著者
大塚 攻 田中 隼人
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
タクサ:日本動物分類学会誌 (ISSN:13422367)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, pp.49-62, 2020-02-29 (Released:2020-03-13)
参考文献数
87

One of the major crustacean groups, Maxillopoda had accommodated Mystacocarida, Copepoda, Thecostraca, Tantulocarida, Ostracoda, Branchiura, Pentastomida, and some fossil taxa, and was generally defined by some combinations of the following characters: body tagma composed of 5 cephalic, 6 (or 7) thoracic and 5 (or 4) abdominal somites; male gonopore (s) located on the first abdominal somite; uniramous antennules; naupliar eyes with tapetal cells, and so on. However, the monophyly of maxillopodans is totally rejected by a number of genetic analyses, while palaeontological and morphological approaches still recognize not only maxillopodans but also entomostracans as valid taxa. Since this issue is not well documented in Japan, the present paper briefly introduces modern phylogenetic studies on maxillopodan crustaceans, in particular Copepoda and Ostracoda.
著者
木村 妙子 木村 昭一 自見 直人 倉持 利明 藤田 敏彦 駒井 智幸 吉田 隆太 田中 隼人 岡西 政典 小川 晟人 小林 格 小玉 将史 齋藤 礼弥 清野 裕暉 片平 浩孝 中野 裕昭 吉川 晟弘 上野 大輔 田中 正敦 大矢 佑基 前川 陽一 中村 亨 奥村 順哉 田中 香月 Kimura Taeko Kimura Shoichi Jimi Naoto Kuramochi Toshiaki Fujita Toshihiko Komai Tomoyuki Yoshida Ryuta Tanaka Hayato Okanishi Masanori Ogawa Akito Kobayashi Itaru Kodama Masafumi Saito Masaya Kiyono Yuki Katahira Hirotaka Nakano Hiroaki Yoshikawa Akihiro Uyeno Daisuke Tanaka Masaatsu Oya Yuki Maekawa Yoichi Nakamura Toru Okumura Junya Tanaka Kazuki
出版者
三重大学大学院生物資源学研究科
雑誌
三重大学大学院生物資源学研究科紀要 = The bulletin of the Graduate School of Bioresources Mie University
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, pp.11-50, 2019-09

Preliminary results of the deep-sea faunal survey conducted from the TR/V Seisui-maru of Mie University in April 2018 are presented. 18 taxonomists and ecologists working on a wide variety of animal taxa participated in this survey. Surveyed areas included the Kumano Sea (off Mie Prefecture) and south of the Kii Strait (off Tanabe Bay, Wakayama Prefecture), at depths of 80-821 m. Sampling gears employed were beam trawl and biological dredge. The collection is represented by macrobenthos and meiobenthos from 11 animal phyla, including arthropods, echinoderms, annelids and molluscans. The number of phyla occurring in each station varied from 3 to 7. The station with most diverse fauna at the phylum level was St. 3B (south of the Kii Strait, 421-543 m depth, sandy mud bottom). Meiofauna includes priapulids and small arthropods, such as ostracods, tanaidaceans, isopods, cumaceans and acarus. In addition to free-living species, parasitic crustaceans, platyhelminthes, acanthocephalans, annelids and cnidarians were also collected from fishes, ascidians, urchins, holothurians, crustaceans and polychaetes. Preliminary identifications are given for Ostracoda, Cirripedia, Amphipoda, Decapoda, Asteroidea,Ophiuroidea, Holothuroidea, polychaetes, Echiura, Mollusca and Xenoturbellida.
著者
田中 隼人
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
タクサ:日本動物分類学会誌 (ISSN:13422367)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, pp.16-27, 2018-08-31 (Released:2018-08-31)
参考文献数
71

This study reports the taxonomy, ecology and evolution of interstitial Ostracoda (Crustacea). Taxonomy and ecology of interstitial ostracods from river mouth were discussed. High salinity tolerance of the interstitial ostracods living river mouth was proven by field distribution and laboratory experiment. The author hypothesizes that ancestral marine interstitial species which has high salinity tolerance have been migrated to the river mouth environment where salinity varies drastically. From the mating experiment of Parapolycope spiralis, multi-step of pre-copulatory behavior was observed: (1) the male captures the female by a sucker on the antennula; (2) the male clasps and maintains the mating position using the endopodite claw and the exopodite of the antenna; (3) the male makes contact using the distal part of the upper lip; and (4) copulation takes place. The male upper lip shows species-specific and largely diverged morphologies in the Parapolycope species. The specific contact stimuli might be caused by various shapes of male upper lip and then females discriminate a favorable mating partner depending on these stimulations. The author concluded the species-specific morphologies of male upper lip have evolved by female mate choice. In addition, this study provides a brief overview of several taxonomic studies on marine ostracods.
著者
山崎 博史 藤本 心太 田中 隼人
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
タクサ:日本動物分類学会誌 (ISSN:13422367)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, pp.40-53, 2019-02-28 (Released:2019-03-23)
参考文献数
80

Meiobenthos is a term usually referring to microscopic benthic organisms which pass through a 1 mm mesh sieve and are retained on a 32–63 μm one. Meiobenthos occurs in any aquatic environment, shows high species diversity as well as high biomass, and often plays an important role in ecological and evolutionary studies. However, the species diversity of these animals in Japanese waters has been insufficiently investigated. Here we review several methodologies for collecting extant meiobenthos from the marine environment, including the method for sampling sediments in various environments, extracting meiobenthos from the sediment samples, and some tips for sorting, fixation, and observation of them.
著者
田中 隼人
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
タクサ : 日本動物分類学会誌 (ISSN:13422367)
巻号頁・発行日
no.28, pp.17-22, 2010-02-20

Reproductive isolation and evolution of copulatory organ in eleven interstitial species of the genus Parapolycope (Ostracoda, Myodocopida) were discussed. The shapes of male ejaculatory duct are divided into the three types i.e., a helical tube type (Type H), a curved short tube type (Type S), and tapering long tube type (Type L). And the correlation between the shapes of copulatory organs in both sexes is recognized as, what we call, the "lock and key". After copulation, the female genital openings of Parapolycope sp. 2 are often blocked by a rod-shape structure. The rod-shaped structure is thought as a part of the male copulatory duct. The phylogenetic relationships of several Parapolycope species were estimated by the mitochondrial COT gene sequences. According to this, the extremely long type of copulatory duct must have evolved gradually from the short curved tube type. As a hypothesis to explain the development of the extremely long type of ejaculatory duct, the concept of an "evolutionary arms race" would be applicable.
著者
田中 隼人 小鳥居 英 横澤 賢 若林 楓芽 木本 和代 佐野 恵子
出版者
日本動物分類学会
雑誌
タクサ:日本動物分類学会誌 (ISSN:13422367)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.26-41, 2015-02-28 (Released:2018-03-30)
被引用文献数
1

Diverse aquatic organisms are living in the immediate freshwater environments such as the rice field, pond and ditch. This study reports a freshwater ostracod fauna of rice field and spring from Fuji and Fujinomiya, Japan. We found 14 species (13 genera), and Pseudocandona pratensis (Hartwig, 1901) is newly recorded from Japan. The morphological characters, distribution in Japan, and taxonomic remarks are provided for these species. And also five species were given the new Japanese name. We discussed on the distribution of Dolerocypris ikeyai Smith and Kamiya, 2006 and Stenocypris hirutai Smith and Kamiya, 2006 found from rice field. Both species has been reported from runoff of spring, seeps, interstitial environment. We regarded their reduced swimming setae on antenna as an adaptive character to shallow and gently water flow. Population of rice field of this two species could be originated from the source of an irrigation channel, and they might be incidentally stayed in the rice field.
著者
岸 啓 木下 健太郎 中原 子竜 奥谷 匠 田中 隼人 岸田 悟
出版者
公益社団法人 日本表面科学会
雑誌
表面科学学術講演会要旨集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.269-269, 2010

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