- 熊本大学教育学部紀要. 人文科学 (ISSN:0454613X)
- vol.59, pp.141-149, 2010-12-03
本稿ではまず、カントとヘアをつなぐキーワード(言い換えれば、ヘアによるカント解釈のキーワード)である普遍化可能性 universalizability の原理に着目し、この原理と道徳判断 moral judgment がそこにおいて下される状況の特殊性 particularity との関係を検討していくことにする。According to R.M.Hare(1919-2002), one of the most eminent moral philosophers of the 20th century, who carries the spirit of Kantian universalism, every judgment must follow the principle of universalizability. On the other hand, moral universalism has been criticized as a mere illusion by communitarians, e.g.A.MacIntyre(1929-). In this paper, I will argue first that it is not to the point that the principle of universalizability disregards the particularity of situations, and then that there is a genuine difficulty in drawing a line between the morally important features of them and those which are unworthy of attention. In my opinion, this problem is no other than that which I.Kant(1724-1804) tried to solve in his Critique of the Power of Judgment (1790), so we must be able to receive many suggestions on this problem from this work.