著者
知念 葉子 若子 倫菜 諸岡 英雄 諸岡 晴美 松本 陽一
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Textile Engineering (ISSN:13468235)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.1, pp.29-37, 2009-02-15 (Released:2009-05-09)
参考文献数
12

In order to clarify the influence of forms of brassieres on beauty of clothing bust silhouettes, a visual impression of the bust clothing silhouette formed by C70 size brassieres in wearing under clothes was studied. Subjects (female college students) wore twenty-three types of brassieres (limited to C70 size) with different cup shapes under a pullover (of knit material) and their digital images of front, 45°-angled and side views were photographed. Then these images were evaluated by visual sensation of female college students using SD (semantic differential) method. As the result, the concept of “beautiful bust clothing silhouette” was able to be defined by a silhouette that has round, soft, natural and feminine feelings, without wrinkles on clothes and not showing the shape or line of the brassieres through the outer clothing; for example, the unevenness of the lace and seam. And it was found that the ideal shape of the cup is a three quarter cup consisting of seamless or three pieces (3 mai-hagi).
著者
Yo-ko CHINEN Kei SHIRAISHI Hideo MOROOKA Harumi MOROOKA
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Textile Engineering (ISSN:13468235)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.2, pp.45-51, 2009-04-15 (Released:2009-07-18)
参考文献数
11

Bust silhouette is one of several very important aesthetic points in the appeal of a women’s body, and it is also well known that an attractive silhouette is influenced by both inner and outer garments. Some odd protrusions can appear in outerwear because of the underlying brassiere, in particular, in spring-into-autumn apparel. As a result, many young Japanese women experience discomfort related to this silhouette. Thus we investigated the relationship between the brassiere and the bust silhouette in knit shirt. The experimental results are as follows: (1) unnatural protrusions result from four causes: the seam, the cup line, the trim lace, and the malformed top part of the brassiere, (2) seamless cup type brassiere makes a contribution to a beautiful bust silhouette, and (3) characteristics of the half-cup type brassiere which produces the worst bust silhouette in knit shirt are the total angle of cup top (BθU + BθL) ≤ 155°, the curved height of the under-cup line (BBL) ≤ 6 mm, and the compression recovery (RC) ≤ 50%.
著者
原 一正
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.6, pp.P278-P283, 1997-06-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
2
著者
中島 達夫 太田 計正
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会論文集 (ISSN:18838723)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.2, pp.T48-T55, 1966

目的 往復方式の摩擦試験機を試作し, その測定結果について考察する. 成果 シリンダ吊下型振子式により試料と摩擦面に往復方式の摩擦を与え, ストレインメータにより摩擦を検出記録する試験機を試作し, それを用いて 1. 糸の摩擦測定における履歴効果を調べた. 2. 荷重および接触糸本数が摩擦に及ぼす影響がマルチフィラメント糸とモノフィラメント糸で異なることがわかった. 3.サイジング工程におけるアフタワッキシングの平滑効果を調べた.
著者
中島 照夫 矢井田 修 竹内 善和
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.2, pp.P57-P65, 1987-02-25 (Released:2010-02-12)
参考文献数
25

This paper describes the effects of varicts soils on the antibacterial activity of antibacterial agents in the commercial anticrobial treatment socks. In this paper, we deals with six types of soils (Japanese sake, sause, soy sause, milk, juice and miso soup) and make a wear test, and examines the change of the antibacterial activity of socks contaminated with various soils.The results obtained are as follows.(1) When the commercial anticrobial treatment socks were contaminated with soils artificially, the inhibition percenage decreased than the socks with no soils. But, inhibition percntage increased again after washing and removing the soils. It was recognized positive correlation between the reflectnace of socks contaminated with soils and the inhibition percentage. This tendency was similar when the socks were washed after three days. When the socks were washed after one month, however, the recovery of the inhibition percentage was not recognized, because the soils contaminated was not removed easily.(2) In the case of wear test, the width of clear zone of the socks weared was smaller than the no-wear socks, and the antibacterial activity of the socks weared decreased. This result shows that the growth of microorganisms becomes actively when the soils were adhered even if the antibacterial agents was not removed by washing operation. It was recognized the negative correlation between the number of bacteria and each component of soils, and the coefficient of correlation of untreated socks was higher than the commercial anticrobial treatment socks. Because, the bacteria adhated to the commercial anticrobial treatment socks were killed or inhibitioned by the antibacterial agents.When the textile product was contaminated with soils, there was a remarkable growth of microorganisms. Therefore, it was necessary to remove immediately the soils by washing even if the socks was treated by the anticrobial treatment.
著者
近土 隆
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.1, pp.P32-P34, 1985-01-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
1 1
著者
脇田 登美司
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.P193-P198, 1980-03-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
4
著者
Takanori MATSUBARA Hinata INOUE Asuka SATOH
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Textile Engineering (ISSN:13468235)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.5, pp.73-78, 2019-10-15 (Released:2020-02-28)
参考文献数
25

The new silk dyeing methods by utilising oxidation and copigmentation of anthocyanins were researched and compared with metal mordanting dyeing. The used colourant was purple sweet potato pigment (PSPP) and its main components were assumed to contain cyanidin and/or peonidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucosides. PSPP dyes silk fabrics purple and the post-treatment changes the colour. The dyeing method were designed two step treatment (post-treatment dyeing). First is dyeing process with PSPP and second is reaction process by using an appropriate material which are Al(III), Cu(II), Fe(II) compound for the metal mordanting dyeing, sodium periodate (NaIO4) for the oxidation dyeing, and polyphenol for the copigmentation dyeing, respectively. The colour of the silk dyed with PSPP is bluish purple for the mordanting dyeing with Al(III) or Cu(II), purplish black for the mordanting dyeing with Fe(II), brown for the oxidation dyeing. The copigmentation dyeing gives deeper purple than the PSPP only dyeing. Their dyeability dependence on the pH of PSPP solution was examined at pH = 2.9 ~ 9.1. The PSPP only dyeing and the copigmentation dyeing gives deeper purple at pH = 4.5 ~ 6.9 and the dyeability of the copigmentation dyeing is higher whole of pH. In the mordanting dyeing with Fe(II), the resulting colour is changed from purplish black to blueish black at pH = 2.9 ~ 7.0, and in the oxidation dyeing that is turned from brown to purplish brown at pH = 2.9 ~ 7.0.
著者
平野 豊
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.3, pp.P131-P135, 1984-03-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
8 9
著者
鮑 力民 轟 純一 銭 丹娜 剱持 潔
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
Journal of Textile Engineering (ISSN:13468235)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.1-8, 2010-02-15 (Released:2010-05-04)
参考文献数
20

For the restitution behavior between the tennis strings and the ball, the setting unit which can set up the interval length and tension force of the string is produced, and identified the viscoelasticity characteristic of string side and ball by compression, vibration and impact tests experimentally. It was found that the restitution coefficient is increased with the increasing distance of string interval, but reduced with the increasing string tension at the impact velocity of 5.42m/s. The regularity about the viscosity characteristic is not very much obvious. Furthermore, the influences on restitution behavior are discussed by numerical simulation analysis. The simulation results are not only corresponded with the experimental results, but also revealed that string rigidity is great effective on restitution coefficient. The effect of viscoelasticity can be ignored due to its slight influence.
著者
追沼 龍三
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.11, pp.P401-P406, 1986-11-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
2

The effects of some factors on the dimensional parameters of plain-weft knitted fabrics (kc=cl, kw=wl, kn=kc×kw, ks=kc/kw and t/l, where c and w are the courses/cm and wales/cm, l is the loop length in cm and t is the fabric thickness in cm) are investigated experimentally, using cotton paralleled yarns and plied yarns, and a nylon plied yarn.For the coarse nylon plain-weft knitted fabrics (K=7 .6-11.7), k-values are approximately constant, but t/l increases with the increase of the fabric tightness (K=√T/l, where T is the linear density in tex).The results obtained for the cotton plain-weft knitted fabrics (K=7.3-16.0) are as follows : (1) ks, kc and t/l increase with the increase of the fabric tightness (K).ks of plied yarns is dependent on the relaxation treatments (dry, wet, boil and wash), but ks of paralleled yarns is not.At any fabric tightness (K), kc and t/l after a wash-relaxation are always more than kc and t/l after a dry-relaxation, and t/l of paralleled yarns is always more than t/l of plied yarns for all relaxations. (2) For all yarns and relaxations, KW changes little over a range of K>11, but changes very large over a range of K≤11. (3) For all yarns after a dry-relaxation, Kn changes little over a range of K>10, but changes large over a range of K≤10.For paralleled yarns after a washrelaxation, kn increases with the decrease of the fabric tightness (K).
著者
追沼 龍三 成沢 郁夫 小山 清人
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.7, pp.T173-T182, 1995-07-25 (Released:2010-02-12)
参考文献数
7

結び目 (コーマ綿糸c30s/1を用いたウイバースノットおよびフィッシャーマンズノット) に起因する平編編成域での糸切れ発生機構について, 高速ビデオカメラを用いて詳細に研究した.得られた結果は次のとおりである. (1) 結び目に起因する平編編成域での糸切れが次の3段階を経て発生することを明らかにした.1) 針のフックおよびべらとオールドループとで形成する隙間あるいは針頭と溝壁との隙間での結び目の引掛かり, 2) 糸張力の増大, 3) 糸切れ. (2) エアスプライスによる平編編成域での糸切れはいずれの編成条件でもほとんど発生しない. (3) いずれの結び目でも, 結び目の引掛かる率, 引掛かった結び目の糸切れ率および結び目の糸切れ率はカム引込量, 給糸張力および巻取荷重の増加とともに増加する. (4) いずれの編成条件でも, 結び目の引掛かる率, 引掛かった結び目の糸切れ率および結び目の糸切れ率はウイバースノットよりフィッシャーマンズノットの方が大きい.
著者
追沼 龍三
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.10, pp.P543-P548, 1988-10-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
21

The effect of stitch length (lu) on the dimensional properties (Uc = Cu × lu, Uw = Wu × lu, Us= Cu × Wu×lu2Uc/Uw = Cu/Wu, and t/l, where lu is the total length in the SKC, Cu is courss/uint fabric length, Wu is wales /unit width the SKC is the smallest repeating unit of the structure, t is the fabric thickness, and l is the loop length), the porosity P (%), the air permeability V (cc/cm2/sec), the thermal retaining propertyH (%), the bending length L (mm), and the tensile breaking strength S (kgf) and elongation E (%) of the 1 X 1 rib fabric knitted from a cotton yarn (c30s/l) is investigated experimentally.The results obtained are as follows : (1) Us is approximately constant, but Uc, Uw, and Uc/Uw are dependent on 1/lu or the fabric tightness K (=n√T/lu, where n is the number of loops in the SKC and T is the yarn linear density in tex). (2) t/l and the weight per unit area of fabric increase with the increase of 1/lu or K.(3) The increase of lu increases P and V, but decreases H.(4) L in each direction (the course (0°), bias (45°), and wale (90°) directions) decreases with the increase of lu. For all lu, L increases with the increase of the angle to the course direction.(5) S in each direction (the course, 22.5°, 45°, 67.5°, and wale directions) decreases with the increase of lu. The strenght efficiency of fabric is about 40% in both the course and wale directions.(6) The increase of lu increases E in the course, 22.5°, and 45° directions, but decreases E in the 67.5° and wale directions. For all lu, E decreases with the increase of the angle to the course direction.
著者
追沼 龍三
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.8, pp.P322-P327, 1984-08-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
14

The effects of some factors on the knitting defects due to knots in the plain-weft knitting were studied experimentally.The results obtained were as follows(1) The knitting defects due to knots were almost knitting holes which were caused by end breakages in the plain-weft knitting zone. The end breakage occured at the point of take-down side at a short distance from the knot.(2) As each of knitting factors such as the depth of stitch draw, the input yarn tension, the takedown weight, the machine gauge, the coefficient of friction between yarn and needle and the machine speed were increased, the end breakage rate incresed. But the increase of the cam angle decreased the end breakage rate.
著者
追沼 龍三
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.8, pp.P321-P328, 1987-08-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

The effects of some factors on the dimensional parameters (Us=Cu×Wu×lu2=Su×lu2, Uc=Cu×lu, Uw=Wu×lu, and Uc/Uw = Cu/Wu, where lu is the total length in the SKC, Cu is course units/unit fabric length, Wu is wale units/unit wide and the SKC is the smallest repeating unit of the structure) and t/l (where lu is the fabric thickness and l is the loop length) of 1 × 1 rib knitted fabrics are investigated experimentally, using the cotton yarns (30s//3, 20s/2 or 30s/3) and the nylon sewing threads (from raw or textured filament yarns).For the 1 × 1 rib fabrics knitted from the nylon sewing threads, U-values are approximately constant, but t/l increases with the increase of the fabric tightness (K = n√T/lu, where n is the number of loop in the SKC and T is the yarn linear density in tex).The results obtained for the cotton 1 X 1 rib knitted fabrics are as follows : (1) For all fabrics after each relaxation treatment (DR, WR, BR, LR (1), (2) and (3) are the dry, wet, boil wash (1), (2) and (3) relaxation treatments respectively), Uc and t/l increase with the increase of K.(2) For all fabrics after each relaxtion treatment espect for LR (2) and (3), Uc/Uw increases with the increase of K, but Uw and Us decrease with the increase of K.(3) For the fabrics knitted from 20s/2 or 30s/3 after LR (2) or (3), Uc/Uw and Uw show a similar tendency to those obtained after DR, WR, BR and LR (1).(4) For the fabrics knitted from 30s//3 after LR (2) or (3), Uc/Uw and Uw over a range of K > 13 show a similar tendency to those obtained after DR, WR, BR and LR (1), but Uc/Uw and Uw over a range of K≤13 show a reverse tendency to those.(5) After LR (2) or (3), Us-values of the fabrics knitted from 20s/2 or 30s/3 are independent on K, but Us for 30s//3 increases with the increase of K.
著者
追沼 龍三
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.5, pp.P297-P303, 1988-05-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

The effects of some factors on the defects in 1 X 1 rib knitting due to knots are investigated experimentally, using a cotton yarn (c30s/1) and a worsted yarn (2/72s).The results obtained are as follow : (1) The knitting defect due to the knots is almost the knitting hole caused by end breakages in 1 X 1 rib knitting zone. The end breakage occurs near the knot on the take-down side.(2) The end breakage rate increses together with the increase of the depth of stitch draw, the input tension, the take-down weight and the step length of cam. But the increase of the cam angle decreases the end breakage rate.
著者
追沼 龍三 中川 智 荻田 哲也
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.10, pp.P549-P555, 1989-10-25 (Released:2009-10-27)
参考文献数
11

The effect of some knitting factors such as the machine gauge, the depth of stitch draw, the input tension, and the take-down weight on the end breakage rates in plain-weft knitting zone due to yarn joints (airsplices, weavers knots and fisherman's knots) is investigated experimentally, using a cotton yarn (30s/1).The results obtained are as follows : (1) The knitting defect due to airsplices is hardly occurred for every knitting condition. Airsplice is a very usefull yarn joint on weft knitting.(2) The knitting defect due to weavers knots or fisherman's knots almost causes knitting holes by end breakages in a plain-weft knitting zone. The end breakage occurs near the knot on the take-down side.(3) The end breakage rate in a plain-weft knitting zone due to weavers knots or fisherman's knots increases together with the increase of the machine gauge, the depth of stitch draw, the input tension, and the take-down weight.(4) For every knitting condition, the end breakage rate in plain-weft knitting zone due to fisherman's knots is more than that due to weavers knots.
著者
追沼 龍三 成沢 郁夫 小山 清人
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.12, pp.T313-T323, 1996-12-25 (Released:2010-02-12)
参考文献数
11

1×1ゴム編編成域での結び目 (コーマ綿糸c30s/1を用いたウィバースノットおよびフィシャマンズノット) による糸切れ発生機構について, 高速ビデオカメラを用いて詳細に研究した.得られた結果は次の通りである.(1) 1x1ゴム編編成域での結び目による糸切れが次の3段階を経て発生することを明らかにした.1) シリンダ針の針頭のフック部への結び目の引っ掛かり, 2) 糸張力の増大, 3) 糸切れ.(2) 1×1ゴム編編成域でのエアースプライスによる糸切れはいずれの編成条件でも全く発生しない.(3) いずれの結び目でも, 結び目の引っ掛かる率, 引っ掛かった結び目による糸切れ率および結び目による糸切れ率はカム引込量, 給糸張力および巻取荷重の増加とともに増加する.(4) いずれの編成条件でも, 結び目の引っ掛かる率, 引っ掛かった結び目による糸切れ率および結び目による糸切率はウィバースノットよりフィッシャマンズノットの方が大きい.
著者
古田 茂 石原 矩武 東本 暁美 渡辺 俊明
出版者
The Textile Machinery Society of Japan
雑誌
繊維機械学会誌 (ISSN:03710580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.6, pp.T88-T95, 1999-06-25 (Released:2010-02-01)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
1 1

To establish highly automated leather finishing process, it is necessary to develop the leather handling robot system which are provided with automatic aligned stacking and feeding functions of side-leather for loading and unloading to leather finishing machines. The robot system are composed of manipulation hand with vacuum pad and image processing system to recognize the shape patterns of side-leather for aligning functions. For the image processing, 2 types of sensors are applied. They are CCD camera for the recognition of shape patterns and other one is luster sensor to detect grain or flesh side. By applying the developed shape patterns recognition algorithms to the image processing system, side-leather discriminations of grain or flesh, head or tail, belly or back were carried out perfectly. As the result, the handling robot aligned side-leathers with following 2 stacking methods.1) Stacking with left and right side along the backbone (LR method).2) Stacking with grain to grain (GG method).Also, investigated on the robot hand to hold correctly each 1 leaf from stacked up side-leathers on the table.