著者
Yuan Tao Pengfei Jiang Yuhua Wei Ping Wang Xiaoling Sun Hong Wang
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.240, no.3, pp.209-214, 2016 (Released:2016-11-11)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
5

Dry form of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) constitutes 90% of AMD cases, and it is characterized by the formation of drusen under the retina and the slow breakdown of the light-sensing cells in the macula, which causes a gradual loss of central vision. Since oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of dry AMD, α-lipoic acid (LA) with antioxidant properties was selected, and its effect on anti-oxidative markers and visual quality in patients with dry AMD was assessed. A total of 100 dry AMD patients (60-83 years old) were randomly assigned to LA treatment group (n = 50) and placebo control group (n = 50). We measured the serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, an important marker of antioxidant defense, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), contrast sensitivity, and Chinese-Version Low Vision Quality of Life (CLVQOL) before and after LA or placebo intervention. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to explore the relationship between contrast sensitivity values and CLVQOL scores. There was a statistically significant increase in serum SOD activity after LA intervention. The CLVQOL score was improved significantly after LA treatment. The contrast sensitivity measured at middle and low spatial frequency was significantly higher after LA treatment. CLVQOL scores were positively correlated with contrast sensitivity at low spatial frequency (3 cyc/degree) in LA-treated group. These results indicate that LA treatment improves vision-related quality of life in patients with dry AMD probably by increasing antioxidant activity. Thus, LA can be regarded as a promising agent for the treatment of AMD.
著者
Hongdeok Seok Jin-Ha Yoon Jong-Uk Won Wanhyung Lee June-Hee Lee Pil Kyun Jung Jaehoon Roh
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.238, no.1, pp.25-32, 2016 (Released:2015-12-15)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
3

Concealing emotions at work can cause considerable psychological stress. While there is extensive research on the adverse health effects of concealing emotions and the association between allergic diseases and stress, research has not yet investigated whether concealing emotions at work is associated with allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is a common disease in many industrialized countries, and its prevalence is increasing. Thus, our aim was to determine the strength of this association using data from three years (2007-2009) of the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Participants (aged 20-64) were 8,345 individuals who were economically active and who had completed the questionnaire items on concealing emotions at work. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated for allergic rhinitis using logistic regression models. Among all participants, 3,140 subjects (37.6%) reported concealing their emotions at work: 1,661 men and 1,479 women. The OR (95% CIs) for allergic rhinitis among those who concealed emotions at work versus those who did not was 1.318 (1.148-1.512). Stratified by sex, the OR (95% CIs) was 1.307 (1.078-1.585) among men and 1.346 (1.105-1.639) among women. Thus, individuals who concealed their emotions at work were significantly more likely to have a diagnosis of AR in comparison to those who did not. Because concealing emotions at work has adverse health effects, labor policies that aim to reduce this practice are needed.
著者
Naoki Nakaya Akira Narita Naho Tsuchiya Tomohiro Nakamura Ichiro Tsuji Atsushi Hozawa Hiroaki Tomita
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.239, no.4, pp.307-314, 2016 (Released:2016-08-10)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
4

Several studies have reported that not only patients with chronic diseases but also their partners are likely to face major psychosocial problems. This study examined the association between a partner’s ongoing treatment for chronic disease and the risk of psychological distress after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). In 2012, a questionnaire was distributed as part of a cross-sectional study of participants aged 20 years or older living in a municipality that had been severely inundated by the tsunami following the GEJE. We identified couples using the household numbers of the municipality and collected self-reported information on ongoing chronic disease treatment for stroke, cancer, myocardial infarction, and angina. Psychological distress was evaluated using the Kessler 6 scale (K6) and was defined as a score ≥ 5/24 points. Among 1,246 couples (2,492 participants) thus identified, 2,369 completed the K6. The number of participants whose partners were under treatment for chronic diseases was 209 (9%). Overall, participants with partners who were receiving treatment for chronic diseases (odds ratio [OR] = 1.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.95-1.8, P = 0.09) did not show a significantly higher risk of psychological distress using logistic regression analysis. Women, but not men, whose partners were receiving treatment for chronic diseases, had a higher risk of psychological distress (women: OR = 1.6, P = 0.02; men: OR = 1.0, P = 0.92). After the GEJE, only in women the presence of partners under treatment for chronic diseases appears to be a risk factor for psychological distress.
著者
Misa Yamamoto Toshihiko Yamauchi Kozue Okano Mutsuo Takahashi Shoji Watabe Yoshimi Yamamoto
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.217, no.3, pp.193-201, 2009 (Released:2009-03-13)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
11 16

Neurofibromas are benign tumors that comprise primarily of Schwann cells and fibroblasts. Mast cells have been found scattered in the tumor tissue, and their role in promoting the proliferation of neurofibroma has been suggested. Tranilast (N-[3,4-dimethoxycinnamolyl]anthranilic acid) is an anti-allergic drug that inhibits release of the chemical mediators from mast cells and it used for the treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars by its inhibition of growth-promoting transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 from fibroblasts. We assumed that tranilast would suppress neurofibroma cell growth. In order to prove this hypothesis, we investigated the effectiveness of tranilast in inhibiting the tumor growth using a new cell culture system obtained from patients with neurofibromas. We called this culture system with the mixture of Schwann cells and fibroblasts “NF1 cells culture”. Mast cells were differentiated from CD34+ peripheral blood mononuclear cells of normal healthy subjects, and were co-cultured with NF1 cells. Three days after tranilast (10 ∼ 100 μM) added to the culture dishes, we counted viable cell numbers and measured the concentrations of TGF-β1, stem cell factor (SCF) and tryptase, which exists in the histamine granule, in the culture medium. Tranilast significantly suppressed proliferation of the NF1 cells and lowered the levels of TGF-β1, SCF and tryptase. These results suggest that tranilast retards tumor proliferation through not only suppression of cell growth factor, but also the inhibition of a chemical mediator released from mast cells. Thus, tranilast can be a potent therapeutic agent to inhibit the growth of neurofibromas.
著者
三浦 修
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.2, pp.196-202, 1936-12-30 (Released:2008-11-28)
参考文献数
2
被引用文献数
1 1

Clitocybe acromelalga, Ichimura, ein giftiger Pilz, dessen Genuss bei Menschen Vergiftung mit heftigem Schmerz und Nekrose in den Extremitöten verursacht, ruft bei Höhnen eine nekrobiotische Verönderung des Kainmes and der Bartlappen, in denen sick eine hyaline Degeneration mikroskopisch nachweisen lösst, hervor, wöhrend er bei anderen Tierarten, wie Möusen, Ratten, Meerschweinchen und Kaninchen nicht imstande ist, eine solche Verönderung herbeizuführen. Die nekrobiotische Verönderung von Hahnenkömmen wird wie die Sensibilitötsstörung bei Möusen durch zwei verschiedene wasserlosliche Substanzen hervorgerufen, von denen die eine durch Bleiazetat geföllt und durch Kochen zersetzt wird, wöhrend die andere dagegen mit Bleiazetat keinen Niederschlag bildet und kochbestöndig ist. Für die technische Hilfe bei der Ausführung dieser Versuche bin ich Herrn Prof. S. Nasu im Pathologischen Institut zu Dank ver-pflichtet.
著者
AKIRA NAITO MICHIHIRO YAJIMA HIDEHIKO FUKAMACHI KOJI USHIKOSHI YING-JIE SUN YOSHIFUSA SHIMIZU
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.175, no.4, pp.285-288, 1995 (Released:2006-08-31)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
4 7

NAITO, A., YAJIMA, M., FUKAMACHI, H., USHIKOSHI, K., SUN, Y.-J. and SHIMIZU, Y. Electromyographic (EMG) Study of the Elbow Flexors during Supination and Pronation of the Forearm. Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 1995, 175 (4), 285-288 - Activities of the elbow flexors during supination and pronation of the forearm in a normal human volunteer were studied by an electromyography (EMG). The volunteer performed the movement slowly or quickly holding elbow flexion at various angles with or without a load. The biceps brachii showed an increase and a decrease of EMG activities during supination and pronation, respectively. The brachialis and brachioradialis showed a reduction and an increment of EMU activities accompanied by an increase and a decrease of EMG activities in the biceps brachii, respectively. These findings seem to indicate that reciprocal contractions among the elbow flexors permit the biceps brachii to work for supination without an induction of elbow flexion.
著者
Yosuke Kakisaka Tomoichiro Ohara Hideo Tozawa Shun Sato Saori Katayama Tasuku Suzuki Naomi Hino-Fukuyo Shigeo Kure
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.228, no.2, pp.143-145, 2012 (Released:2012-09-22)
参考文献数
7
被引用文献数
2 6

Gynecomastia or benign proliferation of the male breast glandular tissue is not uncommon for adolescent males. Its pathogenesis has been attributed to a transient imbalance between estrogens and androgens. Ginseng is a popular herb with a long history of medicinal use. Oriental folk medicine describes it as both a tonic for restoring strength and a panacea. The term “ginseng” generally refers to a plant, Panax ginseng. Based on estrogen-like actions of Panax ginseng due to its structural similarity with estradiol, this agent could be speculated to cause gynecomastia. Here we report a 12-year-old Korean-Japanese boy with bilateral enlargement of the breasts with tenderness in the right breast, which was noticed about 1 month before his first visit to our outpatient clinic. He was diagnosed with gynecomastia based on physical, laboratory, and ultrasound examinations. Detailed questioning about his medications and supplements revealed that he had been given red ginseng extract daily to enhance his performance for 1 month before his clinical presentation. He wanted to make his body stronger as an athlete. He was recommended from his grandmother to take Panax ginseng for his purpose. After stopping this, there was no further growth of the masses and no pain when his right breast was pressed. In conclusion, physicians should consider ginseng in the investigation of gynecomastia.
著者
Takafumi Hashiba Kenji Takeuchi Yoshihiro Shimazaki Toru Takeshita Yoshihisa Yamashita
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.235, no.1, pp.39-46, 2015 (Released:2015-01-09)
参考文献数
46
被引用文献数
1 4

Chewing xylitol gum provides oral health benefits including inhibiting Streptococcus mutans plaque. It is thought to be especially effective in conditions where it is difficult to perform daily oral cleaning. Our study aim was to determine the effects of chewing xylitol gum on self-rated and objective oral health status under a condition interfering with oral hygiene maintenance. A randomized controlled intervention trial was conducted on 55 healthy ≥ 20-year-old men recruited from the Japan Ground Self Defense Force who were undergoing field training. Participants were randomly assigned to a test group (chewing gum; n = 27) or a control group (no gum; n = 28) and the researchers were blinded to the group assignments. The Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores of oral conditions subjectively evaluated oral health, and the stimulated salivary bacteria quantity objectively evaluated oral health 1 day before field training (baseline) and 4 days after the beginning of field training (follow-up). VAS scores of all three oral conditions significantly increased in the control group (malodor: p < 0.001; discomfort: p < 0.001; dryness: p < 0.001), but only two VAS scores increased in the test group (malodor: p = 0.021; discomfort: p = 0.002). The number of salivary total bacteria significantly increased in the control group (p < 0.01), while no significant change was observed in the test group (p = 0.668). Chewing xylitol gum positively affects self-rated and objective oral health status by controlling oral hygiene under conditions that interfere with oral hygiene maintenance.
著者
Gordana Bogdanovic Ljudmila Stojanovich Aleksandra Djokovic Natasa Stanisavljevic
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.237, no.3, pp.193-199, 2015 (Released:2015-10-20)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
9

Given the crucial events in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) such as joint and muscle pain, fatigue, depression, obesity and osteoporosis, the very thought of exercising can be challenging. This prospective study included 60 patients diagnosed with SLE in stable condition. A randomly selected group of 30 women had aerobic training on a bicycle ergometer for a period of 15 minutes, 3 times per week for 6 weeks, while the second group of 30 women performed isotonic exercises (to stretch and lengthen muscles and improve the range of motion) for 30 minutes, 3 times per week during the same period. Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Short Form 36 (SF36) questionnaire on the quality of life and Beck depression inventory (BDI) were analyzed at baseline and after 6 weeks. At baseline FSS score was 53.8 ± 5.7 and after the physical activity FSS score was 29.1 ± 7.8 (FSS ≥ 36; fatigue is present). The largest number of patients (66.7%) was in a moderate depressed state at the baseline, while after physical activities 61.7% of patients, had a mild mood disturbance. There were significant differences (p < 0.001) in values of all areas of quality of life questionnaire SF36 before and after the implementation of physical activity. The type of physical activity had no influence in FSS and BDI values. Continuous physical activity, regardless of its type, significantly improved quality of life of SLE patients. We recommend regular physical activity as an integral part of modern therapeutic approach in this patient population.
著者
Yingjie Zhong Ye Wang Jun Guo Haifeng Chu Yong Gao Limin Pang
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.237, no.3, pp.183-191, 2015 (Released:2015-10-17)
参考文献数
55
被引用文献数
1 6

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common arthritis in the adolescents under the age of 16. Etanercept, an inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor, is often used to treat JIA despite its significant side effects. Homeopathic remedies, such as blueberries, have anti-inflammatory properties with fewer unwanted effects and should be considered as a primary treatment. We aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of combination therapy of blueberry and etanercept for JIA. Two hundred and one JIA patients were selected, and randomly and evenly assigned to three groups: ETA (50 mg of etanercept twice weekly), ETABJ (matched etanercept and 50 ml blueberry juice daily) and ETAPJ (matched etanercept and placebo juice). The severity of JIA was measured using American College of Rheumatology scales (ACR) 20, 50 and 70. The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1 (IL1) alpha and IL1 beta, and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1RA) were measured by qRT-PCR and ELISA. After a 6-month follow-up, the ACR20, ACR50 and ACR70 in an ETABJ group were higher than those in other two groups (P < 0.05), suggesting clinically meaningful improvement in JIA. Meanwhile, the symptoms and side effects were reduced significantly or absent in an ETABJ group, including mental diseases, retrobulbar optic neuritis, gaining weight, infection, cutaneous vasculitis, diarrhea, uveitis and pancytopenia. Blueberries reduced the levels of IL1 alpha and beta, and increased the level of IL1RA. Thus, a combination therapy of blueberry and etanercept can reduce the severity of JIA and should be developed as a new method for JIA therapy.
著者
Takashi Yokota Yasuo Kunii Shin Teshima Yasuo Yamada Toshihiro Saito Shu Kikuchi Hidemi Yamauchi
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.186, no.2, pp.121-130, 1998 (Released:2005-10-14)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
30 39

A retrospective analysis was carried out on 93 patients with signet ring cell carcinoma of the stomach operated on between 1985 and 1995, to review the clinicopathologic characteristics from the database of gastric cancer at Sendai National Hospital. The results were compared with those for 590 patients with other types of gastric carcinoma. Women were afflicted as commonly as men in the signet ring cell carcinoma group. These patients tended to be younger and to have larger tumors. The histological type was commonly scirrhous and infiltrative. The survival of patients with signet ring cell carcinoma was worse than that of patients with other types of gastric cancer but the difference was not statistically significant. Patients with early signet ring cell carcinoma had a good prognosis, similar to that of the other groups. However, prognosis of patients with advanced signet ring cell carcinoma was poor compared with patients with other types of this disease. In multivariate analysis, the statistical significant prognostic factors were vascular microinvasion and tumor location. These findings suggest that signet ring cell carcinoma of the stomach should be regarded as a distinct type of gastric cancer.
著者
Ate Dijkstra Gülendam Hakverdioğlu Marta Muszalik Richtsje Andela Esra Akın Korhan Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.235, no.3, pp.193-200, 2015 (Released:2015-03-05)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
2

Many countries in Europe and the world have to cope with an aging population. Although health policy in many countries aims at increasing disability-free life expectancy, elderly patients represent a significant proportion of all patients admitted to different hospital departments. The aim of the research was to investigate the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and the care dependency status among elderly hospital patients. In 2012, a descriptive survey was administered to a convenience sample of 325 elderly hospital patients (> 60 years) from The Netherlands (N = 125), from Poland (N = 100), and from Turkey (N = 100). We employed the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) Measurement System and the Care Dependency Scale. FACIT is a collection of HRQOL questionnaires that assess multidimensional health status in people with various chronic illnesses. From demographic variables, gender (female) (r = −0.13, p < 0.05), age and informal care given by family members (r = −0.27 to 0.27, p < 0.01) were significantly correlated with the care dependency status for the whole samples. All HRQOL variables, hearing aid and duration of illness correlated with care dependency status (r = −0.20 to 0.50, p < 0.01). Moreover, the FACIT sum score (Poland and Turkey) and functional wellbeing (The Netherlands) are significantly associated with the decrease in care dependency status. Thus, the FACIT variables are the most powerful indicators for care dependency. The study provides healthcare professionals insight into improvement of quality of care in all three countries.
著者
Shin-ichi Ishikawa Ryo Motoya Satoko Sasagawa Takahito Takahashi Isa Okajima Yasuchika Takeishi Cecilia A. Essau
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.236, no.2, pp.115-122, 2015 (Released:2015-05-30)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
2 3

On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake devastated the Tohoku region, which led to a tsunami and a nuclear disaster. While these three disasters caused tremendous physical damage, their psychological impact remains unclear. The present study evaluated traumatic responses, internalizing (i.e., anxiety and depression), and externalizing (i.e., anger) symptoms among Japanese young people in the immediate aftermath and 2.5 years later. A total of 435 undergraduates were recruited from universities in three differentially exposed regions: Fukushima, Tokyo, and Kyoto. They completed a set of questionnaires retrospectively (i.e., September to December 2013) to measure their traumatic responses, anxiety and depressive symptoms, functional impairment, and anger immediately after the disaster and 2.5 years later. Participants in Tokyo had the highest level of traumatic response and internalizing symptoms immediately after the earthquake, whereas those in Fukushima had significantly higher levels of trait anger, anger-in (holding one’s anger in), and anger-out (expressing one’s anger externally). In Kyoto, the levels of anxiety and depression after 2.5 years were significantly higher than they were immediately after the disasters. In conclusion, anger symptoms were high among young people who lived at or near the center of the disasters, while anxiety and depression were high among those who lived far away from the disasters. These findings suggest the importance of providing mental health services to young people who did not live near the disaster area as well as to those living in the directly affected area.
著者
Young-Shin Lee Sea-Hyun Bae Sung-Hee Lee Kyung-Yoon Kim
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.236, no.1, pp.81-88, 2015 (Released:2015-05-16)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
2 5

Owing to the reduced capacity for information processing following a stroke, patients commonly present with difficulties in performing activities of daily living that combine two or more tasks. To address this problem, in the present study, we investigated the effects of neurofeedback training on the abilities of stroke patients to perform dual motor tasks. We randomly assigned 20 patients who had sustained a stroke within the preceding 6 months to either a pseudo-neurofeedback (n = 10) or neurofeedback (n = 10) group. Both groups participated in a general exercise intervention for 8 weeks, three times a week for 30 min per session, under the same conditions. An electrode was secured to the scalp over the region of the central lobe (Cz), in compliance with the International 10-20 System. The electrode was inactive for the pseudo-training group. Participants in the neurofeedback training group received the 30-min neurofeedback training per session for reinforcing the sensorimotor rhythm. Electroencephalographic activity of the two groups was compared. In addition, selected parameters of gait (velocity, cadence [step/min], stance phase [%], and foot pressure) were analyzed using a 10-m walk test, attention-demanding task, walk task and quantified by the SmartStep system. The neurofeedback group showed significantly improved the regulation of the sensorimotor rhythm (p < 0.001) and ability to execute dual tasks (p < 0.01). Significant improvements on selected gait parameters (velocity and cadence; p < 0.05) were also observed. We thus propose that the neurofeedback training is effective to improve the dual-task performance in stroke patients.
著者
SHOICHI SADAKATA AKIRA FUKAO SHIGERU HISAMICHI
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.166, no.4, pp.475-477, 1992 (Released:2006-08-31)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
6 8

SADAKATA, S., FUKAO, A. and HISAMICHI, S. Mortality among Female Practitioners of Chanoyu (Japanese “Tea-ceremony”) Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 1992, 166 (4), 475-477-A cohort study aimed to evaluate the effect of drinking green tea on longevity was performed. Three thousand three hundred and eighty female practitioners of chanoyu (Japanese tea-ceremony), living in Tokyo, were followed from 1980 to 1988, and 280 were dead during this period. Standardized mortality ratios were estimated 0.55 when all Japanese women was used as standard population and 0.57 when women living in Tokyo was used, indicating the possibility that green tea is a protective factor for several fatal diseases.
著者
Masahiro Kohno Motohiro Takeda Yoshimi Niwano Rumiko Saito Natsumi Emoto Mika Tada Takemichi Kanazawa Noriaki Ohuchi Rie Yamada
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.216, no.1, pp.47-52, 2008 (Released:2008-08-22)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
3 4

Early detection and optimal treatment are the most effective means to improve cancer mortality. Mass screening for cancer has yielded a marked reduction of cancer mortality in the United States. Simple and effective methods are expected for screening of malignancy. Hematoporphyrin derivatives (HPDs) are known to accumulate in cancer cells; thus, HPD has been used for local diagnosis and photodynamic therapy of cancer. The lymphocytes of cancer patients also demonstrate the active uptake of HPD and this phenomenon has been applied for the diagnosis of cancer. In the present study, we have developed a novel method for measurement of the chemiluminescence of HPD in peripheral blood lymphocytes. HPD is composed of hematoporphyrin and its oligomers. Seven cancer patients and seven controls were recruited for this study. The primary cancers included two prostate cancers (one without metastasis and the other with lung metastasis), a renal cancer, a lung adenocarcinoma with systemic metastasis, two gallbladder cancers with lung metastasis, and a colon cancer with liver metastasis. HPD in lymphocytes was measured using a highly sensitive chemiluminescence analyzer with laser light irradiation to detect photoemission by 1O2 from HPD. The intensity of chemiluminescence exhibited a linear correlation with the concentrations of HPD. In addition, the level of HPD in lymphocytes was significantly higher in cancer patients than that in healthy volunteers (p < 0.05). These results suggest that detection of the chemiluminescence of HPD in lymphocytes could be a sensitive and simple method for cancer diagnosis and screening.
著者
Violeta Araminaite Violeta Zalgeviciene Renata Simkunaite-Rizgeliene Rimantas Stukas Arvydas Kaminskas Janina Tutkuviene
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.234, no.1, pp.41-50, 2014 (Released:2014-08-30)
参考文献数
61
被引用文献数
4

Maternal undernutrition can affect offspring’s physical status and various health parameters that might be transmittable across several generations. Many studies have focused on undernutrition throughout pregnancy, whereas maternal undernutrition prior to pregnancy is not sufficiently studied. The objective of our study was to explore the effects of food restriction prior to and during pregnancy on body weight and longevity of the second generation offspring. Adult female Wistar rats (“F0” generation) were 50% food restricted for one month prior to pregnancy (pre-pregnancy) or during pre-pregnancy and pregnancy. The third group was fed normally (control). The first generation offspring were normally fed until the 6th month of age to produce the second generation offspring; namely, the first-generation female rats were mated with male breeders from outside the experiment. The second generation offspring thus obtained were observed until natural death (up to 36 months). Compared to the controls, the second-generation male offspring whose “grandmothers (F0 females)” undernourished only during pre-pregnancy were significantly heavier from the 8th month of age, whereas no significant weight difference was found in the male offspring whose “grandmothers” were food-restricted during pre-pregnancy and pregnancy. Shorter lifespan was observed in the second-generation male offspring of “grandmothers” that were food-restricted either during pre-pregnancy or during pre-pregnancy and pregnancy. By contrast, no differences in body weight and lifespan were observed in all second-generation female offspring. In conclusion, maternal caloric restriction prior to pregnancy increases the body weight and shortens the longevity of the second-generation male offspring, indicating the sex-dependent transgenerational effect of maternal caloric restriction.
著者
Naomi Miyamoto Hideaki Senjyu Takako Tanaka Masaharu Asai Yorihide Yanagita Yudai Yano Tsuyoshi Nishinakagawa Kenji Kotaki Chika Kitagawa Naoto Rikitomi Ryo Kozu Sumihisa Honda
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.232, no.1, pp.1-8, 2014 (Released:2014-01-09)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
1 2

Air pollution in Japan caused respiratory disease, such as chronic bronchitis and asthma, in many individuals in the 1960s. Although air pollution has decreased, many victims of air pollution-related respiratory disease are limited in their activities of daily living because of respiratory symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of pulmonary rehabilitation in victims of air pollution-related chronic bronchitis or asthma. Subjects were enrolled in a 12-week (2-week inpatient followed by 10-week outpatient) pulmonary rehabilitation program. The program comprised conditioning, strength training, endurance training, and patient education. We assessed the Modified Medical Research Council (MMRC) dyspnea grade, pulmonary function, peripheral muscle force, incremental shuttle walk distance (ISWD), and physical activity at baseline and immediately after the program. Twenty-nine subjects (mean age 74.2 ± 10.1 years, 11 males) completed the program, including 11 subjects with COPD and 18 subjects with asthma. Following rehabilitation, the participants (n = 29) showed significant improvements in MMRC dyspnea grade, vital capacity % predicted, quadriceps force and ISWD (all P < 0.05). Sub-group analyses revealed that all these variables were significantly improved in subjects with asthma. In contrast, subjects with COPD showed significant improvements only in quadriceps force and ISWD (both P < 0.05). Thus, pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective method of improving exercise capacity and dyspnea in officially acknowledged victims of air pollution-related asthma. In conclusion, we recommend that patients with chronic bronchitis or asthma, resulting from exposure to air pollution, are referred for pulmonary rehabilitation.
著者
Mehmet Ali Kaygin Özgür Dag Mustafa Günes Mutlu Senocak Hüsnü Kamil Limandal Ümit Aslan Bilgehan Erkut
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.225, no.2, pp.103-108, 2011 (Released:2011-09-10)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
3 7

Artrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia that occurs after coronary bypass grafting operation with the rate of 30%. Atrial fibrillation is associated with hemodynamic instability, strokes, and prolonged hospital stay. Pericardial effusion is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery, and it occurs commonly in the posterior area during the post-operative period. The aim of this prospective study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of posterior pericardiotomy in reducing the incidence of atrial fibrillation. This prospective randomized study was carried out on 425 patients undergoing a coronary artery bypass grafting in our clinic between August 2009 and February 2011. There were 276 male patients and 149 female patients. These patients were randomly divided into two groups; posterior pericardial incision was performed in 213 patients (pericardiotomy group), while any pericardial incision was not performed in 212 patients (control group). Atrial fibrillation occurred more frequently in control group (62 patients, 14.6%), compared to the pericardiotomy group (14 patients, 3.1%; p < 0.0001). The incidences of early pericardial effusion, late pericardial effusion, and tamponade were also significantly higher in control group. Moreover, posterior pericardiotomy was associated with the decreases in the duration of stay in hospital and intensive care unit. In fact, the total hospital costs were lower in the pericardiotomy group. In conclusion, posterior pericardiotomy is an effective and safe technique that reduces early pericardial effusion, atrial fibrillation, length of stay in hospital, and hospital costs after the coronary artery bypasses grafting.
著者
Tadahiko Ito Arata Watanabe Jinzo Akabane
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.192, no.2, pp.151-155, 2000 (Released:2005-04-15)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
5 7

A child with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) developed after acute herpetic gingivostomatisis was described. Inspite of the improvement of his gingivostomatitis, his consciousness gradually deteriorated and he was admitted to Nakadori General Hospital. His consciousness level was drowsiness and increased bilateral patellar reflexes were shown. Because magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-weighted scan showed areas of high signal intensity disseminated in superior portion of medulla oblongata, dorsal portion of pons, basal nuclei and thalamus, he was suspected as having ADEM. Anti-herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 IgG and IgM antibodies elevated in both blood and cerebrospinal fluid. From these results, HSV1 infection was thought to be the preceding infection of ADEM. Methylprednisolone therapy (20 mg/kg daily) for 3 days, followed by prednisolone (2 mg/kg) was started, with an excellent response. In addition, administration of acyclovir was also continued, considering the complication of HSV encephalitis. MRI T2-weighted scan performed at 2 months later after the onset of ADEM revealed disappearance of the lesions. He was discharged without remaining disorders. It is difficult to distinguish between ADEM and HSV encephalitis because both of these diseases show various neurological symptoms. In our case, MRI was the most useful method for correct diagnosis of ADEM. We concluded that ADEM is important as a disease of central nervus system due to HSV1 infection, in addition to encephalitis.