the antioxidant group. More decreased levels of serum insulin and HOMA-IR after training were observed in the antioxidant group than in the control group. This study suggests that specific antioxidant-rich foods could modulate training-induced aerobic metabolism of carbohydrate and fat during rest and exercise.
著者
Alexandr Parlesak Joachim Eckoldt Karl Winkler Christian J Bode Christian Schäfer
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.3, pp.174-180, 2014 (Released:2014-05-01)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
5 6

So far, little is known about the effect of nutrition and lifestyle on the composition of circulating lipoprotein subfractions. In the current study, we measured the correlations among physical activity, nutrient intake, smoking, body-mass index (BMI), and age with the concentration of triglycerides, cholesterol, phospholipids, and apolipoproteins (ApoA1, ApoA2 and ApoB) in subfractions of LDL and HDL in 265 healthy working men. Concentrations of cholesterol, phospholipids, and ApoB in small, dense atherogenic LDL particles (sdLDL) correlated negatively (p<0.001) with those of cholesterol, phospholipids, and ApoA1 in HDL2, respectively. Age correlated positively with sdLDL while increasing BMI correlated with an atherogenic shift of cholesterol, phospholipids, and ApoB from large, buoyant LDL (lbLDL) to sdLDL and decreasing concentrations of HDL2 constituents. Physical activity and alcohol intake correlated negatively with sdLDL constituents and positively with HDL2 components. Consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) correlated with a lower ratio of sdLDL to HDL2 cholesterol. A favorable lipoprotein subfraction profile linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease in men was associated with physical activity, moderate alcohol consumption, and dietary intake of MUFA, which might be exploited in future interventions for prevention of age- and BMI-associated atherogenic shifts of lipoprotein subfractions.
著者
Kenji Dohi Kazue Satoh Kazuyuki Miyamoto Shusuke Momma Kenichiro Fukuda Ryo Higuchi Hirokazu Ohtaki Williams A Banks
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.1-5, 2017 (Released:2017-07-01)
参考文献数
55
被引用文献数
2

Oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species is considered a major mediator of tissue and cell injuries in various neuronal conditions, including neurological emergencies and neurodegenerative diseases. Molecular hydrogen is well characterized as a scavenger of hydroxyl radicals and peroxynitrite. Recently, the neuroprotective effects of treatment with molecular hydrogen have been reported in both basic and clinical settings. Here, we review the effects of hydrogen therapy in acute neuronal conditions and neurodegenerative diseases. Hydrogen therapy administered in drinking water may be useful for the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases and for reducing the symptoms of acute neuronal conditions.
著者
Michael J. Davies
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.1, pp.8-19, 2010 (Released:2010-12-28)
参考文献数
227
被引用文献数
77 157

There is considerable interest in the role that mammalian heme peroxidase enzymes, primarily myeloperoxidase, eosinophil peroxidase and lactoperoxidase, may play in a wide range of human pathologies. This has been sparked by rapid developments in our understanding of the basic biochemistry of these enzymes, a greater understanding of the basic chemistry and biochemistry of the oxidants formed by these species, the development of biomarkers that can be used damage induced by these oxidants in vivo, and the recent identification of a number of compounds that show promise as inhibitors of these enzymes. Such compounds offer the possibility of modulating damage in a number of human pathologies. This reviews recent developments in our understanding of the biochemistry of myeloperoxidase, the oxidants that this enzyme generates, and the use of inhibitors to inhibit such damage.
著者
Mona S. Ottum Anahita M. Mistry
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.1, pp.1-12, 2015 (Released:2015-07-01)
参考文献数
184
被引用文献数
8 28

Advanced glycation end-products are toxic by-products of metabolism and are also acquired from high-temperature processed foods. They promote oxidative damage to proteins, lipids and nucleotides. Aging and chronic diseases are strongly associated with markers for oxidative stress, especially advanced glycation end-products, and resistance to peripheral insulin-mediated glucose uptake. Modifiable environmental factors including high levels of refined and simple carbohydrate diets, hypercaloric diets and sedentary lifestyles drive endogenous formation of advanced glycation end-products via accumulation of highly reactive glycolysis intermediates and activation of the polyol/aldose reductase pathway producing high intracellular fructose. High advanced glycation end-products overwhelm innate defenses of enzymes and receptor-mediated endocytosis and promote cell damage via the pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidant receptor for advanced glycation end-products. Oxidative stress disturbs cell signal transduction, especially insulin-mediated metabolic responses. Here we review emerging evidence that restriction of dietary advanced glycation end-products significantly reduces total systemic load and insulin resistance in animals and humans in diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, healthy populations and dementia. Of clinical importance, this insulin sensitizing effect is independent of physical activity, caloric intake and adiposity level.
著者
Katsuhisa Omagari Mika Sakaki Yuki Tsujimoto Yukiko Shiogama Akiko Iwanaga Makiko Ishimoto Asami Yamaguchi Miki Masuzumi Miku Kawase Mayuko Ichimura Takatoshi Yoshitake Yoshiyuki Miyahara
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.2, pp.135-142, 2014 (Released:2014-09-01)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
5 14

Depression has been reported to be more prevalent among diabetic patients than non-diabetic individuals. Although depression and diabetes are causally and bi-directionally related, the influence of food intake frequency on depressive symptoms in diabetic patients has not been fully evaluated. This cross-sectional study analyzed data obtained from 89 patients with type 2 diabetes who completed self-administered questionnaires regarding food intake frequency, diabetic variables, physical activity and depressive states. The prevalence of a ”definite” depressive state was 16.9%. The duration of diabetes, hemoglobin A1c levels, diabetic microvascular complications and physical activity levels were similar between depressed and non-depressed patients. Daily intakes of total lipids, n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and lipid energy ratios were significantly lower, and the carbohydrate energy ratio was significantly higher in depressed than in non-depressed patients. Coffee consumption was inversely associated with depressive symptoms, but no significant association was found between tea or green tea consumption and depressive symptoms. The logistic regression analysis showed that coffee consumption was an independent predictor of non-depressed status in diabetic patients. This might be due to biologically active compounds containing in coffee other than caffeine.
著者
Ryoji Nagai Jun-ichi Shirakawa Yukio Fujiwara Rei-ichi Ohno Narumi Moroishi Noriyuki Sakata Mime Nagai
出版者
日本酸化ストレス学会
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.1, pp.1-6, 2014 (Released:2014-07-01)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
15 18

Approximately 100 years have passed since the Maillard reaction was first reported in the field of food chemistry as a condensation reaction between reducing sugars and amino acids. This reaction is thought to progress slowly primarily from glucose with proteins in vivo. An early-stage product, called the ”Amadori product”, is converted into advanced glycation end products. Those accumulate in the body in accordance with age, with such accumulation being enhanced by lifestyle-related diseases that result in the denaturation of proteins. Recent studies have demonstrated that intermediate carbonyls are generated by several pathways, and rapidly generate many glycation products. However, accurate quantification of glycation products in vivo is difficult due to instability and differences in physicochemical properties. In this connection, little is known about the relationship between the structure of glycation products and pathology. Furthermore, the interaction between proteins modified by glycation and receptors for advanced glycation end products is also known to induce the production of several inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, those inhibitors have been developed over the world to prevent lifestyle-related diseases. In this review, we describe the process of protein denaturation induced by glycation and discuss the possibility of using the process as a marker of age-related diseases.
著者
Chihiro Ushiroda Yuji Naito Tomohisa Takagi Kazuhiko Uchiyama Katsura Mizushima Yasuki Higashimura Zenta Yasukawa Tsutomu Okubo Ryo Inoue Akira Honda Yasushi Matsuzaki Yoshito Itoh
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.1, pp.34-46, 2019 (Released:2019-07-01)
参考文献数
54

Gut microbiota have profound effects on bile acid metabolism by promoting deconjugation, dehydrogenation, and dehydroxylation of primary bile acids in the distal small intestine and colon. High-fat diet-induced dysbiosis of gut microbiota and bile acid dysregulation may be involved in the pathology of steatosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the most abundant polyphenolic catechin in green tea, has been widely investigated for its inhibitory or preventive effects against fatty liver. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of EGCG on the abundance of gut microbiota and the composition of serum bile acids in high-fat diet-fed mice and determine the specific bacterial genera that can improve the serum bile acid dysregulation associated with EGCG anti-hepatic steatosis action. Male C57BL/6N mice were fed with the control diet, high-fat diet, or high-fat diet + EGCG at a concentration of 0.32% for 8 weeks. EGCG significantly inhibited the increases in weight, the area of fatty lesions, and the triglyceride content in the liver induced by the high-fat diet. Principal coordinate analysis revealed significant differences in microbial structure among the groups. At the genus level, EGCG induced changes in the microbiota composition in high-fat diet-fed mice, showing a significantly higher abundance of Adlercreutzia, Akkermansia, Allobaculum and a significantly lower abundance of Desulfovibrionaceae. EGCG significantly reversed the decreased population of serum primary cholic acid and β-muricholic acid as well as the increased population of taurine-conjugated cholic acid, β-muricholic acid and deoxycholic acid in high-fat diet-fed mice. Finally, the correlation analysis between bile acid profiles and gut microbiota demonstrated the contribution of Akkermansia and Desulfovibrionaceae in the improvement of bile acid dysregulation in high-fat diet-fed mice by treatment with EGCG. In conclusion, the present study suggests that EGCG could alter bile acid metabolism, especially taurine deconjugation, and suppress fatty liver disease by improving the intestinal luminal environment.
著者
Yasuyuki Fujii Kenta Suzuki Takahiro Adachi Shu Taira Naomi Osakabe
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-19, (Released:2019-06-07)
参考文献数
38

Cinnamtannin A2, an (−)-epicatechin tetramer, was reported to have potent physiological activity. Cinnamtannin A2 is rarely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract into the blood and the mechanisms of its beneficial activities are unknown. Cinnamtannin A2 reported to increase sympathetic nervous activity, which was induced by various stressors. In present study, we examined the stress response in the mouse paraventricular nucleus following a single oral dose of cinnamtannin A2 by monitoring mRNA expression of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and c-fos using in situ hybridization. Corticotropin-releasing hormone mRNA showed a tendency to increase at 15 min and significantly increased at 60 min following a single oral administration of 100 µg/kg cinnamtannin A2. After a single dose of 10 µg/kg cinnamtannin A2, there was significant upregulation of CRH mRNA at 60 min. These results suggested that cinnamtannin A2 was recognized as a stressor in central nervous system and this may lead to its beneficial effects on circulation and metabolism.