著者
澤 幸祐
出版者
日本動物心理学会
雑誌
動物心理学研究 (ISSN:09168419)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.59-67, 2012 (Released:2012-07-27)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
2 1

Many researchers have been interested in cognitive abilities of animals and investigated those issues by using several methods. Associative learning theory, which is mainly adopted in classical and operant conditioning literature, has been considered “simple” and sometime “appropriate” account of animal behavior from the point of view of Morgan's canon. In present article, criticism toward associative account and another reason why associative account is appropriate for animal behavior were reviewed, proposing proper usage of associative learning theory in complex animal behavior. One possible answer in present discussion is that associative learning theory is some kind of “intermediate language”, which can work as the bridge among neural mechanism, psychological faculty in animals, and anthropomorphic explanations.
著者
澤 幸祐 大北 碧 西山 慶太 鮫島 和行
出版者
THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR ANIMAL PSYCHOLOGY
雑誌
動物心理学研究 (ISSN:09168419)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.1, pp.29-36, 2017 (Released:2017-06-29)
参考文献数
20

Animals, including humans, communicate by transmitting various kinds of information to each other. Although individuals of the same animal species share a channel of communication, it is sometimes difficult to explore the nature of communication between different animal species. In this study, the transmission of information between humans and horses was examined regarding the three-term contingency in behavior analysis. We introduced studies in which signals from humans are discriminative stimuli for horses, and in which signals from humans are reinforcing stimuli for horses. Possibility and difficulty of information transmission between humans and horses were discussed.
著者
石川 健太 山口 美和子 澤 幸祐 高田 夏子 大久保 街亜
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.1, pp.87-92, 2014-04-25 (Released:2014-04-15)
参考文献数
33

This study investigated the effect of interpersonal dependency on judgments of gaze direction of individuals with different facial expressions. Based on interpersonal dependency scores, 46 participants were divided into two groups (high interpersonal dependency and low interpersonal dependency). Participants judged the gaze direction of photographs of faces with angry, neutral or happy expressions. Relative to the low interpersonal dependency group, the high interpersonal dependency group was more accurate in the judgments of gaze direction. This tendency was more salient for the happy and neutral expressions than for the angry expressions. Since people with high interpersonal dependency are highly motivated to seek support from others, this result suggests that they are sensitive to signals with pro-social information such as the gaze direction of others with positive attitudes.
著者
澤 幸祐
出版者
日本動物心理学会
雑誌
動物心理学研究 (ISSN:09168419)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.62.1.4, (Released:2012-06-21)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
2 1

Many researchers have been interested in cognitive abilities of animals and investigated those issues by using several methods. Associative learning theory, which is mainly adopted in classical and operant conditioning literature, has been considered “simple” and sometime “appropriate” account of animal behavior from the point of view of Morgan's canon. In present article, criticism toward associative account and another reason why associative account is appropriate for animal behavior were reviewed, proposing proper usage of associative learning theory in complex animal behavior. One possible answer in present discussion is that associative learning theory is some kind of “intermediate language”, which can work as the bridge among neural mechanism, psychological faculty in animals, and anthropomorphic explanations.
著者
澤 幸祐
出版者
日本動物心理学会
雑誌
動物心理学研究 (ISSN:09168419)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.1, pp.73-76, 2008 (Released:2008-06-27)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
1

Species comparison, whether explicit or implicit, is an essence in animal psychology but the role of species comparison differs among research paradigms. For example, associative learning and neuroscientific research examines proximal causes of behavior, and different species are compared in order to test the generality of mechanisms. Comparative cognition, on the other hand, examines what natural history influences cognition, and different species are compared in order to hypothesize ultimate causes that explain species difference found under experimental circumstances. Finding a synthesized interpretation of species difference across multiple paradigms does not facilitate better understanding what species similarities (and differences) mean. Instead, I discuss that more translation should be done between the paradigms. Translation brings critiques and novel ideas from one paradigm to the other, yet preserving ideas in each approach. It, therefore, allows us to interpret psychological phenomena from multiple perspectives, and thus provide novel insights to each other. Translations among the diverse paradigms within the discipline of animal psychology will also provide unique perspectives to research in human psychology.
著者
二瓶 正登 澤 幸祐
出版者
専修大学人間科学学会
雑誌
専修人間科学論集. 心理学篇 (ISSN:21858276)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.45-53, 2017-03-15 (Released:2017-05-29)

臨床心理学の実践場面において認知行動療法が盛んに実施されており,また多くの研究が行われている。認知行動療法は行動療法に起源を持つものの,近年では認知が感情や行動の原因であり,クライエントや患者が有する不適応的な認知を変容させることで心理学的な問題は改善されるという認知療法的な枠組みに基づいた症状の理解や介入が主流となった。認知療法の隆盛により,従来の行動療法が重視してきた学習心理学の枠組みに基づいた症状の理解や介入はあまり実施されなくなった。このような現状に至った背景として,行動療法あるいは学習心理学ではヒトが有する認知や言語といった個体の内面で生じる過程を適切に扱うことができないとする批判がある。しかし現代の学習心理学で用いられる諸理論においては学習が生じる際の認知過程が重要視されており,このような批判は適当ではない。そこで本論文では,現在の学習理論の観点から臨床心理学的問題をどのように理解することが可能か,そしてどのように実践上の問題を解消させることが可能かを展望する。さらに認知行動療法に学習理論を取り入れる利点や,近年行われるようになった認知行動療法で用いられてきた概念と学習心理学との融合に関する試みについても述べる。
著者
澤 幸祐
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
人文論究 (ISSN:02866773)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.3, pp.102-112, 1999-12