著者
JAEA大洗プルトニウム 汚染事故ワーキンググループ 岩井 敏 佐々木 道也 桧垣 正吾 山西 弘城 甲斐 倫明
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.4, pp.271-281, 2018 (Released:2019-03-03)
参考文献数
15

On June 6, 2017, in the hood of the analyzing room at Plutonium Fuel Facility of Oarai Research and Development Center in Japan Atomic Energy Agency, five workers were checking the storage container of fast reactor nuclear fuel material. Around 11:15 a.m., vinyl bags in the container of the fuel material including plutonium and enriched uranium burst during the inspection work. All the workers heard the bang; which caused misty dust leakage from the container. This event caused significant skin α-contamination for four workers and nasal cavity α-contamination for three workers. Decontamination was conducted for workers in the shower room. Then, the five workers were transferred to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratory to evaluate inhalation intake of plutonium etc. in lungs. The maximum values of 2.2 × 104 Bq for 239Pu and 2.2 × 102 Bq for 241Am were estimated by the lung monitor. From these results, injection of chelate agent was conducted for prompt excretion of plutonium etc. Next morning, the five workers were transferred to the National Institute of Radiological Sciences for treatments including decontamination of their skin and measurement by lung monitor. Then no obvious energy peak was confirmed for plutonium. The Japan Health Physics Society launched the ad-hoc working group for plutonium intake accident around the middle of June to survey issues and to extract lessons on radiological protection. We will report the activity of the working group.
著者
赤羽 恵一 飯本 武志 伊知地 猛 岩井 敏 大口 裕之 大野 和子 川浦 稚代 立崎 英夫 辻村 憲雄 浜田 信行 藤通 有希 堀田 豊 山崎 直 横山 須美
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.3, pp.153-156, 2014 (Released:2015-07-18)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
3

A brief review is given of the history and methodology of external dosimetry for the lens of the eye. Under the 1989 revision to domestic radiological protection regulations, the concept on the effective dose equivalent and the dose limit to the lens of the eye (150 mSv/y) both introduced in the ICRP 1977 recommendations has changed nationwide the external monitoring methodology in non-uniform exposure situations to the trunk of a radiological worker. In such situations, which are often created by the presence of a protective apron, the worker is required to use at least two personal dosemeters, one worn on the trunk under the apron and the other, typically, at the collar over the apron. The latter dosemeter serves the dual purpose of providing the dose profile across the trunk for improved effective dose equivalent assessment and of estimating the dose to lens of the eye. The greater or appropriate value between Hp(10) and Hp(0.07), given by the dosemeter, is generally used as a surrogate of Hp(3) for recording the dose to the lens of the eye. The above-mentioned methodology was continued in the latest 2001 revision to the relevant regulations.
著者
赤羽 恵一 飯本 武志 伊知地 猛 岩井 敏 大口 裕之 大野 和子 川浦 稚代 立崎 英夫 辻村 憲雄 浜田 信行 藤通 有希 堀田 豊 山崎 直 横山 須美
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.2, pp.128-137, 2015 (Released:2016-01-09)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
2

While the revised dose limit for the lens of the eye was presented by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), the dose measurement standards for the lens of the eye have been discussed in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). In the International Basic Safety Standards of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a new ICRP dose limit of the lens of the eye was included, and a technical document was published as a guidance on the implications of the new dose limit for the lens of the eye for occupational radiation protection. By the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA) Task Group on Implementation of Revised Dose Limits to the Lens of the Eye, the opinions for the new ICRP dose limit for the lens of the eye are investigated for the member states. In this paper, the progress of discussion in these organizations is reported.
著者
赤羽 恵一 飯本 武志 伊知地 猛 岩井 敏 大口 裕之 大野 和子 川浦 稚代 立崎 英夫 辻村 憲雄 浜田 信行 藤通 有希 堀田 豊 山崎 直 横山 須美
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.1, pp.76-89, 2015 (Released:2015-12-18)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
2 2

For many Japanese radiation workers in the medical, nuclear and other industrial fields, the equivalent dose of the lens of the eye will be sufficiently lower than the new ICRP dose limit. However, the dose of the lens of the eye for medical staff members who are engaged in interventional radiology and cardiology may exceed the new ICRP dose limit, especially when they are exposed closely to higher scatter radiation for a long time. In addition, the radiation dosimetry and radiation protection for emergency and recovery workers in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP1) are important issues. Thus gathering information related to the radiation dose and protection for Japanese radiation workers is important to a discussion regarding implementation of the new ICRP dose limit for the lens of the eye for Japanese regulations and planning radiation dose reduction measures. In this paper, recent studies and issues regarding radiation exposure and protection in the medical, nuclear and other industrial fields, as well as for emergency and recovery workers in the FNPP1 were summarized.
著者
赤羽 恵一 飯本 武志 伊知地 猛 岩井 敏 大口 裕之 大野 和子 川浦 稚代 立崎 英夫 辻村 憲雄 浜田 信行 藤通 有希 堀田 豊 山崎 直 横山 須美
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.1, pp.67-75, 2015 (Released:2015-12-18)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
3

The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) have been defined operational quantities and protection quantities. Dose limits have been also recommended by the ICRP using protection quantities. These quantities and some related values for main radiation such as photons, electrons, and neutrons, are summarized in this article with some historical considerations. The ICRP indicated conversion coefficients for the lens of the eye as absorbed dose per fluence as protection quantities. Equivalent dose is not used because a protection quantity that uses radiation weighting factors is not intended to be calculated for tissue reactions. So far, the ICRP has not indicated a specific RBE value for cataract formation. Operational quantities are used for measurements. There have been three types of phantoms, namely a slab phantom, a reduced phantom, and a cylindrical phantom, but none of them has been definitely recommended for the lens of the eye by the ICRP or the ICRU. Although conversion coefficients to personal dose equivalent, Hp(3), for electrons have been recommended, no other conversion coefficients to personal dose equivalent for the lens of the eye has been indicated by the ICRP or the ICRU. However, there have been several studies described personal dose equivalent. Ambient dose equivalent, H*(3), and directional dose equivalent, H'(3,a), have been indicated in several limited conditions by the ICRP and the ICRU. These status are overviewed in this article.
著者
赤羽 恵一 飯本 武志 伊知地 猛 岩井 敏 大口 裕之 大野 和子 川浦 稚代 立崎 英夫 辻村 憲雄 浜田 信行 藤通 有希 堀田 豊 山崎 直 横山 須美
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.3, pp.145-152, 2014 (Released:2015-07-18)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
4

In April 2011, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) issued the statement on tissue reactions. This stimulated interest in many countries. The Expert Committee on Radiation Protection of the Lens of the Eye was established in the Japanese Health Physics Society, and in April 2013, started discussion about the international developments and recent studies related to the dosimetry of the lens of the eye. This committee now publishes the interim report consisting of parts I-VI. Of these, this Part I overviews the structure of the eye and lens, cataract types and the scientific evidence of its new dose threshold and equivalent dose limit newly recommended by the ICRP.
著者
赤羽 恵一 飯本 武志 伊知地 猛 岩井 敏 大口 裕之 大野 和子 川浦 稚代 立崎 英夫 辻村 憲雄 浜田 信行 藤通 有希 堀田 豊 山崎 直 横山 須美
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.4, pp.171-179, 2014 (Released:2015-12-18)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
3

Many studies have been internationally reported as part of projects regarding the radiation exposure for the lens of the eye of medical staff members under various conditions, methods of dosimetry and development of dosimeters for the lens of the eye. Recently conducted studies include the Retrospective Evaluation of Lens Injuries and Dose (RELID) of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Occupational Cataracts and Lens Opacities in interventional Cardiology (O’CLOC) study in France, Optimization of Radiation Protection of Medical Staff (ORAMED) project in European countries, and a 20-year prospective cohort study among US radiologic technologists. Given the newly implemented dose limit for the lens of the eye by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), we summarized these studies as the necessary information for reconsideration of the Japanese dose limit for the lens of the eye. In addition, this article also covers the exposures for the lens of the eye of clean-up workers in the Chernobyl accident as shown in ICRP Publication 118 and the results of a hearing survey with specialists of the Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine.
著者
小佐古 敏荘 志田 孝二 杉浦 紳之 岩井 敏 東郷 正美
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
試験研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
1993

(1)自然界にはバックグラウンド放射線が存在し、キャリブレーションファントムの測定においてはバックグラウンド放射線の安定化を図ることが、精度の良いホールボディカウンタ測定のためには極めて重要である。このため、自然放射線のうち変動幅が大きいと考えられるラドン(気中放射能)をとりあげ、ラドン濃度の変化がホールボディカウンタ測定値に及ぼす影響、気象条件や測定室・鉄室の換気条件とラドン濃度の関係を検討した。この結果、大地からの影響を受けにくい建屋屋上に呼気口を設け、高性能Hepaフィルターを通す形で十分換気を行うことにより、安定したバックグラウンド測定条件を得ることができることが判明した。(2)体内被曝線量評価システムは、昨年度、開発したデータ処理プログラムのアウトプットとして得られる核種、体内負荷量の情報に加え、体内動態モデルとして国際放射線防護委員会(ICRP)が刊行物No.30で提示したモデルを採用し、そこから得られる初期負荷量、線量換算係数を組み合わせて構築した。(3)本計測システムの実用条件への適用性の評価のため、点線源、人体模擬ファントム(K-40,Cs-137)および人体についてそれぞれ測定し、放射性物質の位置・分布状態の違いによる16本の光電子増倍管を通して得られるエネルギースペクトルへの影響について検討を行った。その結果、点線源の測定結果から得られたスペクトル形状の変化、人体模擬ファントムと人体の測定結果の比較から、広く低濃度で分布する人体内の放射性物質の定量が可能であり、詳細な位置情報もある程度推定できることが明らかとなった。
著者
阪井 胖 冨沢 明子 小林 八郎 浜西 正三 岩井 敏子
出版者
近畿産科婦人科学会
雑誌
産婦人科の進歩 (ISSN:03708446)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.5, pp.593-602, 1990 (Released:2011-07-05)
参考文献数
12

1. i) In threatened premature labor, viewed from a uterine contraction wave and a subjective complaint obtained by means of a cardiotocogram, B waves and L waves were observed in many cases when the patient complained of a lower abdominal pain and/or lumbago.With these pains, or with a complaint of abdominal distension, the threatened premature labor is possible, and an objective evaluation of uterine contractions by means of the cardiotocogram is necessary.The uterine contraction was recorded with a cardiotocogram.The recorded waves were evaluated by Nakae's classification (1978), and given points for each wave : 1 point for A wave, (31-60 sec), 1.5 point for B wave (61-180 sec).ii) From this study, as a prime therapeutic factor, the wave of uterine contractions with less than two contractions (A and/or B waves) in 30 minites, i.e. below 3 points of contraction is provided.2. Correlativity between these points and lower abdominal pain and lumbago is heightened and subjective complaints are increased as the point of uterine contraction becomes larger.3. In the case of 4 points of contraction or more, subjective complaints with lower abdominal distension, lower abdominal pain and lumbago were considerably increased.4. In the case of uterine contractions with more than 7 points having such pains as lower abdominal pain and lumbago, the patient was prematurely delivered at a relatively earlier time.5. The uterine contraction, one of the four factors in Tocolytic Index (T.I.) (Baumgarten, 1974) which is frequently used in foreseeing pre-term delivery mentions just irregular or regular. To assure more concrete determination, we studied the uterine contraction points in order to apply them to T.I.
著者
岩井 敏
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 : hoken buturi (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.3, pp.211-225, 2008-09

In the field of radiation protection, quality factor Q(L) and radiation weighting factor w_R are important coefficients for estimating both radiation protection and operational quantities to the mixed types of radiation exposure. However, some inconsistencies might be found between Q(L) and w_R for estimating effective dose, for example. Some inconsistencies are attributed to incomplete definition of terms Q(L) and w_R. This report presents the root and evolution of quality factor Q(L) and radiation weighting factor w_R for the years 1931-2007, to clarify the current issues of inconsistencies to be solved.
著者
岩井 敏洋
出版者
現代数学社
雑誌
Basic数学 (ISSN:03866319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.12, pp.56-59, 1997-12
被引用文献数
1