- 産業教育学研究 (ISSN:13405926)
- vol.28, no.2, pp.41-48, 1998-07-31 (Released:2017-07-18)
The Shoho no Radio (once subtitled the 'Beginner's Radio') which was the Japanese earliest monthly radio magazine mainly for boys and girls (referred to here simply as 'youngsters') in Japan had first published in 1948 by Seibundo Shinkosha Publishing Co., Ltd., and had continued until 1992. This magazine originally had a brotherly relationship between the Musen to Jikken (subtitled 'The Radio Experimenter's Magazine' at that time) which was the traditional senior radio monthly already published. This study clarified a philosophy of the first issue of the Shoho no Radio through the analyses of the contents of some articles included in both brotherly radio monthlies in the same period, and argued about the educational meanings of a philosophy of the first issue of the Shoho no Radio. The Shoho no Radio had come out of the conceptual background of science and technology publishing tradition involved a viewpoint for youngsters, as the Japanese earliest monthly radio magazine for youngsters, also thinking ahead to promote the brotherly monthly Musen to Jikken. Substantial analyses showed that the Shoho no Radio had provided manufacturing articles encouraging practically to complete electro-technically inexperienced work of youngsters and explanatory ones encouraging directly to acquire electro-technological knowledge from the beginning of youngsters, whichever using plainer illustrations and sentences, and then, that the said monthly would had sincerely wanted to popularize electronics technology spreading over the youngster's generation. And we can consider that it reflects a certain philosophy of the first issue of the Shoho no Radio. In 1947, the year before the first issue of the Shoho no Radio, the Kyoiku Kihon Ho (the Fundamental Law of Education), the Gakko Kyoiku Ho (the School Education Law) and others had established in Japan, namely, the postwar-Japanese new school-educational systems and practices had already launched out. However, from a viewpoint of electronics technology education as universal education, the contemporary curricula of primary and secondary schools had been less adequate than the present ones in point of the system, and we should hesitate to say that the opportunities for study of electronics technology for youngsters had secured satisfactorily. In these circumstances, the Shoho no Radio which would have enlarged the opportunities for study of electronics technology for youngsters periodically from the outside of school education had involved a definite important meanings in a point of creating and enlarging the opportunities for study. And as stated above, the Shoho no Radio had involved a fundamentally sincerely and gently attitude toward electro-technically inexperienced youngsters as readers in the contents of its articles. This will reinforce the formal meanings of creating and enlarging the opportunities for study in point of the contents. Therefore, it seems that the historical and painstaking study of the contents of a series of the Shoho no Radio are significant not only in a context of the historical study of enlightenment and popularization of technology but also in a viewpoint of the basic study of technology education.