著者
Masami INADA Shigeya WATANABE Yoshio WAKATSUKI Hiroyuki KUDO Motonobu MURAKAMI Takeo MIYAKE
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.3, pp.201-207, 1987 (Released:2010-02-25)
参考文献数
5

Effect of administration of active vitamin D3 on the histological changes of intestinal mucosa was studied in normal rats treated with 0.25 to 0.5μg of 1α(OH)D3 or 1α, 25(OH)2D3. Mucosal thickness, cell count and volume, mucosal mass, and nuclear size were morpho-metrically measured in the villi and crypts. In the villi, both 1α(OH)D3 and 1α, 25(OH)2D3 significantly increased the cell counts, moderately increased the thickness, and slightly increased the cell volume, compared with the control group. Neither agent had any effect on the crypts. Nuclear size in villi was increased only in the 1α, 25(OH)2D3 group.
著者
Masahiko Terasaki Hiromu Ito Hiromi Kurokawa Masato Tamura Susumu Okabe Hirofumi Matsui Ichinosuke Hyodo
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.1, pp.36-41, 2018 (Released:2018-07-01)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
5

Acetic acid can cause cellular injury. We previously reported that acetic acid induces cancer cell-selective death in rat gastric cells. However, the mechanism is unclear. Generally, cancer cells are more sensitive to reactive oxygen species than normal cells. Accordingly, in this study, we investigated the involvement of oxidative stress in cancer cell-selective death by acetic acid using normal gastric mucosal cells and cancerous gastric mucosal cells. The cancer cell-selective death was induced at the concentration of 2–5 µM acetic acid. Cancerous gastric mucosal cells had increased expression of monocarboxylic transporter 1 and high uptake of acetic acid, compared to normal gastric mucosal cells. The exposure of cancerous gastric mucosal cells to acetic acid enhanced production of reactive oxygen species and expression of monocarboxylic transporter 1, and induced apoptosis. In contrast, acetic acid showed minor effects in normal gastric mucosal cells. These results indicate that acetic acid induced cancer cell-selective death in gastric cells through a mechanism involving oxidative stress.
著者
Aya Umeno Yasukazu Yoshida
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.1, pp.59-64, 2019 (Released:2019-07-01)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
1

We have previously reported that the risk of type 2 diabetes, early impaired glucose tolerance, and insulin resistance can be predicted using fasting levels of adiponectin, leptin, and insulin. Here, we aimed to evaluate the utility of hemoglobin A1c in detecting the risk of type 2 diabetes compared with other well-known biomarkers. We randomly enrolled 207 volunteers with no history of diseases, who underwent 75-g oral glucose tolerance tests and were stratified into normal, borderline, abnormal, or diabetic groups. Eighty-one participants with normal baseline levels of hemoglobin A1c (<6.0%) were included in the normal groups of both glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Hemoglobin A1c was significantly correlated with the plasma glucose and insulin resistance index. Leptin, adiponectin, glycoalbumin, and body mass index also were correlated well with plasma glucose levels and insulin resistance index. Normal hemoglobin A1c levels with abnormal glucose tolerance and insulin resistance were noted in 85 and 67 participants, respectively. Hemoglobin A1c did not strengthen the prediction algorithm of diabetes, determined by our proposed biomarkers, leptin, adiponectin, and insulin. In conclusion, hemoglobin A1c is a surrogate biomarker for risk of diabetes, with inadequate predictive value, and should be used in combination with other biomarkers.
著者
Baolu Zhao
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.2, pp.59-68, 2006 (Released:2006-02-23)
参考文献数
80
被引用文献数
8 10

There are thousands year of history for drinking tea in China and world. The benefits of drinking tea to human health are well known and improved by epidemiological result and experiments. The most effective components in tea are polyphenols which are about 30% weight of dry tea. The antitumor and antimutagenic effects of the tea polyphenols, the prevent effect of the tea polyphenols on Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, the protective effects of the tea polyphenols on neuron against lead toxicity and their antioxidant mechanisms are reviewed and discussed in this paper.
著者
Ken-yu Hironao Yuji Mitsuhashi Shujiao Huang Hideaki Oike Hitoshi Ashida Yoko Yamashita
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.1, pp.53-60, 2020 (Released:2020-07-01)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
1 1

Energy metabolism and circadian rhythms are closely related together, i.e., the timing of nutrient intake affects metabolism under the regulation of circadian rhythms. Previously, we have reported that cacao liquor procyanidin (CLPr) promotes energy metabolism, resulting in preventing obesity and hyperglycemia. However, it is not unclear whether CLPr regulates clock gene expression. In this study, we investigated whether the administration timing of CLPr affected clock gene expression and found that CLPr regulated the circadian clock gene expression through the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) signaling pathway. CLPr administration at Zeitgeber time 3 increased the expression level of Per family and Dbp in the liver. At the same administration timing, CLPr increased GLP-1 and insulin concentration in the plasma and phosphorylation of AMPK in the liver. It was noteworthy that an antagonist for GLP-1 receptor Exendin (9-39) canceled CLPr-increased expression of Per family and Dbp and phosphorylation of AMPK in the liver, in addition to insulin secretion. These results strongly suggest that CLPr-induced GLP-1 regulates the changes in clock gene expression in the liver through increased insulin. Thus, CLPr is a possible functional food material for prevention and/or amelioration of metabolic disorders through preventing circadian disruption through GLP-1 and AMPK pathways.
著者
Tomohisa Takagi Yuji Naito Ryo Inoue Saori Kashiwagi Kazuhiko Uchiyama Katsura Mizushima Saeko Tsuchiya Tetsuya Okayama Osamu Dohi Naohisa Yoshida Kazuhiro Kamada Takeshi Ishikawa Osamu Handa Hideyuki Konishi Kayo Okuda Yoshimasa Tsujimoto Hiromu Ohnogi Yoshito Itoh
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.100-105, 2018 (Released:2018-01-01)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
54

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used to treat gastro-esophageal reflux and prevent gastric ulcers, and have been considered as low risk. However, recent studies have identified possible associations between PPI use and gut microbiota, suggesting that PPIs use increases the risk of enteric infections, including Clostridium difficile infection. To investigate gut microbiota in Japanese PPIs users, we conducted 16S metagenomics analysis of fecal samples collected from PPI users and healthy adults. In total, 36 PPI users and 36 PPI non-users (as control subjects) matched by age and sex were recruited and fecal samples were obtained to analyze the gut microbiome using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. There were significant differences in the microbial structure between PPI non-users and PPI users. In contrast, the analysis of α-diversity revealed no significant differences between PPI non-users and PPI users. When comparing in genus level between these two groups, the genera Streptococcus was significantly abundant and the genera Faecalibacterium was significantly decreased in PPI users. Our findings indicate a probable association between PPI use and the alternation of microbiota. These alterations might provide a mechanism by which PPIs predispose enteric infection such as Clostridium difficile infection.
著者
Emi Ushigome Chikako Oyabu Keiko Iwai Nobuko Kitagawa Aya Kitae Tomonori Kimura Isao Yokota Hidetaka Ushigome Masahide Hamaguchi Mai Asano Masahiro Yamazaki Michiaki Fukui
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.3, pp.252-257, 2019 (Released:2019-11-01)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
3

The aim of the present study was to examine whether dietary salt restriction guidance is beneficial for dietary salt restriction and lowering of home blood pressure in patients with diabetes with excessive salt intake. We performed an intervention trial of 37 people with type 2 diabetes and excessive salt intake. National registered dietitians provided dietary salt restriction guidance to each patient at the start of the study. All participants were instructed to perform triplicate morning and evening home blood pressure measurements using home blood pressure telemonitoring system. Daily salt intake at 2 months and 6 months was significantly lower than that at baseline; the difference was 0.8 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.2–1.4, p = 0.009] g and 0.7 (95% CI: 0.1–1.3, p = 0.009) g, respectively. Morning systolic blood pressure at 2 months and 6 months was significantly lower than that at baseline; the difference was 2.7 (95% CI: 0.2–5.1, p = 0.034) mmHg and 5.8 (95% CI: 0.5–11.1, p = 0.034) mmHg, respectively. This intervention study revealed, for the first time, that dietary salt restriction guidance provided by a national registered dietitian is beneficial for reducing daily salt intake and home blood pressure in people with diabetes with excessive salt intake.
著者
Shuya Kasai Hiromi Yamazaki Kunikazu Tanji Máté János Engler Tomoh Matsumiya Ken Itoh
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.1, pp.1-12, 2019 (Released:2019-01-01)
参考文献数
109
被引用文献数
23 32

Recent investigations have clarified the importance of mitochondria in various age-related degenerative diseases, including late-onset Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Although mitochondrial disturbances can be involved in every step of disease progression, several observations have demonstrated that a subtle mitochondrial functional disturbance is observed preceding the actual appearance of pathophysiological alterations and can be the target of early therapeutic intervention. The signals from damaged mitochondria are transferred to the nucleus, leading to the altered expression of nuclear-encoded genes, which includes mitochondrial proteins (i.e., mitochondrial retrograde signaling). Mitochondrial retrograde signaling improves mitochondrial perturbation (i.e., mitohormesis) and is considered a homeostatic stress response against intrinsic (ex. aging or pathological mutations) and extrinsic (ex. chemicals and pathogens) stimuli. There are several branches of the mitochondrial retrograde signaling, including mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRMT), but recent observations increasingly show the importance of the ISR-ATF4 pathway in mitochondrial retrograde signaling. Furthermore, Nrf2, a master regulator of the oxidative stress response, interacts with ATF4 and cooperatively upregulates a battery of antioxidant and antiapoptotic genes while repressing the ATF4-mediated proapoptotic gene, CHOP. In this review article, we summarized the upstream and downstream mechanisms of ATF4 activation during mitochondrial stresses and disturbances and discuss therapeutic intervention against degenerative diseases by using Nrf2 activators.
著者
Atsunori Nakao Yoshiya Toyoda Prachi Sharma Malkanthi Evans Najla Guthrie
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.2, pp.140-149, 2010 (Released:2010-02-27)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
101 150

Metabolic syndrome is characterized by cardiometabolic risk factors that include obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Oxidative stress is known to play a major role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of hydrogen rich water (1.5–2 L/day) in an open label, 8-week study on 20 subjects with potential metabolic syndrome. Hydrogen rich water was produced, by placing a metallic magnesium stick into drinking water (hydrogen concentration; 0.55–0.65 mM), by the following chemical reaction; Mg + 2H2O → Mg (OH)2 + H2. The consumption of hydrogen rich water for 8 weeks resulted in a 39% increase (p<0.05) in antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) and a 43% decrease (p<0.05) in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in urine. Further, subjects demonstrated an 8% increase in high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and a 13% decrease in total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol from baseline to week 4. There was no change in fasting glucose levels during the 8 week study. In conclusion, drinking hydrogen rich water represents a potentially novel therapeutic and preventive strategy for metabolic syndrome. The portable magnesium stick was a safe, easy and effective method of delivering hydrogen rich water for daily consumption by participants in the study.
著者
Yuki Kizawa Takahiro Sekikawa Masakatsu Kageyama Haruna Tomobe Riyo Kobashi Takahiro Yamada
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.20-149, (Released:2021-02-05)
参考文献数
45

We examined the effects of a test food containing anthocyanin, astaxanthin, and lutein on the eye function in healthy Japanese adults with eye fatigue after operating visual display terminals. Forty-four subjects were randomly but equally assigned to the active or placebo group. Two active or placebo capsules were taken once daily for 6 weeks. Accommodative function, tear film break-up time, visual acuity, the value of Schirmer’s test, macular pigment optical density level, muscle hardness, and a questionnaire were evaluated before and after a 6-week intervention. Each group included 20 subjects in the efficacy analysis. The active group showed a significant improvement in the percentage of pupillary response of an average of both eyes and dominant eye pre- and post-visual display terminal operation at 6 weeks compared with the placebo group. Moreover, the active group showed a significant improvement in the scores of “A sensation of trouble in focusing the eyes” and “Difficulty in seeing objects in one’s hand and nearby, or fine print” compared with the placebo group between before and after ingestion. Therefore, 6-weeks consumption of the test food inhibited a decrease in the accommodative function caused by visual display terminal operation (UMIN000036989).
著者
Yuji Naito Kazuhiko Uchiyama Tomohisa Takagi
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.1, pp.33-35, 2018 (Released:2018-07-01)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
53 91

There have been many reports on the roles of intestinal flora and intestinal environment in health promotion and disease prevention. Beneficial bacteria such as Bifidobacterium and lactic acid-producing bacteria have been shown to improve the intestinal environment, and yield a good effect on metabolism, immunity and nerve response. In this review, in addition to these beneficial bacteria, we introduced Akkermansia muciniphila as a next-generation beneficial microbe. Several reports indicate that Akkermansia muciniphila affects glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and intestinal immunity, and that certain food ingredients such as polyphenols may increase the abundance of Akkermansia muciniphila in the gut.
著者
Tianli Zhang Hiroyasu Tsutsuki Katushiko Ono Takaaki Akaike Tomohiro Sawa
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.20-13, (Released:2020-06-19)
参考文献数
46
被引用文献数
1

Cysteine persulfide (CysSSH) and polysulfides (CysS[S]nH, n>1) are cysteine derivatives having sulfane sulfur atoms bound to cysteine thiol. Recent advances in the development of analytical methods for detection and quantification of persulfides and polysulfides have revealed the biological presence, in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, of persulfide/polysulfide in diverse forms such as CysSSH, glutathione persulfide and protein persulfides. Accumulating evidence has suggested that persulfide/polysulfide species may involve in a variety of biological events such as biosyntheses of sulfur-containing molecules, tRNA modification, regulation of redox-dependent signal transduction, mitochondrial energy metabolism via sulfur respiration, cytoprotection from oxidative stress via their antioxidant activities, and anti-inflammation against Toll-like receptor-mediated inflammatory responses. Development of chemical sulfur donors may facilitate further understanding of physiological and pathophysiological roles of persulfide/polysulfide species, including regulatory roles of these species in immune responses.
著者
Rieko Mukai Osamu Handa Yosuke Suyama Atsushi Majima Yuji Naito
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.1, pp.102-104, 2020 (Released:2020-07-01)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1 3

The eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) with proton pump inhibitors, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin has reportedly decreased. Some studies have found probiotics to be useful in eradicating H. pylori, but these effects have not been sufficiently investigated. We aimed to elucidate the role of probiotics in eradicating H. pylori infection. Patients in our hospital with H. pylori infection that received standard treatment from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively evaluated (n = 468). They were divided into three groups based on their treatment regime, being either proton pump inhibitors, amoxicillin, or clarithromycin (PPI group), vonoprazan, amoxicillin, or clarithromycin (VPZ group), and proton pump inhibitors, amoxicillin, or clarithromycin/probiotics (Miya-BM®) (PPI + MBM group). We retrospectively evaluated the H. pylori eradication rate and reported side effects. According to intention-to-treat analyses, the eradication rate of H. pylori was significantly higher in the PPI + MBM group (87.1%) than in the PPI group (70.1%). There was no difference in side effects between any of the three groups. In conclusion, Miya-BM® may have an additive effect when included with eradication therapies for H. pylori.
著者
Yuji Naito Kazuhiko Uchiyama Tomohisa Takagi
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.1, pp.1-4, 2018 (Released:2018-07-01)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
6

Redox-related gaseous molecular species in the gastrointestinal tract are derived from the chemical oxidation-reduction reactions, enzymatic reactions, swallowing, and bacterial production. Recent studies have demonstrated the crucial roles of the microbiota and gaseous molecules in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal inflammatory and functional diseases. Especially in the hypoxic condition of the large intestine, various bacteria produce acetic acid, methane, and hydrogen sulfide using hydrogen molecules generated by the fermentation reaction as an energy source. In this review, we summarized the recent advances in the biology of redox-related gaseous molecules in the gastrointestinal tract.
著者
Masahiro Hayashi Moe Kawamura Yuki Kawashima Takeshi Uemura Takashi Maoka
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.2, pp.92-102, 2020-03-01 (Released:2020-03-01)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
2

This study investigated the effect of a dietary supplement containing astaxanthin-rich extract derived from Paracoccus carotinifaciens (astaxanthin supplement) on the status of stress and sleep in individuals aged 20–64 years. Twenty-five subjects orally administered 12 mg astaxanthin/day of astaxanthin supplement for 8 weeks (astaxanthin group) and 29 subjects given a placebo (placebo group) were evaluated with Profile of Mood States 2nd Edition for stress and Oguri–Shirakawa–Azumi Sleep Inventory for Middle-aged and Aged version for sleep. We did not observe any significant intergroup differences in the stress and sleep. A subgroup analysis was performed after dividing the subjects into two groups: those who scored >65 and those who scored ≤65 in the “Depression–Dejection” dimension of Profile of Mood States 2nd Edition. The sleep of subjects who scored >65 (”Depression–Dejection”) showed significant improvement in the astaxanthin group compared with the placebo group, whereas no significant improvement was observed in stress and the other subjects. Our results indicate that people who tend to be strongly depressed may experience improved sleep after ingesting astaxanthin supplement. On the basis of the parameters tested, administration of astaxanthin supplement was not associated with any problems related to safety. Clinical registration: This study has been registered at the University Hospital Medical Information Network (https://upload.umin.ac.jp/cgi-open-bin/ctr/ctr_view.cgi?recptno=R000038619) on August 24, 2018 as “A study to evaluate the effect of intake of astaxanthin on the status of stress and sleep in adults,” Identification No. UMIN000033863.
著者
Limei Hua Min Lei Sujuan Xue Xiaoling Li Shaojian Li Qi Xie
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.2, pp.146-151, 2020-03-01 (Released:2020-03-01)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
5

The additive effect of high-intensity interval training to fish oil supplementation on newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes is unknown. 173 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients were randomly assigned into the control group (received corn oil), fish oil group (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA:docosahexaenoic acid, DHA = 3:2, total 2.0 g/day), and the fish oil + high-intensity interval training group. Three instructed high-intensity interval training sessions (Monday, Wednesday, and Friday; 10 × 60-s cycling bouts) were performed for 3 months. Glycaemic control was assayed by serum haemoglobin A1c, fast glucose, fast insulin, and adiponectin. Homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance was utilized to determine the homeostasis of pancreatic function. Fat mass, triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins, and high-density lipoproteins were measured to indicate cardiovascular risk. Within and between groups analysis were performed with linear mixed-effects modeling (95% CIs and p values). When compared with fish oil, fish oil + high-intensity interval training intervention has significant additive beneficial effects on haemoglobin A1c (p<0.01), fast glucose (p<0.001), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (p<0.05), adiponectin (p<0.05), fat mass (p<0.01), and total cholesterol (p<0.01), but not on fast insulin level to newly diagnosed non-obese type 2 diabetes. High-intensity interval training has an additive effect on fish oil supplementation on glycaemic control, insulin resistance, cardiovascular risk, and fat mass, which indicates the potential necessity of combining high-intensity interval training with fish oil.
著者
Kenji Dohi Kazue Satoh Kazuyuki Miyamoto Shusuke Momma Kenichiro Fukuda Ryo Higuchi Hirokazu Ohtaki Williams A Banks
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.1-5, 2017 (Released:2017-07-01)
参考文献数
55
被引用文献数
7 8

Oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species is considered a major mediator of tissue and cell injuries in various neuronal conditions, including neurological emergencies and neurodegenerative diseases. Molecular hydrogen is well characterized as a scavenger of hydroxyl radicals and peroxynitrite. Recently, the neuroprotective effects of treatment with molecular hydrogen have been reported in both basic and clinical settings. Here, we review the effects of hydrogen therapy in acute neuronal conditions and neurodegenerative diseases. Hydrogen therapy administered in drinking water may be useful for the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases and for reducing the symptoms of acute neuronal conditions.
著者
Maki Takami Wataru Aoi Hitomi Terajima Yuko Tanimura Sayori Wada Akane Higashi
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.1, pp.79-85, 2019 (Released:2019-01-01)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
6

Although supplementation with several antioxidants has been suggested to improve aerobic metabolism during exercise, whether dietary foods containing such antioxidants can exert the metabolic modulation is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of intake of the specific antioxidant-rich foods coupled with exercise training on energy metabolism. Twenty young healthy, untrained men were assigned to antioxidant and control groups: participants in the antioxidant group were encouraged to consume foods containing catechin, astaxanthin, quercetin, glutathione, and anthocyanin. All participants performed cycle training at 60% maximum oxygen consumption for 30 min, 3 days per week for 4 weeks. Maximum work load was significantly increased by training in both groups, while oxygen consumption during exercise was significantly increased in the antioxidant group only. There were positive correlations between maximum work load and fat/carbohydrate oxidations in the antioxidant group. Carbohydrate oxidation during rest was significantly higher in the post-training than that in the pre-training only in the antioxidant group. More decreased levels of serum insulin and HOMA-IR after training were observed in the antioxidant group than in the control group. This study suggests that specific antioxidant-rich foods could modulate training-induced aerobic metabolism of carbohydrate and fat during rest and exercise.
著者
Alexandr Parlesak Joachim Eckoldt Karl Winkler Christian J Bode Christian Schäfer
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.3, pp.174-180, 2014 (Released:2014-05-01)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
5 7

So far, little is known about the effect of nutrition and lifestyle on the composition of circulating lipoprotein subfractions. In the current study, we measured the correlations among physical activity, nutrient intake, smoking, body-mass index (BMI), and age with the concentration of triglycerides, cholesterol, phospholipids, and apolipoproteins (ApoA1, ApoA2 and ApoB) in subfractions of LDL and HDL in 265 healthy working men. Concentrations of cholesterol, phospholipids, and ApoB in small, dense atherogenic LDL particles (sdLDL) correlated negatively (p<0.001) with those of cholesterol, phospholipids, and ApoA1 in HDL2, respectively. Age correlated positively with sdLDL while increasing BMI correlated with an atherogenic shift of cholesterol, phospholipids, and ApoB from large, buoyant LDL (lbLDL) to sdLDL and decreasing concentrations of HDL2 constituents. Physical activity and alcohol intake correlated negatively with sdLDL constituents and positively with HDL2 components. Consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) correlated with a lower ratio of sdLDL to HDL2 cholesterol. A favorable lipoprotein subfraction profile linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease in men was associated with physical activity, moderate alcohol consumption, and dietary intake of MUFA, which might be exploited in future interventions for prevention of age- and BMI-associated atherogenic shifts of lipoprotein subfractions.
著者
Yukimi Yano Chihiro Maeda Ichiro Kaneko Yukiko Kobayashi Wataru Aoi Masashi Kuwahata
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.122-130, 2021 (Released:2021-09-01)
参考文献数
37

We recently reported that dietary cystine maintained plasma mercaptalbumin levels in rats fed low-protein diets. The present study aimed to compare the influence of low-protein diets supplemented with cystine and methionine, which is another sulfur amino acid, on plasma mercaptalbumin levels in rats. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were fed a 20% soy protein isolate diet (control group), 5% soy protein isolate diet (low-protein group) or 5% soy protein isolate diet supplemented with either methionine (low-protein + Met group) or cystine (low-protein + Cyss group) for 1 week. The percentage of mercaptalbumin within total plasma albumin of the low-protein + Met group was significantly lower than that of the control and low-protein + Cyss groups. No significant differences in the mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, interleukin-1β, and cyclooxygenase 2 in blood cells were observed between the low-protein + Met and low-protein + Cyss groups. Treatment with buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine, an inhibitor of glutathione synthesis, did not influence the percentage of mercaptalbumin within total plasma albumin in rats fed the low-protein diet supplemented with cystine. These results suggest that supplementation with cystine may be more effective than that with methionine to maintain plasma mercaptalbumin levels in rats with protein malnutrition. Cystine might regulate plasma mercaptalbumin levels via the glutathione-independent pathway.