著者
菊地 夏野
出版者
京都大学
雑誌
京都社会学年報 : KJS
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.129-147, 2001-12-25

This paper aims at reconsidering the view on prostitution during the 1990s in Japan. When people discuss the issue of prostitution in general, they have tended to reduce the problem into whether it is morally right or wrong. Especially in the 90s, it was often discussed around the dualistic notion of "free will versus compulsion", which have prevented us to see what exactly structuralizes the complex relationship between prostitution and the violence against women. Among the dominant discourses on prostitution during this period, there were some varieties. On one hand, there were discourses that condemn prostitution to be perfectly evil. It had become a convention for the anti-prostitution movement to regard prostitution as a greatest violence and discrimination against women. Such scholars as Daisaburou HASHIDUME and Kaku SECHIYAMA, on the other hand, have objected to the idea that prostitution is essentially bad. Their position was to affirm the act as far as it were carried out without violence and discrimination against women. Their debate tells us that, whether they deny it or not, their concern was to condemn whether prostitution is morally right or wrong. Instead, we proposed to ask why it has always been looked at in such a way. In pursuing the question in this paper, we have clarified the processes in which discourses on prostitution inevitably fell into the reductionism. Finally, we turned to the alternative approach to prostitution advocated by Mitsu TANAKA. It is a distinctive approach that turns our attention to the divided status of Japanese women. By making reference to TANAKA's argument, we have investigated a new way to situate prostitution more fundamentally and offered a clue to the situation into which modern Japanese women are put.
著者
菊地 夏野
出版者
名古屋市立大学
雑誌
若手研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2010-04-01 (Released:2010-08-23)

外国籍(フィリピン)女性の当事者コミュニテイ活動について継続的にフィールドワーク調査を行った。必要に応じてインタビュー調査を行い、当事者の経歴、ライフコースや意識を探った。とくに、当事者たちの法廷闘争に着目し、画期的な判決を出した国籍法改正裁判について調査した。当事者(原告の母)たちのインタビュー調査と、支援団体(NGO)のインタビュー調査を行い、裁判の経緯を調べた。その上で、この闘争が持った社会的意義を考察した。
著者
菊地 夏野
出版者
京都大学
雑誌
京都社会学年報 : KJS
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.101-118, 2002-12-25

This thesis deals With the "Paradox of Feminism". Feminism orginally tried to resist patriarchy and sexual oppression towards women. I~owever in the course of the movement feminism fell into confusion, in some ways resulting in the preservation of such oppression. For example, many women have protested against pornography as violence against women. They have identified pornography as a product of patriarchy. However, in some cases political situations give resemblance to feminism and conservatism. Therefore confusion between feminism and that opponent occurs. Other issues including prostitution, domestic violence, and sexual harassment have the same composition. This paper analyses this paradox by considering the relationship between gender and sexuality. The two concepts each have their own history, but how the two relate has rarely been discussed. I think that the paradox of feminism is rooted in the relationship between gender and sexuality. Violence against women has two aspects; gender and sexuality. Trying to emphasis the concept of gender involves the problem of knowledge. As Foucault pointed out, sexuality is exclusive to knowledge. Consequently the discourse that opposes gender excludes some sexual elements in some respects. In contrast to this, to oppose the oppression of sexuality results in the ignorance of the violence against women and the problem of gender. This situation shows the relationship between gender and sexuality as one of dualism. In this dualism the discourse of the one causes the exclusion of the other. The discourse of feminism is placed in this dangerous logic. In this paper I try to make clear this dual logic and to Consider more viable alternatives for the feminist movement.