著者
三本松 政之 関井 友子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.88-97, 1994

Political Correctness is a new vogue term in the U. S.. It rejects the traditions of the West and is used to refer to a correct ideological position on matters of race, gender, and sexual orientation. This paper is to describe characteristics of PC movement in the U. S.. PC movement is concerned with multiculturalism movement on campuses and a crisis in American higher education. We intend to make clear what is the PC movement, especially focussing on four aspects; language cleansing, cultural war, politicul struggle or empowerment and integrating nationalities.

116 97 0 0 OA 人間情報科学科

著者
西村 昭治
出版者
早稲田大学人間科学学術院
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18800270)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.51-52, 2015-03-25
著者
岡田 斉 萩谷 久美子 石原 俊一 谷口 清 中島 滋
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.87-96, 2009-03-01

Many recent studies have suggested that deficits in dietary-based omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may make an etiological contribution to mood disorders and that supplementation with omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may provide a treatment strategy (Hagg, 2003; Parker, Gibson, Brotchie, Rees, & Handzi-Pavlovic, 2006; Vaddadi, 2006). However, a few studies did examine the relationship between daily food intake and mood disorders. Thus, we surveyed students with regard to these relationships. Two hundred and forty eight university students completed the SDS and eighty item food appetite survey. Results showed that low-depression group tended to favor fish and deep yellow vegetables more than the high-depression group. These results suggest that a preference for fish and deep yellow vegetables relates to depression. Antioxidative effects of these foodstuffs may facilitate antidepressive effects of omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids.
著者
店田 廣文
出版者
早稲田大学人間科学学術院
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18800270)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.2, pp.253-262, 2019-09-27
著者
下村 五三夫 伊藤 大介
出版者
国立大学法人北見工業大学
雑誌
人間科学研究
巻号頁・発行日
no.4, pp.13-62, 2008-03

From the viewpoints of cultural anthropology and experimental phonetics, this paper dealt with a mysterious and little known game called rekukkara or rekuhkara performed by Sakhalin Ainus. This game is conducted by a pair of women, facing each other in a mouth-to-mouth distance, in the following way. One partner sends her guttural voice sounds into the mouth cavity of the other through a tube made of their hands. The guttural voice being applied into the receiver’s mouth can be modulated by the volume alteration of the mouth cavity. Similar games are recognized only among Chukchas and Canadian Inuits. In the framework of ‘speech synthesis by vocal tract simulation’, we proved that rekukkara is a kind of speech synthesis game. The key secret is for the voice receiver to hold her glottis shut and conduct some pantomimed articulation while the sender is sending her guttural voice into her mouth cavity. We argued that the game might be originated in the speaking jews-harp cultures and black-smith shamanism, one or both of which we can recognize among Ket, Sayan-Altaic, Tuvan, Buryat, Yakut, and Tungusic players of orally resonating instruments. We also pointed out that there is a correlation found between the bellows blowing air into the furnace at a black-smith’s work place and the guttural voice flowing into the mouth cavity of the game player. In the period of Mongolic domination, ancestors of the Sakhalin Ainu, who happened to move from the island to the Coast districts of now Russia, might have acquired from Tungusic players how to make orally applied noises transform into speech sounds. We also discussed the etymological question of a metallic jews-harp called kobuz, whose etymology is still unknown. Based on Tang dynasty 唐代 phonological reading of the eight names 渾不似,胡不兒,火不思,虎拍子, 琥珀 思,虎撥思,胡撥四,呉撥四cited in an Edo.period archive Geiennisshou .苑日 渉, we attested that the word 胡不兒belongs to Bulghar Turkic while the other seven variants to General Turkic. The phonological notation for 胡 不兒 is γοpur, whose ending 兒 /r/ seems to be a plural marker {-r} in Bulghar Turkic. The ending 兒/r/ contrasts with all the other endings 似, 思,子,四, whose phonetic value of the period of Tang dynasty is /s/, whose voiced variation /z/ is also a plural marker in General Turkic. Therefore, kobuz and its phonetic variations may be Turkic words, which can be decomposed into the two components, *kob- (noun) + -uz or -ur (plural marker). We conducted spectrographic analysis on the sound archives of rekukkara recorded by Bronislaw Pilsudski, a Polish exile to Sakhalin island from 1887 to 1903. We compared their sonograms with those of the sound recordings of the same game collected by NHK in 1950s and the sound recordings of its Chukcha and Inuit versions collected by K. Tanimoto in 1979 and 1992, respectively. We recognized that there appear speech synthesizing processes in the sonograms of the speech samples from Ainu sound archives compiled by NHK, which reinforces our hypothesis that the throat-exchange game rekukkara might have originated in speaking jews-harp cultures combined with black-smith shamanism in southern Siberia. As to the question of whether the Ainu rekukkara can be related with the Chukcha and Inuit versions, the answer solely depends on whether their sound recordings reveal the speech synthesizing processes in their sonograms.
著者
松嶋 淑恵
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.185-208, 2013-03-01

性同一性障害概念ができたことにより性別違和をもつ人々に対する性別変更のための医療や制度が成されたが、性同一性障害は身体と異なる性自認をもつ事を疾患としてとらえる消極的な理解であるとともに、典型的な当事者にあてはまらない多様な当事者を不可視化している問題がある。また医学モデルに基づいた解決は、当事者を苦しめる男女二元論やジェンダー規範を揺るがさないまま当事者側だけが変化すべき対象であることを強いている。そこで、多様な当事者を対象に含め、量的調査法による実態調査を行い、特に経済状態の影響、他者との関係性、精神的問題について調査した。 その結果、MtとFt間で男女間および男性間の経済格差が見られ、治療の機会不均等に影響していた。典型的性同一性障害像に比して認知度の低い性自認をもつ人は孤独に陥りやすかった。また、性別移行に関する不安は、身体変容が満たされないことよりも社会関係上で望む役割が果たせないことから生じることが明らかになった。性別違和をもつ人々が社会から排除されずに生きるためには、男女二元論やジェンダー規範、性差別といった非当事者にもかかわる問題に取り組み、社会が変化していくことが必要であると言える。
著者
宮崎 清孝 小野寺 涼子 田中 康生 福田 稔
出版者
早稲田大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:18800270)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.1, pp.51-65, 2005-03-25
被引用文献数
1

This paper studied how the process of collaborative art production developed in a professional artist's workshop for children. The focus of the study was to examine the role of the artist's and other adults' behavior to stimulate the children's art production. The target of the study was 7-day art workshop held by the world famous installation artist Tadashi Kawamata in a kindergarten in Gifu prefecture, in which the artist and children, helped by other adults, built a construction named "Kichi", or "the Base", and many small objects decorated in Kichi. Two cases were taken up and their video records were analyzed. In the case 1, 8 children were observed while they were making small wooden decorations with one of their teachers and one of Kawamata's students. In the case 2, one class of children were observed while they were building house like construction in their classroom, in which Kawamata intervened and affected their course of production. The results showed that the process of their production can be schematized as a circular repetition of "proposal" and "adoption" or "rejection". Three modes of proposal were identified. Among them, the most important from this study's interest was the introduction of the resources for production, only done by adults. This type of proposal opened up the children's new courses of production behavior, which were unexpected even by adults who made the proposal. The implication of this proposal was discussed, using Wartofsky's (1979) analysis of art as tertiary artifacts. (Waseda Journal of Human Sciences, 18 (1) : 51-65, 2005)
著者
大塚 明子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
no.26, pp.39-53, 2004-12-20

As I have shown in previous papers, Japanese Modern Family, which was taking shape among the new urban middle class after late Meiji period, imported and adopted the Western concept of love as its basis. But throughout the pre-war period, this concept remained as a kind of abstract and rather unreal ideal. In Shufu No Tomo(Housewife's Companion), one of the most popular magazines for women, it was the traditional word"wago"(harmony), not love, that played a key role in advising the readers on how to behave and avoid troubles in the relationship with their husbands in everyday marriage life. The principle of wago was based on male supremacy, especially when sex was concerned.
著者
大塚 明子
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.33-41, 2003-12

Recently the Japanese urban family after the late Meiji period has been illustrated, in terms of its motherchild relationship and the stress on family affection, as a type of Modern Family. Taking this view, I have tried in some previous papers to analyze Japanese Modern Family through one of the best-selling magazines "Shufu no Tomo (Housewives' Companion)", especially its husband-wife relationship. Is the Japanese modern conjugal love very much alike its source, the Western romantic love ideology, or not? In this paper, I focus on how the magazine in the pre-war period looked on the problem of divorce and show that its concept of love, closely related its nationalism, was very different from romantic love as well as what we think of it today.
著者
堀口 久五郎
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.123-134, 2010-03-01

「精神保健福祉」という用語の存立基盤を探る基礎的研究として、1995年「精神保健及び精神障害者福祉に関する法律」と、1997年「精神保健福祉士法」という精神保健福祉を名のる2つの法制度をとりあげ、その用語の成立と普及・促進に大きな影響を与えた法令や政府関係資料を明らかにし、「精神保健福祉」の「定義」規定を検討した。本論において、「精神保健福祉」概念の基盤にある「福祉」と「精神保健」の関係の在り方を検討し、その位相を図表化して整理するとともに、新しい最広義の「精神保健福祉」概念のモデルを提示した。
著者
吉川 延代 今野 義孝
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, pp.189-196, 2011-03-01

Open-ended descriptions obtained from a total of 226 males and females in 113 couples were classified into 19 categories: ① economic stability, ② maintaining relationships, ③ understanding, ④ support, ⑤ cooperation and understanding of child-rearing chores, ⑥ discussion, ⑦ a sense of peace, ⑧ confidence, ⑨ balancing work and household chores, ⑩ housework, ⑪ priority of home, ⑫ health, ⑬children, ⑭faithful, ⑮ love, tenderness, compassion, and thanks, ⑯ smiling, cheerfulness, and pleasantness, ⑰ mutual understanding, support, and cooperation, ⑱ mental stability, and ⑲ equal relationship. As a result of factor analysis with promax rotation using the principal factor method, six factors were identified: "peace," "stability," "mutual understanding," "healthy home," "maintaining love," and "equality of child-rearing chores." Comparisons of three clusters (Cluster 1: High agreement in Communication, Cluster 2: Disagreement in Communication and Sense of Relief, Cluster 3: High agreement in all sub-scales) revealed that the clusters and the factors were not significantly related. However, couples in Cluster 2 were characterized as having poor communication skills and conflict resolution skills and as being less satisfied with the couple's relationship. Thus, couples in Cluster 2 may have problems with attaining mutual understanding, support, and cooperation.
著者
今野 義孝 上杉 喬
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.63-72, 2003-12
被引用文献数
2

Authors examined the effects of the positive mind-body experiences through Dohsa-method on enhancing nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli in undergraduate students. Nostalgia is a universal affect that results in a heightened mental state, an enhancing, uplifting mood related to particular memories of the past. Nostalgia is also entails the recognition and acceptance of past experiences, and may facilitate the positive reevaluation of life, strengthen subjective well-being and happiness, and enhance self-esteem as well, while alleviate depressive feeling in elderly people. Nostalgia also contains both the positive and negative aspects of affective experiences. The positive affective aspect of past could be enhanced under positive mind-body condition. This study consisted of two experiments. In Experiment I, a correlation between the EEG pleasantness and the positive mind-body experience induced by Dohsa-method was examined using a EEG Pleasantness Scale and POMS. In Experiments II, the effects of positive mind-body experience on enhancing nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli (e.g. the song of birds, the murmur of a stream, the sound of chopping vegetables, and so on) was examined. Nostalgic affects was evaluated by 10-item affective imagery scale. Results indicated that positive mind-body experience through Dohsa-method could heighten the EEG pleasantness, and facilitate nostalgic affects elicited by sound stimuli. These results suggest the possibility of developing a new version of Life Review method, that is Dohsa-method based Life Review, for elderly people.