著者
Haneul Lee Jerrold Petrofsky Nirali Shah Abdulaziz Awali Karan Shah Mohammed Alotaibi JongEun Yim
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.234, no.2, pp.117-122, 2014 (Released:2014-09-17)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
2 6

Evaporation by sweating is the most effective way to remove heat from the body. Sweat rates increase under both local and whole-body heat stress. Men and women differ in how they respond to heat, because sexual steroids alter resting body core temperature and the threshold for sweating and skin blood flow (SBF) during heating. The purpose of the present study was to compare local sweat rates and cutaneous vasodilatation during heat exposure in women with a regular menstrual cycle. The cutaneous vasodilatation was judged by measuring the SBF. Eight female and nine male subjects participated in this study, and their age range was 24-29 years. Female subjects were tested twice throughout one full menstrual cycle: once during the middle follicular phases and once during the luteal phase. Subjects remained in a temperature-regulated room at 41°C and 21% of relative humidity for 40 minutes. Sweat rate was recorded from the forehead, forearm, and thigh, and skin temperature and SBF were measured on the thigh and forehead. We found that the sweating rate and SBF were greater in the luteal phase compared to follicular phase (p < 0.05). Since both SBF and sweating were controlled by the sympathetic nerve system, the sympathetic outflow was greater during whole body heat exposure in the luteal phase. In contrast, for men, there was no significant difference in sweating and SBF over the same calendar period (p > 0.05). We propose the enhanced sympathetic activity in the luteal phase with a regular menstrual cycle.
著者
Di Wu Fuminori Kimura Akiko Takashima Yoshihiko Shimizu Akie Takebayashi Nobuyuki Kita GuangMei Zhang Takashi Murakami
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.230, no.1, pp.17-23, 2013 (Released:2013-05-11)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
4 5

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of major causes of irregular menstruation. It is defined as a condition involving the combination of hyperandrogenism and chronic oligomenorrhea or anovulation, and is thought to have a variety of etiologies. Insulin resistance (impaired insulin sensitivity) has been suggested to be one of the etiologies of PCOS. PCOS patients often need to take medication to treat anovulation and infertility. Therefore, it would be beneficial to patients if simple non-pharmacological treatments can be developed. Recently the efficacy of vinegar to improve insulin resistance has been reported. To study the effect of vinegar on metabolic and hormonal indices and ovulatory function in PCOS, seven patients seeking a non-pharmacological treatment for PCOS took a beverage containing 15 g of apple vinegar daily for 90 to 110 days. Ovulation, the menstrual interval, fasting serum glucose level, fasting serum insulin level, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone were compared before and after intake of the vinegar beverage. Intake of the vinegar beverage resulted in a decrease of the homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-R) in six patients, as well as a decrease of the LH/FSH ratio in five of seven patients. Ovulatory menstruation was observed within 40 day in four of seven patients. These findings suggest the possibility of vinegar to restore ovulatory function through improving insulin sensitivity in PCOS patients, thus, avoiding pharmacological treatment. Intake of vinegar might reduce medical cost and treatment time for insulin resistance, anovulation, and infertility in patients with PCOS.
著者
Yusuke Matsuyama Toru Tsuboya Shun-ichiro Bessho Jun Aida Ken Osaka
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.244, no.2, pp.163-173, 2018 (Released:2018-03-01)
参考文献数
29

Healthcare utilization after natural disasters remains understudied. In general, people in Japan pay 10%-30% of total amount of costs, according to their health insurance plan. A policy exempting survivors from copayments was introduced after the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011, which had a magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter scale and followed by devastating tsunamis. Among the disaster-affected areas, Miyagi prefecture experienced the largest number of deaths and the greatest extent of damage. However, the exemption was suspended in Miyagi prefecture from April, 2013, because of the huge governmental financial burden due to the immensity of damage from the disaster. Subsequently, in April 2014, the exemption was re-introduced, with smaller coverage. We, therefore, evaluated the influence of this policy change on monthly healthcare utilization in Miyagi prefecture between April 2008 and June 2015. We also evaluated the association between the proportion of people exempted from copayment in each municipality and the difference in healthcare utilization before and after the suspension using multivariable linear regression. Healthcare utilization in Miyagi increased immediately after the institution of the exemption policy and it peaked after one year. In March 2013, just before the suspension, a rapid increment in healthcare utilization was observed, suggesting that the copayment may be a barrier for people in the disaster-affected area to access to healthcare. The exemption policy did help the survivors to use healthcare utilization in Miyagi. After devastating natural disasters, policymakers should guarantee that all survivors can utilize healthcare services on demand.
著者
Jerrold Petrofsky Haneul Lee
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.237, no.3, pp.219-226, 2015 (Released:2015-11-03)
参考文献数
61
被引用文献数
1 5

One of the sexual hormones, estrogen, increases elasticity of human connective tissue such as the anterior cruciate ligament during the menstrual cycle in women. In the present investigation, the plantar fascia was investigated to see if there is a difference in elasticity with the menstrual cycle. Fifteen young healthy females in the age range of 18-35 years old with a regular menstrual cycle were tested twice throughout one full menstrual cycle; once during the early follicular phases and once at ovulation. Foot length, while standing on both feet and one foot were used to assess plantar fascia elasticity, ultrasound measured plantar fascia thickness while lying and standing, and posture sway and tremor using a balance platform during 8 different balance tests were assessed to see the impact of elasticity changes. Foot length increased significantly at ovulation compared to menstruation when standing on two feet (p = 0.03) and standing on one foot (p < 0.001). There was also a significant increase in plantar fascia in thinning per kilogram weight applied to the foot at ovulation compared to menstruation (p = 0.014). Associated with this increase in elasticity at ovulation, there was a reduction in balance in the most difficult balance tasks and an increase in tremor during ovulation (p < 0.05). Plantar fascia elasticity change during the menstrual cycle might have effects on posture sway and tremor, which could have a potential risk of falling. Therefore, healthy professionals working with young female adults should recognize these physiological effects.
著者
Hisanori Fukunaga Akinari Yokoya Yasuyuki Taki Kevin M. Prise
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.242, no.1, pp.77-81, 2017 (Released:2017-05-27)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1

On March 11, 2011, a devastating earthquake and subsequent tsunami caused serious damage to areas of the Pacific coast in Fukushima prefecture and prompted fears among the residents about a possible meltdown of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant reactors. As of 2017, over six years have passed since the Fukushima nuclear crisis and yet the full ramifications of the biological exposures to this accidental release of radioactive substances remain unclear. Furthermore, although several genetic studies have determined that the variation in radiation sensitivity among different individuals is wider than expected, personalized medical approaches for Fukushima victims have seemed to be insufficient. In this commentary, we discuss radiobiological issues arising from low-dose radiation exposure, from the cell-based to the population level. We also introduce the scientific utility of the Integrative Japanese Genome Variation Database (iJGVD), an online database released by the Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University that covered the whole genome sequences of 2,049 healthy individuals in the northeastern part of Japan in 2016. Here we propose a personalized radiation risk assessment and medical approach, which considers the genetic variation of radiation sensitivity among individuals, for next-step developments in radiological protection.
著者
Yeongcheol Eum Jongeun Yim
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.235, no.1, pp.17-23, 2015 (Released:2014-12-26)
参考文献数
65
被引用文献数
6

Stroke is one of the leading causes of morbidity and long-term disability worldwide, and post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common and serious psychiatric complication of stroke. PSD makes patients have more severe deficits in activities of daily living, a worse functional outcome, more severe cognitive deficits and increased mortality as compared to stroke patients without depression. Therefore, to reduce or prevent mental problems of stroke patients, psychological treatment should be recommended. Literature and art therapy are highly effective psychological treatment for stroke patients. Literature therapy divided into poetry and story therapy is an assistive tool that treats neurosis as well as emotional or behavioral disorders. Poetry can add impression to the lethargic life of a patient with PSD, thereby acting as a natural treatment. Story therapy can change the gloomy psychological state of patients into a bright and healthy story, and therefore can help stroke patients to overcome their emotional disabilities. Art therapy is one form of psychological therapy that can treat depression and anxiety in stroke patients. Stroke patients can express their internal conflicts, emotions, and psychological status through art works or processes and it would be a healing process of mental problems. Music therapy can relieve the suppressed emotions of patients and add vitality to the body, while giving them the energy to share their feelings with others. In conclusion, literature and art therapy can identify the emotional status of patients and serve as a useful auxiliary tool to help stroke patients in their rehabilitation process.
著者
Ferda Kaleagasioglu Ercan Olcay
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.226, no.4, pp.251-258, 2012 (Released:2012-03-28)
参考文献数
66
被引用文献数
6 13

Tendinopathy is a serious health problem and its etiology is not fully elucidated. Among intrinsic and extrinsic predisposing factors of tendinopathy, the impact of therapeutic agents, especially fluoroquinolone (FQ) group antibiotics, is recently being recognized. FQs are potent bactericidal agents widely used in various infectious diseases, including community acquired pneumonia and bronchitis, chronic osteomyelitis, traveler's diarrhea, typhoid fever, shigellosis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, uncomplicated cervical and urethral gonorrhea and prophylaxis of anthrax. FQs have an acceptable tolerability range. However, many lines of evidence for developing tendinitis and tendon rupture during FQ use have resulted in the addition of a warning in patient information leaflets. FQ-induced tendinopathy presents a challenge for the clinician because healing response is poor due to low metabolic rate in mature tendon tissue and tendinopathy is more likely to develop in patients who are already at high risk, such as elderly, solid organ transplant recipients and concomitant corticosteroid users. FQs become photo-activated under exposure to ultraviolet light, and this process results in formation and accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). The subsequent FQ-related oxidative stress disturbs mitochondrial functions, leading to apoptosis. ROS overproduction also has direct cytotoxic effects on extracellular matrix components. Understanding the mechanisms of the FQ-associated tendinopathy may enable designing safer therapeutic strategies, hence optimization of clinical response. In this review, we evaluate multi-factorial etiology of the FQ-induced tendinopathy and discuss proposed preventive measures such as antioxidant use and protection from natural sunlight and artificial ultraviolet exposure.
著者
Junichiro Hashimoto
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.233, no.1, pp.1-8, 2014 (Released:2014-04-12)
参考文献数
73
被引用文献数
3 8

Recent advances in technology have enabled the noninvasive evaluation of pulsatile hemodynamics in the central aorta; namely, central pressure and flow measurements. The central blood pressure represents the true load imposed on the heart, kidney and brain, and the central blood flow influences the local flow into these vital organs. An elevation of the central blood pressure has a direct, adverse impact on the target organ and, thus, the cardiovascular prognosis in patients with hypertension. A decrease in the central blood flow can cause organ dysfunction and failure. The central pressure and flow dynamics were conventionally regarded as unidirectional from the heart to the periphery. However, current evidence suggests that it should be recognized as a bidirectional interplay between the central and peripheral arteries. Specifically, the pressure pulse wave is not only transmitted forward to the periphery but also reflected backward to the central aorta. The flow pulse wave is also composed of the forward and reverse components. Aortic stiffening and arteriolar remodeling due to hypertension not only augment the central pressure by increasing the wave reflection but also may alter the central bidirectional flow, inducing hemodynamic damage/dysfunction in susceptible organs. Therefore, central hemodynamic monitoring has the potential to provide a diagnostic and therapeutic basis for preventing systemic target organ damage and for offering personalized therapy suitable for the arterial properties in each patient with hypertension. This brief review will summarize hypothetical mechanisms for the association between the central hemodynamics and hypertensive organ damage in the heart, kidney and brain.
著者
Hisanori Fukunaga Hiromi Kumakawa
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.237, no.1, pp.41-43, 2015 (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
1 6

The great earthquake of 11 March 2011 and resulting tsunami caused serious damage to various areas of the Pacific coast in northeast Fukushima, and all the residents faced fears of meltdown of the reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. One of the most seriously affected areas was the district of Soso, located in the northeast part of Fukushima prefecture, with 12 municipalities (Soma City, Minamisoma City, Shinchi Town, Namie Town, Futaba Town, Ōkuma Town, Tomioka Town, Naraha Town, Hirono Town, Iitate Village, Katsurao Village and Kawauchi Village). The district of Soso is home to approximately 200,000 residents, many of whom were seriously affected by the threefold disaster. During the subsequent four years, the population of Soso decreased by nearly 10%. In March 2011 before the disaster, five hospitals and two clinics for psychiatric patients, along with 712 inpatients, were operating in the district of Soso. However, as of March 2015, there were only one hospital and three clinics, along with approximately 50 inpatients, although a new mental health clinic in Soma City was opened in 2012 for supporting victims suffering from the disaster. We hereby suggest that the patients and residents of northeast Fukushima may be undergoing mental health crisis. In fact, disaster-related psychological stress could have induced several physical and mental disorders. The mid- and long-term supports are urgently needed not only for psychiatric patients but also for all residents in the district of Soso.
著者
SEIICHI AONUMA FUMIO ARIJI KOTARO OIZUMI KIYOSHI KONNO
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.152, no.2, pp.119-128, 1987 (Released:2006-08-31)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
2 2

AONUMA, S., ARIJI, F., OIZUMI, K. and KONNO, K. Electron Microscopy of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Treated with Sulbenicillin and Dibekacin. Tohoku J. exp. Med., 1987, 152 (2), 119-128 - A possible mechanism responsible for the combined effects of sulbenicillin and dibekacin on Pseudomonas aeruginosa TAM 1007 was investigated. The bactericidal activity of the above two drugs in combination was very strong. The regrowth of test strains after removal of the drugs was suppressed markedly, even when they were exposed to sulbenicillin plus dibekacin at a subinhibitory concentration of individual drugs. Sulbenicillin caused elongation of the bacterial cells. At the early stage of elongation, no demonstrable changes of ultrastructure of the cell wall were observed. At the late stage, lysis of the peptidoglycan layer occurred and spheroplast was formed. However, most of the outer membrane of the cell wall remained intact. Sulbenicillin acts upon the peptidoglycan layer, but not on the outer membrane. Thus it is difficult for sulbenicillin alone to cause cell lysis. On the other hand, dibekacin caused destruction of ribosomes and lysis of the outer membrane of the cell wall. Both sulbenicillin and dibekacin act on the cell wall, the former on the peptidoglycan layer (the inner membrane) and the latter on the outer membrane. The combined use of sulbenicillin and dibekacin caused elongation of bacilli and severe destruction of the inner and outer membranes of the cell wall. These morphological changes occurred even when the concentration of the individual drug was lower than its minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Furthermore, the cells elongated by sulbenicillin were ruptured easily when treated with dibekacin subsequently. The bacilli treated with dibekacin at a concentration lower than MIC and then treated with sulbenicillin at a concentration lower than MIC showed a marked elongation of the cells, which indicated that the effects of sulbenicillin was enhanced by dibekacin. These findings suggested strongly that sulbenicillin and dibekacin act on cell wall constituents and that their effects were complementary and synergistic.
著者
Hiroyuki Tsuchie Naohisa Miyakoshi Yuji Kasukawa Tomio Nishi Hidekazu Abe Masaaki Takeshima Yoichi Shimada
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.230, no.2, pp.83-86, 2013 (Released:2013-06-12)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
2 3

Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common symptoms in outpatient clinics, and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is one of the causes of LBP. In the present study, we examined the prevalence of chronic LBP in patients with aortic aneurysm. The study included 23 patients with AAA and 23 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA); all of them visited a regional center hospital in Akita, Japan. A total of 207 hypertension patients were also enrolled as a control. Chronic LBP was defined in patients who visited the orthopedic outpatient clinic for the LBP treatment for more than three months. The prevalence of chronic LBP in the AAA group (52.2%) was significantly higher than that in the TAA (17.4%, P < 0.05) or hypertension patients (11.6%, P < 0.01). The rate of a trigger point (TP) injection was significantly higher in the AAA group or the TAA group than that in hypertension patients (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the AAA and TAA groups. The TP injection represents an injection of local anesthesia to the low back muscles. We also evaluated the involvement of various factors in LBP caused by AAA, such as age, gender, blood pressure, the existence of dissection, and the maximum diameter of AAA, but none of them showed significant relationship to LBP. The prevalence of LBP is high in AAA patients, and doctors who treat chronic LBP should be aware of AAA as a potential cause of LBP.
著者
James P. Butler Masahiko Fujii Hidetada Sasaki
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.227, no.3, pp.203-210, 2012 (Released:2012-06-27)
参考文献数
96
被引用文献数
12 16

Our new lessons of nurturing life to make happiness and well-being of geriatric patients suggest comprise several important steps. First, geriatric patient care should not be delegated to specialists who focus on individual organ system. Instead, we should respond to the patient's condition based on comprehensive assessment to identify the single pathogenesis. Second, we should appreciate that the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) often reflect the behavioral and psychological symptoms of the caregiver (BPSC), and in particular the caregiver's attitude. Third, pleasant stimulations to the limbic system should receive more emphasis than attempting brain training in atrophied portions of the neocortex. Fourth, we should aim not for “successful aging,” but for “balanced aging.” Fifth, we should rely less on drug-based therapy and utilize more non-pharmacologic approaches to appropriate therapy. Geriatric patients should be cared for based on our new lessons of nurturing life rather than the heavily medicalized treatment modalities that are in wide use today.
著者
Susumu Ogawa Takaaki Abe Kazuhiro Nako Masashi Okamura Miho Senda Takuya Sakamoto Sadayoshi Ito the DIMS study group
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.231, no.1, pp.63-74, 2013 (Released:2013-09-25)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
4 9

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are ω3-polyunsaturated fatty acids mainly contained in the blue-backed fish oil, and are effective in decreasing the lipids disorder and the cardiovascular incidence among diabetic patients. Moreover, it has been suggested that EPA and DHA may improve the insulin resistance and glucose metabolism. However, the clinical effects of EPA and DHA on glucose metabolism remain unclear. We aimed to clarify the effects of EPA/DHA treatment on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was a multicenter prospective randomized controlled trial involving 30 elderly type 2 diabetic patients on a liquid diet. Their exercises were almost zero and the content of their meals was strictly managed and understood well. Therefore, the difference by the individual's life was a minimum. The subjects were divided into two groups: those receiving EPA/DHA-rich liquid diet [EPA/DHA (+)] or liquid diet lacking EPA/DHA [EPA/DHA (−)]. Changes in factors related to glucose and lipid metabolism were assessed after the three-month study. Serum concentrations of EPA rose in EPA/DHA (+), although the levels of DHA and fasting C-peptide remained unchanged in EPA/DHA (+). In addition, there was a significant decline in the fasting plasma glucose (FPG), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting remnant-like particles and apolipoprotein (apo) B in EPA/DHA (+), compared with the values in EPA/DHA (−). EPA/DHA-rich diet might improve glucose metabolism in elderly type 2 diabetic patients on a liquid diet. This phenomenon may be due to the improved insulin resistance mediated by the rise in serum EPA concentrations.
著者
Chayanin Angthong Wirana Angthong Thos Harnroongroj Thossart Harnroongroj
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.226, no.2, pp.129-135, 2012 (Released:2012-01-26)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
1 1

Little is known about the effect of a subsequent osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture on the survival rate of patients with a previous hip fracture. In this study, we aimed to compare the survival rates of hip fracture patients with and without subsequent osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and determine the risk factors associated with subsequent fracture. During 2000-2008, 933 initial hip fracture patients were reviewed and divided into two groups: subsequent fracture group (160 patients) and single hip fracture group (i.e., no subsequent fracture; 773 patients). All information pertaining to their most recent fracture event(s), including mortality causes/rates, were recorded. Differences in mortality rates and hazard ratios (HRs) between the two groups were also analyzed. The 1-year and 1-to-5-year mortality rates were 1.3% and 1.9%, respectively, in the subsequent fracture group, and 4.7% and 1.4%, respectively, in the single hip fracture group, with no significant differences observed. Interestingly, the HR for mortality was significantly higher in the single hip fracture group than in the subsequent fracture group (p < 0.05). The significant risk factors for subsequent fractures were identified as knee osteoarthritis, neurological disease, and an initial hip fracture with intertrochanteric involvement. Our findings indicate that the occurrence of a vertebral compression fracture after an initial hip fracture does not greatly impact patient survival. Conversely, patients presenting with a single hip fracture have a significantly higher mortality-HR, indicating that single hip fracture patients without subsequent fracture should be provided with the same standard of care as patients with subsequent fractures.
著者
Youngsook Bae
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.239, no.2, pp.159-164, 2016 (Released:2016-06-10)
参考文献数
40

Vision, proprioception and plantar sensation contribute to the control of postural balance (PB). Reduced plantar sensation alters postural response and is at an increased risk of fall, and eye movements reduce the postural sway. Therefore, the aim of this study was to study the improvement of plantar sensation and PB after saccadic eye movement (SEM) and pursuit eye movement (PEM) in community-dwelling elderly women. Participants (104 females; 75.11 ± 6.25 years) were randomly allocated into the SEM group (n = 52) and PEM groups (n = 52). The SEM group performed eye fixation and SEM for 5 minutes, and the PEM group performed eye fixation and PEM for 5 minutes. The plantar sensation was measured according to the plantar surface area of the feet in contact with the floor surface before and after the intervention. Before and after SEM and PEM with the eyes open and closed, PB was measured as the area (mm2), length (cm), and velocity (cm/s) of the fluctuation of the center of pressure (COP). The plantar sensation of both feet improved in both groups (p < 0.01). Significant decreases in the area, length, and velocity of the COP were observed in the eye open and close in both groups (p < 0.01). The length and velocity of the COP significantly decreased in the SEM group compared to the PEM group (p < 0.05). In conclusion, SEM and PEM are effective interventions for improving plantar sensation and PB in elderly women, with greater PB improvement after SEM.
著者
OGAMI Ayumi MUTO Takashi HARUYAMA Yasuo YOSHIKAWA Toru
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
Tohoku journal of experimental medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.230, no.4, pp.255-263, 2013-08-01
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
2

In Japan, the number of workers with depressive symptoms has increased recently, and long working hours are considered one of the main contributing factors. Currently, the number of workers engaging in discretionary work is small but is expected to increase, as a diverse method of employment is believed to contribute to workers' well-being. However, the factors related to discretionary workers' depressive symptoms are unclear. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with depressive symptoms in discretionary workers. The subjects were 240 male discretionary workers in a Japanese insurance company. A cross-sectional study was performed using a questionnaire that includes demographic characteristics, living and working conditions, work-related and non-work-related stressful events, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Depressive symptoms were assessed as more than 16 points on the CES-D. Multiple logistic regression models were employed to estimate odd ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of depressive symptoms in relation to possible factors. Thirty-six subjects (15.5%) showed depressive symptoms. The depressive symptoms were significantly related to age (<i>p</i> = 0.04), presence of child(ren) (<i>p</i> = 0.02), and length of employment (<i>p</i> = 0.01), but unrelated to working hours. Subjects who reported "financial matters" (OR = 4.50, 95% CI = 1.89-10.72) and "own event" such as divorce or illness (OR = 2.93, 95% CI = 1.13-7.61) were more likely to show depressive symptoms. In conclusion, mental health measures for discretionary workers should focus on addressing financial difficulties and consultations and assistance in personal health and family issues.
著者
Chiba Hiroki Ogata Tomoaki Ito Michiya Kaneko Sayuri
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
Tohoku J. Exp. Med. (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.245, no.4, pp.251-261, 2018

<p>An important consideration in the quality of end-of-life care is whether the patient's place of death matches his or her hopes. We aimed to identify topics related to patients' home death by comparing the occurrence frequency of topics explained by doctors for family caregivers between the home death cases and the hospital death cases. The method of integrating qualitative and quantitative data was adopted in this study. Primary participants were 24 home doctors who specialized home medical care. Enrolled 18 patients received periodical medical care by cooperated doctors, understood their own health situation, and lived with family caregivers. Doctors recorded all their speech during every visit with voice-recorder until the patient died at home or was re-hospitalized. Doctors' speech was transcribed and converted to the number of occurrences based on number of visits. The occurrence frequency was compared with a <i>χ</i>2 test (Yates' correction). Speaking records of 227 visits to 18 patients by doctors were collected. Finally, 16 patients died at home and two died at hospital. We measured the occurrence frequency of topics during maximum 26 visits on 16 home death cases and maximum 13 visits on two hospital death cases. The topics of patients' death, helping daily burden using public insurance, and financial application were more frequently appeared with home death cases than hospital death cases. In conclusion, doctors should explain to family caregivers the topics of patients' death process and specific measures or procedures for reduction in care burden.</p>
著者
Shinsaku Ueda Kazuhiko Hanzawa Muneichi Shibata Satoshi Suzuki
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.227, no.3, pp.199-202, 2012 (Released:2012-06-22)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
13 13

High prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in disaster shelters has been reported in the aftermath of earthquakes in Japan. Calf DVT was examined using sonography in the shelters after the Great East Japan earthquake on March 11, 2011. By the end of July 2011, 701 out of 8,630 evacuees suspected with calf DVT, judged by inspections or medical interviews, were examined in 32 shelters, and 190 evacuees were confirmed to have calf DVT. The prevalence of DVT was 2.20%, which was 200 times higher than the usual incidence in Japan. The DVT prevalence seemed to decrease with time. By the end of May, a significantly higher prevalence of DVT was found in tsunami-flooded shelters (109 of 3,871 evacuees; 2.82%) than in non-flooded shelters (53 of 3,155 evacuees; 1.68%). After June, its prevalence was still higher (18/541; 3.33%) in tsunami-flooded shelters than in non-flooded shelters (10/1063; 0.94%). The cause of the high prevalence of DVT was supposed to be dehydration due to the delay in supplying drinking water, vomiting, and diarrhea experienced by the evacuees because of a shortage of clean water to wash their hands. Dehydration was especially noticed in women because they restricted themselves of water intake to avoid using unsanitary toilet facilities. Moreover, crowded shelters restricted the mobility of elderly people, which would exacerbate the prevalence of DVT. Those deteriorated and crowded shelters were observed in tsunami-flooded areas. Therefore, long-term shelters should not be set up in flooded areas after tsunami.
著者
Takafumi Hasegawa Naoto Sugeno Akio Kikuchi Toru Baba Masashi Aoki
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.242, no.1, pp.63-76, 2017 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
145
被引用文献数
2 3

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive movement disability and a variety of non-motor symptoms. The neuropathology of PD consists of the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain and the appearance of neuronal inclusions called Lewy bodies, which contain insoluble α-synuclein, a relatively small protein originally identified in association with synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic nerve terminals. Drugs that replenish dopamine can partly alleviate the motor symptoms, but they do not cure the disease itself. Therefore, there is an urgent need for disease modification in terms of the delay or prevention of neurodegeneration. Recent advances in genetic and biochemical studies have provided unifying conceptual frameworks of the pathogenesis of PD. Particularly, membrane trafficking has aroused special attention as an initiator or enhancer of the neurodegenerative process that leads to PD. Defects in the cellular trafficking pathway result in synaptic dysfunction and the accumulation of misfolded α-synuclein. Likewise, changes in intracellular sorting and degradation profoundly influence the cellular trafficking of misfolded proteins, thereby facilitating the cell-to-cell spreading of hazardous α-synuclein species in a prion-like manner. Here, we will review our current knowledge of the functional roles of membrane trafficking in PD and will discuss how this cellular process could induce or facilitate the functional and pathological alterations in this disease.