著者
Teruhiko Imamura Koichiro Kinugawa Masaru Hatano Takeo Fujino Toshiro Inaba Hisataka Maki Osamu Kinoshita Kan Nawata Shunei Kyo Minoru Ono Issei Komuro
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.9, pp.2259-2267, 2014-08-25 (Released:2014-08-25)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
17 35

Background:Depressed hemodynamics stimulates arginine vasopressin (AVP) release, but the relationship between plasma AVP levels (P-AVP) and cardiac parameters, especially in patients with stage D heart failure (HF) receiving guideline-directed medical therapy, has not examined.Methods and Results:Data including P-AVP were obtained from 162 in-hospital patients with stage D HF and from 80 patients receiving ventricular assist device (VAD, n=46) or heart transplantation (HTx, n=34) at 3 months after surgery. In the HF group, considerably high P-AVP (5.9±6.1 pg/ml) negatively correlated with serum sodium concentration (S-Na, 135.3±5.8 mEq/L, r=–0.548 [P<0.01]) and cardiac index (CI, 2.2±0.5 L·min–1·m–2, r=–0.458 [P<0.01]). After VAD/HTx treatment, improvement in the CI (2.7±0.5 L·min–1·m–2[P<0.01] vs. HF) was accompanied by normalization of serum sodium concentration (S-Na; 138.2±2.0 mEq/L [P<0.01] vs. HF) and suppressed release of AVP (1.7±3.4 pg/ml [P<0.01] vs. HF). P-AVP positively correlated with only S-Na (r=0.454 [P<0.01]), whereas no correlation was observed with CI after VAD/HTx treatment. P-AVP ≥5.3 pg/ml well predicted poor 2-year survival in HF group (60% [P<0.01] vs. 90%).Conclusions:Low cardiac output stimulates AVP release via a non-osmotic process that results in hyponatremia and poor prognosis in patients with stage D HF. After sufficient recovery of cardiac output by cardiac replacement therapy, AVP release is suppressed and is mainly regulated by serum osmolality. (Circ J 2014; 78: 2259–2267)