著者
辻野 智二 東 誠
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要. 人文科学 (ISSN:0454613X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, pp.147-154, 2007-11-30

Nice-Try activities which are workshop experience by junior high school students in Kumamoto city has been performed since 2000. In this paper, the present state and problem of Nice-Try activities are studied with reference to reports written by junior high schools. Educational effect and significance of Nice-Try activities are verified and evaluated from viewpoint on living force, norm consciousness, relation with information society, career education, and relation to community and home. Furthermore comparison between the activities about workshop experience and all parts of the country is carried out. As a result, it is made clear that Nice-Try activities are excellent educational activities, and which are supported by curator and community. It is important that Nice-Try activities are positioned appropriately in curriculum of school education in relation with contents of other subjects and activities.
著者
八幡 英幸
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要. 人文科学 (ISSN:0454613X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, pp.141-149, 2010-12-03

本稿ではまず、カントとヘアをつなぐキーワード(言い換えれば、ヘアによるカント解釈のキーワード)である普遍化可能性 universalizability の原理に着目し、この原理と道徳判断 moral judgment がそこにおいて下される状況の特殊性 particularity との関係を検討していくことにする。According to R.M.Hare(1919-2002), one of the most eminent moral philosophers of the 20th century, who carries the spirit of Kantian universalism, every judgment must follow the principle of universalizability. On the other hand, moral universalism has been criticized as a mere illusion by communitarians, e.g.A.MacIntyre(1929-). In this paper, I will argue first that it is not to the point that the principle of universalizability disregards the particularity of situations, and then that there is a genuine difficulty in drawing a line between the morally important features of them and those which are unworthy of attention. In my opinion, this problem is no other than that which I.Kant(1724-1804) tried to solve in his Critique of the Power of Judgment (1790), so we must be able to receive many suggestions on this problem from this work.
著者
野口 宗親
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要. 人文科学 (ISSN:0454613X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, pp.1-12, 1997-12-10
著者
島谷 浩
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要. 人文科学 (ISSN:0454613X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, pp.111-120, 2007-11-30

First, this paper explores the recent use of English proficiency tests as external tests at higher educational institutions. External tests such as TOEIC, TOEFL, and Step Test (Eiken) are used because they enable us to measure English communication ability and to compare the results at several stages of teaching and learning. Higher institutions make use of these test scores to motivate students and innovate EFL teaching and learning. Second, the paper reviews research at Kumamoto University which examined an English program which incorporated the TOEIC-IP score into the final grade of one required English class. Third, the results of the author's classroom research are reported: sutudents planned their learning during the samester using CASEC (a computer-adaptive test) scores. Students' comments on the effects of the external test on their learning are presented. Finally, washback effects of external tests on EFL teaching and learning at higher insitutions are discussed.
著者
上田 富美子 柴山 謙二
出版者
熊本大学
雑誌
熊本大学教育学部紀要. 人文科学 (ISSN:0454613X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, pp.47-54, 2010-12-03

本研究では、現代の大学生の職業選択を通して浮かび上がる心理的側面を他者の存在との関連に焦点を当てながら明らかにし、職業既決・未決定状態を規定する要因を検索することを目的とする。The present study was an attempt to identify contributing factors to both vocational decision and vocational indecision during adolescence, focusing on adolescent student's relations to their significant other and their psychological aspects seen through the process of vocational choices. Based on the results obtained from the study, career education which could possibly answer their needs was discussed. In this study, senior university students were surveyed by questionnaire to gauge their vocational awareness. As a result, it was revealed that for male students, independence from others contributed to vocational decision-making, and for female students, self-actualization was an important factor. It was also indicated that a coping strategy, in which a student changes his/her own cognition positively under stressful conditions to lessen stress responses, contributed to vocational decision.