著者
三浦 稜将 八板 昭仁 宮田 睦美
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.2, pp.21-29, 2015-03-31

Present study investigated the relationships between rationales for the result of attacks and successof attacks during attacks involve a receive, a toss and a spike. Quarter finals, semi-finals and finalof All Japan Intercollegiate Volleyball Championships tournament were analyzed using mathematicalQuantification Theory Type One. Main factors for the success of attacks were judgment of opponent’s blocks and tosses. For the blocks, large positive influences on success of attack was observed when3 players jumped to block and at least one player performed block 2 or block 3. On the other hand,large negative influences on success of attack was revealed when 3 players jumped to block and atleast 2 players performed block 1. For the judgment of tosses, the largest influence on success of attackwas shown by toss-A followed by toss-B and then toss-C. Moreover, it was found that players can becategorized into “reliable type player”, “constant type player”, “gamble type player” and “clunker typeplayer” when regression coefficient calculated from mathematical Quantification Theory Type One wasemployed for the analysis.
著者
井上 善文
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.51-59, 2011-09-30

International Accounting Standards Committee issued the International Accounting Standards No.41(IAS41) “Agriculture” on February, 2000. The purpose of this paper is outline briefly how the conceptof agricultural activity and to point out how the accounting treatment of agricultural activity, biologicalassets, biological transformation. This standard adopted a new approach for measurement method of fairvalue. This approach will set a new trend of measurement of agricultural products in the world. We willdistill what to learn to establish the accounting standards for the agricultural activity in Japan.
著者
有吉 晃平 玉城 拡 辰見 康剛
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.2, pp.69-74, 2015-03-31

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ballistic stretching in a warm-up on sprintperformance. Twenty three healthy participants with CAI (23 men: 19.9±1.04yrs, 169.3±6.21cm, 65.8±10.84kg) volunteered to take part in this study. Participants performed a 30 m sprint after a warm-upprotocol that commenced with 3 minutes jogging, followed by ballistic stretching (BS) or no stretching(NS). The BS routine included 6 exercises for each 10 seconds targeting the lower-body musculature. Thetrials were separated by a week and they were randomly assigned. Results indicated that BS of the sprinttimes was quicker than NS, especially in 0-10m (p<0.05). These results suggest that inclusion of the 10seconds BS routine in worm-up enhances sprint performance compared to no stretching.
著者
長谷川 伸
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.1, pp.23-28, 2014-09-30

The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activation levels of the hip muscles duringpitching motion as ball speed was increased. Six college baseball pitchers were participated in thisstudy. Surface electromyography data were recorded in pivot leg from 6 muscles : adductor longus(AL), gracilis (GR), adductor magnus (AM), rectus femoris (RF) , biceps femoris (BF) and gluteus medius(GM). The pitching motion was divided into 5 distinct phases: wind-up, early cocking, late cocking,acceleration, follow-through. The results demonstrated that high level muscle activity (greater than 40%maximal voluntary contraction) was found in GM during early cocking phase, and in AL, GR, AM andBF during late cocking phase, and in AL, GR and BF during acceleration phase. Then, the activity levelof the hip muscles in the slow ball pitching and fast ball pitching was compared. Significantly highermuscle activity was showed in fast ball pitching in AL, GM, and BF during early cocking phase, in BFand AL during late cocking phase, and in AL, GM, and RF during acceleration phase. The findings fromthis study indicate that high muscle activity have been shown in the abductor of the hip joint duringearly cocking phase that produce translational movement, and high muscle activity have been shown inthe adductor and extensor of the hip joint during late cocking phase and acceleration phase that producerotational movement.
著者
長谷川 伸
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.49-56, 2018-09-28

The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the muscle morphology of limbsand trunk in baseball pitchers with high ball speed. The high ball speed group (average ball speed isover 140 km/h : n=7) and the low ball speed group (average ball speed less than 130 km/h : n=9) werecompared for muscle mass and muscle thickness. Muscle thickness was measured bilaterally with B-modeultrasonography. In the lean body mass and muscle mass (whole body, upper limbs, lower limbs andtrunk), the high ball speed group showed a significantly higher value than the low ball speed group. Incomparing the muscle thickness of muscle groups, the high ball speed group showed significantly greatermuscle thickness at 5 sites (forearm, lumbar superficial, buttocks, back of thigh, posterior lower leg) onthe throwing side than the low ball speed group. On the other hand, the high ball speed group showedsignificantly greater muscle thickness at 6 sites (anterior abdomen, lateral abdomen, lumbar superficial,buttocks, back of thigh, posterior lower leg) on the nonthrowing side than the low ball speed group.In the comparison of the muscle thickness of individual muscles, the high ball speed group showedsignificantly greater muscle thickness in 3 muscles (spinal erector, gluteus maximus, gastrocnemius) onthe throwing side than the low ball speed group. Also, the high ball speed group showed significantlygreater muscle thickness in 7 muscles (pectoralis minor, rectus abdominis, abdominal internal oblique,transversus abdominal, erector spinae, gluteus maximus, biceps femoris) on the non-throwing sidethan the low ball speed group. These results indicate that baseball pitchers with high ball speed have agreater muscle thickness in trunk rotators and leg extensors.
著者
宮田 睦美 八板 昭仁 青柳 領 北田 豊治
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.2, pp.1-9, 2016-03-25

The purpose of this present study was to investigate the relationships between rationales for theresult of attacks and success of attacks during attacks involve a receive, a toss and a attacks.We covered six games of top four teams in Division I of The Kyushu Intercollegiate Women’sVolleyball League Matches. As an analysis method, this study used the results of attacks as objectivevariables and ten items, 1) receive position, 2) receive quality, 3) toss position, 4) toss quality,5) toss type, 6) combination, 7) attack position, 8) attack type, 9) judgment of opponent’s block,and 10) attack strength, as explanatory variables to calculate multiple correlation coefficients, partialcorrelation coefficients, and a category weight for each item using Mathematical Quantification TheoryType I.Main factors for the success of attacks were 9) the judgment of opponent’s blocks and 4) tossquality. As for 9) the judgment of opponent’s block, block pattern-6 (one player cannot performblock) and block pattern-4(two players jump for a block an incomplete condition)had large positiveinfluences on success of attacks. The toss quality had a significant impact on success in the order oftoss-A (assisting a strong attack to all courses on the court or possibly assisting for feinting), toss-B(assisting a strong attack to the limited courses on the court or possible assisting for feinting), andtoss-C (an assisted toss that is only able to return the ball to the other court), which showed that the accuracy of the toss had a significant impact on the result of the attack.
著者
藤山 慎平 黄 仁官
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.1-12, 2018

The purpose of this study was to examine body composition, isometric and isokinetic strength, 1RMtests and physical fitness in free style and Greco-Roman style wrestlers with top-ranked in Japan. Thesubjects were ten national-leveled wrestlers with light-weight crass of Free (FS group, n=5) and Greco-Roman style( GS group, n=5).The obtained results were summarized as follows:1. GS group was decreasing the score of 3sets of sit-up test significantly.2. FS group showed significantly higher isometoric back strength respectively and elbow extensionstrength than GS group( p<0.05).3. FS group showed significantly higher T score of all isometric strength than GS group( p<0.05).In conclusion, these results suggest that 1) GS group tended to be inferior in physical capacitycompared with FS group in light-weight crass wrestlers and 2) that it would be necessary to dotraining which fit the specificity in both style to succeed in the world.
著者
丁 玲玲
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.65-74, 2012

In recent years, Japanese language education in China is trying to focus on cultivatingcommunicative competence from the traditional grammar teaching mode. However, the current Japanesetextbooks in Chinese University, it does not seem to keep up with the pace of change. This paper istrying to reveal the problems and shortcomings of request expression in the mainstream textbooks,which are widely used in Chinese University.
著者
長谷川 伸
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.1, pp.23-28, 2014

The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activation levels of the hip muscles duringpitching motion as ball speed was increased. Six college baseball pitchers were participated in thisstudy. Surface electromyography data were recorded in pivot leg from 6 muscles : adductor longus(AL), gracilis (GR), adductor magnus (AM), rectus femoris (RF) , biceps femoris (BF) and gluteus medius(GM). The pitching motion was divided into 5 distinct phases: wind-up, early cocking, late cocking,acceleration, follow-through. The results demonstrated that high level muscle activity (greater than 40%maximal voluntary contraction) was found in GM during early cocking phase, and in AL, GR, AM andBF during late cocking phase, and in AL, GR and BF during acceleration phase. Then, the activity levelof the hip muscles in the slow ball pitching and fast ball pitching was compared. Significantly highermuscle activity was showed in fast ball pitching in AL, GM, and BF during early cocking phase, in BFand AL during late cocking phase, and in AL, GM, and RF during acceleration phase. The findings fromthis study indicate that high muscle activity have been shown in the abductor of the hip joint duringearly cocking phase that produce translational movement, and high muscle activity have been shown inthe adductor and extensor of the hip joint during late cocking phase and acceleration phase that producerotational movement.
著者
水本 正人
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.21-31, 2012-09-30

The cause of deflation since the 1990’s needs closer examination.At the same time, the population of those who are of working age has been reduced. Therefore, itcan be said that deflation is caused by the aging population, which the Governor of the Bank of Japanoften insisted was true. But the reduction of workers has been moderate, and besides it is not true thatthe domestic demand has dropped because of decrease in the consumption by elderly people. Deflationis apparently caused by business fluctuations and monetary circumstances. We need to have a policy toextract us from deflationary environment. It is believed that domestic demand and growth will fall in thefuture, and thus we need an economic policy with a firm future vision.
著者
岡田 有功
雑誌
州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.1-10, 2017-03-31

The purpose of this paper is to consider how the mine company took the action against the pollutionproblem in 1900`s from the point of view of corporate social responsibility.Kosaka Mine run by Fujita-gumi & Co. came to be counted as one of the four largest copper minesby succeeding in the development of smelting technology. At the same time, however, the mine wasfacing a serious air pollution problem. In 1901 the mine dealt with the problem quickly, such as damageinvestigation and compensation for damages. Fusanosuke KUHARA, Office manager at Kosaka Mine,and his subordinate Yatarō KADO played a central role in the activities. President of Fujita-gumi &Co. Denzaburō FUJITA also contributed to the community by making a donation. They tried to fulfillcorporate social responsibility activities. When KUHARA and KADO left that company, and FUJITAbecame aged, the company was aimed at restructuring from decentralized organization to centralizedorganization since 1909.Under reorganization of the company and the expansion of the stricken area, fulfilling socialresponsibility was limited because it was regarded as a cost.
著者
樋口 行人 大下 和茂
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.1, pp.97-101, 2019-09-30

Previously, we constructed the e-learning support system which measures up to the qualificationexam for certified "Health Fitness Programmer", and suggested that the system is effective forimprovement the passing rate of the exam (Higuchi & Oshita, 2015). The purpose of this study wasto investigate the characteristics of individuals who failed the exam by analyzing the answers of theexercises in the e-learning system in detail. The participants were 48 qualification examinees using oure-learning system. The exercises in e-Learning consisted of 11 fields and 300 questions. The answers ofthe exercises in each field were calculated the initial score (IS), the average score (AS) and the highestscore (HS) for each participant. Further, these scores in each field were compared between participantswho passed the qualification exam (PASS, n = 38) and those who failed (FAILE, n = 10). HSs of almostfields were not significantly different between PASS and FAILE. IS in health policy field and AS in noncommunicablediseases (NCDs) field were significantly lower in FAILE than in PASS (p < 0.05). IS inNCDs field and HS in health fitness theory field tended to be lower in FAILE than in PASS (p < 0.10).Especially in NCDs and health fitness theory fields, score differences between PASS and FAILE werelarger in AS than in IS. Therefore, participants who failed the qualification exam fewer improved theirscores in these two fields even after repeated exercises, suggesting that these fields are weak point ofthem. These results suggest that it is necessary to devise learning contents that get interesting in theNCDs, health fitness theory, and health policy fields for improvement the passing rate of the qualificationexam for certified "Health Fitness Programmer".
著者
有吉 晃平
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 = Study journal of Kyushu Kyoritsu University (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.2, pp.1-6, 2014-03-30

When setting up the training programs in consideration of the game characteristic in a badmintongame, it is important to analyze the rally time and rest time in the game level. However, there is littleresearch in college badminton games.This study aimed to identify the features between a national tournament and a local tournament ofthe college player's badminton games.Subjects for this study are the women's finalist and semifinalist for the college national tournamentand the college local tournament games. A time analysis of these matches was performed.In the result, the mean total game time was no significant difference between the national and thelocal tournament games. In the Doubles games, national tournament games had faster rallies than localtournament games. In the singles games, national tournament had faster and longer rallies than localtournament games. The result obtained by this study can assist to sets up training program of collegebadminton players.
著者
水本 正人
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.21-31, 2012

The cause of deflation since the 1990's needs closer examination.At the same time, the population of those who are of working age has been reduced. Therefore, itcan be said that deflation is caused by the aging population, which the Governor of the Bank of Japanoften insisted was true. But the reduction of workers has been moderate, and besides it is not true thatthe domestic demand has dropped because of decrease in the consumption by elderly people. Deflationis apparently caused by business fluctuations and monetary circumstances. We need to have a policy toextract us from deflationary environment. It is believed that domestic demand and growth will fall in thefuture, and thus we need an economic policy with a firm future vision.
著者
川面 剛 八板 昭仁 大山 泰史 青柳 領 今村 律子
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.2, pp.31-47, 2014

In basketball, fast-break and early-offense are called "progressive plays" because the ball iscontinuously advanced from the back-court through the front-court to the basket. In a progressive play,the preceding play and situation are related to the subsequent play and situation. The plays are notnecessarily chosen freely due to the former play or situation. The plays and situations that are related to each other and are frequently performed in sequence are referred to as nagare in Japanese. This studyinvestigated the relationship between the preceding and subsequent play and condition in the nagare ofa progressive play in basketball.We observed and evaluated 658 plays considered either fast-break or early-offense plays. Theseplays took place during 12 games between the RF team and 6 other teams in the same bj League (JapaneseProfessional Basketball League) held in 2009 and 2010. A total of 17 items, such as "How the opponent's ball was taken away," "The number of defensive players putting pressure on the ball man whentaking the ball," and "Distance (length) from the end line to the place where the ball was taken away,"were assessed. As categorical and continuous scales were mixed in the data, we used the t-test for acorrelation coefficient for two continuous variables, the chi-test for two discrete variables, and analysisof variance for continuous and discrete variables. Considering significant relationships among variables,we found the following 3 nagare:When we paid attention to the ball-taking-away method, we found a nagare that was started fromthe ball-taking-away by a steal/intercept, through conveying the ball on the center lane by two playersmainly using dribbling and finishing with a lay-up shot under the goal.When we paid attention to the play just after the ball was taken away, we found a nagare in whichunder-goal lay-up shooting was allowed under the conditions that many defensive players put pressureon the ball man, the distance from the end line to the ball-taking-away place was farther, and the ballcould be conveyed through only the middle lane.When we noted the duration time from taking the ball to shooting the ball and the ball-conveyedlane, the following three nagare were detected: In the case of the short ball-conveying time from theball-taking-away to the center line and the ball-conveying lanes through only the middle lane, small outnumberedsituations (e.g., 2 to 1 and 3 to 2) appeared and a short duration from center line to shootingallowed the use of a lay-up shot under the goal; the middle-to-middle ball-conveying allowed for 2-pointshooting by an early offense using the trailers (e.g., 4 to 3 and 5 to 4); and long ball-conveying durationtime from the ball-taking to the center line and ball-conveying middle to middle lines allowed for 3-pointshooting because of loose matching, even though players were not out-numbered (e.g., 4 to 4 or 5 to 5). 本研究では,ファストブレイクやアーリーオフェンスなどのボールを絶えず前へ進める「前進型プレイ」において,時系列にプレイした状況が次の状況を発生させる「プレイの流れ」があることに着目し,各状況間の相関を手がかりにそれらを構成するプレイや状況を明らかにすることであった.そして,2009年および2010年度のbjリーグ所属するRFチームを対象とし,12試合でファストブレイクやアーリーオフェンスを試みたと見なされる658プレイを調査し,得られたデータの尺度水準に応じて積率相関係数,一元配置の分散分析,クロス表の調整残差を検討した結果,以下のような関連や「流れ」が認められた. 1)ボール獲得方法に着目すると,スティールやインターセプトによるボール獲得からは,ドリブルによってミドルレーンでボールを前進させながら,2人のプレイヤーによって攻撃し,ゴール下でシュートするという「流れ」が認められた. 2)ボール獲得後の最初のプレイに着目すると「ボール獲得時のボールDF数が多い」「ボール獲得エリアがエンドラインから遠い」「ミドルレーンを進めることができる」という状況下では,ドリブルを使える状況であればゴール下までボールを進めてショットできるという傾向が認められた. 3)ボールの運び局面における「ボール獲得からショットまでの時間」および「ボールを進めたレーン」に着目すると,ボール獲得からCLまでを短時間にミドルからミドルでボールを進めた場合は,2対1や3対2のような少人数のアウトナンバーになる傾向があり,CLを越えてからシュートまでの時間が短ければゴール下でシュートするという「流れ」が認められた.そして,ミドルからサイドでボールを進めた場合は,4対3や5対4のようなトレーラーを使ったアーリーオフェンスによって2点エリアでシュートするという「流れ」が認められた.また,ボール獲得からCLまでボールを進める時間が他のプレイよりも長く,「サイドからサイド」でボールを進めた場合は,4対4や5対5といったOFとDFの人数が同じであってもしっかりとした対峙の状態ではないことによって3点エリアでシュートするという「流れ」が認められた.
著者
磯野 誠 飛永 佳代
出版者
九州共立大学
雑誌
九州共立大学研究紀要 (ISSN:21860483)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.2, pp.25-38, 2012

How can the effects of college education be evaluated? The present research aims to define "studentgrowth" as a concept to evaluate the effects of what Dewey (1916) called the "natural development"aspect of college education, and to hypothetically identify the structure of this concept.The definition of "student growth" was based on an understanding of the structure of "stress-relatedgrowth" through literature review. Using this definition, interviews were conducted with 16 collegestudents in order to examine the nature and structure of student growth.The study's finding shows that student growth can be viewed as a process in which a studentdevelops a sense of growth because of an event in the context of their college life or education, and itconsists of seven aspects.The definition of student growth and the understanding of its structure can lead to the developmentof a scale for evaluating the "natural development" aspect of college education and can help develop aneducational program for it.