著者
高浦 康有
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, pp.179-185, 2012-01-31 (Released:2017-08-08)

This paper builds on the methodology of CMS(critical management studies), while using the analytical framework of H.A.Simon's modern organization theory. It specifically investigates the case of crush accident on the pedestrian bridge at the fireworks event in Akashi City 2001 on secondary materials such as news articles about judgments in the court. It analyses how various organizations like the city administrators, police and security company were related to cross-organizational decision-making on restricting/unrestricting flows of pedestrians to avoid the accident. A structural gap of responsibility in organizational decision-making process can be reviled as well as systematic oppression that modern organizations inevitably include, such as inhibition of the autonomous decisions of individuals, which 'value-neutral' management theory could not make explicit.
著者
大槻 修平
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.18, pp.27-39, 2011-03-31

The purpose of this article is to identify an issue that a series of "social amplification of risk framework" studies have not focused on. For this purpose, the article discusses the following points: (1) four key concepts derived from Yucca Mountain site problem that led to the notion of "social amplification", namely, risk experience, information channels, amplification mechanisms and stigma, (2) how the "social amplification of risk framework" explains risk phenomena, (3) typical empirical studies based upon this framework, and (4) an issue those typical studies have failed to touch upon. In conclusion I emphasize how important to address this issue.
著者
李 昭娟
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.297-308, 2014-02-28 (Released:2017-08-08)

This study aimed to examine the phenomenon of corruption observed throughout South Korean society by focusing on businesses and then elucidate the factors that affect and induce such a trend. First, South Korea's unique mechanism that breeds corruption in South Korean society was theoretically examined. The results indicated that nepotism causes corruption through the effects of four factors: 1) personal, 2) organizational, 3) social structural, and 4) cultural. Second, by focusing on businesses, a further analysis was conducted on the reality of nepotism among South Korean companies. It revealed that nepotism negatively influenced businesses by 1) increasing corruption caused by inappropriate means for taking over management, 2) weakening the independence of board of directors through the appointment of outside directors based on alumni relationships, and 3) disabling the function of the board of directors and increasing the inequality within the company through the appointment of professional managers based on regional bonds. Therefore, to understand the current forms of nepotism in South Korean society, such as mutual aid provided through the reciprocal action of blood, alumni, and regional relationships encouraged in the traditional Confucian society, it is inappropriate under the current situation to focus only on businesses. In fact, the application of nepotism for the self-interests of a company head's clan is aggravating corporate corruption and increasing the occurrence of scandals.
著者
佐藤 陽一
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.8, pp.51-62, 2001-03-31

Since the Ikeda cabinet revived the current decoration system in 1963, many businessmen have been decorated. Nowadays, because of the increased tenacity of acquiring a decoration,senior executives pursue a higher position and stay there for a longer period.Aging and moral hazards have become conspicuous phenomena among them. If the current deplorable system is abolished,if aged leaders change their interest into a service to the public utilizing their insight and expertise, and if the younger generation demonstrate their ability as new leaders, then we can expect a vital ethical 21st century.
著者
林 寿和
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.111-127, 2018-02-28 (Released:2018-04-13)

This paper analyzes how the volume of disclosed information and/or impression management in corporate reporting affect companies’ ESG scores, and thus positive screening based on ESG scores by using simulation models. The key findings of this paper are as follows. Firstly, the accuracy rate of positive screening would be significantly affected by the information volume and/or impression management. Secondly, an increase in the number of evaluation items or date points to calculate ESG score seem to provide more multi-dimensional ESG evaluation. However, under the circumstances where the effect of the volume of disclosed information and/or impression management on ESG evaluation exists, the accuracy rate would not be necessarily improved. Thirdly, introduction and tightening of disclosure regulations would improve the accuracy rate, but its marginal effect is incremental. When practitioners employ ESG scoring based on corporate reporting, they need to consider appropriate measures to eliminate or reduce the negative effects.
著者
垣堺 淳
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, pp.137-146, 2010

One of the popular themes of business ethics has been what really the purpose of a business firm is-in other words, what are the means and what are the ends. Bowie's approach for this theme is addressing the question "How would a business firm in a capitalist economy be structured and managed according to Kant's ethics?" He answers this question using Kant's three formulations of categorical imperative. This paper is set out in the following way. First, rivalry between stockholder theory and stakeholder theoty is analysed. Then features of Bowie's Kantian Capitalism are clarified. Finally, availabilities of categorical imperative in a real business situation are indicated.
著者
武藤 信夫 佐藤 陽一
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.115-123, 2002-03-31

We have to learn the essence of business ethics from Ryoi Suminokura and his son,Soan,who,based on Kyoto,had a splendid performance in a trade business about 400 years ago when the era changed to the Azuchi-Momoyama and the Edo period after the Sengoku.They regulated "Shuuchuu-kiyaku" (舟中規約) , or the code on the shipboard,which showed their creed that the profit is only the result from their confidence and obligation.We can understand its value from the fact that it was submitted through his Friend Seika Fujiwara (藤原惺窩) to "Shuin-sen" (朱印船) on 1603,the first trading ship to abroad authorized by the goverment of Edo.Still more it is also remarkable that Ryoi tried to increase social welfare and public interest,excavating riversby his own property or supporting to learning,art,science and culture.
著者
高浦 康有
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.19, pp.179-185, 2012-01-31

This paper builds on the methodology of CMS(critical management studies), while using the analytical framework of H.A.Simon's modern organization theory. It specifically investigates the case of crush accident on the pedestrian bridge at the fireworks event in Akashi City 2001 on secondary materials such as news articles about judgments in the court. It analyses how various organizations like the city administrators, police and security company were related to cross-organizational decision-making on restricting/unrestricting flows of pedestrians to avoid the accident. A structural gap of responsibility in organizational decision-making process can be reviled as well as systematic oppression that modern organizations inevitably include, such as inhibition of the autonomous decisions of individuals, which 'value-neutral' management theory could not make explicit.
著者
藤原 達也
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.23, pp.181-194, 2016-01-31

In 2001, Ajinomoto sparked a Muslim boycott in Indonesia. In 2014, Cadbury had a similar problem. These incidents clearly showed that there exists a risk of boycotts even if companies have received Halal certification. In order to identify measures that companies can take to reduce boycott risk in the Halal food market, this study clarifies the differences of the two boycott incidents in terms of Islamic business ethics. In order to achieve this, first, ethical and unethical conduct in Islamic business is described in general. Second, with these rules in mind, two boycott incidents are analyzed. In conclusion, what companies can do to control boycott risk is first to understand Islamic business ethics appropriately. Second, they can establish effective internal control systems which the market can appreciate.
著者
藤田 紀美枝
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.13, pp.27-36, 2006-03-31

Why are we born? Why do we live? We live for happiness. What is happiness? How do we become happy? The pursuit of happiness is a theme of eternity throughout history. The prerequisites of happiness are peace(not to go to warK no acts of terrorism, no earthquakes, no thunder storms and flood damage, and no global warming. A natural calamity must be struck down by a natural calamity. War is not a natural disaster but a man made one. The consequences of artificial environmental problems and the influence of Carbon dioxide are cancer of the skin and loss of people's vision as we have no immunity to these new kinds of diseases. Our mode of life is influenced by the ecological system. New paragraph I have studied about "What is environmental ethics?" My research focuses on animism and Banzan Kumazawa, who planted many trees along the ocean shore to prevent destruction caused by natural disasters, such as Tsunamis, by preventing erosion.
著者
野口 幸洋
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.73-82, 1996-03-31 (Released:2017-07-28)

As you may know, Tokushichi Nomura (1878-1945) was the founder of Nomura Securities while Genichi Toyama (1890-1972) was the originator of Nikko Securities. This report is firstly intended to trace back the Activities and Philosophies of these two great pioneers of Japanese Securities Industry in relation to the development of Japanese economy and to examine how their business philosophies affected their respective corporation's culture and business strategy. And, in the final part of this report, the problems covering the Japanese securities industry today and the most essential part of the business conducts will be discussed from Business Ethics viewpoint.
著者
林 順一
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.19-33, 2018-02-28 (Released:2018-04-13)

The purpose of this paper is to identify the attributes that make Japanese corporations targets for ESG investment. The sample is based on a cross section of data from 1,013 Japanese corporations in 2015. A probit regression model is employed. The dependent variable is whether or not the firm is included in one of the three ESG indices: DJSI, FTSE4Good, and MS-SRI. The results show that there are positive correlations between whether a firm is included in the ESG indices and UNGC participation, as well as GRI application. Awareness of climate change, human rights due diligence, firm size, and debt ratio are also shown to affect whether or not a firm is counted in the ESG indices.
著者
小池 裕子
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.177-187, 2013-02-28 (Released:2017-08-08)

This paper examines the male-female wage differentials by decomposing them into endowments and discrimination components by using micro-data from the US, France, Korea and Japan. The result from the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition technique suggests that the wage gap is mainly attributable to a difference in the price-setting according to gender in respect of age and type of employment, and this tendency is the most obvious in Japan among 4 countries.
著者
田中 敬幸
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.103-115, 2014-02-28 (Released:2017-08-08)

There is much research about corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the past decade. But its research didn't show the changes of CSR from a perspective of CSR reports. In this article, I examined how the concept of CSR has changed in a time span of a decade. This survey is done using text analysis of CEO letters appearing in the CSR reports of 15 major corporations in Japan during a period of transformational change. The results show that the discourse about CSR in the CSR reports has changed from an abstract definition of CSR toward a concrete definition of CSR. This article contributes theoretically to show that conceptual changes of Japanese corporations social responsibility in CEO letters appearing in the CSR reports in the investigation period.
著者
高橋 太一
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, pp.207-218, 2012-01-31 (Released:2017-08-08)

This report addresses the noncompliance with Organic JAS Standards and Technical Criteria and analyzes the issue from the perspective of business ethics. Noncompliance cases are classified into the following three types: (1) false labeling of JAS standards for organic vegetables by making and using forged seals, (2) use of materials that do not comply with the standards, and (3) flaws in the authentication procedures for JAS standards governing organic vegetables. The following facts are apparent: the excessive seeking of economic profit is a social factor that promotes noncompliance, the complex system of proving that noncompliant materials were not used can lead to noncompliance, and some noncompliance can be avoided by combining social morality and management ability. The noncompliance is not similar but is caused by different business ethics issues. Therefore, an individualized approach according to each case and social support, such as public training programs, are required to reduce noncompliance.
著者
井上 泉
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.22, pp.209-222, 2015-01-31

Since the Organized Crime Group Prevention Act, which legally established organized crime groups as anti-social organizations, came into force in March 1992, earnest efforts have been made to block further transfer of funds to such groups and to prevent money laundering. However, last year, Mizuho Bank was found to have been lending money to anti-social organizations, which revealed that companies in Japan still do not have sufficient means to deal with such organizations appropriately. However, the closer look shows that this case is more complicated than what people understand through media and suggests there is high likelihood of Japanese big enterprises falling into tactful about dealing with anti-social organizations. This article aims to offer suggestions to improve the status quo by scrutinizing the Mizuho case in detail.
著者
小池 裕子
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.22, pp.199-208, 2015-01-31

The objective of this preliminary study is to identify what kind of impact gender diversity has on stock performance. In order to examine the impact, portfolio that consists of companies with gender diversity in manager's level and portfolio that consists of companies with little gender diversity were made from the components of the MSCI Japan Index. And then, the rate of return and Sharpe ratio for the past 10 years were compared. As a result, those of gender diversity portfolio are higher than those of non-gender diversity portfolio as well as those of MSCI Japan. In addition, the result of a multiple regression analysis with the use of the Fama-French factor model suggests that there is little risk specific to gender diversity.
著者
小池 裕子
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.20, pp.177-187, 2013-02-28

This paper examines the male-female wage differentials by decomposing them into endowments and discrimination components by using micro-data from the US, France, Korea and Japan. The result from the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition technique suggests that the wage gap is mainly attributable to a difference in the price-setting according to gender in respect of age and type of employment, and this tendency is the most obvious in Japan among 4 countries.
著者
岡田 斎
出版者
日本経営倫理学会
雑誌
日本経営倫理学会誌 (ISSN:13436627)
巻号頁・発行日
no.16, pp.203-214, 2009-03-31

Currently corporate integrity is strongly demanded as social responsibility. This paper analyzes the integrity of the companies that broke the law concerning the prohibition of private monopoly and the preservation of fair trade by negative information disclosed in their sustainability reports. In result, it is found that the disclosure of negative information can be an index for examination of corporate integrities. In this paper some integritial companies that voluntarily published unknown negative information is picked up and the realization of the society in that integrity of corporations can be correctly estimated is discussed.