著者
Mitsutaka Nakashima Machiko Tanakaya Toru Miyoshi Takaaki Saito Yusuke Katayama Satoru Sakuragi Hiroshi Ito
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-22-0109, (Released:2022-08-04)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
5

Background: The fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index is used to evaluate liver disease patients. It can also be used to evaluate the prognosis for heart disease patients; however, its ability to determine the prognosis of severe isolated tricuspid regurgitation (TR) patients is unclear. This study aimed to clarify the association between FIB-4 index scores and the cardiovascular prognosis for severe isolated TR patients.Methods and Results: This was a dual-center, retrospective study. From 2011 to 2019, 111 consecutive outpatients with severe isolated TR (mean age, 68.6 years; 53.2% male) were evaluated. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) were defined as the composite of cardiovascular death, hospitalization for heart failure, myocardial infarction, and stroke. The association between FIB-4 index scores and echocardiography was also evaluated. During a median follow up of 3.0 years, 24 patients were lost to follow up and 40 MACEs occurred. Baseline FIB-4 index scores for patients with MACEs were significantly higher than those for patients without MACEs. A multivariate analysis revealed that FIB-4 index scores are significantly associated with MACEs (hazard ratio, 1.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.01–3.54; P=0.046). A linear regression analysis indicated that FIB-4 index scores were correlated with echocardiographic parameters, including the left atrial volume index and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter.Conclusions: The FIB-4 index score may be a useful predictor of MACEs for patients with severe isolated TR.
著者
Toru Miyoshi Kunihisa Kohno Hirohiko Asonuma Satoru Sakuragi Makoto Nakahama Yusuke Kawai Tadahisa Uesugi Takefumi Oka Mitsuru Munemasa Natsuki Takahashi Naoki Mukohara Seiji Habara Yasushi Koyama Kazufumi Nakamura Hiroshi Ito on behalf of the PEACH Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.2, pp.532-540, 2018-01-25 (Released:2018-01-25)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
13

Background:The effect of lipid-lowering agents on progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) remains unclear. We evaluated the effects of pitavastatin 2 mg/day (PIT2), pitavastatin 4 mg/day (PIT4), and PIT2 combined with eicosapentaenoic acid (PIT2+EPA) on CAC progression.Methods and Results:This prospective multicenter study in Japan included patients with an Agatston score of 1–999, hypercholesterolemia, and no evidence of cardiovascular disease. Patients were allocated into PIT2, PIT4, or PIT2+EPA groups. The primary outcome was the annual percent change in Agatston score in all patients. In total, 156 patients who had multi-detector row computed tomography without any artifacts were included in the primary analysis. Pitavastatin did not significantly reduce the annual progression rate of the Agatston score (40%; 95% CI: 19–61%). The annual progression rate of Agatston score in the PIT2 group was not significantly different from that in the PIT4 group (34% vs. 42%, respectively; P=0.88) or the PIT2+EPA group (34% vs. 44%, respectively; P=0.80). On post-hoc analysis the baseline ratio of low- to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was a significant predictor of non-progression of Agatston score by pitavastatin (OR, 2.17; 95% CI: 1.10–44.12; P=0.02).Conclusions:Pitavastatin does not attenuate progression of CAC. Intensive pitavastatin treatment and standard treatment with EPA does not reduce progression of CAC compared with standard treatment.
著者
Toru Miyoshi Satoko Naoe Hiroyuki Wakabayashi Takashi Yano Takuya Mori Shingo Kanda Makoto Arita Hiroshi Ito
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.64135, (Released:2023-08-02)
参考文献数
39

Aims: MND-2119 is a novel once-daily dose self-emulsifying formulation of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester (EPA-E) and is approved as an antihyperlipidemia agent in Japan. It has improved absorption and achieves higher plasma EPA concentrations at Cmax than conventional EPA-E. In the JELIS trial, concomitant use of EPA-E with statin therapy significantly reduced atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risks. As a potential mechanism of action of EPA, endogenous formation of EPA-derived anti-inflammatory metabolites is receiving greater attention. This study aims to investigate the endogenous formation of EPA-derived anti-inflammatory metabolites following single and multiple administrations of MND-2119. Methods: Healthy adult male subjects were randomly assigned to a nonintervention (control) group, MND-2119 2-g/day group, MND-2119 4-g/day group, or EPA-E 1.8-g/day group for 7 days (N=8 per group). Plasma fatty acids and EPA-derived metabolites were evaluated. Peripheral blood neutrophils were isolated, and the production of EPA-derived metabolites from in vitro stimulated neutrophils was evaluated. Results: After single and multiple administrations of MND-2119 2 g/day, there were significant increases in plasma EPA concentration, 18-hydroxyeicosapentaenoic acid (18-HEPE), and 17,18-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid compared with those of EPA-E 1.8 g/day. They were further increased with MND-2119 4 g/day administration. In neutrophils, the EPA concentration in the MND-2119 2-g/day group was significantly higher compared with that in the EPA-E 1.8-g/day group after multiple administration, and 18-HEPE production was positively correlated with EPA concentration. No safety issues were noted. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that MND-2119 increases the plasma and cellular concentrations of EPA and EPA-derived metabolites to a greater extent than conventional EPA-E formulations.
著者
Kazufumi Nakamura Toru Miyoshi Satoshi Akagi Norihisa Toh Yukihiro Saito Yoichi Takaya Masatoki Yoshida Koji Nakagawa Satoshi Kawada Hironobu Toda Takashi Miki Rie Nakayama Fumi Yokohama Keishi Ichikawa Masashi Yoshida Makiko Taniyama Nobuhiro Nishii Teiji Akagi Hiroshi Morita Hiroshi Ito
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-22-0349, (Released:2022-06-29)
参考文献数
3
被引用文献数
1

The 86thAnnual Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Circulation Society was held in a web-based format on March 11–13, 2022. In accordance with the internationalization policy of the JCS, the meeting was held with the Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology Congress 2022. The main theme was “Cardiology Spreading its Wings”. The number of patients with heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases is increasing dramatically, and the fields dealt with by cardiovascular medicine are also greatly expanding. This conference was both intellectually satisfying and exciting for all participants, who numbered over 14,900. The meeting was completed with great success, and the enormous amount of cooperation and support from all involved was greatly appreciated.
著者
Toru Miyoshi Kazuhiro Osawa Hiroshi Ito Susumu Kanazawa Takeshi Kimura Hiroki Shiomi Sachio Kuribayashi Masahiro Jinzaki Akio Kawamura Hiram Bezerra Stephan Achenbach Bjarne L. Nørgaard
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.2, pp.406-412, 2015-01-23 (Released:2015-01-23)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
5 23

Background:Recently, a non-invasive method using computational fluid dynamics to calculate vessel-specific fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) from routinely acquired coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) was described. The Analysis of Coronary Blood Flow Using CT Angiography: Next Steps (NXT) trial, which was a prospective, multicenter trial including 254 patients with suspected coronary artery disease, noted high diagnostic performance of FFRCTcompared with invasive FFR. The aim of this post-hoc analysis was to assess the diagnostic performance of non-invasive FFRCTvs. standard stenosis quantification on coronary CTA in the Japanese subset of the NXT trial.Methods and Results:A total of 57 Japanese participants were included from Okayama University (n=36), Kyoto University (n=17), and Keio University (n=4) Hospitals. Per-patient diagnostic accuracy of FFRCT(74%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 60–85%) was higher than for coronary CTA (47%; 95% CI: 34–61%, P<0.001) arising from improved specificity (63% vs. 27%, P<0.001). FFRCTcorrectly reclassified 53% of patients and 63% of vessels with coronary CTA false positives as true negatives. When patients with Agatston score >1,000 were excluded, per-patient accuracy of FFRCTwas 83% with a high specificity of 76%, similar to the overall NXT trial findings.Conclusions:FFRCThas high diagnostic performance compared with invasive FFR in the Japanese subset of patients in the NXT trial. (Circ J 2015; 79: 406–412)