著者
小山 陽平
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, pp.171-189, 2013

"SYSTEMA" is Russian martial arts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the educational value of "SYSTEMA" in physical education at a Japanese university. 33 Japanese university students who had participated in SYSTEMA training in gym class once a week (total of 15 times) filled out questionnaires based on free description. The text data obtained from the questionnaire results were analyzed using KJ method.The educational values of Russian martial arts "SYSTEMA" were summarized as follows : (1)Some students had the opportunity to understand their mental and physical conditions. (2)There were new experiences that some students had never experienced. (3)SYSTEMA training could help develop some students' characters. (4)Some students learned how to cope with stress through SYSTEMA training.
著者
平塚 謙一 Kenichi Hiratsuka
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. 2, 社会・自然科学 (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
no.48, pp.201-214, 2014

The social constructionism opened a new ground level about needs understanding.However, the problem of the needs which are not expressed on the other hand was radicalized further.In this paper, in order to build the logic for satisfying the needs which are not expressed,theoretical consideration was performed.
著者
青木 茂男 Sigeo Aoki
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要 II,社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, pp.171-189, 2014

The DCF is the primary valuation method applied for the tender offers, followed by the relative valuation method. Rarely used are replacement value method, relative trading method,DDM, and discounted earnings method. The DDM is applied only for financial institutions. The results of the valuation are shown by a monetary value within a certain range, and multiple results are shown instead of one that is a result of integrating various results. It differs from the judicial precedents that indicate an exact monetary amount by integrating several valuation results. The residual income model (RIM), considered crucial in finance theory, is not applied to the tender offers. The tender offer price often exceeds the upper limit of the range indicated by the relative valuation method or stock market price method, on the other hand, 90% of the amount ranges of the DCF are within the tender offer price. Influencing factors that enlarge the amount range for the DCF include discount rate and terminal values, among others. This enlarged range leads to decreased reliability of the valuation method
著者
長島 正浩 Masahiro NAGASHIMA
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, pp.209-221, 2015

The publication of the gift certificate with the premium by each local government is prosperous recently.This paper reports various legal problems about the resale of the gift certificate.It is very important to local government that I inspect whether it violates a law to resell a giftcertificate.The gift certificate with the premium isprepaid paymentinstruments.However,the Payment Services Act is not applied to the gift certificate.Therefore,they should protect the person using some kind of methods if a gift certificate publisher prohibits the resale of the person who purchased it.
著者
立木 徹 伏見 陽児 Tatsuki Toru Fushimi Yohji 茨城キリスト教大学生活科学部 千葉大学教育学部
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University. II, Social and natural sciences (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, pp.269-285, 2008-01-01

Nankichi Niimi's literary masterpiece, Gongitsune, serves as standard educational material for teaching Japanese in many Japanese primary schools. The protagonist is a little fox named Gon who lives on the outskirts of a village and plays pranks on the villagers. One day Gon releases fish from a net set by Hyoju, a villager, and steals Hyoju's, eels. After Hyoju's mother passes away, Gon realizes Hyoju caught the eels for his ailing mother and regrets stealing the eels. He then returns under cover to Hyoju's house with chestnuts and mushrooms in order to atone for his misdeed. When Gon sneaks into Hyoju's house, Hyoju misunderstands Gon's intent and shoots him. Finding the chestnutssoon after, Hyoju realizes Gon's gifts were for him. The narrative closes with Hyoju exclaiming "Gon, was it you who always brought chestnuts for me?" Some readers think that Hyoju understands Gon's intention of compensation for depriving Hyoju's mother of the eels. Read properly, Hyoju clearly does not understand Gon's intention and feelings and the misunderstanding occurs. Tatsuki & Fushimi (2003, 2004) conducted three experiments to reconfirm the erroneous interpretation of university students and attempt to correct the misinterpretation. Results suggested, however, that the subject's erroneous interpretation of Gongitsune did not improve and was not corrected. The purpose of this study was to attempt again to correct the misinterpretation, and the authors conducted three experiments. In Experiments 1, the student subjects presented and discussed their opinions. In Experiment 2, the authors explained that Hyoju's perspective differed from that of Gon. In Experiment 3, the investigators interviewed the subjects in a semi-structured method. The results suggested that the subjects still thought that Hyoju understood Gon's compensatory intention. The subjects' erroneous interpretation of Gongitsune did not improve and was not corrected. The authors determined the subjects' misreading of the text was result of reader's intuitive, sentimental reading and confusing the facts with their inferences.
著者
青木 茂男 Aoki Sigeo 茨城キリスト教大学
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University. II, Social and natural sciences (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, pp.199-210, 2011-01-01

As stock valuation methods became diverse and multiple, cases of disputes in court increased. This paper aims to deepen the valuation theory by reviewing various judicial precedents in Japan through the following key questions: Which valuation methods are supported in disputes? How have such supports changed over the years? What is the level of acceptance of the DCF method in cases of disputes? What are the differences in dealing with stock valuation between listed and non listed stocks? How are stocks valued in recent judicial precedents? What are the issues concerning taxation? The paper also contributes to an area of accounting and finance which lacks researches of the valuation methods in judicial precedents in Japan.
著者
富樫 ひとみ Hitomi TOGASHI
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, pp.187-198, 2015

This study is to discuss contemporary significance of youth volunteer activities and new roles of volunteer coordination institution,using examples from a volunteer coordination institution in Germany.From the results of the survey,it revealed that volunteer activities have two significances,one is an educational function and the other is acquisition and enhancement of social capital.From these significances,I think it is our right to do volunteer activity.And I think that volunteer coordination institution have four roles.The first role is to coordinate.The second role is to promote securing fairness for opportunities to participate in volunteer activities.The third role is to promote of educational function.The fourth role is to increase the volunteer actors for the promotion of symbiosis society.
著者
岩﨑 眞和 五十嵐 透子 Masakazu Iwasaki Toko Igarashi
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要 II,社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, pp.211-224, 2016

The purpose of this study is to identify the factors related to the development of Japanese appreciation/gratitude research, through a review of psychological research abroad and in Japan.Research on appreciation/gratitude has been expanding since 2000 in Western countries whereas gradually cumulating data in Japan. Suggestions for the future study were necessity of the empirical research to clarify the mechanism by which appreciation/gratitude improve well-being and mental health, and to understand the development of appreciation/gratitude as a life-span process in Japan.
著者
竹内 桂 Takeuchi Kei 茨城キリスト教大学
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University. II, Social and natural sciences (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, pp.173-186, 2010-01-01

In 1974, Shiina Etsusaburo, who was the vice-president of the Liberal Democratic Party(LDP), decided to nominate Miki Takeo for the president of the LDP. There are four reasons why Miki was nominated. First, Shiina expected that Miki could modernize LDP. Second, Miki had a long career as a member of the House of Representatives. Third, there was the only situation where Miki could be nominated. And forth, Shiina prevented Miki from making a new party.After Miki became a prime minister of Japan, he set out to form a cabinet. When Miki chose the ministers, he considered balance of factions of LDP, the number of times person was elected, and a member of the House of Councillors. As a result, Miki's organization of cabinet became much different form his first design.This organization suggests that Miki suffered from conducting the government.
著者
小谷野 邦子 Kuniko Koyano 茨城キリスト教大学自然科学 Ibaraki Christian University Social Sciences
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University. II, Social and natural sciences (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, pp.163-179, 2002-12-25

This paper continues the psychological studies of "Manchuria" after 1936. The previous entry in this journal introduced the topic. This paper focuses on the works of the psychologists associated with the Research Institute of Kenkoku University1 and the Manchukuoan Psychological Association. Professor Tanenari Chiba, the chief professor of the University and the president of the Association, endeavored for the establishment of the theoretical methodology for race study. Under his influence, Professor Saburo Abe and Associate Professor Tsukasa Susukita respectively investigated the racial characters of "Manchuria". Intelligence tests were administered to pupils from various racial groups in the area. These tests were conducted over period of three years by members of the Hsinking District Sectional Meeting of the Association. Unfortunately, that data disappeared with the fall of "Manchukuo". In addition to the studies indicated above, other researches were also reviewed for this study. These studies provide two contributions: (1) the ideological maintenance of the status quo, and (2) the methodological hypotheses for race psychology.
著者
円城寺 大樹 Tomoki Enjyouji
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要 II,社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian University (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, pp.225-234, 2016

The purpose of this study is investigate the unreasonable expensive part On Direction salary .Primary purpose of explication about " Prinzip der Tatbestandbestimmtheit"The second purpose of explication about "unreasonable expensive part".
著者
青木 茂男 Sigeo Aoki
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian College. I, Humanities, II, Social and natural sciences (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, pp.143-151, 2013

ROA and ROE of Japanese companies are lower when compared to those in England, France,Germany and the US. When ROA is analyzed separately by operating profit/sales and sales/total assets, the latter is at a similar level of companies in these countries, however, the former is lower. It is due to both the low sales price and high products cost in Japan. Low priced merchandises are led by the wide availability of similar products among various competitors and little product differentiation among them. Low productivity leades to the high product cost, and it is partially due to the delayed application of ICT. The root cause is, however, considered to be the the company culture of Japan that accepts the low profitability even with the marginal profit,and due to lack of pressure for the management by the institutional investors.
著者
天野 秀哉 大山 康彦 永山 透 Hideya AMANO Yasuhiko OHYAMA Toru NAGAYAMA
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. 2, 社会・自然科学 (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
no.49, pp.261-274, 2015

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between performance and knowledge of swimming for primary education department students in the swimming class. The number of subjects were 472 students of primary education department. The main results obtained were as follows.1)According to a questionnaire before the swimming class ,the students of 36.16% answered that can't swim 25 meters.2)It is characteristic of subjects that there were differences between knowledge of stroke and swimming performance ,before the swimming class.3)Because of students changed swimming performance compared with before and after the swimming class ,teaching content and methods were effectively implemented for students.4)According to a questionnaire after the intensive swimming class ,almost all students recognized improvement of swimming performance during the intensive swimming class.
著者
小山 陽平 Youhei Koyama
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 = Journal of Ibaraki Christian College. I, Humanities, II, Social and natural sciences (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, pp.171-189, 2013

"SYSTEMA" is Russian martial arts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the educational value of "SYSTEMA" in physical education at a Japanese university. 33 Japanese university students who had participated in SYSTEMA training in gym class once a week (total of 15 times) filled out questionnaires based on free description. The text data obtained from the questionnaire results were analyzed using KJ method.The educational values of Russian martial arts "SYSTEMA" were summarized as follows : (1)Some students had the opportunity to understand their mental and physical conditions. (2)There were new experiences that some students had never experienced. (3)SYSTEMA training could help develop some students' characters. (4)Some students learned how to cope with stress through SYSTEMA training.
著者
小谷野 邦子
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, pp.245-259, 2011

In this thesis, an educational problem in "Manchukuo" is intended to be clarified from respect of the teacher training. The education based on "Three principles of people (Sanmin zhuyi)" was performed in the Republic of China age. After 1931 when Japan colonized "Manchuria", Japanese educational policy was to have replaced "Three principles of people" with the Confucianism morality. Many teachers were purged, and the textbooks were abolished. In addition, the remaining teachers had to be tested and reeducated. It was at 1934 that all new textbooks were compiled."General principle of educational system and School policy" was proclaimed in 1937, and then the education of "Manchukuo" was put in order. However there were still much difficulties in the amount and qualities about teachers. Some teachers' training schools were established. Increase in the number of Japanese teaching staff was aimed at. But the result was not perfect. The aim was not achieved.In conclusion, the education in "Manchukuo" that Japan intended was not necessarily successful so far as teacher training.
著者
飯田 貞夫 江口 旻 志村 聡 大島 徹
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, pp.185-204, 2006

(1)本流のpHは,7.0〜7.4の間にある。左岸支流のpHは3.4〜7.6の問にあり,松川,荒川,須川など,上流に火山地帯がある河川と温泉水が流入する河川では酸性を示す。右岸支流のpHは,7.0〜8.4の間にある。花崗岩,石灰岩地域を流下するため,アルカリ性を示す。(2)本流のDOは,10.2〜11.4ppmの間にある。左岸支流は,8.9〜13.6ppm。DOは扇状地の支流で12.2〜13.6ppmと値が高い。右岸支流のDOは,8.7ppmと左岸より少ない。(3)本流の透視度は,7.6〜27cmと低い値を示す。左岸の透視度は,荒川32cm,濁川40cm,摺上川44.5cmで低い値を示すが,他の支流は50cm以上である。右岸の透視度は,谷底平野や水田地帯を流下する胡桃川22cm,東根川24cm,境川41cmで低い。(4)本流の電気伝導度は,61.7〜158μ&mho;/cmで変化する。左岸支流の電気伝導度は59.6〜891.2μ&mho;/cmで変化し,温泉水が流入する小川891.2μ&mho;/cm,須川361μ&mho;/cm,荒川218μ&mho;/cmで高い。右岸支流の電気伝導度は,117〜363μ&mho;/cmで,入川で363μ&mho;/cmと高く,谷底平野や水田地帯で高くなっている。(5)本流のCl^-の含有量は,22〜38ppmの間にある。左岸支流のCl^-の含有量は,6〜36ppmである。温泉水が流入する荒川,須川,松川で含有量が多い。荒川で36ppm,須川で32ppm,小川で28ppmである。右岸支流のCl^-の含有量は,4〜86ppmである。入川で特に高い値(86ppm)を示しているが,原因は明らかではない。(6)本流のNa^+の含有量は,3.3〜9.6ppmである。左岸支流の含有量は,0.3〜28ppmで,水原川で28ppmと多くなる。右岸支流の含有量は1〜36.6ppmの問にある。特に入川No.21入川橋で36.6ppmと最高値を示し,EC (891μ&mho;/cm)やCl^- (86ppm)も高い数値を示している。(7)本流のCa^<2+>の含有量は,2.5〜19ppmの間で変化している。左岸支流のCa^<2+>の含有量は0.6〜6.2ppmで,含有量は少ない。右岸支流のCa^<2+>の含有量は,3.7〜22.5ppmと比較的多く,花崗岩,石灰岩地帯を流下する境川No.28飯野で22.5ppmと最高値を示している。(8)本流のMg^<2+>の含有量は,1.8〜3.2ppmの間で変化している。左岸支流は,0.8〜8ppmであり,荒川や須川など,火山地帯の河川や温泉水の流入する河川で含有量が比較的多い。右岸支流は左岸より多く,2〜6.6ppmの間で変化する。(9)本流のNH_<4->Nは,0.12〜0.25ppmである。左岸支流のNH_<4->Nは,0.1〜0.47ppmで,反田川で0.47ppm,松川で0.25ppmと高い値を示した。右岸支流のNH_<4->Nは,0.12〜0.43ppmで,東根川で0.43ppm,岡代橋より3km上流のNo.26根小屋橋で0.32ppmと含有量が多くなる。(10)本流のPO^<3->_4の値は,0.02〜0.12ppmの間で変化する。左岸支流のPO^<3->_4は,0.001〜0.13ppmで変化し,油井川で0.13ppmを示している。右岸側支流のPO^<3->_4は,0.12〜0.43ppmで変化している。(11)左岸支流のCl^-の負荷量は,5.6〜241.9g/secで変化する。須川241.9g/sec,荒川205.9g/secで値が高く,松川159.4g/secも高い値を示している。松川,須川,荒川は,いずれも上流に温泉がある。右岸支流のCl^-の負荷量は,1.6〜93.9g/secで,木幡川で93.9g/secとなった。(12)左岸支流のNa^+の負荷量は,0.7〜98.03g/secである。松川で98.03g/sec,須川で65g/sec,水原川で57.9g/sec,摺上川で56.3g/secで高い値を示す。右岸支流のNa^+の負荷量は,0.78〜23.5g/secである。木幡川23.5g/sec,東根川18.9g/secと高い値を示した。(13)左岸支流のCa^<2+>の負荷量は,1〜35.4g/secである。荒川で35.4g/secを示した。右岸支流のCa^<2+>の負荷量は,1.2〜32.6g/secで,木幡川で32.6g/secである。(14)左岸支流Mg^<2+>の負荷量は,0.14〜72.0g/secである。荒川66.7g/sec,須川60.5g/secで高い値を示した。右岸支流のMg^<2+>の負荷量は,0.4〜9.6g/secで,左岸側に比べて負荷量の少ない地点が多い。(15)左岸のNH_<4->Nの負荷量は,0.0039〜0.13g/sec。荒川1.27g/sec,須川1.02g/sec,荒川1.02g/sec,摺上川1.05g/secなど,温泉水が流入する河川で負荷量が多い。右岸の負荷量は,0.001〜0.063g/secで変化している。
著者
立木 徹 伏見 陽児
出版者
茨城キリスト教大学
雑誌
茨城キリスト教大学紀要. II, 社会・自然科学 (ISSN:13426370)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.159-173, 2004-12-25

Nankichi Niimi's literary masterpiece, Gongitsune< serves as standard educational materical for the teaching of language within many Japanese primary scholls. The protagonist is a little fox names "Gon" who lives on the outskirts of a village and who plays different kinds of pranks on the villagers. One day Gon releases fish from a net set by "Hyoju", a villager, and steals Hyoju's eels. After Hyoju's mother passes away, Gon realized Hyoju caught the eels for his ailing mother, subsequnetly regrets stealing the eels, and then returns under cover to Hyoju's house with chestnuts and mushurooms for Hyoju in order to atone for his misdeed. When Gon sneaks into Hyoju's house however, Hyoju, misunderstanding Gon7s intent, shoots Gon. Finding the chestnuts soon after, Hyoju realizes Gon's gifts were for him, and the narrative closes with Hyoju exclaiming, "Gon, was it you who always brought chestnuts for me?" Not a few readers think that Hyoju is able to understand Gon's intention of impensation for depriving Hyoju's mother of he eels. Read properly, it is clear that Hyoju does not understand Gon's intention and feelings, but the aforementioned misunderstanding nevertheless occurs. The purpose of this study was to reconfirm the erroneous interpretation by university students and attempt to correct the misinterpretation. To that end, readers needed to be made aware that there is no narrative evidence supporting Hyoju's understanding of Gon's feelings and intentions. Investigations conducted three experiments. A total of fifty university students were the subjects for 3 experiments: 16 students participated in Experiment I; 17 students participated in eachof Experiment II and Experiment III. A question booklet was distrubuted to every subjet after an examiner had read aloud the story while subjects simultaneously read the sotry silently to themselves. On page 1 of the question booklet, subjects were asked to answer 3 questions, without referring to the text, about whether or not Gon's feelings and intentions were understood by Hyoju, ranking their responses by six degrees of understanding: 1= very well understood not understood at all. The next page of the question booklet was different for each of the three experiments. In Experiment I, subjects were then assigned speccific passages of the story to read and answered 8 questions ('yes' or 'no') to confirm what was written in the story. In Enperiment 2, subjects were asked to search for evidence which showed the fact that Gon's feelings and intentions were understood by Hyoju. In Experiment 3, subjects answered 8 questions as in Experiment I, and searched for evidence as in Experiment 2. Next, subjects were permitted to refer the next, and they again answered the same questions as on page 1, regarding Hyoju's understanding of Gon's feelings and intentions. Finally, subjects were told that they had answered the same questions twice, and that if their responses had changed, subjects were asked to describe, in their own words, how and why their responses had changed. Results suggested, however, that althogh many students correctly answered the 8 plot confirmation questions on gape 2 of the qustion booklet, but could not find evidence which showed the fact that Gon7s feelings and intentions were understood by Hyoju, they still asnwered that Hyoju understood Gon's compensatory intention and his feelings. Even with evidence to the contrary, the subjects' erroneous in terpretation of Gongitsune did not improve and was not corrected. Investigators determined subjects' misreading of the text to be the result of readers both having a strong identigication with, and a sympathetic affinity for, the protagonist, Gon.