著者
寳學 淳郎 清原 泰治 阿部 生雄
出版者
高知学園短期大学
雑誌
高知学園短期大学紀要 (ISSN:03894088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.9-22, 1998-03-31

This study investigated the emergent process of the extra-curricular sport activities before the organization of the Koyu-kai(Students' body), and the activities of Undo-bu(sport club) that belonged to the Koyu-kai of the Tokyo Higher Normal School(THNS). This study investigated mainly Meiji Era. In THNS after the organization of Yoriai-kai (1880) and the Undo-kai (a meet for athletic sports, that was established in 1886), the Koyu-kai governing extra-curricular activities was set up in October 1901. The earliest extra-curricular sport activities in THNS were only tennis and rowing. The Undo-kai organizad had seven Undo-bu(sport club) - judo, kendo, kyudo, apparatus gymnastics and sumo, tennis, association football, and baseball. As the oraganization of Koyu-kai the Undo-bu increased in number. There were ten clubs - judo, kendo, kyudo, apparatus gymnasitics, tennis, association football, baseball, rowing, bicycle, and sumo. In 1902,two clubs (swimming and track-and-field) were established in the Koyu-kai and next year three clubs (sumo, bicycle, apparatus gymnastics) were excluded from the Koyu-kai. The feature of the Undo-bu of the Koyu-kai in THNS in the Meiji Era were as follows. 1)There were two types : one was "compulsory" Iike swimming, and the other was "free will" . 2)Foreign sports like tennis were introduced at the very early stage in Japan. 3)The Undo-bu of the Koyu-kai contributed to the introduction and popularization of sports by publishing the books (association football) and sponsoring the meeting(tennis, track-and-field, swimming etc.). 4)The performance were at high level and Shizo Kanaguri (track-and-field) took part in the 5th Olympic Games(1912).
著者
寳學 淳郎 清原 泰治 阿部 生雄
出版者
高知学園短期大学
雑誌
高知学園短期大学紀要 (ISSN:03894088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.23-32, 1998-03-31

The present paper aims at investigating the extra-curricular sports activities in Tokyo Higher Normal School(THNS) from Taisho Era to the end of World War II . The followings results were obtained. 1)In this period, the Undo-bu(sports club) in the THNS increased in number. Behind this phenomenon, there exsisted the rapid popularization of sports in Japan and the increase of the students of THNS. 2)There were many good players in track-and-field, swimming, association foot-ball, rowing, handball in the THNS who represented Japan in the Olympic Games and/or Far Eastern Championship Games. It means that the extra-curricular sport activities in THNS contributed a lot to the improvement on the level of Japanese sports. 3)The Undo-bu of judo, kendo and association football sponsored the National Middle Schools Championships and contributed to the development of local sports. 4)THNS graduates played an important part in the popularization and the development of the local sports.