著者
丁 智恵
出版者
日本マス・コミュニケーション学会
雑誌
マス・コミュニケーション研究 (ISSN:13411306)
巻号頁・発行日
no.82, pp.111-131, 2013-01-31

This research examines how the image of the Other excluded from "national memory" was represented in Japanese television documentaries of the 1950s and 1960s as well as clarifies how intellectuals, journalists, and filmmakers had to resist the contradiction and incoherence of linking "public memory" with "national memory." After World War II, Japan's political, economic and social systems, which had maintained continuity before and during the war, were shaken substantially. Japanese recognition of their role in the war as promoted by the American General Headquarters lacked awareness of the perspective of the Asian nations Japan colonized. Nevertheless, critical television documentaries were made one after another during this time. This paper first examines how Asia's political, economic, and social history as well as changes in the skills and techniques necessary for making television programs influenced the representation of Korea in television documentaries. It then examines the changes in said representation by analyzing program images and interviewing the directors of several television documentary programs. First is Nihon no Sugao: Nihon no Naka no Chosen [The Real Japan: Korea in Japan] (1959: NHK), which was the first television documentary after the end of the war to focus on Koreans in Japan (Zainichi). Second is Daitokai no Ama [Women Divers in the Big City] (1965: Asahi Broadcast), which was made by Japan's first Korean television director. Finally, some documentary programs which portray Korean soldiers who were mobilized as part of the Japanese Army during the war are studied, including Wasurerareta Kogun [Forgotten Imperial Soldiers] (1963: Nihon Broadcast) , directed by Nagisa Oshima. Based on the findings of this study, I concluded that few documentary programs focused on Korea in the early days of television in Japan; however, those that did exist expressed some signs of responsibility for Japanese imperialism and colonialism in Korea.
著者
丁 智恵
出版者
社会政策学会
雑誌
社会政策 (ISSN:18831850)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.3, pp.79-89, 2016-03-31

戦後半世紀ものあいだ,冷戦構造が保護幕となって,アジア・太平洋戦争の被害者の声が届かないまま日本人の集合的記憶は形成された。戦争の加害の記憶は忘却され,長いあいた「戦後」が続いたが,90年代にはこの意識は大きく変化した。1989年には昭和天皇が死去,またベルリンの壁が崩壊し,冷戦時代は終った。それまで冷戦構造のもと強権体制にあったアジアの国々が民主化し始め,アジア・太平洋戦争の個人被害の本格的な究明が始まった。この時代に,テレビをはじめとするマス・メディアにおいて,アジア・太平洋戦争における日本の加害について追究する番組が活発に作られ,新たな集合的記憶を形作っていった。本論文では,日韓の戦後補償運動のなかでも今回はとくにBC級戦犯の問題に焦点を当て,この問題が活発に議論された90年代を中心に,テレビや記録映画などの映像アーカイブを整備し,目録を作成し,内容を検討することにより,これまで見えなかった戦後補償運動史を再検証する。