著者
野口 裕二
出版者
The Japanese Association of Sociology of Law
雑誌
法社会学 (ISSN:04376161)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2004, no.60, pp.139-152,237, 2004-03-30 (Released:2010-04-15)
参考文献数
13

This paper considers how the sufferings in our age are socially constructed and how we can overcome them and create an alternative story based on the narrative approach. Sufferings have been gradually regarded as some psychological entities such as Traumatic Stress or PTSD. This process can be called "psychologizing of reality" or "internalizing of sufferings" These require us to consult with a psychological or psychiatric expert and then the sufferings are individualized, personalized, and pathologized without considering its social origins or backgrounds. Against these conditions, narrative approaches propose some new strategies: externalizing of the problem to invalidate or de-construct the dominant story of sufferings, providing a narrative community to encourage sufferers to tell the alternative story on their lived experience. Suffering and overcoming are not psychological entities but social products through our everyday discursive practices. Narrative approaches show us the new way to understand sufferings and to listen sufferers' narratives against the dominant discourse.
著者
盛山 和夫 野口 裕二
出版者
日本教育社会学会
雑誌
教育社会学研究 (ISSN:03873145)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, pp.113-126,en307, 1984-09-30 (Released:2011-03-18)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
2

The extra-school education by such as juku or private instructor is an important element in contemporary Japanese educational system. Those extraschool educations (abbreviated as ESE) are considered as producing undesirable effects on the public education, but there is a popular belief that the opportunity of educational attainment is enhanced by taking advantage of the ESE.In this paper we attempt to evaluate the extent to which this belief can be sustained on empirical grounds, especially the effect of parental socio-economic status on the difference of opportunity in senior high school entrance through the ESE investment during junior high school age. Samples are collected from graduates in 1982 of nine junior high schools in Sapporo. Questionaires were mailed to 2588 samples and returned from 470 male and 443 female respondents.Key variables in the analysis are family background factors (socioeconomic status of parents), amount of the ESE investment on jukti and private instructor, achievement test score (in terms of standardized score) at the age of seventh grade, change in the score from that time to the age of ninth grade, and ranking of senior high schools (trade school, for some respondents) which the respondents entered after the graduation.The analysis shows:(1) For male students, the ESE investment is positively correlated with parental socio-economic status, but no effect of the investment is found on either the change in the standardized score or the ranking of senior high school.(2) For female students, though the investment increases slightly the ranking of senior high: school through the change in the standardized score, the investment itself is not affected by parental socio-economic status.(3) Hence, for both male and female students, there is no causal chain from parental socio-economic status to the senior high school ranking through the ESE investment.(4) There are, however, for both male and female students, strong effects of parental socio-economic status on the senior high school ranking, directly, and indirectly through the test score at freshman age or the change in the score.
著者
野口 裕二
出版者
日本保健医療社会学会
雑誌
保健医療社会学論集 (ISSN:13430203)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.3-11, 2016-07-31 (Released:2018-01-31)
参考文献数
16

医療コミュニケーションはこの数十年の間にどのように変化してきたか、その変化の方向性と特徴を精神科領域を中心に探ることが本稿の目的である。この領域で注目される4つの試み、「病いの語り」、「ナラティヴ・アプローチ」、「当事者研究」、「オープン・ダイアローグ」を検討した結果、いずれの試みも「平等化」と「民主化」を推進するものであることが確認された。また、それらは斬新なコミュニケーション・デザインとコミュニケーション・モードによって達成されており、さらにこうした動きの背景には「倫理化」というもうひとつの重要な動きがあり、慢性疾患を生きる上で重要な意義をもつことが示唆された。
著者
野口 裕二
出版者
三田社会学会
雑誌
三田社会学 (ISSN:13491458)
巻号頁・発行日
no.13, pp.35-46, 2008

特集: 構築主義批判・以後はじめに1. 「構築されざるもの」について2. 「語りえないもの」について3. 実在論的言説の優勢4. 物語の可変性と多様性
著者
野口 裕二
出版者
医学書院
雑誌
看護学雑誌 (ISSN:03869830)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.10, pp.940-945, 1999-10-01

はじめに 「ナラティヴ」(narrative)という言葉が注目されている.「物語」とか「語り」を意味するこの言葉が,病いや悩み,そして自己や人生とは何かを考える際の重要なキーワードとなりつつある. ナラティヴはもともと文学領域のことばだったが,その後,哲学や文化人類学で注目されるようになり,80年代後半から精神医療や家族療法などの臨床領域でも注目されるようになった.とくに家族療法の領域では,ナラティヴ・セラピーと呼ばれる新しい考え方が90年代以降,中心的な流れとなりつつある.