著者
杉山 尚子
出版者
山脇学園短期大学
雑誌
紀要 (ISSN:03898814)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, pp.1-7, 2006-03-31

This pilot study illustrates that the conceptual analysis of ordinary language helps the development of behavior analysis. There are two major approaches of modern psychology, cognitive psychology and behavior analysis. Each psychology accepts private events as the subject mater of each science, however the way of interpreting private events is completely different. In cognitive psychology, the private events are interpreted with using ordinary language directly and it remains folk psychology as a consequence. On the other hand, in behavior analysis, they are interpreted with redefined technical terms based on three-term contingency as a conceptual framework for analyzing behavior. However, this study shows the possibility of a new folk psychology in order to develop behavior analysis, through the conceptual analysis of the usage of "mind" ("Kokoro" in Japanese) in the Japanese verbal community.
著者
杉山 尚子 鷲見 潤子 佐藤 方哉
出版者
山脇学園短期大学
雑誌
山脇学園短期大学紀要 (ISSN:03898814)
巻号頁・発行日
no.40, pp.1-10, 2002

Twelve male and twelve female students who rarely bake cakes were given instructions on how to beat eggs. The students were divided into three groups according to the type of instructions: verbal instructions only (VI group), verbal instructions plus a videotape of the process (beating eggs) (VI+PC group), and verbal instructions plus a videotape of the product (the beaten eggs) (VI+PD group). The VI+PC group saw a videotape of an expert beating eggs. The VI + PD group saw a videotape of the eggs when they were finished by the same expert. The duration of beating eggs was shortest for the VI+PC group, while the quality of the resulting sponge cake was the best for the VI+PD group. Although videotape is often presented as a convenient modeling tool, behavior analysts need to determine what aspects of the videotaped model are effective in training new behavior.