著者
高橋 祐樹 加藤 信介 小林 敏孝 吉井 光信 上原 茂男 樋口 祥明 高橋 幹雄 石川 敦雄 黒木 友裕 野崎 尚子
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.662, pp.335-343, 2011-04-30 (Released:2011-07-29)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
1

This study investigated the effect of diurnal thermal changes on the circadian rhythm of human core body temperature, together with secondary effects on other psycho-physiological functioning and intellectual performance. Four male subjects (23 - 25 years of age) were observed under three experimental temperature cycles in a climate chamber. In Case 1, the temperature remained fixed at 24°C (control); in Case 2, a constant temperature of 24°C during the morning and the afternoon was raised to 27°C at 6 PM and remained constant during the evening, to evaluate the effects of body heating before sleep; in Case 3, the temperature control schedule is similar to Case 2 with the exception of the changing time, not at 6 PM but at noon, to reflect the normal circadian increase in core body temperature (CBT) in the afternoon. The change of the thermal environment caused amplitude increment or phase advance in rectal temperature (RT). Measurements based on electrocardiographs, salivary cortisol levels, psychological measurement tools and intellectual tests illustrated the beneficial effects of the temperature control. The results reveal that control of the thermal environment in spaces based on the circadian rhythm may regulate RT rhythm, leading to improvement in psycho-physiological state and intellectual performance of occupants.
著者
石川 敦雄 西田 恵 渡部 幹 山川 義徳 乾 敏郎 楠見 孝
出版者
日本環境心理学会
雑誌
環境心理学研究 (ISSN:21891427)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.1, pp.1-14, 2016 (Released:2017-05-08)
参考文献数
49

室内空間の多くは社会的な相互作用のための場であり,より良い対人関係・行動に配慮した室内空間が期待されている。本研究の主な目的は,一般的な水準の広さや明るさ等の室内空間の物理的要因が印象形成に影響を及ぼすかどうかを検証することである。実験1の156名,実験2の364名の社会人は,室内空間CGと人物の合成画像を見て対人印象と対人関係への期待を評価した。次に,室内空間CGを見て広さ,明るさ等の物理的要因と感情的要因を評価した。実験1および実験2の結果に基づくパス解析により,室内空間の「広々した」印象が対人印象「共同性」因子に影響し,その「共同性」因子が対人関係の期待に影響することが示唆された。これらの実験結果は,日常的な空間としてデザインされる物理的要因が印象形成に影響を及ぼすことを示している。
著者
石川 敦雄 楠見 孝
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 = Japanese Psychological Review (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.4, pp.530-554, 2016-04

When interacting with others, the indoor physical environment influences interpersonal cognition and behavior explicitly as well as implicitly. Several studies in the field of traditional environmental psychology have focused on explicit processes such as pleasure, arousal, and stress. Additionally, some models of interpersonal cognition and behavior have been proposed. In recent years, more studies have been focusing on implicit social cognition. Furthermore, embodied cognition and the automaticity of social cognition are the major topics studied in this field. However, the implicit psychological influences of the indoor physical environment on interpersonal relationships are still unclear. In this paper, we first review the literature on the implicit influence of the indoor physical environment on interpersonal cognition from the perspective of the quantity and quality of physical factors, and that of the evaluation methods of implicit processes. We then discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the research methods used to study the implicit processes indicated by behaviors, subjective evaluations, and response time. Finally, we reveal the significance of and problems in the study of the implicit influence of the indoor physical environment.