著者
Takumi Higuma Yoshihiro J. Akashi Yoshihiro Fukumoto Hitoshi Obara Tatsuyuki Kakuma Yasuhide Asaumi Satoshi Yasuda Ichiro Sakuma Hiroyuki Daida Hiroaki Shimokawa Takeshi Kimura Satoshi Iimuro Ryozo Nagai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0134, (Released:2023-07-21)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1

Background: It remains unclear which comorbidities, other than lipid parameters, or combination of comorbidities, best predicts cardiovascular events in patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD) treated with statins. Therefore, we aimed to identify the nonlipid-related prognostic factors and risk stratification of patients with stable CAD enrolled in the REAL-CAD study.Methods and Results: Blood pressure, glucose level, and renal function were considered as risk factors in the 11,141 enrolled patients. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal ischemic stroke, and unstable angina. The secondary composite endpoint was the primary endpoint and/or coronary revascularization. A significantly worse prognosis at the primary endpoint was observed in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≤60 group, and the combination of eGFR ≤60 and HbA1c ≥6.0 was the worst (hazard ratio (HR) 1.66; P<0.001). However, even in the eGFR >60 group, systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg met the secondary endpoint (HR 1.33; P=0.006), and the combination of eGFR ≤60 and HbA1c ≥6.0 was also the worst at the secondary endpoint (HR 1.35; P=0.002).Conclusions: Regarding nonlipid prognostic factors contributing to the incidence of cardiovascular events in statin-treated CAD patients, renal dysfunction was the most significant, followed by poor glucose control and high SBP.
著者
Hiroki KUBO Tsuyoshi ASAI Yoshihiro FUKUMOTO Kensuke OSHIMA Shota KOYAMA Hiroki MONJO Hirotsugu TAJITSU Tomohiro OKA
出版者
Japanese Society of Physical Therapy
雑誌
Physical Therapy Research (ISSN:21898448)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.E10007, (Released:2020-02-25)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
3

Objective: To compare the association of cough peak flow (CPF) with aging in community-dwelling older adults and to investigate the relationship between physical fitness and CPF in these individuals. Method: Two hundred twenty two community-dwelling older adults were enrolled. CPF was assessed as a cough function parameter. Forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1.0) were assessed as respiratory function. Maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) and inspiratory pressure (MIP) were assessed as respiratory muscle strength. The 3-minute walk test (3MWT) performance was assessed as a physical fitness. Participants were divided into the following age groups: 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80-89 years. One way analysis of variance were computed for comparison between age group, sex and CPF. Multivariate regression analyses were used to investigate the association of CPF with 3MWT. Results: The value of CPF significantly decreased in the 75-79 and 80-89 years group than 60-64 years group in men and in the 80-89 years group than 65-69 years group in women. The value of CPF were 545.5, 497.2, 403.3, 354.8 and 325.4 L/min in the 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80-89-year group in men and 263.4, 278.8, 264.5, 214.0, and 193.6 L/min in the corresponding age groups in women, respectively. 3MWT (p = 0.041) was significantly associated with CPF. Conclusions: Cough function tends to decrease with aging in community-dwelling elderly. Physical fitness is associated with cough function.
著者
Yasuhiro Hamatani Yasuko Takada Yoshihiro Miyamoto Yukie Kawano Yuta Anchi Tatsuhiro Shibata Atsushi Suzuki Mitsunori Nishikawa Hiroto Ito Masashi Kato Tsuyoshi Shiga Yoshihiro Fukumoto Chisato Izumi Satoshi Yasuda Hisao Ogawa Yasuo Sugano Toshihisa Anzai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0225, (Released:2020-01-25)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
16

Background:Palliative care is highly relevant for patients with heart failure (HF), and there is a need for quantitative information on quality of care. Accordingly, this study aimed to develop a set of quality indicators (QIs) for palliative care of HF patients, and to conduct a practical pilot measurement of the proposed QIs in clinical practice.Methods and Results:We used a modified Delphi technique, a consensus method that involves a comprehensive literature review, face-to-face multidisciplinary panel meeting, and anonymous rating in 2 rounds. A 15-member multidisciplinary expert panel individually rated each potential indicator on a scale of 1 (lowest) to 9 (highest) for appropriateness. All indicators receiving a median score ≥7 without significant disagreement were included in the final set of QIs. Through the consensus-building process, 35 QIs were proposed for palliative care in HF patients. Practical measurement in HF patients (n=131) from 3 teaching hospitals revealed that all of the proposed QIs could be obtained retrospectively from medical records, and the following QIs had low performance (<10%): “Intervention by multidisciplinary team”, “Opioid therapy for patients with refractory dyspnea”, and “Screening for psychological symptoms”.Conclusions:The first set of QIs for palliative care of HF patients was developed and could clarify quantitative information and might improve the quality of care.
著者
Hisashi Kai Takeshi Kimura Kenji Fukuda Yoshihiro Fukumoto Tatsuyuki Kakuma Yutaka Furukawa on behalf of CREDO-Kyoto Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-15-1151, (Released:2016-04-06)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
9

Background:We investigated the effects of age and low diastolic blood pressure (DBP) on cardiovascular death in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after coronary revascularization.Methods and Results:Stable, chronic CAD patients after coronary revascularization in the CREDO-Kyoto registry cohort-1 were allocated to the Young (≤64 years, n=2,619), Young-Old (65–74 years, n=2,932), and Old-Old (≥75 years, n=1,629) groups. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the crude cumulative incidence of cardiovascular death was higher in Young-Old patients with DBP <70 mmHg (P<0.001) and in Old-Old patients with DBP <60 mmHg (P=0.017), but not <70 mmHg (P=0.629), compared with each counterpart. Low DBP did not increase cardiovascular death in young patients. After adjustments with independent predictors, DBP <60 mmHg did not increase the cardiovascular death in the Old-Old group (HR=1.579 [95% CI, 0.944–2.642], P=0.082) and DBP <70 mmHg remained a predictor in the Young-Old group (HR=1.665 [1.094–2.532], P=0.017). On multivariate stepwise Cox proportional hazard regression analysis, independent predictors for cardiovascular death in low DBP patients were creatinine clearance (CCr; inversely), prior cerebrovascular disease, and aortic disease in the Young-Old group and CCr (inversely) and malignancy in the Old-Old group.Conclusions:DBP <60 mmHg was not an independent factor for predicting cardiovascular death in Old-Old revascularized CAD patients, whereas DBP <70 mmHg remained a predictor in the Young-Old.
著者
Jun Kumanomido Masatsugu Ohe Ryo Shibata Yuichi Hattori Yuta Ishizaki Shogo Ito Yume Nohara Jinya Takahashi Kensuke Hori Aya Obuchi Masanori Ohtsuka Yoshihiro Fukumoto
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.5, pp.755-759, 2021-03-01 (Released:2021-03-01)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
1 1

Keishibukuryogan is a Kampo medicine that induces vasodilation and improves the blood flow velocity in subcutaneous blood vessels. We herein report two cases in which keishibukuryogan completely diminished subcutaneous hematoma after cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker implantation and defibrillator battery replacement within a month. Keishibukuryogan can be a good option for treating or preventing subcutaneous hematoma after surgical procedures for devices.
著者
Yasuhiro Hamatani Yasuko Takada Yoshihiro Miyamoto Yukie Kawano Yuta Anchi Tatsuhiro Shibata Atsushi Suzuki Mitsunori Nishikawa Hiroto Ito Masashi Kato Tsuyoshi Shiga Yoshihiro Fukumoto Chisato Izumi Satoshi Yasuda Hisao Ogawa Yasuo Sugano Toshihisa Anzai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.4, pp.584-591, 2020-03-25 (Released:2020-03-25)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
13 16

Background:Palliative care is highly relevant for patients with heart failure (HF), and there is a need for quantitative information on quality of care. Accordingly, this study aimed to develop a set of quality indicators (QIs) for palliative care of HF patients, and to conduct a practical pilot measurement of the proposed QIs in clinical practice.Methods and Results:We used a modified Delphi technique, a consensus method that involves a comprehensive literature review, face-to-face multidisciplinary panel meeting, and anonymous rating in 2 rounds. A 15-member multidisciplinary expert panel individually rated each potential indicator on a scale of 1 (lowest) to 9 (highest) for appropriateness. All indicators receiving a median score ≥7 without significant disagreement were included in the final set of QIs. Through the consensus-building process, 35 QIs were proposed for palliative care in HF patients. Practical measurement in HF patients (n=131) from 3 teaching hospitals revealed that all of the proposed QIs could be obtained retrospectively from medical records, and the following QIs had low performance (<10%): “Intervention by multidisciplinary team”, “Opioid therapy for patients with refractory dyspnea”, and “Screening for psychological symptoms”.Conclusions:The first set of QIs for palliative care of HF patients was developed and could clarify quantitative information and might improve the quality of care.
著者
Hitoshi Hamamura Hisashi Adachi Mika Enomoto Ako Fukami Sachiko Nakamura Yume Nohara Nagisa Morikawa Akiko Sakaue Kenta Toyomasu Maki Yamamoto Yoshihiro Fukumoto
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.4, pp.329-337, 2021-04-01 (Released:2021-04-01)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
17 14

Aim: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has been identified as an important regulator of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor processing. Evolocumab and alirocumab are PCSK9 inhibitors; however, little is known about the association between PCSK9 levels and lipid profiles in a general population. Because PCSK9 inhibitors have LDL-C lowering effects, we investigated whether there is a positive correlation between serum PCSK9 levels and LDL-C or lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)]. Methods: In Uku town, 674 residents (mean age; 69.2±8.3 years) received health check-ups. The participants underwent a physical examination and blood tests, including PCSK9 and Lp(a). Serum PCSK9 and Lp(a) were measured by ELISA and Latex methods, respectively. HOMA-IR was calculated by fasting plasma glucose×insulin levels/405. Results: The mean (range) of PCSK9 and Lp(a) were 211.2 (49-601) ng/mL and 60 (1-107) mg/dL, respectively. Because of a skewed distribution, the log-transformed values were used. With univariate linear regression analysis, PCSK9 levels were associated with Lp(a) (p=0.028), triglycerides (p<0.001), and HOMA-IR (p<0.001), but not with LDL-C (p=0.138) levels. Multiple stepwise regression analysis revealed that serum PCSK9 levels were independently associated with triglycerides (p<0.001), Lp(a) (p=0.033) and HOMA-IR (p=0.041). Conclusions: PCSK-9 is independently associated with triglycerides, Lp(a) levels, and HOMA-IR, but not LDL-C, in a relatively large general population sample.
著者
Junnichi Ishii Kosuke Kashiwabara Yukio Ozaki Hiroshi Takahashi Fumihiko Kitagawa Hideto Nishimura Hideki Ishii Satoshi Iimuro Hideki Kawai Takashi Muramatsu Hiroyuki Naruse Hiroshi Iwata Sadako Tanizawa-Motoyama Hiroyasu Ito Eiichi Watanabe Yutaka Matsuyama Yoshihiro Fukumoto Ichiro Sakuma Yoshihisa Nakagawa Kiyoshi Hibi Takafumi Hiro Seiji Hokimoto Katsumi Miyauchi Hiroshi Ohtsu Hideo Izawa Hisao Ogawa Hiroyuki Daida Hiroaki Shimokawa Yasushi Saito Takeshi Kimura Masunori Matsuzaki Ryozo Nagai
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.10, pp.1458-1474, 2022-10-01 (Released:2022-10-01)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
1 9

Aim: We investigated the relationship between small dense low-density cholesterol (sdLDL-C) and risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients treated with high- or low-dose statin therapy.Methods: This was a prospective case-cohort study within the Randomized Evaluation of Aggressive or Moderate Lipid-Lowering Therapy with Pitavastatin in Coronary Artery Disease (REAL-CAD) study, a randomized trial of high- or low-dose (4 or 1 mg/d pitavastatin, respectively) statin therapy, in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Serum sdLDL-C was determined using an automated homogenous assay at baseline (randomization after a rule-in period, >1 month with 1 mg/d pitavastatin) and 6 months after randomization, in 497 MACE cases, and 1543 participants randomly selected from the REAL-CAD study population.Results: High-dose pitavastatin reduced sdLDL-C by 20% than low-dose pitavastatin (p for interaction <0.001). Among patients receiving low-dose pitavastatin, baseline sdLDL-C demonstrated higher MACE risk independent of LDL-C (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval], 4th versus 1st quartile, 1.67 [1.04–2.68]; p for trend=0.034). High-dose (versus low-dose) pitavastatin reduced MACE risk by 46% in patients in the highest baseline sdLDL-C quartile (>34.3 mg/dL; 0.54 [0.36–0.81]; p=0.003), but increased relative risk by 40% in patients with 1st quartile (≤ 19.5 mg/dL; 1.40 [0.94–2.09]; p=0.099) and did not alter risk in those in 2nd and 3rd quartiles (p for interaction=0.002).Conclusions: These findings associate sdLDL-C and cardiovascular risk, independent of LDL-C, in statin-treated CAD patients. Notably, high-dose statin therapy reduces this risk in those with the highest baseline sdLDL-C.
著者
Hiroki MONJO Yoshihiro FUKUMOTO Tsuyoshi ASAI Hiroki KUBO Kensuke OHSHIMA Hirotsugu TAJITSU Shota KOYAMA
出版者
Japanese Society of Physical Therapy
雑誌
Physical Therapy Research (ISSN:21898448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.188-194, 2020-12-20 (Released:2020-12-20)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
10

Objective: The stroke survivors exhibit change in muscle quantity and quality compared to healthy older adults. This study aimed to compare the muscle thickness (MT) and echo intensity (EI) values of individual muscles between stroke survivors and age- and sex-matched healthy older adults. Methods : In total, 27 stroke survivors and 34 healthy older adults participated in this study. The MT and EI values of the following muscles were assessed from transverse ultrasound images: rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique, internal oblique, transversus abdominis, rectus femoris, vastus intermedius (VI), vastus lateralis (VL), vastus medialis (VM), tibialis anterior (TA), gastrocnemius (Gas), and soleus (Sol). The MT and EI values of these muscles were compared between stroke survivors and healthy older adults. Results : The MT values of the VL, VM, and RA on the non-paretic sides were significantly higher and those of the TA, Gas, and Sol on the paretic sides were significantly lower in the stroke survivors than in the healthy older adults (P < 0.05). The EI values of the VI, VL, VM, TA on the paretic sides and those of the Gas on both the paretic and non-paretic sides were significantly higher in the stroke survivors than in the healthy older adults (P < 0.05). Conclusion : Stroke survivors seem to develop muscle hypertrophy of the non-paretic thigh muscles owing to a compensatory strategy. In addition, the lower-leg muscles on the paretic side of stroke survivors tend to show both quantitative and qualitative muscle changes.
著者
Hitoshi Hamamura Hisashi Adachi Mika Enomoto Ako Fukami Sachiko Nakamura Yume Nohara Nagisa Morikawa Akiko Sakaue Kenta Toyomasu Maki Yamamoto Yoshihiro Fukumoto
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.56390, (Released:2020-07-04)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
14

Aim: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has been identified as an important regulator of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor processing. Evolocumab and alirocumab are PCSK9 inhibitors; however, little is known about the association between PCSK9 levels and lipid profiles in a general population. Because PCSK9 inhibitors have LDL-C lowering effects, we investigated whether there is a positive correlation between serum PCSK9 levels and LDL-C or lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)]. Methods: In Uku town, 674 residents (mean age; 69.2±8.3 years) received health check-ups. The participants underwent a physical examination and blood tests, including PCSK9 and Lp(a). Serum PCSK9 and Lp(a) were measured by ELISA and Latex methods, respectively. HOMA-IR was calculated by fasting plasma glucose×insulin levels/405. Results: The mean (range) of PCSK9 and Lp(a) were 211.2 (49-601) ng/mL and 60 (1-107) mg/dL, respectively. Because of a skewed distribution, the log-transformed values were used. With univariate linear regression analysis, PCSK9 levels were associated with Lp(a) (p=0.028), triglycerides (p<0.001), and HOMA-IR (p<0.001), but not with LDL-C (p=0.138) levels. Multiple stepwise regression analysis revealed that serum PCSK9 levels were independently associated with triglycerides (p<0.001), Lp(a) (p=0.033) and HOMA-IR (p=0.041). Conclusions: PCSK-9 is independently associated with triglycerides, Lp(a) levels, and HOMA-IR, but not LDL-C, in a relatively large general population sample.