著者
大久保 街亜 鈴木 玄 Nicholls Michael E. R.
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.85.13235, (Released:2014-11-11)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
10 15

Quantitative assessment of handedness is required in various clinical and research settings in psychology, neuroscience, and medicine. In the present study we tested the reliability and validity of a Japanese version of the FLANDERS handedness questionnaire, which was a new measure of skilled hand preference originally reported by Nicholls, Thomas, Loetscher, and Grimshaw (2013). Participants (N = 431) completed three types of handedness questionnaires: the FLANDERS handedness questionnaire, Edinburgh Handedness Inventory, and H・N handedness test. Factor analysis revealed that the Japanese version of FLANDERS handedness questionnaire had a single-factor structure and high internal consistency. This questionnaire also possessed high test-retest reliability and criterion-referenced validity. These results indicate that the Japanese version of the FLANDERS handedness questionnaire is a valid and useful measure of skilled hand preference for Japanese participants.
著者
大久保 街亜
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.57-67, 2016

<p>Although null hypothesis significance testing has been strongly criticized for decades, it has been the dominant statistical method in the field of psychology. Non-reproducibility of findings in psychology can be attributed, at least partially, to an arbitrary threshold (i.e., .05) in the null hypothesis significance testing and overrepresentation of <i>p</i>-values. The present study surveyed papers from the <i>Japanese Journal of Social Psychology</i> and examined whether or not such overrepresentation also existed among psychology researchers in Japan. Effect size measures and <i>p</i>-values did not correspond well when <i>p</i>-values were set at around .05. Moreover, the frequency of <i>p</i>-values just below .05 was greater than expected. These results imply that the overrepresentation of <i>p</i>-values can produce unreliable and irreproducible results. Two types of remedies are discussed to alleviate the problems of overrepresentation of the <i>p</i>-values.</p>
著者
中嶋 智史 請園 正敏 須藤 竜之介 布井 雅人 北神 慎司 大久保 街亜 鳥山 理恵 森本 裕子 高野 裕治
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.90, no.6, pp.603-613, 2020 (Released:2020-02-25)
参考文献数
29

The 20-item prosopagnosia index (PI20) was developed for assessing congenital prosopagnosia, which is characterized by severe facial recognition deficits in the absence of any obvious neurological deficit. We aimed to develop a Japanese version of the PI20 (PI20-J) scale and evaluate its validity and reliability. In study 1, we confirmed the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent validity of the scale. In study 2, we examined the relationships between PI20-J score and facial recognition performance and found a moderate correlation between them. In study 3, we examined whether the PI20-J score is related specifically with facial recognition performance, or with general object recognition performance. We found that participants with a high PI20-J score showed weaker facial recognition performance than those with a low PI20-J score. In contrast, the object recognition performance did not depend on the score. Our results suggest that the PI20-J score is related specifically with facial recognition performance. We conclude that PI20-J is highly reliable and valid as a self-reported measure for congenital prosopagnosic traits.
著者
小林 晃洋 大久保 街亜
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.60-68, 2014-04-25 (Released:2014-04-15)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
2 5

The Operation Span Test (OSPAN) is widely used to assess working memory capacity. However, this instrument has been rarely used to test Japanese participants because its task was not sufficiently difficult. The mean score for the original computerized OSPAN often reached a ceiling when Japanese participants were tested. In this study, we developed a computerized version of OSPAN for Japanese participants by increasing the task difficulty of the arithmetic procedures. The OSPAN scores were normally distributed and the mean score was approximately 50%. There were positive correlations between OSPAN scores and other scores of working memory measurements, such as a reading span test and a digit span test. These results suggest that the Japanese OSPAN is a reliable and valid measurement of working memory to test Japanese participants.
著者
大久保 街亜 鈴木 玄 Nicholls Michael E. R.
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.5, pp.474-481, 2014 (Released:2014-12-25)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
13 15

Quantitative assessment of handedness is required in various clinical and research settings in psychology, neuroscience, and medicine. In the present study we tested the reliability and validity of a Japanese version of the FLANDERS handedness questionnaire, which was a new measure of skilled hand preference originally reported by Nicholls, Thomas, Loetscher, and Grimshaw (2013). Participants (N = 431) completed three types of handedness questionnaires: the FLANDERS handedness questionnaire, Edinburgh Handedness Inventory, and H・N handedness test. Factor analysis revealed that the Japanese version of FLANDERS handedness questionnaire had a single-factor structure and high internal consistency. This questionnaire also possessed high test-retest reliability and criterion-referenced validity. These results indicate that the Japanese version of the FLANDERS handedness questionnaire is a valid and useful measure of skilled hand preference for Japanese participants.
著者
大久保 街亜
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.57-67, 2016 (Released:2018-04-13)
参考文献数
49
被引用文献数
11

Although null hypothesis significance testing has been strongly criticized for decades, it has been the dominant statistical method in the field of psychology. Non-reproducibility of findings in psychology can be attributed, at least partially, to an arbitrary threshold (i.e., .05) in the null hypothesis significance testing and overrepresentation of p-values. The present study surveyed papers from the Japanese Journal of Social Psychology and examined whether or not such overrepresentation also existed among psychology researchers in Japan. Effect size measures and p-values did not correspond well when p-values were set at around .05. Moreover, the frequency of p-values just below .05 was greater than expected. These results imply that the overrepresentation of p-values can produce unreliable and irreproducible results. Two types of remedies are discussed to alleviate the problems of overrepresentation of the p-values.
著者
石川 健太 山口 美和子 澤 幸祐 高田 夏子 大久保 街亜
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.87-92, 2014-04-25 (Released:2014-04-15)
参考文献数
33

This study investigated the effect of interpersonal dependency on judgments of gaze direction of individuals with different facial expressions. Based on interpersonal dependency scores, 46 participants were divided into two groups (high interpersonal dependency and low interpersonal dependency). Participants judged the gaze direction of photographs of faces with angry, neutral or happy expressions. Relative to the low interpersonal dependency group, the high interpersonal dependency group was more accurate in the judgments of gaze direction. This tendency was more salient for the happy and neutral expressions than for the angry expressions. Since people with high interpersonal dependency are highly motivated to seek support from others, this result suggests that they are sensitive to signals with pro-social information such as the gaze direction of others with positive attitudes.
著者
石川 健太 岡村 陽子 大久保 街亜
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.3, pp.225-231, 2012 (Released:2012-11-23)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
1 2

The present study investigated the effects of social anxiety on judgments about gaze direction. The participants (N = 123) were divided into two groups on the basis of social anxiety scores (social anxiety and control group). Participants who scored high on a social anxiety scale judged the direction of slightly averted gaze to be straight more often for angry faces than for neutral faces. This pattern was reversed for participants in control group. An angry face looking straight at a person may be seen as an overt threat. People suffering from social anxiety tend to interpret ambiguous situations as negative or threatening. This negativity bias may contribute to the increased judgments of straight-gaze responses for angry faces with slightly averted gazes.
著者
大久保 街亜
出版者
専修大学人間科学学会
雑誌
専修人間科学論集. 心理学篇 (ISSN:21858276)
巻号頁・発行日
no.1, pp.81-89, 2011-03

Reaction time is used to measure various types of human performance such as perception, memory, and problem solving. Many constructs, from unconscious prejudice to intelligence to personality, can also be measured by use of reaction time. It is, therefore, fundamentally important to remove the influence of spurious long reaction time in a positively skewed distribution, which reaction time data tends to follow. The present article evaluated methods for dealing with reaction time outliers. These methods were categorized into three types : Sample selection, transformation, and whole distribution analysis. In this article, I summarized pros and cons of these methods and made suggestions for a practical reaction time analysis.
著者
小林 晃洋 大久保 街亜
出版者
専修大学社会知性開発研究センター
雑誌
専修大学社会知性開発研究センター/心理科学研究センター年報 : 融合的心理科学の創成 ; 心の連続性を探る
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.89-108, 2012-03-14

無償OSであるUbuntu上で, OctaveとPsychtoolboxを利用した実験環境の構築方法について紹介した。商用ソフトウェアはサポートの終了やプログラムの改変に対する制約, 価格の問題などを抱えており, 無償かつ改変可能な実験環境を構築できることがのぞましい。ただし無償ソフトウェアを用いた実験環境を構築するためのドキュメントは未だ少ないため, 本稿では基本的な設定手順や注意すべき点について説明した。またサンプルプログラムを掲載し, Psychtoolbox上でのプログラミング方法を紹介した。
著者
中嶋 智史 請園 正敏 須藤 竜之介 布井 雅人 北神 慎司 大久保 街亜 鳥山 理恵 森本 裕子 高野 裕治
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.90.18235, (Released:2019-11-15)
参考文献数
29

The 20-item prosopagnosia index (PI20) was developed for assessing congenital prosopagnosia, which is characterized by severe facial recognition deficits in the absence of any obvious neurological deficit. We aimed to develop a Japanese version of the PI20 (PI20-J) scale and evaluate its validity and reliability. In study 1, we confirmed the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent validity of the scale. In study 2, we examined the relationships between PI20-J score and facial recognition performance and found a moderate correlation between them. In study 3, we examined whether the PI20-J score is related specifically with facial recognition performance, or with general object recognition performance. We found that participants with a high PI20-J score showed weaker facial recognition performance than those with a low PI20-J score. In contrast, the object recognition performance did not depend on the score. Our results suggest that the PI20-J score is related specifically with facial recognition performance. We conclude that PI20-J is highly reliable and valid as a self-reported measure for congenital prosopagnosic traits.
著者
高野 陽太郎 石川 淳 大久保 街亜
出版者
日本認知科学会
雑誌
認知科学 (ISSN:13417924)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.4, pp.586-591, 2002-12-01 (Released:2008-10-03)
参考文献数
18
著者
高野 陽太郎 大久保 街亜 石川 淳 藤井 大毅
出版者
日本認知科学会
雑誌
認知科学 (ISSN:13417924)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.3, pp.287-300, 2001-09-01 (Released:2008-10-03)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
2

This study compared Cosmides's (1989) social contract theory with Cheng & Holyoak's (1985) pragmatic reasoning schema theory as accounts of the thematic content effect in the Wason selection task. The former explains the effect in terms of an innate algorithm, whereas the latter explains it in terms of learned schemata. Cosmides prepared a “switched rule,” in which an antecedent and a consequent in the original conditional rule were interchanged so that the innate algorithm could not be applied while the pragmatic reasoning schema could. She found that the effect disappeared, and concluded that the effect is not produced by the pragmatic reasoning schema. However, the context attached to the switched rule revealed that this rule could hardly be interpreted as a permission rule, which could invoke a pragmatic reasoning schema. We made small modifications in Cosmides's switched rule and its context so that this rule could be interpreted as an obligation rule, which could also invoke a pragmatic reasoning schema. The cost-benefit relation in the context was held essentially unchanged so that the innate algorithm could not be applied. As a result, the thematic content effect appeared for the switched rule as well. This finding favors the pragmatic reasoning schema theory over the social contract theory, and thus largely reduces the plausibility of the hereditary account of reasoning ability. It was stressed that especially strong evidence is needed for hereditary accounts because they might well be utilized to justify social prejudice and discrimination.
著者
石川 健太 山口 美和子 澤 幸祐 高田 夏子 大久保 街亜
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.87-92, 2014

This study investigated the effect of interpersonal dependency on judgments of gaze direction of individuals with different facial expressions. Based on interpersonal dependency scores, 46 participants were divided into two groups (high interpersonal dependency and low interpersonal dependency). Participants judged the gaze direction of photographs of faces with angry, neutral or happy expressions. Relative to the low interpersonal dependency group, the high interpersonal dependency group was more accurate in the judgments of gaze direction. This tendency was more salient for the happy and neutral expressions than for the angry expressions. Since people with high interpersonal dependency are highly motivated to seek support from others, this result suggests that they are sensitive to signals with pro-social information such as the gaze direction of others with positive attitudes.
著者
小林 晃洋 大久保 街亜
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.60-68, 2014
被引用文献数
5

The Operation Span Test (OSPAN) is widely used to assess working memory capacity. However, this instrument has been rarely used to test Japanese participants because its task was not sufficiently difficult. The mean score for the original computerized OSPAN often reached a ceiling when Japanese participants were tested. In this study, we developed a computerized version of OSPAN for Japanese participants by increasing the task difficulty of the arithmetic procedures. The OSPAN scores were normally distributed and the mean score was approximately 50%. There were positive correlations between OSPAN scores and other scores of working memory measurements, such as a reading span test and a digit span test. These results suggest that the Japanese OSPAN is a reliable and valid measurement of working memory to test Japanese participants.