11 0 0 0 OA 九州探題考

著者
黒嶋 敏
出版者
公益財団法人 史学会
雑誌
史学雑誌 (ISSN:00182478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.116, no.3, pp.328-361, 2007-03-20 (Released:2017-12-01)

The Kyushu Tandai was a post set up by the Muromachi Bakufu to govern the island of Kyushu. From the end of fourteenth century, the post was held by successive members of the Shibukawa family branch of the Ashikaga clan. The research to date has held that the power of the Tandai quickly declined after the defeat of Shibukawa Yoshitoshi at the hands of the Shoni family in 1425 and eventually became limited to the eastern portion of Hizen Province. This is why the Kyushu Tandai has not been seen as a significant political force in the region during the late medieval period. The present article reexamines the process of the Shibukawa family's decline and fall in order to relocate the place of the Kyushu Tandai within the historical context of late medieval Japan. The above-mentioned decline of the Shibukawa family, which supposedly began with the defeat of 1425, was in fact the result of policies implemented under the Muromachi Shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori, which aimed at a new way of governing Kyushu centered around the Ouchi family, and in the process reduced the authority of the Kyushu Tandai. Nevertheless, the Tandai still retained a high level of military leadership in the region. Then, during the sixteenth century, when civil strife shook northern Kyushu as the result of the weakening of shogunal power in the region, the Shibukawa family split into Ouchi and Otomo family factions. Even then, the Tandai remained influential and was considered an important element within the strategy of any feudal lord (daimyo) in the region. The author concludes that the Shibukawa Kyushu Tandai family did not decline and fall, but rather lost importance as a regional Bakufu administrative organ due to a change in shogunate politics. On the other hand, the Shibukawa family's high level of political influence remained an important, unwavering element within the regional political order throughout the period. The same phenomenon can be observed in the case of the Muromachi Bafuku's Oshu (Northern Honshu) Tandai. Placing the post of Tandai within its rightful place in regional politics alongside the Bakufu and daimyo now reveals a brand new aspect of the political structure characterizing fifteenth and sixteenth century Japan.
著者
金子 拓 黒嶋 敏 堀 新 黒嶋 敏 堀 新 岡田 正人 桐野 作人 杉崎 友美 矢部 健太郎 和田 裕弘
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2007

本研究は、織田信長の家臣太田牛一が著述した『信長記』(別称「信長公記」「原本信長記」「安土記」など)自筆本・写本の史料学的検討を目的とした。国内各所蔵機関に伝来している『信長記』を調査し、その一覧表を作成するとともに、史料編纂所において未撮影の写真による撮影・紙焼写真購入を進め、それらをもとに内容を検討し書写伝来の系統を明らかにした。これらの成果は、研究代表者金子の単著『織田信長という歴史』、連携研究者堀新が編者となり、研究協力者桐野作人・矢部健太郎・和田裕弘が寄稿した『信長公記を読む』、研究協力者杉崎友美の論文「「信長記」の筆跡論」などとして公表した。
著者
田中 大喜 村木 二郎 松田 睦彦 湯浅 治久 鈴木 康之 井上 聡 高橋 典幸 黒嶋 敏 貴田 潔 神野 祐太 渡邊 浩貴
出版者
国立歴史民俗博物館
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2019-04-01

本研究では、13世紀後半~14世紀にかけて顕著になった、西遷・北遷と呼ばれる東国武士の西国や東北地域の所領への移住の実態について究明する。その際、西遷・北遷東国武士と在来諸勢力とを相互規定的な関係にあるものと捉える観点から、両者の多様な諸資料を広く収集・分析し、文献史学・考古学・美術史学・民俗学・歴史地理学による地域総合調査として進めていく。本研究の成果は、報告書や展示等を通して社会に発信していくと同時に、様々な研究分野に利活用できる調査情報公開のシステム作りも進め、調査データの社会資源化を図る。
著者
黒嶋 敏
出版者
The Historical Society of Japan
雑誌
史学雑誌 (ISSN:00182478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.109, no.11, pp.1992-2014, 2000-11-20 (Released:2017-11-30)

The research done to date on the relations between Japan and the Ryukyu Islands has tended focus its discussion on the Shimazu family of the Satsuma region in Kyushu. The Shimazu family was not only granted various rights over the Ryukyus, but also carried out a direct invasion of its territory. It is true that many of the historical sources related to the subject come from the Shimazu family, and it cannot be denied that the two regions were closely related geographically. However, it is the opinion of the author of the present paper that the focus of the research to date has placed to much emphasis on the history of the Shimazu family rather than the history of international relations between two countries. He sets out to reexamine the research and offer a broader point of view, while criticizing the conventional interpretation of the Shimazu family documents. As the result of this examination, the author divides the relations between medieval Japan and the Ryukyu Kingdom into four different periods. The first period, spanning the first half of the fifteenth century, involved mainly the Muromachi Bakufu on the Japan side, which dispatched emissaries to the Ryukyus on a yearly basis. During the second period, from 1470 to 1520, the Hosokawa family issued sealed orders permitting such parties as pirates on the Inland Sea and the Shimazu family to conduct maritime trade with the Ryukyus. The focus of the third period, 1520 to 1560, shifted to the Ouchi family, as internal division spread among the Shimazu resulting in a loss of their political influence in Ryukyu affairs. The final period, from 1560 on, centered around the Shimazu family, now unified as a powerful sengoku daimyo and assuming a position to demand exclusive rights to deal with the Ryukyus. It was also a time that the Ryukyu Kingdom attempted to free itself from international relations in which it was subordinated to Japan. According to this periodization scheme, it is clear that the Shimazu family played the role of a mere intermediary during most of the medieval period. Throughout the period, the Ryukyus were placed by Japan within subordinate relationships to political forces centered on the Muromachi shogunate.
著者
黒嶋 敏
出版者
吉川弘文館
雑誌
日本歴史 (ISSN:03869164)
巻号頁・発行日
no.594, pp.17-32, 1997-11